• Title, Summary, Keyword: gum

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Gel-promoting Ability of the Various Gums by the Purified Enzyme (효소적 가수분해법에 의한 Gum류의 Gel유동특성 변화)

  • 박귀근
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.465-468
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    • 2002
  • The galactose/mannose ratio of guar gum, guar gum treated with purified ${\alpha}$-galactosidase and locust bean gum were investigated. Gel-promoting property of enzyme-treated guar gum increased when the galactose/mannose ratio was about 1 : 3.2, which was close to the ratio of 1 : 3.3 for locust bean gum. And the ratio was obtained when the guar gum was hydrolyzed by the enzyme for 24 hr. It is clear that enzymatic depletion of galactose from guar gum by sunflower seed ${\alpha}$-galactosidase would lead to a significant increase in gelation ability. The mixture of xanthan gum and guar gum, and xanthan gum, guar gum and enzyme-treated copra meal were also investigated in viscosity behavior.

Rheological Differences of Waxy Barley Flour Dispersions Mixed with Various Gums

  • Kim, Chong-Yeon;Yoo, Byoungseung
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.56-61
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    • 2017
  • Rheological properties of waxy barley flour (WBF) dispersions mixed with various gums (carboxyl methyl celluleose, guar gum, gum arabic, konjac gum, locust bean gum, tara gum, and xanthan gum) at different gum concentrations were examined in steady and dynamic shear. WBF-gum mixture samples showed a clear trend of shear-thinning behavior and had a non-Newtonian nature with yield stress. Rheological tests indicated that the flow and dynamic rheological parameter (apparent viscosity, consistency index, yield stress, storage modulus, and loss modulus) values of WBF dispersions mixed with gums, except for gum arabic, were significantly higher than those of WBF with no gum, and also increased with an increase in gum concentration. In particular, konjac gum at 0.6% among other gums showed the highest rheological parameter values. Tan ${\delta}$ values of WBF-xanthan gum mixtures were lower than those of other gums, showing that there is a more pronounced synergistic effect on the elastic properties of WBF in the presence of xanthan gum. Such synergistic effect was hypothesized by considering thermodynamic compatibility between xanthan gum and WBF. These rheological results suggest that in the WBF-gum mixture systems, the addition of gums modified the flow and viscoelastic properties of WBF, and that these modifications were dependent on the type of gum and gum concentration.

Dynamic Rheological Comparison of Selected Gum Solutions

  • Choi, Su-Jin;Chu, So-Young;Yoo, Byoung-Seung
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.474-477
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    • 2006
  • Dynamic rheological properties of commercial 0.8, 1.0, and 1.2% gums [carboxylmethylcellulose (CMC), guar gum, hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC), tara gum, and xanthan gum], which can be dissolved in cold water, were investigated by small-deformation oscillatory measurements. Magnitudes of storage (G') and loss (G") moduli increased with increasing concentration of gum solutions except for xanthan gum. Guar gum exhibited greatest G' and G" values among all gums except for G' value at 0.8% concentration. Slopes of G' and G" decreased with increasing concentration of gum solutions except for xanthan gum. Tan ${\delta}$ (G"/G') values decreased with increasing concentration of gum solutions except for xanthan gum. Tan ${\delta}$ values of xanthan gum solutions were much lower than those of other gum solutions, indicating that xanthan gum solutions were predominantly more elastic than viscous.

Swelling and Pasting Properties of Non-Waxy Rice Flour/Food Gum Systems

  • Song, Ji-Young;An, Young-Hyun;Kim, Jae-Suk;Choi, Jung-Do;Kim, Young-Chang;Shin, Mal-Shick
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.207-213
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    • 2006
  • The effects of gellan gum (from S. paucimobilis), EPS-CB (exopolysaccharide from S. chungbukensis), and a series of commercial gums (arabic gum, xanthan gum, guar gum, deacyl gellan gum), on the swelling, rheological, and pasting properties of non-waxy rice flour dispersions were investigated. The swelling properties of rice flours in gellan or guar gum dispersion after heating were found to have increased with increasing gum concentrations, but the swelling properties of rice flour/other gum systems decreased with increasing concentrations. The rice flour/gum mixtures showed high shear-thinning flow behavior (n=0.14-0.32), and consistency index (K) was higher in guar gum than other gum dispersions. The initial pasting temperatures and peak times increased along with increasing gum concentration. The peak viscosity of rice flour increased in guar gum and deacyl gellan dispersions, and the breakdown and setback viscosity of the rice flour paste was lowest in the xanthan gum system, but remained higher than those of the control. The apparent viscosities of the rice flour/gellan gum mixture pastes were the highest among the tested combinations.

Method for Increasing the Yield of the Production of Carrot Single Cell by Using Gums (검류를 이용한 단세포 당근 제조 수율 향상 방법)

  • Koh, Jong-Ho;Lee, Jungno;Kim, Hyuk-Hwa
    • Food Engineering Progress
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.348-351
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    • 2009
  • In this study, the effects of gums (guar gum, xanthan gum, locust beam gum) on the activity of polygalacturonase(PGase) were examined. PGase activity was assayed by measuring the release of reducing groups from polygalacturonic acid. Guar gum, xanthan gum and locust bean gum were capable of increasing the catalytic activity of the PGase by 105%, 87% and 90%, respectively. Carrot was macerated by Macerozyme R-200 with gums and the yield of the maceration reaction for the production of carrot single cells was increased up to 13% in the presence of guar gum. This suggested that gums stated above can be used as good enhancers not only for the catalytic activity of the PGase but also for the production of carrot single cell.

Xanthan gum의 생산과 응용

  • 정동효
    • Food Industry
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    • pp.32-37
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    • 1978
  • 자연에서 얻어지는 고무질로서는 여러 가지 종류의 것이 많으나 한천, 알긴산염, 카라기난(Carrageenan), 퍼셀라란(furcellaran)등은 해조로부터 추출되며 Pectin, arabic gum, karaya gum, tragacanth gum, ghatti gum, guargum, 메뚜기콩고무(Locust been gum), 사이리엄고무(psyllium seed gum)등은 식물로부터 추출된다. 특히 이외에도 미생물에서 분비되는 고무질인 다당(多糖)으로는 dextran, curdlan, pullulau, 잔산고무(Xanthan gum)등도 최근에 알려진 고무질이다. 여기에서는 미생물이 생산하는 고무질인 다당(多糖)인 Xanthan gum이 새로히 식품첨가물로 지정되었기에 Xanthan gum의 발견내역, 성질, 생산과 응용면을 소개한다.

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Mass Transfer Effects in Xanthan Gum Fermentation (Xanthan Gum 발효에 있어서 물질전달의 영향)

  • 임병연;유영제
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.277-282
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    • 1989
  • Xanthan gum is a biopolymer produced by Xanthomonas campestris. In xanthan gum fermentation, the fermentation broth changes to highly viscous non-Newtonian fluid as xanthan gum concentration increases. Maximum xanthan gum concentration is limited by high viscosity of the broth since mass transfers of nutrient and oxygen are inhibited. Int this study the mass transfer effects were investigated in batch and fed-batch fermentations at various agitation speeds and by separate oxygen transfer experiments. Xanthan gum production rate was observed to be largely dependent on oxygen transfer coefficient; while cell growth rate was not affected highly by this factor.

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Quality Characteristics of Mungbean Starch Gels with Various Hydrocolloids (친수성 다당류 첨가가 녹두전분 겔의 품질 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Eun-Jung;Oh, Myung-Suk
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.540-551
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    • 2009
  • This study was conducted to investigate the quality characteristics of mungbean starch gels containing various hydrocolloids (carrageenan, locust bean gum and xanthan gum) during room temperature storage ($25^{\circ}C$ for 24, 48 and 72 hours). Carrageenan and xanthan gum reduced the pasting viscosity of mungbean starch, whereas the locust bean gum increased the viscosity. The melting characteristics, as assessed by DSC, showed that carrageenan and xanthan gum delayed gelatinization of mungbean starch and the locust bean gum had no effect on this property. The lightness (L) of the gels with the locust bean gum was similar to that without the additive during storage, whereas that with carrageenan and xanthan gum was higher than that without the additive. Hardness, chewiness and gumminess of the gels with the locust bean gum was higher than that without the additive during storage, whereas that with carrageenan and xanthan gum was lower than that without the additive. The rupture stress, rupture strain and rupture energy of the gels with carrageenan and xanthan gum was lower than that without the additive during storage, whereas that with the locust bean gum was similar to that without the additive. In the sensory evaluation, springiness and cohesiveness of the gels with carrageenan and xanthan gum were lower than those without the additive, whereas springiness, brittleness and hardness of the gels with the locust bean gum were higher than those without the additive. In addition, the overall acceptability of the gels with the locust bean gum improved. The above results showed that carrageenan and xanthan gum lowered the quality characteristics of the mungbean starch gel and the locust bean gum improved them. Thus, the addition of 0.5% locust bean gum is an appropriate method for improving the quality characteristics of mungbean starch gel.

Studies on Rheological Characterizaiton of Rhamsan Gum Produced by Alcaligenes -comparative studies on rheological Characterization of Rhamsan and Xanthangum- (Alcaligenes에 의해서 생성된 Rhamsan Gum의 리올리지 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Im-Seon;Kim, Mi-Ok;Koo, Sung-Ja
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.155-163
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    • 1992
  • Rhamsan gum produced by Alcaligenes was rheologically characterized, and compared to that of xanthan gum. The rheological properties were derermined from the change in the value of intrinsic viscosity with pH and salt concentration. at the range of pH 2~11 and salt concentration of 0~1.0 M KCl, the intrinsic viscosties of rhanisan gum were in the range of 8.2 to 36.2 dl/g and those of xanthan gum 8.19 to 44 dl/g. In the absence of salt, the intrinsic viscosity of rhamsan gum and Xanthan gum increased as the pH of solution increased up to neutral pH, and then decreased at alkaline pH. The intrinisc viscosities of rhamsan and anthan gum were not affec6ted by the increment of salt concentration. the chain stiffness paramenter for the rhamsan gum was 0.016. The overlap paramoeters of rhamsan and xanthan gum were 0.025 and 0.022 g/dl, respectively. rhamsan and xanthan gum were shear rate dependent or pseudoplastic. The yield stress of rhamsan gum increased slightly, but the shear index decreased as the concentration increased. The apparent viscosityes of rhamsan and xanthan gum decreased as the temperature increased. The salt effect of divalent cations (calcium, magnesium) was lower than monovalent cations (sodium, potassium).

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Clinical effect of chewing gum containing chlorhexidine nanoparticles on the dental plaque and gingivitis (클로르헥시딘 nanoparticle을 함유하는 chewing gum이 치태 및 치은염에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Gwang-Hee;Nam, Young-Ok;Kim, Mi-Jeong
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.89-99
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    • 2001
  • Estimating by clinical index the efficacy of three cases, where chewing gum is mixed with nanoparticle containing chlorhexidine, where chewing gum doesn't contain neither of them, and where with chlorhexidine only, this study has come to the following conclusion. 1. The chewing gum with chlorhexidine and chlorhexidine nanoparticle has shown more reduction of plaque index and gingival index than that with no chlorhexidine. 2. There could be seen a difference between the gum with chlorhexidine and the gum with chlorhexidine nanoparticle. 3. The gum with chlorhexidine nanoparticle has shown less level of plaque index than that chlorhexidine, which difference was only slight. 4. The gum with chlorhexidine nanoparticle wasn't absorved any tooth coloring. To put these results together, it is proposed that mixing chewing gum with chlorhexidine nanoparticle can be an efficient application.

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