• Title, Summary, Keyword: hepatic encephalopathy

Search Result 45, Processing Time 0.028 seconds

Simultaneous chylothorax and chylous ascites (암죽가슴증 및 암죽복수의 동시발생)

  • Jang, Tae Soo;Jeong, In Beom;Cho, Do Yeun;Kang, Sung Ju;Kwon, Oh Jung
    • Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine
    • /
    • v.34 no.2
    • /
    • pp.265-269
    • /
    • 2017
  • Chylothorax or chylous ascites are rare manifestations of liver cirrhosis. We report a rare case of simultaneous chylothorax and chylous ascites in a patient with hepatitis B virus-related liver cirrhosis. A 76-year-old woman was referred to our hospital with a pleural effusion on her right side. She had no history of recent medical procedures, trauma or tumor. There was no evidence of mass or thoracic duct obstruction in a computed tomography scan. Pleural fluid and ascites were confirmed as chylothorax and chylous ascites by chemistry analysis. Despite thorough conservative care, there was no improvement. Pleurodesis was planned, but hepatic encephalopathy developed suddenly and she did not recover.

Liver Cirrhosis of Korean Native Goat in Korea : A Case Report (산양의 Liver cirrhosis 발생보고)

  • 민병만;박경애;김환균;조용성;김성열;구찬희;정운익;김홍집
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
    • /
    • v.16 no.1
    • /
    • pp.57-64
    • /
    • 1993
  • This survey was performed to report rare outbreak of liver cirrhosis in Korean native goat (KNG) which was died of Yangpyeong's goat farm on Feb. 1992. The examination for the KNG was carried out by clinical signs, necropsy and various lab-oratory test including parasitic, bacterial and histological test. The KNG looked jaundice, ascite, hemorrhage of lumen, abomasum and intestine, and brownish smooth cirrhotic liver at necropsy. Histological examination for liver revealed considerable proliferation of connective tissue and piecemeal necrosis which was caused by chronic active inflammation in interlobules and intralobules. There were atrophic micro and macro nodules which were sur-rounded by connective tissue. The lobular structure lack almost all central vein. The portal areas appearred proliferation of bile ducts, blood vessels and connective tissues. These connective tissue infiltrated heavily with plasma cells, Iymphocytes and histocytes. Histological examination for brain proved to be hepatic encephalopathy by virture of congestion and edema in cerebral medullary. From these results were demonstrated miked nodular, active, postnecrotic liver cirrhosis.

  • PDF

Effect of Dietary Protein on the Serum Xanthine Oxidase Activity in Methanethiol-treated Rats (식이성 단백질 함량이 Methanethiol 투여한 흰쥐의 혈청 Xanthine Oxidase 활성에 미치는 영향)

  • 윤종국;전태원;임영숙
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
    • /
    • v.19 no.1
    • /
    • pp.66-70
    • /
    • 1993
  • Introduction : Methanethiol is a toxicant that is a byproduct in the industrial process (oil refinery), and it is produced in vivo from methionine via transamination in case of its overintake. And it also can be generated by the action of mucosal thiol Smethyltransferase on hydrogen sulfite which is formed by anaerobic bacteria in the intestinal tract. The toxicity of methanethiol has often been suggested as one of endogenous factors involved in the pathogenesis of hepatic encephalopathy. Furthermore, methanethiol could cause the membrane damage and inhibition of some membrane protective enzymes.

  • PDF

A Case of Adult-onset Type II Citrullinemia Confirmed by Mutation of SLC25A13 (SLC25A13 유전자 돌연변이로 확진된 성인형 제 2형 시트룰린혈증 1례)

  • Jeung, Min Sub;Yang, Aram;Kim, Jinsup;Park, Hyung-Doo;Lee, Heon Ju;Jin, Dong-Kyu;Cho, Sung Yoon
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Inherited Metabolic disease
    • /
    • v.16 no.1
    • /
    • pp.34-41
    • /
    • 2016
  • Adult-onset type II citrullinemia (CTLN2) is characterized by episodes of neurologic symptoms associated with hyperammonemia leading to disorientation, irritability, seizures, and coma. CTLN2 is distinct from classical citrullinemia, which is caused by a mutation of the argininosuccinic acid synthetase (ASS) gene. The serum citrulline level is elevated, while the activity of ASS in liver tissue is decreased. CTLN2 is known to have a poor prognosis if the proper treatment is not taken. We reported a female aged 37 years who developed recurrent attacks of altered consciousness, aberrant behavior, and vomiting. We initially suspected the patient had CTLN2 because of the signs of hyperammonemic encephalopathy, such as altered mentality, memory disturbance, and aberrant behaviors provoked by exercise-induced stress and excessive intravenous amino acid administration. Through her peculiar diet preferences and laboratory findings that included hyperammonemia and citrullinemia, we diagnosed the patient as CTLN2, and SLC25A13 sequencing revealed known compound heterozygous mutations (IVS11+1G>A, c.674C> A). Her parents were heterozygous carriers, and we identified that her older sister had the same mutations. The older sister had not experienced any episodes of hyperammonemia, but she had peculiar diet preferences. The patient and her sister have been well with conservative management. When considering the clinical course of CTLN2, it was meaningful that the older sister could be diagnosed early in an asymptomatic period and that preemptive treatment was employed. Through this case, CTLN2 should be considered in adults who present symptoms of hyperammonemic encephalopathy without a definite etiology. Because of its rare incidence and similar clinical features, CTLN2 is frequently misdiagnosed as hepatic encephalopathy, and it shows a poor prognosis due to the lack of early diagnosis and proper treatment. A high-carbohydrate diet, which is usually used to treat other urea cycle defects, can also exaggerate the clinical course of CTLN2, so proper metabolic screening tests and genetic studies should be performed.

  • PDF

A Study on the Metabolite Changes in Brain Diseases: 3 Teslar 1H Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (뇌질환 대사물질 변화의 고찰; 3 Teslar 수소 자기공명분광법)

  • Eun, Sungjong;Kim, Jeongjae;Yoo, Seungcheol
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
    • /
    • v.8 no.1
    • /
    • pp.35-42
    • /
    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to know the differences of metabolism in abnormal brain disease using a single-voxel proton MR spectroscopy(1H MRS) Together with five normal volunteers and each five patients with brain diseases, pathologically proved, underwent MRI and 1H MRS. The quantitative results of 1H MRS in adrenoleukodystrophy(ALD), hepatic encephalopathy(HE), and infarction gave unique information on the metabolite changes related with the white matter: the concentration of NAA decreased in all diseases; Cho, mI and Lac increased in ALD; Cho decreased in HE; and ${\beta}{\cdot}{\gamma}$-Glx and Lac increased in infarction. It is concluded that 1H MRS is capable of diagnosing brain diseases by monitoring metabolite changes in vivo that subsequently develope into abnormalities. 1H MRS may be a useful clinical tool for in both diagnosis and prognosis of brain diseases.

Combined Effect of Granulocyte-Colony-Stimulating Factor-Induced Bone Marrow-Derived Stem Cells and Red Ginseng in Patients with Decompensated Liver Cirrhosis (Combined Effect of G-CSF and Red Ginseng in Liver Cirrhosis)

  • Kim, Hyun Hee;Kim, Seung Mo;Kim, Kyung Soon;Kwak, Min A;Kim, Sang Gyung;Kim, Byung Seok;Lee, Chang Hyeong
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
    • /
    • v.37 no.4
    • /
    • pp.36-44
    • /
    • 2016
  • Objectives: Granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) mobilized bone marrow (BM)-derived hematopoietic stem cells could contribute to improvement of liver function. In addition, liver fibrosis can reportedly be prevented by the Rg 1 component of red ginseng. This study investigated the combined effect of G-CSF and red ginseng on decompensated liver cirrhosis. Methods: Four patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis were injected with G-CSF to proliferate BM stem cells for 4 days ($5{\mu}g/kg$ bid subcutaneously) and followed-up for 3 months. The patients also received red ginseng for 4 days (2 tablets tid per os). We analyzed Child-Pugh scores, Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) scores and cirrhotic complications. Results: All patients showed marked increases in White blood cell (WBC) and CD34+ cells in the peripheral blood, with a peak time of 4 days after G-CSF injection. Spleen size also increased after G-CSF injection, but not severely. At end of the study, 2 patients showed improvement in Child-Pugh scores, hepatic encephalopathy, and refractory ascites. During the clinical trial period, none of the 4 patients showed any other adverse events or deterioration of liver function. Conclusions: We conclude that G-CSF/red ginseng combination therapy is relatively effective in improving liver function and major complications of decompensated liver cirrhosis without adverse effects. Further clinical trials are warranted to assess the clinical effects of G-CSF for decompensated liver cirrhosis.

Analysis of Medical Use and Costs Related to the Management of Liver Cirrhosis Using National Patients Sample Data (환자표본자료를 이용한 간경변증 환자의 의료이용 특성 및 의료비용 분석)

  • Kim, Hye-Lin;Park, Jae-A;Sin, JiYoung;Park, Seung-Hoo;Lee, Eui-Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
    • /
    • v.26 no.4
    • /
    • pp.341-347
    • /
    • 2016
  • Background: Liver cirrhosis causes substantial socio-economic burden and is one of the major severe liver diseases in Korea. Nonetheless, there is only a few studies that analyzes disease burden of liver cirrhosis in Korea. Such study must be carried out due to its increasing need from the invention of new drugs for chronic hepatitis and demand for cost-effectiveness analyses. Methods: Patient sample data with ensured representativeness was analyzed retrospectively to compare the medical costs and uses for patients with compensated cirrhosis and decompensated cirrhosis. Patient claims data that include K74 and K703 from the year of 2014 were selected. Within the selected data, decompensated cirrhosis patient was identified if complications such as ascites (R18), encephalopathy (B190), hepatic failure (K72), peritonitis (K65), or esophageal varices (I85) were included, and they were compared to compensated cirrhosis patients. Results: 6,565 patients were included in the analysis. The average cost per patient was 6,471,020 (SD 8,848,899) KRW and 2,173,203 (4,220,942) KRW for decompensated cirrhosis and compensated cirrhosis, respectively. For inpatients, the average hospitalized days was 38.0 (56.4) days and 27.2 (57.2) days for decompensated cirrhosis and compensated cirrhosis, respectively. For outpatients, the average number of visits was 8.7 (9.1) days and 5.3 (7.5) days for compensated cirrhosis and decompensated cirrhosis, respectively. Conclusion: Compared to compensated cirrhosis patients, decompensated cirrhosis patients had higher costs, especially for hospitalization, injection, examination, and drugs administrated within medical institutions.

Longitudinal Intrinsic Brain Activity Changes in Cirrhotic Patients before and One Month after Liver Transplantation

  • Cheng, Yue;Huang, Li-Xiang;Zhang, Li;Ma, Ming;Xie, Shuang-Shuang;Ji, Qian;Zhang, Xiao-Dong;Zhang, Gao-Yan;Zhang, Xue-Ning;Ni, Hong-Yan;Shen, Wen
    • Korean Journal of Radiology
    • /
    • v.18 no.2
    • /
    • pp.370-377
    • /
    • 2017
  • Objective: To evaluate the spontaneous brain activity alterations in liver transplantation (LT) recipients using resting-state functional MRI. Materials and Methods: Twenty cirrhotic patients as transplant candidates and 25 healthy controls (HCs) were included in this study. All patients repeated the MRI study one month after LT. Amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) values were compared between cirrhotic patients (both pre- and post-LT) and HCs as well as between the pre- and post-LT groups. The relationship between ALFF changes and venous blood ammonia levels and neuropsychological tests were investigated using Pearson's correlation analysis. Results: In the cirrhotic patients, decreased ALFF in the vision-related regions (left lingual gyrus and calcarine), sensorimotor-related regions (left postcentral gyrus and middle cingulate cortex), and the default-mode network (bilateral precuneus and left inferior parietal lobule) were restored, and the increased ALFF in the temporal and frontal lobe improved in the early period after LT. The ALFF decreases persisted in the right supplementary motor area, inferior parietal lobule, and calcarine. The ALFF changes in the right precuneus were negatively correlated with changes in number connection test-A scores (r = 0.507, p < 0.05). Conclusion: LT improved spontaneous brain activity and the results for associated cognition tests. However, decreased ALFF in some areas persisted, and new-onset abnormal ALFF were possible, indicating that complete cognitive function recovery may need more time.

Isolation of Urease Inhibitory Compounds from Arecae Semen (빈랑자 (Arecae Semen)로부터 Urease 억제 활성 물질의 분리)

  • Ryu, Jei-Man;Jang, Hwan-Bong;Rho, Yang-Kook;Oh, Seong-Jun;Lee, Hyun-Yong;Leem, Moon-Jeong
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
    • /
    • v.36 no.1
    • /
    • pp.56-59
    • /
    • 2005
  • Urease plays an important role in the urea metabolism and the effect of urease activity on human and environment is enormous. For instance, urease acts as a virulence factor of the urinary and gastrointestinal tracts infections in human and animal, being involved in kidney stone formation, catheter encrusatation, pyelonephritis, ammonia encephalopathy, hepatic coma, and urinary tract infections. Widespread urease activity in soil induces a plant damage due to ammonia toxicity and pH increase. Therefore, urease activity regulation through urease inhibitors would lead to an enhanced efficiency of urea nitrogen uptake in plants and to the improved therapeutic strategies for ureolytic bacterial infections. To search for new inhibitory compounds on urease activity from herbs, MeOH extracts of herbs were screened. Among of them, the MeOH extracts of Areca catechu exhibited an excellent inhibitory effect on urease activity. Two compounds were isolated from the ethyl acetate fraction by the activity guided fractionation. Their chemical structures were identified as (+)-catechin(compound I) and allantoin(compound II) by spectroscopic evidence, respectively. Compound I showed a stronger inhibitory effect on urease activity than compound II.

Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt Fixed By Transvenous Coil Embolization in a Samoyed Dog (샤모예드종 개에서 발생한 간내성 문맥-정맥 문합을 경정맥 코일장착으로 치료한 증례)

  • Lee, Moo-Hyun;Lee, Seoung-Jin;Lee, Seung-Gon;Moon, Hyeong-Sun;Lee, Joon-Seok;Choi, Ran;Park, In-Chul;Hyun, Chang-Baig
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
    • /
    • v.24 no.3
    • /
    • pp.426-431
    • /
    • 2007
  • A 5-month-old female Samoyed dog was presented with primary complaints including exercise tolerance and neurological sign associated with hepatic encephalopathy. The major findings in clinical examination included an intermittent seizure, anemia, elevated pre- and post-prandial serum bile acid, hypoproteinemia and bilirubinuria. Diagnostic imaging studies revealed an intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (IPSS). The shunted vessel was successfully occluded by transvenous coil embolization. Clinical signs were gradually improved after shunt occlusion. This case is a rare case of IPSS in a large breed dog fixed by transvenous coil embolization.