• Title, Summary, Keyword: hydrogen peroxide scavenging

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Antioxidative and Free Radical Scavenging Activity of Water Extract From Dandelion (Taruaxacum officinale) (민들레 물추출물의 항산화 및 자유라디칼 소거활성)

  • 강미정;신승렬;김광수
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.253-259
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    • 2002
  • The antioxidative and free radical scavenging activity of water extracts of dandelion were investigated. Antioxidative and radical scavenging activity were assessed by means of different tests; inhibition of peroxidation on linoleic acid model system, scavenging DPPH radical, scavenging of hydroxyl radical by chemiluminescence assay, scavenging of superoxide anion radical by EPR spectroscopy and scavenging of hydrogen peroxide. The leaf extract showed strong antioxidant activity in linoleic acid system. The antioxidant activity of water extracts of dandelion increased with increasing concentrations of extracts. The scavenging activity of the dandelion extracts, on inhibition of the DPPH radical, was related to the reaction time. Hydroxyl radical were generated by lenten reaction and dandelion extract was found to scavenge OH˙in a concentration-dependent manner. The water extract of leaf had effective scavenging activities on hydrogen peroxide and superoxide anion radical. From the these data, it is evident that water extract of dandelion leaf is an effective scavenger for OH˙, O$_2$¨, DPPH˙, hydrogen peroxide. And, the antioxidative effect observed is believed to be partly due to this radical scavenger activity.

Scavenge of superoxide and hydrogen peroxide by bovine intact red blood cells (한우 무손상 적혈구의 superoxide 및 과산화수소 제거능력)

  • Cho, Jong-hoo;Park, Sang-youel
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.273-279
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    • 1998
  • The ability of bovine intact red blood cells to scavenge superoxide and hydrogen peroxide by superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase was investigated. Intact red cells(up to 0.4%) suspensions did not inhibit ferricytochrome c reduction by superoxide in the superoxide generating system. On the other hand, intact red cell(0.4%) suspensions almost completely inhibit ferrocytochrome c oxidation by hydrogen peroxide. The ability of intact red cells to scavenge hydrogen peroxide was mainly attributed to either membrane bound catalase or glutathione peroxidase. The scavenge of hydrogen peroxide by 0.1~0.2% intact red cells showed a trend of dependence on mainly glutathione peroxidase. However, at blood cell concentration higher than 0.3%, the process depended upon peroxidase-independent scavengers like catalase. Enhancement of ferrocytochrome c oxidation by red cells treated with aminotriazole proved that the protection against hydrogen peroxide was due to catalase, while the protection in the presence of glutathione indicated scavenging effect of glutathione peroxidase against hydrogen peroxide.

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Protective Effect of Caesalpinia sappan L. on Hydrogen Peroxide

  • Yoo Yeong Min;Lee Seon Goo
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.1524-1527
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    • 2003
  • In this study, we demonstrated the antioxidant effect of the Caesalpinia sappan L. extract through the scavenging effect against 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical and the protective effect on protein damage and PC12 cells against cupric ion/hydrogen peroxide. Its IC/sub 50/ value of the scavenging effect against DPPH radical was 7.7 ㎍. Protection of its extract against oxidative bovine serum albumin (BSA)damage induced by hydrogen peroxide was more effective than that of vitamin C. The protective effect on PC12 cells by hydrogen peroxide was shown to be more potent in is extract than in vitamin C. DNA fragmentation analysis also supports this result.

Antioxidant Activity of Solubilized Tetraselmis suecica and Chlorella ellipsoidea by Enzymatic Digests

  • Lee, Seung-Hong;Chang, Dong-Uk;Lee, Bae-Jin;Jeon, You-Jin
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.21-28
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    • 2009
  • In this study, we focused on natural water-soluble antioxidants from Tetraselmis suecica (T. suecica) and Chlorella ellipsoidea (C. ellipsoidea). They were prepared by enzymatic digestion using five carbohydrases (Viscozyme, Celluclast, AMG, Termamyl and Ultraflo) and five proteases (Protamex, Alcalase, Flavourzyme, Neutrase, and Kojizyme), and the potential antioxidant activity of each was assessed. Most enzymatic digests from T. suecica had a higher radical scavenging activity than those from C. ellipsoidea. Among the enzymatic digests, Kojizyme digest from T. suecica exhibited the highest effect on DPPH radical scavenging. Viscozyme (30.2%) and Neutrase (34.6%) digests from T. suecica exhibited higher hydroxyl radical scavenging activity. Kojizyme digest from T. suecica (81.5%) had strong alkyl radical scavenging activity. Neutrase (61.9%) and Kojizyme (61.5%) digest from T. suecica possessed the highest effects on hydrogen peroxide scavenging. Among the tested samples, Neutrase (TN) and Kojizyme (TK) digests from T. suecica showed the highest antioxidant activity (DPPH, alkyl radical, hydrogen peroxide). Therefore, TN and TK digests were selected for use in the further experiments. Those digests showed enhanced cell viability against $H_2O_2$-induced oxidative damage, and relatively good hydrogen peroxide scavenging activity in an African green monkey kidney (Vero) cell line. These results suggested that an enzymatic digestion will be an effective way for the production of a potential water-soluble antioxidant from a microalgae, T. suecica.

Antioxidant Activities of Garlic (Allum sativum L.) with Growing Districts

  • Lee, Eun-Jung;Kim, Kwan-Soo;Jung, Hye-Young;Kim, Deuk-Ha;Jang, Hae-Dong
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.123-130
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    • 2005
  • Hydrogen-donating capacity, scavenging activity of reactive oxygen including superoxide anion radical and hydrogen peroxide, metal-chelating activity, and reducing power of garlic extracts were investigated. All tested garlic extracts exhibited in vitro antioxidant activities, with Uiseong extract showing highest hydrogen-donating and hydrogen peroxide-scavenging activities, and reducing power, followed by Seosan and Samchek extracts, in proportion to total thiosulfinate contents. Higher scavenging activity of superoxide anion radical was observed in Uiseong than Seosan and Samchek extracts. Metal-chelating activity increased in order of Uiseong < Seosan < Samchek, showing inverse relations to total thiosulfinate content. Garlic extracts of Uiseong and Seosan showed weak prooxidant activities and that of Samchek showed strong antioxidant activity against $Cu^{+2}$-induced human LDL oxidation. Protective effects on peroxyl and hydroxyl radical-induced DNA strand damages were observed in all tested garlic cloves. These results indicate growing conditions of garlic cloves affect total thiosulfinate content and antioxidant activities.

Superoxide and Hydrogen Peroxide Scavenging Action of Ocimum Sanctum Extracts and their Fractions

  • Geetha, S.;Kedlaya, R.;Vasudevan, D.M.
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.223-225
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    • 2003
  • Ocimum sanctum, the Indian holy basil has significant abilities to scavenge highly reactive free radicals. Shade dried leaf powder of plant has extracted with water and alcohol, fractionated with different solvents. Both extracts and their fractions were found to be good scavengers of Superoxide and hydrogen peroxide. Free radical scavenging action of these compared with ascorbic acid, a known antioxidant.

Effect of Mixture of p-Phenylenediamine with Hydrogen Peroxide to Rat Skin (p-Phenylenediamine과 과산화수소 혼합액 도포가 흰쥐 피부조직에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Sang-Hee;Lee, Sang-Il
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.35 no.8
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    • pp.1010-1015
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    • 2006
  • p-Pheylenediamimine (PPD) is one of hair dye's ingredients, and the mixture of PPD with hydrogen peroxide is generally used to dye hair at beauty shop. This study is conducted to investigate the effect of oxidized PPD on rat skin. 6% hydrogen peroxide, PPD (5% PPD in 2% $NH_4OH$) or the mixture (isovolumed mixture of 5% PPD and 6% hydrogen peroxide in 2% $NH_4OH$) was applied to rat skin ($25\;mg/16.5\;cm^2$) five times every other day. The activity of acid phosphatase (ACP) was more increased in the mixture of PPD with hydrogen peroxide applied group than PPD applied group. Furthermore, the activity of glucose 6-phosphatase (G6Pase) in the mixture of PPD with hydrogen peroxide applied group showed higher decreasing rate than that of PPD applied group. In histopathological findings, the mixed PPD with hydrogen peroxide applied group showed more thickening of epithelium, increased numbers of dermal fibroblasts, and the dilatation of dermal capillaries than PPD applied group. The significant increasing of xanthine oxidase (XO) activity was determined in mixture of PPD with hydrogen peroxide applied group compared with PPD applied group. However, reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging system, the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione S-transferase (GST) were more significantly decreased in mixed PPD with hydrogen peroxide applied groups than in PPD applied group. In conclusion, topical application with the mixture of PPD with hydrogen peroxide compared with PPD application resulted in imbalance with ROS generating and scavenging which probably led to severe skin injury.

The Effect of Metallothionein on the Activity of Enzymes Invelved in Remival of Reactive Oxygen Species

  • Go, Mun Ju;Kim, Hui Jeong
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.362-366
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    • 2001
  • To show the effects of metallothionein (MT) on the activity of enzymes involved in the removal of reactive oxygen species, MT has been added to the assay systems of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase and peroxidase. We have used assay systems of SOD based on NADPH oxidation and nitrite formation from hydroxylammonium chloride as an assay of superoxide breakdown rate. The two assay systems showed different results at the high concentration of MT. MT showed the scavenging of superoxide in the SOD assay system in the presence and absence of SOD. MT added to the SOD assay system behaved as an activator of SOD, but apo-MT behaved as an inhibitor. When MT was added to the assay system in the presence of a fixed amount of SOD, the breakdown rate of superoxide increased. The effects of MT on the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide and the activity of catalase and peroxidase decomposing hydrogen peroxide were evaluated. MT decreased the activities of catalase and peroxidase. We have concluded that the function of MT as an antioxidant might effect the level of superoxide scavenging and not the level of hydrogen peroxide.

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Protective effect of Cordyceps militaris against hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress in vitro

  • He, Mei Tong;Lee, Ah Young;Park, Chan Hum;Cho, Eun Ju
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.279-285
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    • 2019
  • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Excessive production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as hydroxyl (${\cdot}OH$), nitric oxide (NO), and hydrogen peroxide ($H_2O_2$) is reported to induce oxidative stress. ROS generated by oxidative stress can potentially damage glial cells in the nervous system. Cordyceps militaris (CM), a kind of natural herb widely found in East Asia. In this study, we investigated the free radical scavenging activity of the CM extract and its neuroprotective effects in $H_2O_2$-induced C6 glial cells. MATERIALS/METHODS: The ethanol extract of CM ($100-1,000{\mu}g/mL$) was used to measure DPPH, ${\cdot}OH$, and NO radical scavenging activities. In addition, hydrogen peroxide ($H_2O_2$)-induced C6 glial cells were treated with CM at $0.5-2.5{\mu}g/mL$ for measurement of cell viability, ROS production, and protein expression resulting from oxidative stress. RESULTS: The CM extract showed high scavenging activities against DPPH, ${\cdot}OH$, and NO radicals at concentration of $1,000{\mu}g/mL$. Treatment of CM with $H_2O_2$-induced oxidative stress in C6 glial cells significantly increased cell viability, and decreased ROS production. Cyclooxygenase-2 and inducible nitric oxide synthase protein expression was down-regulated in CM-treated groups. In addition, the protein expression level of phospho-p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p-p38 MAPK), phospho-c-Jun N-terminal kinase (p-JNK), and phospho-extracellular regulated protein kinases (p-ERK) in $H_2O_2$-induced C6 glial cells was down-regulated upon CM administration. CONCLUSION: CM exhibited radical scavenging activity and protective effect against $H_2O_2$ as indicated by the increased cell viability, decreased ROS production, down-regulation of inflammation-related proteins as well as p-p38, p-JNK, and p-ERK protein levels. Therefore, we suggest that CM could play the protective role from oxidative stress in glial cells.

Reactive Oxygen Species Scavenging Activity of Jeju Native Citrus Peel during Maturation (수확시기별 제주재래종 감귤과피의 활성산소종 소거활성)

  • Kim, Yong-Dug;Mahinda, Senevirathne;Koh, Kyung-Soo;Jeon, You-Jin;Kim, Soo-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.462-469
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    • 2009
  • This study was conducted to investigate total polyphenolic contents and reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging effects of extracts from peels of ten Jeju native citrus fruits according to the harvest from August 2006 to February 2007. Total polyphenolic contents from methanol extracts of citrus peel were the highest in Jigak (Citrus aurantium) and Hongkyool (C. tachibana) by over 200 mg% in the unmatured period, from the late August to the late September, and all the citrus peels mostly decreased while ripening. Scavenging effect of superoxide anion radical showed good correlation with total polyphenolic contents. The unmatured periods of Hongkyool and Jigak were the highest with more than 60%. Hydrogen peroxide scavenging activity was the highest in Sadoogam (C. pseudogulgul) at 73.8% in late August and the second highest activity was observed in Jigak at near 70%, and all the citrus peels decreased during ripening. Hydroxy radical scavenging activity were the highest among all the ROS scavenging activities, especially in the Jigak and Dangyooja (C. grandis) at 75.1% and 74.6%, respectively, and not much affected by increased maturity of the fruits. Nitric oxide radical scavenging activity was the highest in Bungkyool (C. platymama) at 58.4% in late February, and increased with fruit ripening. In this study, Jigak was generally the highest in the polyphenolic contents and ROS scavenging activities, so the further studies are needed for industrial applications.