• Title/Summary/Keyword: hypertension

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Dietary Risk Factors of Hypertension in the Elderly (노인집단을 대상으로 한 고혈압의 식이위험요인에 관한 연구)

  • 문현경
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.90-100
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    • 1999
  • In order to investigate dietary risk factors for hypertension in th elderly, dietary intakes and dietary habits of 405 elderly subjects, aged 60-94, were assessed by the questionnaire, anthropometric measurement and a 24-hour dietary recall. The prevalence of definite (>95mmHg for diastolic or>160mmHg for systeolic blood pressue) and borderline(90-95mmHg for diastolic or 140-160mmHg for systolic blood pressure) hypertensive subjects 33.3% and 19.3%, respectively. The distribution of the subjects for Body Mass Index(BMI), waist-hip ratio, and alcohol consumption were significantly different among definite, borderline, and normal groups(p<0.05). The distribution of the subjects for smoking, exercise, and preference of salty food were not significantly different among definite, borderline, and normal groups(p>0.05). From the generalized logistic regression analysis of the risk factors for the hypertension, the subjects with over 27 of BMI had significantly higher risk of hypertension. Alcohol consumption and preference of salty food were significant risk factors of hypertension in the elderly. Dietary risk factors for the hypertension that had significant relationship to the hypertension were intakes of potassium, calcium, phosphate, sodium, vitamin B1, niacin, and folate. There was no significant difference of consumption frequencies of food and dish among definite, borderline, and normal groups(p>0.05). The amount of intakes for cereals and grain product, bean and their products, eggs were significantly different among definite, borderline, and normal groups(p<0.05). In summary, the amount of dietary intakes to hypertension in elderly population. Longitudinal studies for dietary risk factors on incidence of hypertension are needed in general population, especially in the elderly.

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Hypertension in children and adolescents (소아 청소년기에서 고혈압)

  • Jung, Jo Won
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.52 no.7
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    • pp.745-751
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    • 2009
  • Hypertension is a major risk factor for myocardial infarction, stroke, and cardiovascular mortality in adults; its treatment reduces the risk of cardiovascular events. In recent times, attention is being paid to monitoring of blood pressure from childhood to adulthood. Childhood hypertension is associated with hypertension in later life, and early intervention is important. In the Korean socioeconomic background, a rapid increase is observed in the number of obesity cases and the rate of increase in the incidence of obesity is more in childhood. The strong association of high blood pressure with obesity and the marked increase in the incidence of childhood obesity indicate that both hypertension and prehypertension are becoming significant health issues. In this comprehensive review, we acquaint the clinician with the available literature on childhood hypertension to provide recommendations for the diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of hypertension based on the available evidence and consensus in Korean clinical conditions.

Influencing Factors on Self-care in the Elderly with Essential Hypertension (노인본태성고혈압 환자의 자가간호에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Jeon, Hae-Ok
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.66-75
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate influencing factors on self-care in the elderly with essential hypertension. Method: The research instruments included the Self-Care Scale, the Knowledge Scale Related to Hypertension, the Self-Efficacy Scale and the Family-Support Scale. Results: The self-care was significantly associated with knowledge (r=.510, p=.000), self-efficacy (r=.708, p=.000), and family support (r=.403, p=.000). The major factors that affected subjects' self-care were knowledge and self-efficacy which explained 58.7% of self-care. Conclusion: Hypertension knowledge and self-efficacy are important factors for nursing interventions in caring for elderly patients with hypertension. It is needed to develop nursing programs for elderly patients with hypertension and to provide nursing interventions to improve knowledge and self-efficacy and, thereby, improving the self-care of elderly patients with hypertension.

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Prevalences of Hypertension and Obesity of Children in Kangnung (강릉지역 국민학생의 고혈압 및 비만의 이환율에 관한 연구)

  • 김현아
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.460-472
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    • 1994
  • Prevalences of hypertension and obesity of primary school children in Kangnung were investigated, and the correlations between blood perssure and measured anthropometry were also studied to identify the factors that influence on blood pressure. 1,164 children (602 boys and 562 girls) from five elementary schools were chosen for this study. Anthropometric measurements were taken for blood pressure, body weight, height, triceps skinfold, and circumferences of chest and arm. Data of family history of hypertension were obtained by means of prepared questionnaires. Prevalences of hypertension were 3.3% in boys and 3.1% in girls. The group with elevated blood pressure had relatively a greater frequency of familial hypertension and significantly higher mean body weight and obesity index. The prevalence of obesity was defined as percentage of children whose rates of current weight to standard weight for height and sex in Korean children were more than 120%. Prevalence of obesity were 16.3% in boys, 10.3% in girls. There findings clearly revealed the influences of above-average weight and familial hypertension on blood pressure. These results suggest that children with familial hypertension should be avoid excess adiposity and be measured blood pressure regularly.

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Associations of Blood Lead and Cadmium Levels with Hypertension using the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III-VI (국민건강영양조사 자료를 활용한 혈 중 납과 카드뮴의 고혈압과의 관련성)

  • Seo, Jeong-Wook;Kim, Byoung-Gwon;Kim, Yu-Mi;Choe, Byeong-Moo;Seo, Sang-Min;Hong, Young-Seoub
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.380-390
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    • 2018
  • Objective: A significant association between blood lead levels and hypertension has been reported in many studies. The relationship between cadmium and hypertension has been debated as well. We aimed to study the association of lead, cadmium, and both with hypertension in the Korean general population. Methods: We examined 5,967 adult men and 6,074 women who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III-VI (2005, 2008-2013 years). Logistic regression models were used to examine the relationship between blood lead concentration and blood cadmium concentration and hypertension using logtransformed blood lead and cadmium concentrations as independent variables after covariate adjustment. Results: Adjusted for general characteristics, the odds ratio of log-lead to hypertension was 2.71 (1.82-4.03), and log-cadmium to hypertension was 2.52 (1.83-3.47). Estimates were found to be statistically significant (p<0.001). When a multiple logistic model was applied, the odds ratio of log-lead and log-cadmium for hypertension were 2.24 (1.50-3.36) and 2.24 (1.62-3.10), respectively. The standardized estimate coefficients of log-lead and logcadmium for hypertension were 4.77 and 6.65, respectively. Conclusion: We observed the association of blood lead concentration, blood cadmium concentration, and both with hypertension. This study suggests that exposure to lead and exposure to cadmium are both risk factors for hypertension.

A Clinical Study on the Effects of the Aromatherapy for Hypertension (향기요법의 혈압 강하 효과에 대한 임상연구)

  • Jang, Hyun-Ho;Min, Sang-Jun;Yang, Hee-Suk;Lyu, Yeoung-Su;Lee, Geon-Mok;Kang, Hyung-Won
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.3-18
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    • 2002
  • Hypertension excessively affects national health is the basic disease that causes death and disablement after the middle-aged. Therefore, The detection and control of hypertension is essential to health care. In general, It is known that the systolic blood pressure should be below 140mmHg, the diastolic blood pressure should be below 90mmHg. Presently, the treatment of hypertension is mostly taking anti-hypertension drug, diet and stability. but Taking anti-hypertension drug has such side effects as depression. and that, We were making a study of various treatments of hypertension. In a course of hypertension study, We applied aromatherapy to the control of hypertension. Aromatherapy is the practice of using of volate plant oils including essential oils, for psychological and physical well-being. Essential oils are drawn into the body by the sense smell not only does the aroma of the true plant stimulate the brain to the trigger a positive effect, but supply physical benefits also. In Europe and North America, The study and development of aromatherapy is lively in progress. In the control of hypertension, We applied Lavender, Majoram, Ylang-Ylang to forty-two hypertensive patients. After aromatherapy for controlling hypertension. We measured the changes of the systolic blood pressure & the diastolic blood pressure of patients by time. As the result of above study, We identified the significance of blood pressure down by aromatherapy.

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Factors Related to the Outpatient Visits for Blood Pressure Management in Patients diagnosed with Hypertension (고혈압 진단자의 혈압 관리를 위한 외래 방문 영향요인)

  • Cho, Hyung-Kyung;Lee, Hyun-Ji;Seol, Jin-Ju;Lee, Kwang-Soo
    • Korea Journal of Hospital Management
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.56-67
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    • 2021
  • Background: Regular doctor visits are vital for hypertension patients, especially for who have never received hypertension medication or non-pharmacologic therapy. This study purposed to study factors affecting outpatient visits for patients diagnosed with hypertension. Methods: This study included 59,009 respondents with hypertension over 30 from 2019 Community Health Survey data. Outpatient visits were defined by having hypertension treatments such as medication or non-pharmacologic therapy. Logistic regression was used to examine the factors affecting outpatient visits using SAS ver. 9.3. Results: 57,081(96.73%) patients with hypertension were identified as those having a outpatient visit for hypertension treatments, whereas 1,928(3.27%) patients did not have visits. Patient's characteristics such as gender, age, periods of hypertension, education level, perception of the blood pressure, hypertension management education, place of living, body mass index, depression and diabetes were found to have statistically significant relationship with the outpatient visits. Practical Implications: There is a need to select patients with high blood pressure who are unlikely to visit for hypertension treatments based on the study results. For those, establishing a personalized management plan such as health education and counseling programs will be helpful for the successful implementation of national chronic disease management program.

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The Effects of the Obesity and Physical Activity on the Prevalence of Hypertension in Korean Adults (비만도와 신체활동이 성인의 고혈압에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Seon-Joo;Lee, Gun-Soon;Lee, Hae-Jeung
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.432-439
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    • 2015
  • This study was conducted to assess joint effect of body mass index (BMI) and physical activity with risk of hypertension in middle-aged Koreans. The effects of BMI and physical activity on risk of hypertension were studied using data set of 10,020 subjects aged 40~69 years in a Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study (KoGES). About 31.8% of men and 30.2% of women had hypertension. Higher BMI was associated with increased risk of hypertension in men and women. However, diverse association of physical activity with hypertension was only detected in women. Inactive women with a BMI${\geq}25$ were more likely to have hypertension than active women with a BMI<23 (ORs=3.96, 95% CI; 2.77~5.67). The present study indicates that regular physical activity and weight control can reduce risk of hypertension in Korean middle-aged women.

The Comparison of Health Status and Health Behavior among Hypertension Group, DM Group, and Hypertension DM Group for the Aged Provided with Customized Home Care Service by Visiting Nurses (맞춤형 방문건강관리사업 노인대상자의 고혈압군, 당뇨군, 고혈압.당뇨군별 건강상태 및 건강행태 비교)

  • Hyoung, Hee-Kyoung;Jang, Hyo-Soon
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.11-21
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: This study aims to compare health status and health behavior among the hypertension group, the DM group, and the hypertension-DM group for aged clients of customized home visiting health care services. Methods: This study was conducted as cross-sectional research. The subjects of this study were 2,235 aged people over 65 living in J City. Data were collected using structured questionnaires and measurements. The collected data were analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 12.0 program, and descriptive statistics, $x^2$ test, t-test and ANOVA were used for the analyses. Results: BP and glucose control showed a significant difference among the groups. BMI and waist circumference were significantly higher in the hypertension-DM group than in the other groups. Stroke, arthritis, and perceived health status were significantly different among the three groups. Depression was high, but not significantly different among the groups. Smoking and drinking were not significantly different among the groups. Physical activity was very low, especially in the hypertension group. Medication was high, especially in the hypertension-DM group. Conclusion: It is necessary to consider care plans for the hypertension-DM group, and educate the group for care management. Also, depression and physical activity programs are needed for the age.

Analysis of Spatial Distribution of Hypertension Prevalence and Its Related Factors based on the Model of Social Determinants of Health

  • Kim, Min Jung;Park, Nam Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.414-428
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify the spatial distribution of hypertension prevalence and to investigate individual and regional-level factors contributing to the prevalence of hypertension in the region. Methods: This study is a cross-sectional research using the 2015 Community Health Survey. Total 64,473 people from 7 metropolitan cities were used for the final analysis. Geoda program was adopted to identify the regional distribution of hypertension prevalence and analyzed by descriptive statistics, one-way ANOVA and correlation analysis using SPSS statistics 23.0 program. Multi-level analysis was performed using SPSS (GLMM). Results: The prevalence of hypertension was related to individual level factors such as age, monthly household income, normal salt intake, walking practice days, and regional level factors including number of doctors per 10,000 population, number of parks, and fast food score. Besides, regional level factors were associated with hypertension prevalencies independently without the effects of individual level factors even though the influences of individual level factors ware larger than those of regional factors. Conclusion: Respectively, both individual and regional level factors should be considered in hypertension intervention programs. Also, a national level research is further required by exploring various environmental factors and those influences relating to the hypertension prevalence.