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A Study on the Standardization of Offshore Wind Power Technology and the Development of Localization of Parts (해상풍력 기술의 표준화 및 부품국산화 발전 방안 연구)

  • Choi, Jeongho;Choi, Young-Moon
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.191-196
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    • 2021
  • This paper proposes to strengthen the technological capabilities of small and medium enterprises on the establishment of a component standardization system and the localization of parts, which is the basis of the marine wind industry. The wind industry is a natural energy industry that countries around the world are paying attention to, and continues to invest and research and development. In particular, most companies are focusing on research and investment in component development, the smallest unit. Therefore, it is believed that we should focus on the three most fundamental and underlying wind industry, an eco-friendly energy industry that could determine the fate of the nation in the future. First, an understanding of the roadmap for standardization should be prioritized. Second, it is necessary to establish a domestic standardization of international standards according to domestic conditions. Third, localization of high value-added single products and components should be achieved by lowering dependence on overseas imports. In the future, it is hoped that the wind industry, centered on small and medium-sized enterprises, will become a solid-based national industry and be completed as a national infrastructure leading the global wind market.

Data Acquisition System Applying TMO for GIS Preventive Diagnostic System (GIS 예방진단시스템을 위한 TMO 응용 데이터 수집 시스템)

  • Kim, Tae-Wan;Kim, Yun-Gwan;Jang, Cheon-Hyeon
    • The KIPS Transactions:PartA
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    • v.16A no.6
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    • pp.481-488
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    • 2009
  • GIS is used to isolate large power electrical equipment using SF6 gas. While GIS has simple structure, it has few break down, relatively high reliability. But it is hard to check up faults for reason of pressure. Faults of GIS should have a ripple effect on community and be hard to recovery. Consequently, GIS imports a preventive diagnostic system to find internal faults in advance. It is most important that reliability on the GIS preventive diagnostic system, because it estimates abnormality of system by analysis result of collected data. But, exist system which used central data management is low efficiency, and hard to guarantee timeliness and accuracy of data. To guarantee timeliness and accuracy, the GIS preventive diagnostic system needs accordingly to use a real-time middleware. So, in this paper, to improve reliability of the GIS preventive diagnostic system, we use a middleware based on TMO for guaranteeing timeliness of real-time distributed computing. And we propose an improved GIS preventive diagnostic system applying data acquisition, monitoring and control methods based on the TMO model. The presented system uses the Communication Control Unit(CCU) for distributed data handling which is supported by TMO. CCU can improve performance of the GIS preventive diagnostic system by guaranteeing timeliness of data handling process and increasing reliability of data through the TMO middleware. And, it has designed to take full charge of overload on a data acquisition task had been processed in an exist server. So, it could reduce overload of the server and apply distribution environment from now. Therefore, the proposed system can improve performance and reliability of the GIS preventive diagnostic system and contribute to stable operation of GIS.

Verification of X-sight Lung Tracking System in the CyberKnife (사이버나이프에서 폐종양 추적 시스템의 정확도 분석)

  • Huh, Hyun-Do;Choi, Sang-Hyoun;Kim, Woo-Chul;Kim, Hun-Jeong;Kim, Seong-Hoon;Cho, Sam-Ju;Min, Chul-Ki;Cho, Kwang-Hwan;Lee, Sang-Hoon;Choi, Jin-Ho;Lim, Sang-Wook;Shin, Dong-Oh
    • Progress in Medical Physics
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.174-179
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    • 2009
  • To track moving tumor in real time, CyberKnife system imports a technique of the synchrony respiratory tracking system. The fiducial marker which are detectable in X-ray images were demand in CyberKnife Robotic radiosurgery system. It issued as reference markers to locate and track tumor location during patient alignment and treatment delivery. Fiducial marker implantation is an invasive surgical operation that carries a relatively high risk of pneumothorax. Most recently, it was developed a direct lung tumor registration method that does not require the use of fiducials. The purpose of this study is to measure the accuracy of target applying X-sight lung tracking using the Gafchromic film in dynamic moving thorax phantom. The X-sight Lung Tracking quality assurance motion phantom simulates simple respiratory motion of a lung tumor and provides Gafchromic dosimetry film-based test capability at locations inside the phantom corresponding to a typical lung tumor. The total average error for the X-sight Lung Tracking System with a moving target was $0.85{\pm}0.22$ mm. The results were considered reliable and applicable for lung tumor treatment in CyberKnife radiosurgery system. Clinically, breathing patterns of patients may vary during radiation therapy. Therefore, additional studies with a set real patient data are necessary to evaluate the target accuracy for the X-sight Lung Tracking system.

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A Study on Trust in U.S., Antinomic Acceptance toward U.S. Beef and Changes in the Amount of Beef Consumption (미국 신뢰 정도와 미국산 쇠고기에 대한 이율배반적 수용 태도 및 쇠고기 소비량 변화에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Dong-Jin;Kim, Gi-Jin;Kwon, Yong-Ju
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.254-270
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    • 2009
  • As consumers are becoming more conscious about food safety and high quality standards, they are getting more interested in influencing the food policy-making process. Triggered by FTA (Free Trade Agreement) ratification between the Republic of Korea and the U.S. in 2008, a sharp conflict was created in importing U.S. beef between the government of Republic of Korea and its people. Food selection is known as a complex mental process of consumers, which incorporates social and cultural values, personal tastes, and other psychological factors. This study utilized the concept of antinomy which was signified by Immanuel Kant in his thesis. The concept of antinomy indicates a contradiction between conclusions which seem equally logical, reasonable or necessary. This study is designed to investigate the changes in the amount of beef consumption among Korean consumers after the Republic of Korea resumed U.S. beef imports and the impact of a consumer's trust in the U.S. on his/her antinomic acceptance. Also, it examined the effects of antinomic acceptance and whether a consumer is a potential restaurateur or a general consumer on the changes in the amount of beef consumption.

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An Economic Impact Analysis of the Post-2012 Policy Portfolio, Utilizing the Global Dynamic CGE Model (동태 글로벌 CGE 모형을 활용한 정책 포트폴리오의 Post-2012 경제적 파급효과 분석)

  • Kim, Suyi;Cho, Gyeong Lyeob;Yoo, Seung Jick
    • Environmental and Resource Economics Review
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.587-635
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to develop the Global Dynamic Computable General Equilibrium Model (Global CGE Model) in order to produce an economic impact analysis, including prospective obligations for the Post-2012 regime. This model explores the impact of an international emissions trading market and macroeconomic variables such as GNP, consumption, investment, imports and exports, in accordance with potential increased obligations on the Republic of Korea. Distinguishing it from existing studies, this Global CGE Model divides the global community into major economic groups, and in the capacity of the analyzed global model, reflecting the principle nations' macroeconomic indicators through the theoretical approach of endogenous growth theory. Policies such as an emissions trading scheme and carbon tax are reflected in the model. Also, in particular, the model reflects exogenous technological advances. According to this analysis, the stronger the greenhouse gas reductions, the greater the adverse effects on the economy; among macroeconomic indicators that appear, a significant decline is realized in the balance of trade, along with a significant decrease in investment and consumption. Energy dependence, in particular, plays a large role-varying in degree by industry type-, as greenhouse gas reductions would have a greater impact on energy-intensive industries. Furthermore, if Korea, currently recognized as a developing country, is given the obligation to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, competing countries such as China and other developing countries will be given an advantage.

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A Valuation for Gas Hydrate R&D Project Using Fuzzy Real Options Model (퍼지실물옵션모형을 이용한 가스하이드레이트 R&D 사업의 가치평가)

  • Yun, Ga-Hye;Heo, Eunnyeong
    • Environmental and Resource Economics Review
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.217-239
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    • 2009
  • As gas hydrate is recently emerging as a new energy source to solve environmental and exhaustion problems caused by fossil energy, Korea is working on a gas hydrate development project under a 10-year plan from 2005 to 2014. Gas hydrate is expected to have a big effect on the economy and society of Korea, which is largely depending on energy imports besides water energy and atomic energy. However, it is uncertain whether the project will produce successful results. Thus, it is very important to improve its validity and to propose effective execution strategies by evaluating the value of the project in advance. Thus, this study intended to include new information, which had not been evaluated in existing methods, and to reduce biases or errors in value evaluation results by applying a fuzzy risk analysis to the real option model in order to evaluate the value of a gas hydrate development project. It is advantageous that the real option model based on the fuzzy risk analysis modelizes the vagueness and inexactness of intangible element judgment into an appropriate language scale so as to evaluate these elements clearly and integrate them with estimated financial performance results. The application of the fuzzy risk analysis makes it possible to conduct an analysis by dissolving a decision-making issue with complicated and various attributes into several simplified problems. With the continuing high oil prices and today's demand of clean energy, the necessity of energy resources and technology development projects keeps growing. Amid this situation, it is expected that these study results will contribute to proposing a guideline not only for gas hydrate projects but also for policy decision-making related to future energy industries.

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Analysis of New Eyewear Product Trends of 2008 (2008년 안경 신상품 트렌드 분석)

  • Jang, Jun-Young;Roh, Kwon-Chan
    • Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.1-5
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The aim of this study is to grasp domestic eyewear trends in 2008 with analyzing brands, types, materials, colors and styles of new eyewear products. Methods: Examined all new eyewear products which were on three magazines related with eyewear published in Korea; "안경계", "Eye 11" and "THE AXIS". Results: There are 103 companies, 182 brands in 3 magazines related eyewear published in 2008. There are 77 domestic brands and 105 imported brands, and there are 522 eyeglasses and 126 sunglasses. Material of eyeglasses make up 37.93% of combination frames, 33.14% of metal frames and 28.93% of plastic frames and material of sunglasses make up 50.79% of plastic frames, 30.95% of combination frames and 18.25% of metal frames. From a style point of view, there are lots of retro and casual styles which one can express one's individuality with. In terms of colors, basic colors such as black and gray are mainstream and pastel tones and vivid tones are mainly used as the point color. Conclusions: The results of analyzing new eyewear products show that many light and feeling good products such as thin plate frames, TR frames and thin plate-TR combination frames were released in case of domestic eyewear products. In case of imports, there are lots of simple Ti frames and acetate frames which were variety patterns and colors.

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Predicting Raw Material Price Fluctuation Using Signal Approach: Application to Non-ferrous Metals (신호접근법을 이용한 비철금속 상품가격변동 예측모형 연구)

  • Kim, Ji-Whan;Lee, Sang-Ho
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.42 no.2
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    • pp.143-152
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    • 2009
  • Recent raw material prices fluctuation has been unexpectedly high and that made Korean economic activities to be depressed. Because most raw material supply in Korea depends upon oversea imports, unexpected raw material price fluctuation affects Korean industrial economies through macroeconomic variables. So Korean government enforces some political measures such as demand management and the supply-security assurance as long-range policies, and reservation and general early warning system as short-range policies. In short-range policies, it is necessary to be expected short term fluctuation. Up to recently, there have been many researches and most of those researches use parametric methods or time series analyses. Because those methods and analyses often generate inadequate relations among variables, it is possible that some consistent variables are left out or the results are misunderstood. This study, therefore, is aim to mitigate those methodological problems and find the relatively appropriate model for economic explanation. So that, in this paper, by using non-parametric signal approach method mitigating some shortages of previous researches and forecasting properly short-range prices fluctuation of non-ferrous materials are presented empirically.

Changes in the Business Cycle of the Korean Economy: Evidence and Explanations (한국 경기변동의 특징 및 안정성에 대한 연구)

  • Lee, Jaejoon
    • KDI Journal of Economic Policy
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.47-85
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    • 2009
  • With a relatively simple quantitative method, this study comprehensively analyzes the characteristics related to business cycles represented by macroeconomic variables of Korea since 1970. This empirical analysis deals with roughly following three topics: How to identify cyclical component with respect to trend; with what characteristics and how the economic variables of each sector move with in the phases of business cycle, and; whether there are signs of a structural change in the phases of business cycle. Section 2 discusses how to identify trends and cycle components, the basis assumption for the analysis of business cycle. Like the Korean economy, where a relatively high growth rate has been maintained, it is appropriate to determine its economic recession based on the fall in the growth trend, not in the absolute level of real output. And, it is necessary to apply the concept of growth cycle against a traditional concept of business cycle. Accordingly the setting of growth trend is of preliminary importance in identifying cyclical fluctuations. The analysis of Korea's GDP data since 1970, the decomposition of trends and cycles through the Band-pass filter is found to appropriately identify the actual phases of busyness cycle. Section 3 analyzes what particular relationship various economic variables have with output fluctuations during the phases of economic cycle, using the corss-correlation coefficients and prediction contribution. Section 4 monitors the stability of the phases of Korea's business cycle and quantitatively verifies whether there is a structural break, and then reviews the characteristics of variations in each sector. And, stylized facts observed through these studies are summarized in the conclusion. The macroeconomic stability of Korea, in particular, is found to continue to improve since 1970, except for the financial crisis period. Not only that, it is found that its volatility of economic growth rate as well as inflation have been reduced gradually. Meanwhile, until recently since 2000, the volatility in domestic demand has remained stable, while that in exports and imports has been increased slightly. But, in an over all perspective, Korea's business cycle variation is on the decline due to shorter response period to shocks and the formation of complementary relationship among economic sectors.

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Art of National cultural in Chinese Animation (중국애니메이션에 나타난 민족문화예술성 연구)

  • Kim, Jin-Young;Kim, Jae-Woong
    • Cartoon and Animation Studies
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    • pp.83-95
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    • 2009
  • As an exploratory research on China's animation, this study aims to enhance an understanding of the trends and characteristics of China's animation through examining its history and to forecast its future development trajectory. From its founding to recent period, China tried to maintain Communist political system through imbuing national identity to its people through management and supervision of media products under direct government's leadership in combination with ideological education. Such policy was also implemented in animation, major audience of which is children. With regard to the introduction of the policy and its influence, five historical phases could be identified as follows. During the first phase, from the founding of the Republic until the Cultural Revolution, national culture was introduced to China's animation. The second phase, which corresponds with the Cultural Revolution period, marks the decline of national culture. National culture was reemphasized during the third phase that follows the Cultural Revolution, which led to the nomination of the 'China school,' followed by the fourth phase, during which China's animation suffered the second decline due to the spread of TVs and foreign animation imports. Reintroduction of national culture on China's animation in the context of rapid industrialization process before and after 2000 characterizes the recent phase. It can be expected that although there could be some change in methods and forms, China's animation, which introduced national culture from its inception and maintained remarkable resilience following the period of decline, will continuously stress the its own national cultural identity.

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