• Title, Summary, Keyword: imports

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A Review on Conception of Policy for Production of Imported Tropical and Temperate Fresh Fruits Using Hot Waste Water from Power Plant (발전소 온배수를 활용한 온·열대 신선과일 수입대체 정책 방안)

  • Kim, Yean-Jung;Park, Jiyun;Kim, Bae-Sung
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.10
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    • pp.48-53
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    • 2017
  • One of the policies of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Livestock Food and Livestock aims to export $10 billion worth of products. Although it was not easy to achieve the export goal of $ 6.5 billion in 2016, the policy should be pursued continuously. Accordingly, a facility modernization project and high-tech greenhouse project are being implemented to facilitate exports. Moreover, it is possible to consider substitution of imports in the policy shift. Imports of temperate and tropical fresh fruits totaled 1.2 trillion won in 2016. Accordingly, identification of alternatives to tropical and temperate fresh fruit imports will enable farm income to increase and the fresh fruit industry to grow. The major obstacle to tropical fruit production in Korea is high heating costs. However, Jeju Island apple mango farmers found that using non-taxable kerosene and hot water from power plants could reduce heating costs by 42.5%. Indeed, using hot wastewater can reduce heating costs by more than 40%. To improve competition with imported fruits, farmers can change their heating systems using financial support plans (e.g., 20% government subsidies, 20% loans, 30% subsidies from local governments). The income effect and import substitution effect of fruit tree farmers should be carefully analyzed in the future and the study will be closed to discuss the policy direction.

Analysis of Factors for Heating Period Changes among Greenhouse Grape Farms (시설포도 농가의 가온시기 변화에 미치는 요인 분석)

  • Choi, Don-Woo;Lim, Cheong-Ryong
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.10
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    • pp.209-214
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the factors that led greenhouse grape farms to delay their heating periods after the coming into force of the Korea-Chile Free Trade Agreement (FTA). Panel data on the cropping (system) changes from 2004 through 2016 were used for the analysis. According to the panel logistic model, the estimated coefficient of the cultivation area was 0.0002, which was statistically significant at the 10% significance level, the estimated coefficient of grape imports was 1.4258, which was statistically significant at the 1% significance level, and the estimated coefficient of the regional dummy was 0.808, which was statistically significant at the 5% significance level. The results indicated that the use of wider cultivation areas, increase in grape imports, and colder climate(in the mid-northern part of Korea) increased the likelihood of delayed heating. The Korean government is offering direct payment programs and business closure support to the greenhouse grape farmers. While these actions can relieve the damage caused by the increase in grape imports, they will not provide the ultimate solution. Various support measures are needed, such as renewing the varieties to meet the changing demand of grape consumers, providing agricultural materials to reduce the heating expenses, and modernizing greenhouse facilities to improve the energy efficiency and reduce the costs.

New Round of WTO Negotiations on Forest Products : Prospective Issues and Impacts (WTO 차기(次期) 임산물협상(林産物協商)의 예상(豫想) 쟁점(爭點) 및 영향(影響))

  • Joo, Rin Won;Lee, Seong Youn;Kim, Wae Jung
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.90 no.4
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    • pp.505-512
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    • 2001
  • This study examined the impacts of tariff reductions on timber products in the new round of WTO negotiations on domestic timber products markets and presented the measures to minimize their impacts. Scenarios on reductions in tariffs were developed based on result of UR negotiation and prospective issues on scope of tariffs bound, base rates for negotiation, degree of tariff cuts, etc. emerged during preparatory meetings held to launch the New Round of WTO Negotiation. Korea Timber Market Model(KORTIMM) developed by Korea Forest Research Institute was used to simulate the impacts on forest products markets by scenario. It was estimated that their impacts on net imports would be much larger than those on both consumption and production. The results showed that their impacts on plywood market and on net imports of processed forest products would be much larger relatively but that their impacts on log market and on consumption and production of processed forest products would be less than 1 percent. It was estimated that log consumption would be reduced due to reduction in domestic production of processed products and thus both production and imports of logs would be reduced as well. In oder to minimize the impacts, efforts should be made to start negotiations to reduce tariffs with bound rates for bounded products and with applied rates for non-bounded products, to expand the implementation period and to maintain the status of developing country. In addition, it might be one of countermeasures to use legitimate measures consistent with WTO rules such as anti-dumping, countervailing measures and safeguards.

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Implementation Assessment of WTO Agricultural Agreement and its Impacts on Non-Timber Forest Products Markets (WTO 농업협정(農業協定)의 이행평가(履行評價)와 단기소득임산물(短期所得林産物) 시장(市場)에 미친 영향(影響))

  • Joo, Rin Won;Jung, Byung Heon;Jeon, Hyon Sun;Kim, Eui Gyeong;Kim, Wae Jung
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.90 no.3
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    • pp.373-379
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    • 2001
  • The objectives of this study were to assess implementation on tariff quotas and tariff cuts committed in the WTO as result of Uruguay Round(UR) negotiations and to examine impacts of reductions in agricultural protection agreed in the UR on major non-timber forest products markets. The implementation of WTO Agreement on Agriculture was analysed based on the relevant data and statistics. The impacts of implementation on tariff cuts and tariff quotas on non-timber forest products markets were estimated by using supply and demand elasticities from previous studies and data on production, consumption and trade after UR. The quantities of Chestnut, Pine nut and Jujube imported by the system of tariff quota did not exceed the committed quotas over the five years from 1995 to 1999. The current level of applied rates on imports of non-timber products is much lower than that of bound rates, which will be maintained until the year 2004. It is estimated that increase in imports after UR reduced prices and that reduction in prices led to decrease in expenditure and to increase in consumer surplus. It is estimated, however, that production level significantly decreased due to rise in imports and that the negative effects on production exceeded positive effects on consumption. Exports of most non-timber forest products decreased after UR even though non-timber forest products could gain access to the export markets at the lower tariffs as a result of UR.

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A Simulation Analysis on the Economic Impact of U.S. Tangerine Importing in the Korean Citrus Industry (미국 탄저린 수입이 감귤산업에 미치는 경제적 파급효과의 시뮬레이션 분석)

  • Kim, Bae-Sung;Kim, Hwa-Nyeon;Kim, Man-Keun;Ko, Seong-Bo
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.21 no.7
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    • pp.303-311
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    • 2020
  • The acreage of tangerines in the U.S. sharply rose from 19,000 ha in 2009 to 27,000 ha in 2016, an increase of 42% in 7 years. Considering the recent surge in tangerine exports to Japan, the export volume of 6-7 thousand tons is highly likely to increase in the future. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to analyze the economic impact of U.S. tangerine imports on the Korean citrus industry under various scenarios. In order to examine the possibility of imports of U.S. tangerines, the unit price of U.S. exports to Japan was used since U.S. tangerines are not imported to South Korea. Citrus fruits are divided into field citrus, house citrus, and late-maturing citrus (including winter season citrus) based on the cultivation method and variety used to analyze. Considering both the field and house seasons, the import volume of U.S. tangerines can be expected to rise from roughly 4,700 tons in 2021 to 10,000 tons in 2027. Imports of U.S. tangerines may be pushed up or delayed depending not only on the harvest method and quality of domestic field and house citrus but also on the harvest of U.S. tangerines. However, it is necessary to note that tangerines could be imported after 2021, when the tariff rate on U.S. tangerines will fall below 50%.

Measuring Consumers' Welfare Losses due to Announcement of Resuming US-Beef Imports (미국산 쇠고기 수입재개 발표에 따른 소비자 후생손실 측정)

  • Eom, Young Sook
    • Environmental and Resource Economics Review
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.495-521
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    • 2009
  • This paper measures welfare losses from beef consumption reduction, which might be resulted from psychological anxiety about potential outbreak of BSE (commonly known as "bad cow dieses") risks after announcement of resuming US-beef imports in April of 2008. Unlike the previous literature of utilizing the contingent valuation method or experimental market approach, this study estimated quality-differentiated consumer demand functions using the information of self-reported beef consumption quantity, individually constructed price indices of beef, and subjective perception of BSE risks. The empirical results based on a survey sample of 360 residents in Jeon Ju city were consistent with the anticipation from economic theory, in terms of coefficients of own prices, substitute prices and income variables. The announcement of resuming US-beef imports did not make significant differences in the sign and sizes of the main economic variables. However, the subjective perception variable about BSE risks had negative significant impacts on beef demand functions after the announcement but not significant before the announcement. The welfare losses in a form of equivalent variation (EV) corresponding to the increases in concerns about BSE risks were measured to be about 30 thousand won per household.

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What Determines the DPRK's Anthracite Exports to China?: Implications for the DPRK's Economy

  • LEE, JONG KYU
    • KDI Journal of Economic Policy
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.40-63
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    • 2015
  • Anthracite exports have special value within the DPRK's economy. In this paper, we focus on what determines the DPRK's anthracite exports to China. We use panel data consisting of cross-section data from 30 provinces in China and quarterly time-series data from 1998 to 2013. Controlling for all other variables that affect anthracite imports, the variable for steel production in China is robust and statistically significant. This is consistent with on-site interviews which indicate that much of North Korean anthracite is consumed by China's steel industry. This implies that the North Korean authorities need to make adjustments to the foreign trade structure, as the import demand for anthracite in China may decline further.

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A Study on the Book Importation From China in the Latter Choson Period (조선후기 대중 서적수입정책 연구)

  • 강혜영
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.11
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    • pp.1-18
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    • 1984
  • The study aims at book importation from China in the Latter Choson Period. It chiefly, achieved to concomitant with an envoy of a trimming policy. The pattern of book importations divided into public trade, private trade, Royal gift. Beyond the main stream of imports were Neo-Confucian books, a bibliographical study of Chineses classics books and Paegwan fictions (fictional narratives of oral natures compiled by local officials) including So-hag books that were at that time in the fashion were introduced into Korea. Like this, several pattern of book importation had an important effect upon closed Choson society.

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Standard of Imports and Exports in Wood Packing Material (나라별 수출입 화물 목재포장재 소독처리 기준)

  • Korea Packaging Association INC.
    • The monthly packaging world
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    • pp.129-139
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    • 2005
  • 한국무역협회(회장 김재철)가 주최하고 국립식물검역소, 한국수출입식물방제협회, 한국중량물포장협회, 한국파렛트협회가 주관하는 수출입 화물 목재포장재 검역 설명회가지난 달 6일 트레이드타워 대회의실에서 열렸다. 이번 설명에서는 $\Delta$ 우리나라 수입목재포장재의 검역요건 $\Delta$ 목재포장재 수출입절차 및 주의사항 $\Delta$ 목재포장재 대체용기를 소개했다. 본 고에서는 나라별 수출∙입 화물 목재 포장재 소독처리 기준을 살펴본다.

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