• Title/Summary/Keyword: junior high school

Search Result 583, Processing Time 0.116 seconds

Developmental Change of the Self-Perception (자기-지각의 발달적 변화)

  • 이영환
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
    • /
    • v.35 no.5
    • /
    • pp.61-72
    • /
    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the developmental changes about self-perception from childhood to adult period. The subjects were 365 of 5th graders in elementary school, the 2nd graders in junior and senior high school, sophomore in college, and adults. The instruments used for this study were Harter's Self-Perception Profile for the children, adolescences, college students, and adults. The results were as follows. 1. From elementary school to junior high school, the score of scholastic, athletic, physical appearance, behavioral conduct, and global self-worth were decreased. At the developmental perspective, the junior high school students were highly anxious for self-perception. 2. Physical appearance were the best predictor of the global self-worth for all developmental stages. 3. Physical appearance, behavioral conduct predicted more about the global self-worth than any other factors for elementary and junior high school students. And for junior high school students, social acceptance and friendship also predicted about the global self-worth. Scholastic competence showed higher correlation with global self-worth for the senior high school and college students than elementary and junior high school students. 4. For college students, males had higer scores than females on ability-oriented but also relationship-oriented subscales. But the adults showed no differences in nurturance, household management, job competence depending on sex.

  • PDF

Setting Instructional Goals for Nutritional Education Program Through an Analysis of Problems Identified in Junior/senior High School Students (중 고등학생 대상 영양교육 목표 설정을 위한 영양 관련 문제점 분석)

  • 양일선;이해영;김혜영;강여화
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
    • /
    • v.8 no.4
    • /
    • pp.495-503
    • /
    • 2003
  • For the purpose of developing 'Web-Based Nutritional Education Program', this study analyzed nutritional problems of junior/senior high school students and set appropriate instructional goals for nutritional education program. Survey questionnaires were distributed from October 21,2002 to October 26, 2002 to a total of 564 students at three junior high schools and five senior high schools located in Seoul. The total number of questionnaires collected and used in our study was 479, which is 84.9% of the total questionnaires distributed. According to the survey results, three student groups (male and female students at junior high schools and female students at senior high schools) had lower than an ideal body weight. In case of their Basal Metabolic Indices (BMI), the female students and junior high school students showed a tendency to be underweight, while the other three student groups were within the normal range. The result of the survey showed that all four groups of students showed a deficiency in nutrient intake of calories, calcium and thiamin when compared with Korean RDA. Particularly, in the case of the female students at senior high schools, the deficiency of iron intake was a problem. The survey about food attitudes and food habits of the students showed that the senior high school students had more problems when compared with their junior high school counterparts (p < .001). Therefore, the instructional goals of nutritional education program were set as follows: 1) To improve the level of understanding and the perception of junior and senior high school students about the importance of a dietary lifestyle. 2) To change food attitudes and nutritional knowledge related to individual dietary 1ifestyle, so as to maintain good health through the enhancement of the students' physical activities. We found out that it is critically important to factor in the existing problems of food attitudes and food habits, as well as nutrient intake among junior and senor high school students when setting objectives for nutritional education programs. (Korean J Community Nutrition 8(4) : 495-503, 2003)

A Study on the Rates of Return to Education (우리나라의 교육투자 수익률 분석에 관한 연구)

  • 현창우
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
    • /
    • v.18 no.36
    • /
    • pp.349-363
    • /
    • 1995
  • The purpose of the study was to estimate and analyze the rates of return to educational investment. The study was designed to estimate the social and private rates of return to educational investment by school level and sex in order to measure education's economic value with a viewpoint of human capital theory. The produced result of this study are as follows. The social rates of return to education turned out to be male high school 7.94%, male junior college 3.74%, male university 8.50% female high school 4.30%, female junior college 10.11%, female university 6.92%. The private rates of return to education turned out to be male high school 8.41%, male junior college 3.39%, male university 8.38%, female high school 7.90%, female junior college 10.34%, female university 7.33%, In order to measure economic value of educational investment, rates of return to education were compared with those to physical capital investment. Social rates of return to education turned out to be profitable for female junior college, while for private rates of return to education turned out to be profitable in all school levels except for male junior college.

  • PDF

A study on the classification of body types for female junior high school students - Focused on the development of school uniforms - (여자 중학생의 체형분류에 관한 연구 - 교복패턴개발을 중심으로 -)

  • Shin, Jang-Hee
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
    • /
    • v.22 no.3
    • /
    • pp.99-110
    • /
    • 2020
  • In terms of junior high school girls' growth patterns during early adolescence, are unlike childhood when relatively balanced growth patterns are found and high school years in which the normal adult body type is nearly reached, growth patterns displayed are imbalanced and rapid. In fact, diverse size changes by body part growth occur significantly different from individual to individual. Therefore, it has been hard for junior high school students to select their proper size when buying school uniforms. This study attempted to acquire basic data needed to address adolescent body shapes and school uniform patterns for junior high school girls, using the data from the 7th Size Korea Survey (2015). Specifically, it provides basic data for the development of school uniform patterns through the classification of their body into particular types, After extracting body shape components and a cluster analysis using ANOVA. According to a factor analysis conducted to determine body shape components, six factors were obtained: Factor 1: bulk and horizontal size, Factor 2: body height and length, Factor 3: shoulder shape and length, Factor 4: shape of upper body, Factor 5: lower drop, Factor 6: upper drop with a variance of 81.46%. To classify junior high school girls' body shape and determine their characteristics, a cluster analysis was performed with the variables obtained using factor analysis. Body shape was classified into three different types: Type 1 accounted for 30.7%. This was a short, slender body with the smallest bulk, size, and upper drop. Type 2 accounted for 24.9%. This was the largest in bulk and horizontal size and highest and length as well. Type 3 accounted for 44.5%. This type was close to average in terms of horizontal size, length and height, and high drop values. To develop school uniforms with great accuracy and body fit for junior high school students, there should be further studies on changes in body shape and their causes. The study results can serve as basic data for comparing branded school uniform patterns for junior high school girls and developing school uniform patterns based on body shape, using 3D virtual clothing simulations.

Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI) in Nutrition Education for Junior High School Students

  • Jang, Hyun-Sook
    • Journal of Community Nutrition
    • /
    • v.3 no.1
    • /
    • pp.36-39
    • /
    • 2001
  • We developed a junior high school-level computer assisted instruction CAI lesson on obesity and weight control and compared its effectiveness with the lecture/discussion method. we collected pretest and posttest data on knowledge an dinterest in obesity and weight control form 450 students in junior high school We randomly assigned three groups the CAI lesson group a comparable lecture/discussion lesson group and control group There were significant difference among these three groups in posttest knowledge scores and in interest in weight control CAI student's responses to learning by computer were significantly positive.

  • PDF

The Effect of Expenditure on Private Education and Stress Caused by Private Education on Parental Efficacy of Mothers of Junior and Senior High School Students (중고등학생 자녀에 대한 사교육비 지출과 사교육 스트레스가 어머니의 부모효능감에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Juhee
    • Family and Environment Research
    • /
    • v.52 no.4
    • /
    • pp.415-427
    • /
    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of expenditure on private education and stress caused by private education on the parental efficacy of mothers of junior and senior high school students. The subjects were 300 mothers of students who were enrolled in the junior and senior high school in Seoul and its suburbs. The results were as follows: First, the level of stress from private education was found to be higher than the degree of parental efficacy. Second, a hierarchical regression analysis was performed by using expenditure on private education and stress caused by private education as independent variables and the socio-demographic characteristics of mothers as control variables in order to identify their effect on the parental efficacy of mothers of junior and senior high school students. The results show that stress from private education and monthly income were significantly related to parental efficacy. That is, the lower the level of stress from private education and the higher the monthly income, the higher was the degree of parental efficacy. These findings suggest that expenditure on private education seems to be determined by the household income level; thus, income may affect psychological stress and parental efficacy of mothers with respect to the process of providing private education.

Effects from Social Supports and Global Self-Worth on Children's Stresses (친구, 가족, 교사의 사회적 지지 및 자아가치감에 따른 아동의 스트레스)

  • Han, Jong-Hye;Park, Sung-Ok;Lee, Young-Whan
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
    • /
    • v.6 no.1
    • /
    • pp.15-27
    • /
    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effects from social supports and global self-worth on stresses for the children. The subjects were 438 children of the 5th grade in Elementary School and the first grade in Junior High School in Taejeon. The instruments used for this study were Children's Social Support, Global Self-Worth and Stress Scale. The data were analyzed using t-test, Pearson's correlation, multiple regression and path analysis. The main results of the study were as follows; 1. The stresses were different depending on age. When the family and the teacher give higher social supports, the 5th graders have higher global self-worth. When the family gives higher social supports, the stresses were decreased for the 5th graders. When the children have higher global self-worth, the stresses were decreased. 2. When the first graders in Junior High School experienced higher global self-worth and social supports from their friends, family, teacher, the stresses were decreased. 3. The first graders in Junior High School experienced more stresses than the 5th graders in Elementary School in parent-related and academic-related domains. But the first graders in Junior High School experienced less stresses than the 5th graders in Elementary School in friend-related domains. 4. The path analysis showed that social supports from friends and family explained 15% of the stresses for the 5th graders in elementary school. Social support from friends, family, and teacher explained 28% of the stresses for the first graders in Junior High School. 5. For the 5th graders in Elementary School, social supports from friends and family had direct influences on the global self-worth. And the global self-worth had direct influence on children's stresses. But for the first graders in Junior High School, social supports from friends, family, and teacher had direct influences on the global self-worth. And the social supports from friends had direct and indirect effects on children's stresses. 6. For predicting the stresses, the most significant variable was the global self-worth for the 5th graders in Elementary School and the first graders in Junior High School.

  • PDF

Constituent Elements and Types of Lesson Plan in Science Education of Korean Secondary School (한국 중등 과학과 학습 지도안의 구성 요소와 유형)

  • Sung, Min-Wung
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
    • /
    • v.11 no.2
    • /
    • pp.31-48
    • /
    • 1991
  • Lesson plan sheets were collected from letter communication of each local junior and senior high school as well as from literature. These lesson plan sheets were arranged and investigated for items of constituent element and types. The results were summarized as follows. 1. The organization of plans were constituted of three frames as early plan, unit plan, and hour plan. 2. The lecture and inquiry types among the collected lesson plan sheets showed 91.9% and 8.3% in junior high school as well as 87.9% and 3% in senior high school, respectively. The mixed types did not find out in junior high school, however the mixed types showed 9.1%in senior high school. 3. The items of constituent elements in lesson plan sheets were varied by the contents and the kinds of teaching unit in science education of secondary school.

  • PDF

The Relations of Self-Body Evaluation, Self-Esteem, and Health Behavior of Junior High School Girls - In Partial Areas of Seoul - (여중생의 자기신체평가, 자아존중감, 건강행위간의 관련성 - 서울 일부지역을 중심으로 -)

  • Son, Woo-Seung;Moon, In-Ok
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
    • /
    • v.11 no.2
    • /
    • pp.29-42
    • /
    • 2010
  • Objectives: This study was conducted to examine the relations of 'self-body evaluation', self-esteem, and health behavior among junior high school girls, analysing influencing factors for their health behavior, and building a base for its improvement. Methods: Data collection was conducted by self-report survey. Survey participants were 330 junior high school girl students in the area of Seoul, 221 from women's junior high schools and 109, coed schools. Survey included general characteristics, self-body evaluation, self-esteem, and health behavior. Results: 1. In their self-body evaluation, the students gave themselves $3.27{\pm}.53$ scores of the total 5, and of general characteristics, BMI, ideal BMI, personality, living standard were statistically significant different. 2. The scores for the girl students' health behavior were $2.77{\pm}0.37$ of total 4, and of general characteristics, school forms, grades, living standard were statistically significant different. characteristics, school forms, personality, school grades, living standard were statistically significant different. 3. The girls' self-body evaluation and self-esteem showed a low level of negative significant difference and their self-body evaluation and health behavior were significantly different, but a low level of negative significant difference. And the relationship between self-esteem and health behavior showed a high level of positive significant difference. 4. Influencing factors for the girls' health behavior showed a significant difference in self-esteem and school forms of general characteristics, self-body evaluation, and self-esteem.

  • PDF

A survey of Specialists Cognition on Authorization of Credits for the Same Subjects in Entering a Same Department of the College Among Technical High School Graduates (공업고등학교 졸업생의 대학 동일계 학과 진학시 동일 과목 학점 인정에 관한 전문가 인식 조사)

  • Lee, Sang Hyuk;Kim, Ho Dong
    • 대한공업교육학회지
    • /
    • v.33 no.2
    • /
    • pp.26-43
    • /
    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study is to survey of specialists cognition to authorize credits for the same subjects in entering a department of the same area in college among technical high school graduates. Today with generalized college education, about 80% of technical high school graduates enter college. Therefore, authorization of credits for the same subjects is necessary to reduce educational waste in terms of articulation among technical high schools, junior colleges and universities. In this study, a survey was conducted with 100 specialists in technical education, including technical high school teachers, researchers, and professors at junior college or technical college in university, getting answers from 84 subjects (81.25%). The results of this research can be summarized as follows: First, it is valid to authorize credits for all practical subjects completed in technical high school when technical high school graduates enter the same department at college but most of junior college professor unsuitable response. Second, it is valid to authorize credits through its own prescribed test for the same subjects when technical high school graduates enter the same department of engineering at junior college or technical college in university but opposed 62.5% of junior college professor. Third, it is most of respondent valid to authorize credits for the same subjects if results of its own examination for authorization by university are at a fixed level or higher when technical high school graduates are admitted as a junior at the same department in technical college of university after graduation from the same department at junior college.