• Title, Summary, Keyword: left factor

Search Result 522, Processing Time 0.048 seconds

A study on the pulse wave factor according to BMI and period of sterility on female (난임 여성의 체질량지수(BMI), 불임기간에 따른 맥파 연구)

  • Kim, Gyeong-Cheol;Kim, Yi-Soon
    • Korean Journal of Oriental Medicine
    • /
    • v.18 no.2
    • /
    • pp.139-149
    • /
    • 2012
  • Objectives : This is the study to understand of the pulse wave factor according to BMI and period of sterility on female, and to confirm the relationship of pulse wave factor among left and right inch, bar and cubit. Methods : The Questions and measurement of the pulse wave were operated with subjects(76 sterile females using on public health center). The measurement of the pulse wave was operated in 6 part of left and right inch, bar and cubit. The pulse wave was prior measured in part of left bar (i.e. interior pulsation part of radial process styloides in left hand), and next was measured in part of left inch and bar. And the pulse wave was operated samely in part of right inch, bar and cubit. Results : The results were as follows. The pulse energy of 6 part of left and right inch, bar and cubit was showed statistical significance and decreased in order of left inch, right inch, left cubit, right cubit, left inch, right bar. The left and right inch and cubit were showed numerical value of normal range, but left and right bar were showed lower pulse eneregy than normal range. Also left and right cubit were showed lower than left and right inch, and higher than left and right bar. In BMI, The pulse energy of left and right inch, cubit and the average of right hand was not showed statistical significance in the range of low-weight, normal, over-weight and obesity. But in the left and right bar and the average of left hand, the pulse energy of over-weight and obesity group were showed significantly higher than low-weight group. And the pulse wave factor was divided the pattern of h1 showing high numerical value in inch (Ap, As, Aw) and the pattern of Wm showing high numerical value in bar and cubit (RAI, Ad) Conclusions : The low pulse energy of bar was significant observation on the setting of oriental medical diagnostic index on sterilitas. Also, in the numerical value pattern of diverse pulse wave factor, it was divided the pattern of high numerical value in inch and the pattern of high numerical value in bar and cubit. On this, we think that the studies need in the future.

RANK PRESERVER OF BOOLEAN MATRICES

  • SONG, SEOK-ZUN;KANG, KYUNG-TAE;JUN, YOUNG-BAE
    • Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society
    • /
    • v.42 no.3
    • /
    • pp.501-507
    • /
    • 2005
  • A Boolean matrix with rank 1 is factored as a left factor and a right factor. The perimeter of a rank-1 Boolean matrix is defined as the number of nonzero entries in the left factor and the right factor of the given matrix. We obtain new characterizations of rank preservers, in terms of perimeter, of Boolean matrices.

Capacity and Saturation Flow Rate of Permissive Left-Turn Lane: in case for the Exclusive Use of Permissive Left-Turn Movements (비보호(非保護) 좌회전(左回轉)의 간격수락(間隔受諾)과 용량(容量) 및 보정계수(補整係數)에 관한 연구)

  • Do, Cheol Ung
    • KSCE Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering Research
    • /
    • v.14 no.6
    • /
    • pp.1273-1279
    • /
    • 1994
  • There are 3 cases that only permissive left-turn(PLT) vehicles use the possible lane for PLT. In these cases, left turn and through movements can not be included in the same lane group, hence saturation flow rate and left turn adjustment factor of PLT are obtained separately from through movement. In capacity analysis procedures at signalized intersection with PLT phasing, PLT capacity should be known to discriminate among 3 cases stated above. The capacity is directly used not only to get saturation flow rate and left turn adjustment factor, but as a threshold for the feasibility of PLT control. This study calculated through field data the critical gap and minimum headway of left turn which affect the PLT capacity. The capacity was obtained by using theoretical models, which consequently could be used to calculate the saturation flow rate and left turn adjustment factor.

  • PDF

An Analysis of X-Factor, Triple X-Factor, and the Center of Pressure (COP) according to the Feel of the Golf Driver Swing

  • Kim, Yong-Seok;So, Jae-Moo
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
    • /
    • v.26 no.3
    • /
    • pp.265-272
    • /
    • 2016
  • Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze X-factor, triple X-factor, and the center of pressure (COP) according to the feel of golf driver swing. Method: For this research, 9 golfers from the Korea Professional Golfers' Association (age: $30.11{\pm}2.98yrs$, height: $178.00{\pm}8.42cm$, weight: $76.22{\pm}8.42kg$, experience: $10.06{\pm}3.11yrs$) were recruited to participate in the experiment. Twelve Motion Analysis Eagle-4 cameras were installed and an image analysis was conducted by using the NLT (non-linear transformation) method, and 2 units of Kistler type 5233A dynamometer were used to measure ground reaction force. The sampling ratio was set at 1000 Hz. The golfers each took 10 swings by using their own driver, and chose the best and worse feel from among 10 shots. A paired-sample t-test was used to analyze the results. Results: In regard to feel, no change in head speed, X-factor, and the triple X-factor's X-factor stretch, hip rise, and head swivel, was observed (p>.05). Regarding ground reaction force, a difference was observed between the top of the backswing (p<.05) and impact (p<.05) in the vertical force of the left foot. For COP, a difference was also observed between the mid backswing (p<.001), late backswing (p<.001), and top of the backswing (p<.05) for the right foot X-axis and Y-axis mid follow through (p<.01). Conclusion: It can be reasoned that, irrespective of feel, the head speed, X-factor and triple X-factor's X-factor stretch, hip rise and head swivel did not have an effect on drive distance for domestic golfers, and the vertical reaction force of the left foot and left-right movement span's pressure dispersal of the right foot had an increasing effect on drive distance.

Waveform Changes of the Radial Pulsation Followed by the Food Intakes in Healthy Subjects (식사에 따른 맥상파 변화 연구 -h1, t, 맥(脈)에너지, RAI를 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Gyeong-Cheol;Lee, Jeong-Won;Ryu, Gyeong-Ho;Kim, Yi-Soon
    • Korean Journal of Oriental Medicine
    • /
    • v.17 no.3
    • /
    • pp.87-96
    • /
    • 2011
  • Objectives : The study on the affected factor of the pulse wave is important in the pulse wave part. The purpose of this study is to secure the objective data of pulse-wave parameter on the food intakes affected the radial pulse-wave. Methods : The study was carried out healthy adult men. We researched the blood circulation index and the changes of the pulse factor according to 'before meal', 'right after meal', '30 minute after meal', '1 hour after meal' and '2 hours after meal'. We analyzed the changes according the time schedule. And analyzed the difference between 'before meal' and 'after meal'on the pulse-wave parameter. Results : The results were as follows. 1. HR, ECO and ECI were showed the highest increase 'after meal' and the significant decrease in '2 hours after meal' with 'before meal' degree. 2. In the pulse energy, 'left hand average pulse energy' was showed the highest increase 'after meal', and 'right hand average pulse energy' and 'right Quan(關)' were showed the highest increase in '30 minute after meal'. 3. h1 of '6 part of left and right hand'(Chon-Quan-Chuk, 寸關尺) was showed the significant difference statistically in 'left Chuk' and 'right Quan'. 4. T was showed the highest 'before meal' and the lowest after meal in '6 part of left and right' (Chon-Quan-Chuk, 寸關尺). 5. RAI was showed the highest 'before meal' in '6 part of left and right'(Chon-Quan-Chuk 寸關尺). Conclusions : From the about results, the food intakes was considered important factor of pulse formation. On the factor affected the pulse, we considered that continuous study needs for the future.

The Effect of Wear ing Spandex Wear with Compression Band on Biomechanical Parameters during a Golf Drive Swing (골프 드라이브 스윙 시 압축 밴드를 적용한 기능성 의류가 신체의 운동역학적 변인에 미치는 영향)

  • Chae, Woen-Sik;Kang, Nyeon-Ju
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
    • /
    • v.21 no.3
    • /
    • pp.345-352
    • /
    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to determine how spandex wear with compressive band affects biomechanical parameters during a golf swing. Nine male golf players, each with at least 6 years golf experienc(handy 4.5${\pm}$5.4), were recruited as the participants. Eight pairs of surface electrodes were attached to the left and right side of the body to monitor the pectoralis major(PM), external abdominal oblique(AO), erector spinae(ES), and vastus lateralis(VL). This study showed that the angular velocity of the club in EG were increased during the down swing phase but X-Factor and X-factor Stretch were reduced. Average and maximum nEMG (normalized EMG) values of the left AO(external abdominal oblique) were less in EG(experimental group) compared with CG(control group) during the back swing, whereas those of left PM(pectoralis major) in EG were greater than CG. It is more likely that EG performed effectively golf swing without excess muscle activity. Thus, the spandex wear with compressive band played an important role in improving swing performance with injury prevention. This has led to suggestions of the need for further kinetic and kinematic analyses to evaluate its function.

A Comparative Analysis of X-factor Stretch between Driver and Iron Swing in Male Professional Golfers (남자 프로골퍼의 드라이버와 아이언 스윙 시 X-factor Stretch에 관한 비교 분석)

  • Park, Tae-Jin;Seo, Kook-Eun
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
    • /
    • v.20 no.4
    • /
    • pp.487-495
    • /
    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was conducted to make a comparative biomechanical analysis of X-factor and X-factor stretch during driver and iron swing. The subjects were composed of 10 professional golfers with more than 10 years career. The result was as follows: First, the analysis of the back swing with driver and iron swing showed no differences statistically between both the timing in horizontal rotating of shoulder and hip, the time required for X-factor stretch also showed no differences statistically. Second, the back swing with a driver swing showed more maximum horizontal rotation of shoulder and hip joint than the back swing with an iron swing, but the twist of shoulder and hip that was X-factor stretch angle showed no difference. Third, the GRF of the max value for the left and right foot during shoulder and hip horizontal rotation of back swing showed no differences statistically in the movement of driver and iron swing during the back swing, and the GRF of X-factor stretch for the left and right foot showed no differences statistically in driver and iron swing. Therefore the result of this research showed that the operation of torso(X-factor stretch) and weight shifting were similar although the horizontal rotation of body was different during the driver and iron swing.

Correlation of Left Atrial Enlargement and Metabolic Syndrom Risk Factors in Echocardiography (심장초음파검사에서 좌심방 확장과 대사증후군 요인과의 상관관계)

  • Bae, Hye-Jin;Ha, Myeong-Jin;Kim, Jeong-Koo
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
    • /
    • v.43 no.3
    • /
    • pp.177-185
    • /
    • 2020
  • This study investigated the relationship between metabolic syndrom risk factors to patients with left atrial enlargement according to the results of echocardiography. Male were 269(8.9%) and female were 46(1.5%) that of the total 315 patients (10.5%) with left atrial enlargement. In the obesity factors analysis, BMI, WC, and WHtR were associated with left atrial enlargement. Among them, WHtR included the many obese people with left atrial enlargement. In the analysis of blood pressure, The systolic blood pressure was the highest in the borderline hypertension group in the left atrial enlargement and the diastolic blood pressure was the highest in the normal range group in the left atrial enlargement. In the blood result analysis, there was no correlation with left atrial enlargement that total cholesterol, HDL, LDL cholesterol, triglyceride, and fasting blood glucose level were within the normal range. Therefore, obesity and systolic blood pressure were associated with the left atrial enlargement group. However, the systolic blood pressure did not show pathological condition due to borderline hypertension, and the distribution of the left atrial enlargement group was smaller than that of obesity. Obesity, which includes the largest number of left atrial enlargement group, has been identified to be the highest risk factor for left atrial enlargement.

RAD-SUPPLEMENTING MODULES

  • Ozdemir, Salahattin
    • Journal of the Korean Mathematical Society
    • /
    • v.53 no.2
    • /
    • pp.403-414
    • /
    • 2016
  • Let R be a ring, and let M be a left R-module. If M is Rad-supplementing, then every direct summand of M is Rad-supplementing, but not each factor module of M. Any finite direct sum of Rad-supplementing modules is Rad-supplementing. Every module with composition series is (Rad-)supplementing. M has a Rad-supplement in its injective envelope if and only if M has a Rad-supplement in every essential extension. R is left perfect if and only if R is semilocal, reduced and the free left R-module $(_RR)^{({\mathbb{N})}$ is Rad-supplementing if and only if R is reduced and the free left R-module $(_RR)^{({\mathbb{N})}$ is ample Rad-supplementing. M is ample Rad-supplementing if and only if every submodule of M is Rad-supplementing. Every left R-module is (ample) Rad-supplementing if and only if R/P(R) is left perfect, where P(R) is the sum of all left ideals I of R such that Rad I = I.