• Title/Summary/Keyword: loft type house

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A Study on the Loft in Korean Traditional Houses - Focused on the Chun-Buk Province - (전통주택의 다락에 관한 연구 - 전북지방을 중심으로 -)

  • 최인호
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.1-15
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    • 1997
  • This study is purpose to analyze and adjust structure and composition methodology for Loft of korean traditional houses and than studying correlation about housing plan, according to middle-story structure like Loft form housing architecture. The Loft is composited to level by condition of location, using a rise of stair by expanding of span by function. We can divide to condition of location flatland and slant. In the flatland case, Loft is so heating that the kitchen floor make a lowly and in the slant case, Loft is composited a part of wing using height attitude of floor when the house build type and ㅁ type. Through this study. the Loft is various form of this structural forming then is affect the house facade. The composite of wall is come with the existence of Loft and the wall divided by the lintel and wall line.

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Effect of Various Forms of Floor System on Performance of Meat-type Duck and Environments of Duck House (오리사 바닥 형태가 육용오리의 생산성 및 사육환경에 미치는 영향)

  • Bang, Han-Tae;Kim, Dong-Woon;Hwangbo, Jong;Na, Jae-Cheon;Kang, Hwan-Ku;Kim, Min-Ji;Mushtaq, M.M.H.;Parvin, R.;Choi, Hee-Chul;Lee, Sang-Bae;Kang, Min;Kim, Ji-Hyuk
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.253-262
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    • 2013
  • This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of floor type and heating system on performance, housing environment and health status of ducks reared in three types of duck house (OD : Open floor house-Direct heating system, OF : Open floor house-Floor heating system and LD : Loft type house-Direct heating system). In OF treatment, PVC pipes were installed for heating under concrete floor and covered with litter. In LD treatment, plastic mesh was installed 50 cm above the floor so that duck's droppings can pass through it. Each treatment had four replicates of 25 birds (Cherry Valley duck breed) per pen. There were no significant differences in weight gain and feed intake of ducks for 6 weeks among all treatments. However, feed conversion ratio in LD was significantly higher (p<0.05) than that in OF. No differences were found in carcass charac- teristics, with the exception of abdominal fat weight where OF were higher than the others. Concentrations of $CO_2$ and $NH_3$ gas in OD were higher than those of OF and LD at 3, 4 and 5 weeks. Moisture content in litter of OF was lower than that of OD. In contrast, the amount of dust in the air was higher in OF than in OD. The amount of fuel used for 6 weeks in LD was lower about 21% than that in OD. Some of unusual symptoms were observed in open floor house and loft type house, such as lying, spraddle legged, twisted ankle and legs, wounded sole, or etc. No components of leukocyte and erythrocyte of blood were significantly different among all treatments. The results of this experiment showed that OF and LD systems had no positive effects on performance of meat type commercial duck. However, there were some positive effects of certain house type for the improvement of environmental condition in duck house for hygienic production. In the future, more research on the effect of various facilities and systems for duck house is needed.

Surveying for Pig House Facilities of Pig Farms by Holding Scale (양돈농가의 사육규모별 축사시설 분석)

  • Seo, K.W.;Min, B.R.;Choi, H.C.;Lee, D.W.
    • Journal of Animal Environmental Science
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.231-240
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    • 2009
  • In this research pig house facilities what are 3,029 houses hold over 1000 heads were surveyed by scale and province. Full-time farms hold over 1000 heads breed total 7,229,892 heads. And farms breed 2,386.9 heads averagely. Pig houses were constructed august 1995 averagely. Each of houses have $3,017.2\;m^2$ scale. The construction type of pig house was winch-curtain type 77.2% which was most popular, confined type 51.3%, litter type 7.4% and loft type 4.6%. The winch-curtain type was popular than windowless type in pig farms which have 1,000-1,999 heads. But pig house construction type which have more than over 10,000 heads was windowless type more than winch-curtain type. Manure removing type was slurry 72.3% and scraper 38.5% in farms which have 1,000-1,999 heads. Manure removing type was slurry 83.3% in farms which have over 10,000 heads. Proportion of roof type of pig house was slate 51.2%, panel 46.1%. But in middle or small farms, slate type was only 25.0%. Proportion of wall type of pig house was 41.9%, block 21.9%, concrete 7.6%, winch-curtain 6.3%, and bnck 5.9%. Ventilation type of pig house was natural winch 46.1%, mechanical windowless 69.8% and mixed type 53.1%. So, mechanical windowless type was popular than natural winch type. Especially the farm scale is bigger the mechanical widowless type was more. Utilization period of pig house was 8.1 years about automatic feeder, 8.3 years about waterer, 8.2 years about electric facilities and 9.0 years about floor material. Thus, almost of facilities were used at least 8 years.

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Personalization of Detached Houses in the Back-to-countryside Community Village - Case Study of the 'Jagun-Maul' in Namwon - (귀촌형 공동체마을 단독주택의 개성화 - 남원 '작은마을'의 사례연구 -)

  • Park, Kyoung-Ok;Lee, Sang-Un;Ryu, Hyun-Soo;Hwang, Jin-A
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.79-88
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to determine the personalizing characteristics of detached housing that reflect the housing needs according to the residents' participation in the back-to-countryside community village. For this study, 15 households of Jagun-maul at Namwon in Jeonbuk provided responses to the semi-structured questionnaire on housing consciousness, housing needs, and views on lifestyle. In addition, 15 plans were analyzed about the shape of the plan, the composition of LDK, the type of access, and the type of special space. The results were as follows. 1) The number of households under the elementary education stage was larger than the number of households above the middle education stage. Most of the households revealed the housing consciousness of 'house as resting place'. Households under the elementary education stage showed a housing consciousness for family-oriented life and households above the middle education stage showed a housing consciousness to interact with neighbors. 2) Households under the elementary education stage preferred LK style while households above the middle education stage preferred LDK style. Most of the floor plans had a front entrance and sliding door for the access from living room to garden. 3) Special spaces such as a loft, 'Ondolbang' (room with underfloor heating), study, maru, 'Toenmaru' (narrow wooden porch), family room, workroom, and toilet with outside door were arranged on each floor plan.