• 제목, 요약, 키워드: log analysis item

검색결과 13건 처리시간 0.03초

웹 로그데이터를 이용한 대학입시 지원자 행태 분석 (Behavior analysis of entrance applicants using web log data)

  • 최승배;강창완;조장식
    • Journal of the Korean Data and Information Science Society
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.493-504
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    • 2009
  • 홈페이지는 홈페이지를 운영하고 있는 모든 조직체들을 대변하는 얼굴이다. 웹 로그데이터는 홈페이지를 방문하는 사람들의 행적을 나타낸다. 웹 로그데이터를 분석함으로써 홈페이지 운용에 대한 유용한 정보를 얻을 수 있고, 이러한 정보를 이용하여 효율적인 홈페이지 관리 및 고객관계 관리를 수행할 수 있다. 본 연구에서는 D대학교의 홈페이지에서 얻어진 웹 로그데이터를 분석함으로써 효율적인 홈페이지 관리와 신입생 유치를 위한 홍보 전략을 세우는데 기초적인 정보를 제공한다.

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웹기반 교육에서 학습자별 학습현황 분석에 관한 연구 (The Analysis of Individual Learning Status on Web-Based Instruction)

  • 신지연;정옥란;조동섭
    • 컴퓨터교육학회논문지
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.107-120
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    • 2003
  • 웹기반 교육에서 학습과정을 평가한다는 것은 개별 학습자들의 학습 활동을 평가하는 것을 의미하기 때문에 학습자의 특정 수업내용에 대한 학습 시간, 학습 패턴, 학습 참여도(의견 교환, 질문), 학습 환경 등의 정보가 요구된다. 본 연구의 목적은 웹 기반 교육에서 쟁점이 되고 있는 학습과정 평가문제를 해결하기 위해 최적의 웹 로그 마이닝을 이용하여 학습자 개인별 학습현황에 관한 정보를 얻어 이를 수행 평가에 반영하고자 함이다. 연구 내용 및 결과로는 먼저, 학습현황 분석을 위한 항목을 선정하고 웹 로그 마이닝을 위한 로그 데이터 전처리 과정을 실행하였다. 다음으로는, 위의 웹 로그 데이터를 기초로 학습자별 데이터베이스를 구축하고 질의어를 사용하여 학습현황을 분석하였다.

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현행(現行) 죽재결속법(竹材結束法)의 적정분석(適正分析)과 그의 개선(改善) - 결속구성인자(結束構成因子)의 분석(分析)을 중심(中心)으로 - (A Study on the Validity of Bamboo-Bundle System and its Improvement - Analysis of the Component Factors of Bamboo-Bundle System -)

  • 이광남
    • 한국산림과학회지
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.49-71
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    • 1975
  • The importance of bamboo as raw material for bamboo wares and several kinds of industrial products is highly appreciated at home and abroad. But different kinds of bamboo-bundle systems have been traditionally used in the local areas. There being no reasonable bamboo-bundle system, we have a lot of difficulty in trading bamboo products and executing adrinistmative works. Therefore, a reasonable bamboo-bundle system based on scientific proofs needs to be tested and established for fair trade and administration. This study is carried out to solve the above difficulty with statistical investigation and analysis. The results obtained are as follows. 1. The larger the circles at eye-height become, the more the possibility of the largest internode covering the span between eye-height and 1/4 height increases. 2. The longest internodes are distributed according to a rule without relation to circles at eye-height. 3. The tapering grade of bamboo culms is very high and its form is almost the same without relation to its size. (Form exponent; 0.71-1.05, eye-height form factor; 0.60-0.66, 1/4 becomes, seeing that the circle grade and the percentage of actual volume height form factor; 0.61-0.69). 4. The larger the circles at eye-height are, the lower the percentage of actual volume have negative curve relation to each other. 5. It is considered that the numbers of bamboos bundled in a "Sok" is not decided according to the usefulness of bamboos, judging from the fact that the outputs of bamboo wares per "Sok" in every circle grade are not the same. 6. As the results of the regression analysis, the empirical formulae of several amounts to circles at eye-height and culm length are as follows; Volume, $${\hat{y}}_i=\bar{3}.821874+2.013181log\;C_i+0.839128log\;H_i$$ $$V=0.0066355\;C^{2.013181}\;H^{0.839128}$$ Actual volume, $${\hat{y}}_{ai}=3.915338+0.776549log\;C_i+1.857000log\;H_i$$ $$V_a=0.0082288\;C^{0.776549}\;H^{1.857000}$$ Weight, $$w_i=3.869148+1.936410log\;C_i+0.566904log\;H_i$$ $$W=0.0073986\;G^{1.936410}\;H^{0.565904}$$ 7. Korean Phyllostachys bambusoides Sieb. et Zucc. is almost the same as that of Japan in several amounts, just the same especially in the weight. 8. It is found that the bamboo-bundle systems of Korea and Japan have much closer relation to the weight than other amounts. So It is, therefore, considered that the weight is important factor in deciding bamboo-bundle system. 9. According to the item 8, I should like to propose the appropriate numbers per "Sok" adjusted on the basis of the weight in the Table 18.

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온라인 목록 검색 행태에 관한 연구-LINNET 시스템의 Transaction log 분석을 중심으로-

  • 윤구호;심병규
    • 한국도서관정보학회지
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    • v.21
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    • pp.253-289
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    • 1994
  • The purpose of this study is about the search pattern of LINNET (Library Information Network System) OPAC users by transaction log, maintained by POSTECH(Pohang University of Science and Technology) Central Library, to provide feedback information of OPAC system design. The results of this study are as follows. First, for the period of this analysis, there were totally 11, 218 log-ins, 40, 627 transaction logs and 3.62 retrievals per a log-in. Title keyword was the most frequently used, but accession number, bibliographic control number or call number was very infrequently used. Second, 47.02% of OPAC, searches resulted in zero retrievals. Bibliographic control number was the least successful search. User displayed 2.01% full information and 64.27% local information per full information. Third, special or advanced retrieval features are very infrequently used. Only 22.67% of the searches used right truncation and 0.71% used the qualifier. Only 1 boolean operator was used in every 22 retrievals. The most frequently used operator is 'and (&)' with title keywords. But 'bibliographical control number (N) and accessionnumber (R) are not used at all with any operators. The causes of search failure are as follows. 1. The item was not used in the database. (15, 764 times : 79.42%). 2. The wrong search key was used. (3, 761 times : 18.95%) 3. The senseless string (garbage) was entered. (324 times : 1.63%) On the basis of these results, some recommendations are suggested to improve the search success rate as follows. First, a n.0, ppropriate user education and online help function let users retrieve LINNET OPAC more efficiently. Second, several corrections of retrieval software will decrease the search failure rate. Third, system offers right truncation by default to every search term. This methods will increase success rate but should considered carefully. By a n.0, pplying this method, the number of hit can be overnumbered, and system overhead can be occurred. Fourth, system offers special boolean operator by default to every keyword retrieval when user enters more than two words at a time. Fifth, system assists searchers to overcome the wrong typing of selecting key by automatic korean/english mode change.

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Survival analysis of bank loan repayment rate for customers of Hawassa commercial bank of Ethiopaia

  • Kitabo, Cheru Atsmegiorgis;Kim, Jong Tae
    • Journal of the Korean Data and Information Science Society
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.1591-1598
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    • 2014
  • The reviews of the balance sheet of commercial banks showed that loan item constitutes the largest portion of bank's assets. Although the sector has highest rate of profit, it possesses the greatest risk. Identifying factors that can contribute in lifting-up the loan repayment rate of customers of Hawassa district commercial bank is the major goal of this study. A sample of 183 customers who took loan from October, 2005 to April, 2012 was taken from the bank record. Kaplan-Meier estimation method and univariate Cox proportional hazard model were applied to identify factors affecting bank loan repayment rate. The result from Kaplan-Meier survival estimation revealed that the loan repayment rate is significantly related with loan type, and previous loan experience, educational level and mode of repayment. The log-rank test indicates that the survival probability of loan customers is not statistically different in repaying the loan among groups classified by sex. Moreover, the univariate Cox proportional hazard model result portrayed that educational level, having previous loan experience, mode of repayment, collateral type and purpose of loan are significantly related with loan repayment rate of customers commercial bank. Hence, banks should design loan strategies giving special emphasis on the significant factors while they are giving loans to their customers.

학교급식에 Cook/Chill System 적용을 위한 품질보증연구(II) - 돼지불고기 - (A Quality Assurance Study for the Application of Cook/Chill System in School Foodservice Operation (II) - Pork Bulgogi (Broiled Sliced Pork with Sauces) -)

  • 곽동경;문혜경;박혜원;홍완수;류경;장혜자;김성희;최은정
    • 한국식품위생안전성학회지
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.319-331
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    • 1998
  • 본 연구는 학교급식에서 Cook/chill system으로 생산 가능한 음식으로 돼지 불고기를 선정하고 모의실험을 통해 급식생산체계를 반복 실시함으로서 식품 위해 분석 중요관리점(HACCP)을 규명하고, 저장기간중의 음식품질 평가를 통해 합리적인 저장기한을 설정하고자 수행되었으며, 그 연구결과는 다음과 같다. 돼지불고기는 냉동상태로 운반되지 않아 온도상승이 일어난 검수 단계를 제외하면 각 생산 단계별 기준이 준수된 양호한 상태 하에서 생산된 것으로 나타난다. 생산단계별 미생물 분석결과, 원재료($4.26{\pm}0.11\;Log\;CFU/g$)에서 중온균수가 조리하지 않은 식품 기준 이내이나 다소 높게 나타났고, 양념장($5.97{\pm}0.04\;Log\;CFU/g$)에서는 조리하지 않은 식품 기준에 근접한 수준이었으며, 양념으로 재우는 과정($5.56{\pm}0.21\;Log\;CFU/g$)도 위험 수준이었다. 가열 조리 후 최종 음식온도가 $8.25{\pm}3.54^{\circ}C$에 도달하였으나 중온균수($5.17{\pm}0.04\;Log\;CFU/g$)가 급식 단계 음식기준을 초과한 위험한 수준이었고, 기타 미생물은 검출되지 않았다. 급속 냉각과 저장 1일, 3일, 5일 동안도 중온균수가 급식단계 음식 기준에 근접한 위험한 상태였고 기타 미생물은 검출되지 않았다. 재가열 처리에 의해 저장 1일($4.62{\pm}0.22\;Log\;CFU/g$), 3일($4.55{\pm}0.20\;Log\;CFU/g$), 5일($4.25{\pm}0.16\;Log\;CFU/g$) 모두 중온균수는 감소하여 급식단계 음식기준에 충족한 상태가 되었다. 배분 3조건에서도 급식단계 음식 기준 이내에 들었다. 저장 5일간 이화학 분석 결과 pH, 산가, 휘발성 염기 질소 모두 저장 5일에 유의적으로 증가하였고, 관능평가에서는 모든 항목들이 유의적인 차이를 보이지 않았다. 티아민 정량 분속 결과 ,가열 전의 티아민 함량을 100%으로 했을 때, 가열 후에는 78.6%로 손실이 일어났으며, 냉각과 저장 1일, 3일은 티아민 손실을 거의 일으키지 않는 것으로 나타났다. 그러나 저장 5일에는 티아민이 현저히 저하되어 62.5% 보유에 그쳤다. 저장기간에 따른 미생물적, 이화학적, 관능적 품질을 분석한 결과와 티아민 함량의 변화를 고려하여 돼지불고기의 저장기한을 3일로 제안하며, 생산 단계별 온도-소요시간 측정 및 미생물 분석을 통해 규명된 중요관리점은 돼지고기와 양념장재료인 파, 마늘, 생강의 구입 및 검수, 가열조리, 냉각, 저장, 재가열과 배식단계였다.

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A New Latent Class Model for Analysis of Purchasing and Browsing Histories on EC Sites

  • Goto, Masayuki;Mikawa, Kenta;Hirasawa, Shigeichi;Kobayashi, Manabu;Suko, Tota;Horii, Shunsuke
    • Industrial Engineering and Management Systems
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.335-346
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    • 2015
  • The electronic commerce site (EC site) has become an important marketing channel where consumers can purchase many kinds of products; their access logs, including purchase records and browsing histories, are saved in the EC sites' databases. These log data can be utilized for the purpose of web marketing. The customers who purchase many product items are good customers, whereas the other customers, who do not purchase many items, must not be good customers even if they browse many items. If the attributes of good customers and those of other customers are clarified, such information is valuable as input for making a new marketing strategy. Regarding the product items, the characteristics of good items that are bought by many users are valuable information. It is necessary to construct a method to efficiently analyze such characteristics. This paper proposes a new latent class model to analyze both purchasing and browsing histories to make latent item and user clusters. By applying the proposal, an example of data analysis on an EC site is demonstrated. Through the clusters obtained by the proposed latent class model and the classification rule by the decision tree model, new findings are extracted from the data of purchasing and browsing histories.

연령과 손잡이에 따른 정상인들의 Motor Activity Log-28과 Actual Amount of Use Test 연구 및 Actual Amount of Use Test의 평가자간 신뢰도연구 (Studies on Motor Activity Log-28 and Actual Amount of Use Test, Actual Amount of Use Test Inter-rater Reliability in Healthy Individuals: Age Dependence and Handedness)

  • 김경현;신유미;임미유;정유창;오지은;김수진
    • 한국전문물리치료학회지
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.24-33
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    • 2019
  • Background: Spontaneous use of the upper extremities on the affected side of patients with stroke is a meaningful indicator of recovery and may vary by the age or dominant hand of patients. No prior study has reported changes in actual amount of use test (AAUT) and motor activity log (MAL)-28 according to age and handedness in healthy adults, and AAUT inter-rater reliability for assessment of healthy adults. Objects: This study aimed to (1) research the differences in AAUT and MAL-28 according to age and handedness in healthy adults, and (2) determine the inter-rater reliability of the AAUT. Methods: Seventy healthy adults participated in this study. The MAL-28 was assessed by dividing 61 subjects into young right-handed ($n_1=20$), young left-handed ($n_2=21$), and older right-handed ($n_3=20$) groups. The AAUT was assessed by dividing 63 subjects into young right-handed ($n_1=25$), young left-handed ($n_2=18$), and older right-handed ($n_3=20$) groups. Student's t-test and the Wilcoxon signedrank test were used for statistical analysis. Results: The Amount of Use (AOU) scale values for each group showed no significant differences between age groups and handedness groups in the MAL-28 (p>.05). The AAUT AOU scale value showed significant differences regarding dominant handedness in the AAUT (p<.05), but no significant differences according to age (p>.05). (2) Inter-rater reliability of the AAUT was excellent, except few items (item 9, 11, and 12). Conclusion: Although both the MAL-28 and the AAUT measured how much participants used their dominant arms in healthy subjects, the AAUT only showed significantly higher dominant arm use in left hander than the right hander. In addition, the inter-rater reliability of the AAUT was excellent. Current results can be utilized as a basic information when clinicians develop rehabilitation strategies, and AAUT was shown to be a reliable evaluation tool for measurement of upper extremity use in Korean adults, based on the reliability demonstrated by this study.

Optimum failure-censored step-stress partially accelerated life test for the truncated logistic life distribution

  • Srivastava, P.W.;Mittal, N.
    • International Journal of Reliability and Applications
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.19-35
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    • 2012
  • This paper presents an optimum design of step-stress partially accelerated life test (PALT) plan which allows the test condition to be changed from use to accelerated condition on the occurrence of fixed number of failures. Various life distribution models such as exponential, Weibull, log-logistic, Burr type-Xii, etc have been used in the literature to analyze the PALT data. The need of different life distribution models is necessitated as in the presence of a limited source of data as typically occurs with modern devices having high reliability, the use of correct life distribution model helps in preventing the choice of unnecessary and expensive planned replacements. Truncated distributions arise when sample selection is not possible in some sub-region of sample space. In this paper it is assumed that the lifetimes of the items follow Truncated Logistic distribution truncated at point zero since time to failure of an item cannot be negative. Optimum step-stress PALT plan that finds the optimal proportion of units failed at normal use condition is determined by using the D-optimality criterion. The method developed has been explained using a numerical example. Sensitivity analysis and comparative study have also been carried out.

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구급출동지령서 개선을 통한 구급대원 현장 도착시간 단축방안 (Improvement Strategies of Arriving Time to the Scene by Enhancing EMTs' Recognition of Triage)

  • 오원신;정석환;윤명오
    • 대한안전경영과학회지
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.45-52
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this investigation is to enhance the survival rate of patients by transporting them to the hospital within the golden hour through the operational improvement of emergency dispatch instruction. To this end, problems and improvements of current operating system were derived by carrying out a survey against paramedics of Incheon city in 2012 and analyzing the current emergency dispatch instruction. This study analyzed the emergency activity daily reports for one year from January 1 through December 31, 2012 and researched the consciousness of 119 emergency medical technician. According to the analysis of the survey, there were no meaningful differences in the on-site arrival times per triage. Therefore, the item of 'Emergency Classification' specified in the emergency dispatch instruction needs to be integrated in the scheme of "triage". Also, the feedbacks of the emergency action log and the emergency dispatch instruction are necessary for 'duty for operation' to review the adequacy to the severity after the end of emergency operation. Finally, the improvement of the system for the continuous communication between the paramedics and the command staff is necessary. This improvements as stated above are expected to contribute to raise survival rate of patients.