• Title, Summary, Keyword: lymphocyte proliferation

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In vitro Effects of L-Ascorbic Acid and Acrylamide on Lymphocyte Proliferation in Young and Aged Mice

  • Kang, Nam-Sung;Pyo, Suhk-Neung;Sohn, Eun-Hwa
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.19-23
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    • 2010
  • This study examined the effects of Acrylamide (ACR) and L-ascorbic acid (AsA) on the proliferation of splenocytes and the mitogen-stimulated lymphocyte proliferation in young (8 weeks) and aged (82 weeks) C57BL/6male mice in vitro. AsA increased splenocyte proliferation in both groups; however, this effect was higher in old mice, while the proliferation of lymphocyte was decreased except for treatment at $1\;{\mu}g/mL$ low concentration in both mice. In addition, ACR treatment resulted in decreased LPS-induced B lymphocyte proliferation and ConA-induced T lymphocyte proliferation in both groups. However, AsA increased LPS/ConA-induced lymphocyte proliferation in young groups and had no effects in old mice except at $0.5\;{\mu}g/mL$ Thus, the present data indicate that there is no difference effect of ACR and AsA on lymphocyte proliferation, whereas the effect of AsA on mitogen-induced cell proliferation was reduced in old mice. Overall, our results suggest that various immunomodulators have differing effects of lymphocytic proliferation on young versus aged mice.

Effect of in vitro B-6 Vitameric Forms on Lymphocyte Proliferation in Healthy Young Women with Oral Vitamin B-6 Supplementation

  • Kwak Ho Kyung;Leklem James E.
    • Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.79-84
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    • 2005
  • A vitamin B-6 (B-6) intake higher than the current Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) has been found to provide an improvement in immune system. Seven premenopausal women consumed their usual diet with the exception of foods relatively high in vitamin B-6 for a total of 27 d. After 7 d, all subjects received a multivitamin supplement containing 2mg B-6 and 4 subjects were given an additional 50mg of B-6 supplement for 20 d. Lymphocyte response to phytohemagglutinin (PHA) was measured before and after the supplementation. To determine the effect of different forms of B-6 on lymphocyte proliferation, cell culture media supplemented with pyridoxal (PL) and PLP, as well as B-6 free media, were tested. A 50mg B-6 supplement significantly increased vitamin B-6 status. There was no further enhancement on lymphocyte proliferation when subjects were taking an additional 50mg of vitamin B-6 supplement. In general, lymphocyte proliferation in media with either PLP or PL did not show any prominent difference. These [m-dings suggest that there may be no further benefits of a B-6 dose beyond twice that of the current RDA on lymphocyte proliferation. Further studies are necessary to examine the effect of the B-6 intake level on activities of enzymes involved in cellular B-6 metabolism in lymphocytes to provide substantial insight into the mechanisms underlying the role of B-6 in the lymphocyte proliferation.

Effects of Isoflavonoids on Mouse Lymphocyte Proliferation In Vitro

  • Namgoong, Soon-Young;Lee, Chang-Hee;Lim, Hyun-Pyo
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.236-239
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    • 1994
  • The suppressive activity of isoflavonoids against lymphocyte proliferation in vitro was examined. Isoflabvonoid derivatives tested were isflavones isolated from Pueraia radix and synthesized 7-O-substituted biochanin A derivatives. The certain isoflavones such as biochanin A and 2-carbethoxybiochainin A were found to possess the suppressive activity against concanavaline A (Con A)-induced lymphocyte proliferation from mouse spleen. Against mixed lymphocyte culture reaction, biochanin A, 2-carbethoxybiochainin A, daidzein, formononetin, genistein and 7-O-isopropylbiochaninl A showed the suppressive activity at $10^{-5}$ M. However, all isoflavones tested did not show the suppressive activity against lymphocyte proliferation induced by B-cell mitogen, lipopolysaccharide (LPS). In general, isoflavones were revealed to be less active than flavones/flavonols.

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Inhibitory Effect of Ginsenoside Rg3 and its derivative Ginsenoside Rg3-2H on NO production and lymphocyte proliferation (Ginsenoside Rg3 및 그 유도체 Ginsenoside Rg3-2H의 NO 생성 및 lymphocyte 분열 억제 효과)

  • Cho, Jae-Youl
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.264-269
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    • 2008
  • Ginsenosides are major components in Panax ginseng and known to have numerous pharmacological activities such as anti-cancer, anti-diabetes, anti-viral and anti-atherosclerosis effects. In this study, the regulatory activities of G-Rg3 and its derivative 25-hydroxy Rg3 (G-Rg3-2H) on the production of nitric oxide (NO) in macrophages and the proliferation of lymphocytes prepared from spleen and bone marrow under treatment of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or concanavalin (Con) A were examined. G-Rg3 and G-Rg3-2H dose-dependently inhibited NO production from LPS-activated RAW264.7 cells and in agreement, these compounds protected RAW264.7 cells from LPS-mediated cytotoxicity. In contrast, G-Rg3-2H dose-dependently inhibited lymphocyte proliferation induced by both LPS and Con A, while there was no inhibition by G-Rg3. Therefore, our data suggest that these compounds may be applied for NO-mediated or lymphocyte-mediated immunological diseases.

STUDIES ON IMMUNOTOXIC POTENTIAL OF METHAMPHETAMINE (MA) IN Balb/C MICE I. Changes of Lymphoid Organs and Inhibitory Effect of Lymphocyte Proliferation to Mitogen

  • Lim, Chae-Woong;Rim, Byung-Moo;Lee, Ho-Il;Kim, Sang-Ho
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.9-14
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    • 1995
  • The immune system is partially under the control of the sympathetic and parasymphathetic nervous systems through the regulatory feedback loop. Methamphetamine (MA) is a neurotoxic chemical which affects the neurotransmitter system. The objective of this study was to investigate the immunotoxic effect of MA on the major immune target organ and lymphocyte proliferation to the various mitogens. Female Balb/C mice, 15 to 20 g, were injected subcutaneously with 0, 0.5, or 5 mg MA/kg for 14 consecutive days. In MA treated mice, the body weight gain and relative spleen and thymus weight were decreased in doserelated manner. Histopathologically, there was a paucity of lymphold follicles and germinal centers in the spleen, and thymic cortical atrophy with lymphophagocytosis was prominent. Apoptosis also occurred in germinal centers of spleen and thymic cortex. The threshold and peak of lymphocyte proliferation at various concentration of mitogens showed similar patterns. However, the response to lipopolysaccaride (LPS) and pokeweed mitogen (PWM) in the 5 mg MA/kg treated group showed threshold and peak proliferation at high concentration of mitogens (25${\mu}g$ LPS/ml for MA vs 15${\mu}g$ LPS/ml for control; 60${\mu}g$ PWM/ml for MA vs 45${\mu}g$ PWM/ml for control), which suggest that MA impairs T cell dependent-B cell function. This preliminary study indicated that MA affected the lymphold organs and immune function.

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Construction, and In Vitro and In Vivo Analyses of Tetravalent Immunoadhesins

  • Cho, Hoonsik;Chung, Yong-Hoon
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.22 no.8
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    • pp.1066-1076
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    • 2012
  • Previous observations demonstrated that various immunosuppressive agents and their combination therapies can increase allograft survival rates. However, these treatments may have serious side effects and cannot substantially improve or prolong graft survival in acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). To improve the therapeutic potency of divalent immunoadhesins, we have constructed and produced several tetravalent forms of immunoadhesins comprising each of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA4), CD2, and lymphocyte activation gene-3 (LAG3). Flow cytometric and T cell proliferation analyses displayed that tetravalent immunoadhesins have a higher binding affinity and more potent efficacy than divalent immunoadhesins. Although all tetravalent immunoadhesins possess better efficacies, tetravalent forms of CTLA4-Ig and LAG3-Ig revealed higher inhibitory effects on T cell proliferation than tetravalent forms of TNFR2-Ig and CD2-Ig. In vitro mixed lymphocytes reaction (MLR) showed that combined treatment with tetravalent CTLA4-Ig and tetravalent LAG3-Ig was highly effective for inhibiting T cell proliferation in both human and murine allogeneic stimulation. In addition, both single tetravalent-form and combination treatments can prevent the lethality of murine acute GVHD. The results of this study demonstrated that co-blockade of the major histocompatibility complex class (MHC)II:T cell receptor (TCR) and CD28:B7 pathways by using tetravalent human LAG3-Ig and CTLA4-Ig synergistically prevented murine acute GVHD.

Effects of Substance P on the Cell Proliferation and IL-2 Production of T Lymphocyte (Substance P가 T 임파구의 세포증식과 IL-2 생산에 미치는 영향)

  • Moon, Jin-Kyun;Choi, Byung-Son;Lee, Seok-Cho;Kim, Hyung-Seop
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.805-818
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    • 1997
  • Immune responses of periodontal tissue may be regulated by products of sensory afferent nerve endings such as neuropeptides. Substance P(SP), a tachykinin neuropeptide, has been previously reported to stimulate the activities of T lymphocyte. Therefore, I examined the role of SP in IL-2 production and cell proliferation by using a homogeneous line of T lymphocytes(Jurkat and HuT78). Cell proliferation rate was determined by [$^3H$]-thymidine incorporation test, and IL-2 was quantitated by the growth rate of CD4+ IL-2-dependent T lymphocyte line CTLL-2. SP stimulated cell proliferation of T lymphocytes at the concentration of $10^{-12}$ and $10^{-8}$M in a biphasic bell-shape dose-dependent manner. However, SP alone did not induce IL-2 release at the concentration range of $10^{-6}$ to $10^{-14}$M. The upregulation of IL-2 release was observed when $10^{-12}$M SP was applied together with mitogens such as Con A or PHA+PMA on T cell lines, especially on Jurkat. Con A or PHA+PMA demonstrated to increase the rate of cell proliferation of Jurkat, which had shown to produce much amount of IL-2 indicating that mitogen-induced cell proliferation might be partially influenced by released IL-2. It was concluded that regulatory effects of SP on the immune/inflammatory response could be mediated through the costimulatory upregulation of IL-2 production and increase of cell proliferation of T lymphocyte.

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Effects of Sa-Mul-Tang on Immunocytes of L1210 Cells-transplanted or Antitumor Drugs-administered Mice (사물탕이 L1210 세포 이식 및 항암제를 투여한 마우스의 면역세포에 미치는 영향)

  • Yu, Dong-Hwa;Kwon, Jin;Oh, Chan-Ho;Eun, Jae-Soon
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.110-119
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    • 1998
  • Sa-Mul-Tang(SMT) consist of Rehmanniae Radix Preparata, Paeoniae Radix Alba, Cnidii Rhizoma and Angelicae Gigantis Radix. In L1210 cells-transplanted BALB/c mice, T-lymphocyte apoptosis, $CD8^+T_C$ cells population in thymocyte and nitric oxide production in macrophage were enhanced, but phagocytic activity was decreased. SMT suppressed T-lymphocyte apoptosis and enhanced CD^4+T_H$ cells population, but did not affect nitric oxide production and phagocytic activity in L1210 cells-transplanted mice. In antitumor drugs-injected mice, T-lymphocyte apoptosis was enhanced, but $CD4^+T_H/CD8^+T_C$, cells population and T-lymphocyte proliferation were decreased. SMT suppressed T-lymphocyte apoptosis, and enhanced $CD8^+T_C$ cells population, T-lymphocyte proliferation and phagocytic activity in vincristine-injected mice. These results suggest that SMT enhances T cell-mediated immunity in L1210 cell-transplanted mice, and enhances T cell-mediated immunity and phagocytic activity in vincristine-injected mice.

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Comparison study of Korean and Chinese ginsengs on the regulation of lymphocyte proliferation and cytokine production (한국 홍삼과 중국 홍삼의 경구 투여가 흰쥐의 림프구 증식과 Cytokine에 미치는 영향에 대한 비교 연구)

  • Lee, Beom-Joon;Heo, Hong;Oh, Se-Choon;Lew, Jae-Hwan
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.250-256
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    • 2008
  • Red ginseng is a medicinal herb widely used in East-Asia for a long time. Recently there have been a lot of studies about the effect of red ginseng on the immune responses. We investigated the differences between Korean red ginseng and Chinese red ginseng in the lymphocyte proliferation and cytokine production. The rats were divided into 3 groups, KRG(Korean Red Ginseng) group, CRG(Chinese Red Ginseng) group, and the Control group. Experimental groups were administered with Korean and Chinese red ginsengs for three months respectively. Then we obtained the lymphatic cells from spleen and compared the ability of KRG on the lymphocyte proliferation and the cytokine production after mitogen-stimulated culture to CRG. The proliferation of lymphocyte and level of $IL-1{\alpha}$ were significantly increased only in KRG group. There were significant increases in the level of $INF-{\gamma}$ in both KRG and CRG groups. There were no significant differences in the level of IL-2 and $TNF-{\alpha}$. These results indicate that KRG can induce infection-relevant immune responses much faster and higher than CRG. Furthermore, functional activation of CD8+ T-cell may be activated by red ginsengs.

Flavonoids: Potential Antiinflammatory Agents

  • Kim, Hyun-Pyo;Son, Kun-Ho;Chang, Hyun-Wook;Kang, Sam-Sik
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 1996
  • Flavonoids are widely distributed polyphenol compounds in plant kingdom and known to possess varieties of biological/pharmacological activities in vitro and in vivo. A search for antiinflammatory/immunoregulatory flavonoids as potential therapeutic agents has been continued, since serious side effects of currently used nonsteroidal and steroidal antiinflammatory drugs limit their long term uses for the inflammatory disorders. In this reserch, various flavonids were isolated and tested for their in vivo antiinflammatory activity and in vitro inhibitory activity of lymphocyte proliferation. Using a mouse ear edema assay, it was found that certain flavones/flavonols possess mild antiinflammatory activity and a C-2,3-double bond might be essential. Isoflavones were less active. These flavonoids inhibited in vitro lymphocyte proliferation, relatively specific for T-cell proliferation $(IC_{50}=1-10\;{\mu}M)$ and the inhibition was reversible. We have also tested several biflavonoid derivatives, since we recently found that biflavones were phospholipase $A_2$ inhibitors. It was demonstrated that biflavones such as ochnaflavone and ginkgetin inhibited lymphocyte proliferation induced by both concanavaline A and lipopolysaccharide. The inhibition was irreversible in contrast to that of flavones/flavonols. And antiinflammatory activity of biflavonoids are discussed.

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