• Title, Summary, Keyword: lymphocyte proliferation

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Goat Milk Yoghurt by Using Lacto-B Culture Modulates the Production of Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha and Interleukin-10 in Malnourished Rats

  • Nurliyani, Nurliyani;Kandarina, B.J. Istiti;Kusuma, Sari;Trisnasari, Yunita Dewi
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.88-98
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    • 2014
  • Total spleen lymphocytes, lymphocyte proliferation, tumor necrosis factor-${\alpha}$ (TNF-${\alpha}$), and interleukin-10 (IL-10) in spleen lymphocyte culture were studied in malnourished Wistar rats fed with goat milk yoghurt. Malnourished rats were created by using standard feed restriction as much as 50% of normal rats for 21 d. Goat milk yoghurt containing three types of microorganism e.g., Lactobacillus acidophilus, Sterptococcus thermophilus and Bifidobacterium longum derived from Lacto-B culture in powder form. After 21 d, the rats continued to receive restricted feeding and supplemented with goat milk yoghurt for 7 d. Total splenocytes were counted by hemocytometer. Splenocytes proliferation was expressed as stimulation index, whereas the TNF-${\alpha}$ and IL-10 of spleen lymphocyte culture were measured by ELISA technique. The total number of splenocytes and stimulation index of splenocytes in moderate malnourished and normal rats supplemented with goat milk yoghurt was not significantly different. The level of TNF-${\alpha}$ in the rat supplemented with goat milk yoghurt was lower (p<0.05) than the control group, whereas the level of IL-10 in the rat supplemented with goat milk yoghurt was higher (p<0.05) than the control group. In conclusion, goat milk yoghurt supplementation in malnourished rats could decrease TNF-${\alpha}$ as a representation of the pro-inflammatory cytokine, while it increases IL-10 as a representation of the anti-inflammatory cytokine.

Screening on Allogeneic Mixed Lymphocyte Culture Inhibitory Activity for the Extracts of Marine-Derived Microorganisms (해양미생물 추출물의 동종세포반응 (Allogeneic Mixed Lymphocyte Culture) 억제효능 검색)

  • Yun, Keum-Ja;Oh, Keun-Hee;Lee, Dong-Sup;Choi, Hong-Dae;Kang, Jung-Sook;Son, Byeng-Wha
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.42 no.4
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    • pp.354-360
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    • 2011
  • In order to screen new allogeneic mixed lymphocyte culture (allo-MLR) inhibitor which is expected to be immunomodulating drug lead, we have investigated allo-MLR inhibitory activity on the marine-derived symbiotic microorganisms (1,895 strains) from the marine algae. The potent inhibitory activities (over 45% inhibition of proliferation at 10 and 2 ${\mu}g/ml$) without cytotoxicity were observed in the extracts of 46 strains. While, the significant stimulating activities (over 100% proliferation at 10 and 2 ${\mu}g/ml$) without cytotoxicity were observed in the extracts of 5 strains. In the second assay using 46 bioactive strains, 14 strains exhibited again significant allo-MLR inhibitory activity. Finally, 11 strains among the 14 strains inhibited proliferation and IFN-${\gamma}$ production of CD4+ T cells during the stimulation with specific antigen in the third assay. On the basis of above results, the marine algae is nice source for isolation of immunomodulating microorganism, and the marine algae-associated microorganism is also nice target for development of the new immunomodulating drug lead.

Evaluation of Immunopotentiation Activities of Combined Extract of Silkworm and Food material (누에 복합 추출물의 면역 활성 증진 효과)

  • Lee, AhReum;Kim, SooHyun;Kim, SuJi;Kim, KyeongJo;Lee, Young-Cheol;Roh, Seong-Soo
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2017
  • Objectives : Silkworm is known as immunomodulatory substances and contain various bioactive compounds such as serine, tyrosine and alanine. The aim of this study was to investigated the immunopotentiating activity of combine extract that silkworm and food materials (Eucommia ulmoides, Angelica gigas, Acanthopanax, Allium hookeri, Cinnamomum cassia, Liriope platyphylla, Curcuma longa, Achyranthes japonica, Alpinia oxyphylla, Adenophora triphylla). Methods : Among 10 kinds of food materials, to select food materials with the effect of enhancing the immune function mouse splenocyte proliferation ability was measured by 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-y]-2,5-diphenyl terazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Then, combine extract of silkworm and food materials were evaluated that mouse splenocyte proliferation ability by EZ-cytox cell viability assay. Morever, cytokines production such as IL-2, IL-4, IL10, IL12, $IFN-{\gamma}$ on mouse T lymphocyte stimulated with concanavalin A (ConA) was measured. Results : Eucommia ulmoides, Acanthopanax, Allium hookeri, Cinnamomum cassia, Liriope platyphylla has high proliferation ability of mouse splenocyte compared with Curcuma longa, Achyranthes japonica, Alpinia oxyphylla, Adenophora triphylla. The silkworm and food material combined extract has a relatively high proliferation ability of mouse splenocyte proliferation when the silkworm and food materials are used as a single material. In particularly, combined extract of silkworm and Cinnamomum cassia was stimulate cytokine production on T lymphocyte such as IL12, $IFN-{\gamma}$. Combined extract of silkworm and Liriope platyphylla was stimulate cytokine production on T lymphocyte such as IL2, IL4, IL10. Conclusion : In conclusion, the combined extract of the silkworm and Cinnamomum cassia or Liriope platyphylla may enhance immune function by regulating mouse splenocyte proliferation and stimulating cytokine production.

Immunoadjuvant Activity of Chlorogenic Acid (Chlorogenic Acid의 면역보조제 효과)

  • Han, Yong-Moon
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.54 no.6
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    • pp.494-499
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    • 2010
  • We have been focussing on discovery of natural compounds that have immunoregulatory activities for many years. In the present study, we investigated if chlorogenic acid (CRA), a polyphenolic compound, has an immunoadjuvant activity. Prior to examining the immunoadjuvant activity, effect of CRA on proliferation of T- or B-lymphocyte was determined. Results showed that CRA enhanced the proliferation of those lymphocytes in dose-dependant manner (P<0.05), and the proliferation enhancement by CRA was appeared to be more effective to B-cells than to T-cells. Based on these observations, it was tested with bovine serum albumin (BSA) and Candida albicans cell wall (CACW) as antigenic sources if CRA has an immunoadjuvant activity. In experiments, BSA alone or a mixture of BSA plus CRA was injected intraperitoneally to mice (BALB/c strain). For a negative control, mice were given only diluent (DPBS) by the same route. In other experiment, CACW was tested by the same way as did with BSA. Three weeks after the first immunization these animals were boosted. Antisera collected from the mice one week after the booster were analyzed by ELISA. Results displayed that the induction of anti-BSA antibody was increased in mice that received the mixture of BSA and CRA as compared to anti-BSA induction in BSA only-given mice groups (P<0.05). In case of CACW, a similar observation as did with BSA was made, resulting in that there was app. 40% increased production of the anti-CACW antiserum from the combination (CACW plus CRA)-received mice as compared to antiserum induction from CACW alone-given animals. Taken all together, these data indicate that CRA has an ability of enhancing antibody production regardless of nature of antigenic sources. Presumably, activation of B-cell proliferation by CRA may plays an important role in the immunoadjuvant activity of the polyphenolic compound.

The Cytotoxic effects of several Herbs against human cancer cell-lines (수종(數種)의 한약재(韓藥材)가 인체(人體) 암세포주(癌細胞柱)에 미치는 세포(細胞) 독성(毒性))

  • Jeong, Hyeon-U
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.231-241
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this research was to investigate effect of water extract of Euphorbiae Pekinensis Radix and Moutan Cortex Radicis on the proliferation of human cancer cell-lines. The effects of Euphorbiae Pekinensis Radix and Moutan Cortex Radicis on the proliferation of A431, HeLa, MOLT-4, K562 cells, Balb/c 3T3 cells, mouse thymocytes, splenocytes and human lymphocytes were estimated by MTT colorimetric assay. The results were as follows; 1. In proliferation of A431, HeLa, MOLT-4 and K562 cell-lines, Euphorbiae Pekinensis Radix and Moutan Cortex Radicis inhibited the proliferation of K562 cells. 2. In the combined effect of Euphorbiae Pekinensis Radix and mitomycin C, Moutan Cortex Radicis and mitomycin C, all herbs stimulated the proliferation of MOL T-4 cells. 3. Euphorbiae Pekinensis Radix and Moutan Cortex Radicis did not inhibited the proliferation of Balb/c 3T3 cells. 4. Euphorbiae Pekinensis Radix and Moutan Cortex Radicis stimulated the proliferation of mouse thymocytes. 5. Euphorbiae Pekinensis Radix and Moutan Cortex Radicis stimulated the proliferation of mouse splenocytes. 6. Euphorbiae Pekinensis Radix and Moutan Cortex Radicis stimulated the proliferation of human lymphocytes.

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Effect of Glycyrrhizae Radix on the Immune Responses(II) - Immuno-regulatory Action of Glycyrrhizin and Glycyrrhetinic Acid - (감초가 면역반응에 미치는 영향(II) - Glycyrrhizin 및 Glycyrrhetinic acid의 면역조절작용 -)

  • 한종현;오찬호;은재순
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.174-181
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    • 1991
  • These experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of glycyrrhizin(GL) and glycyrrhetinic acid(GA) on histamine synthesis, lymphocyte blastogenesis in C57BL/6J mice splenocytes, IL-1 production, $Ca^{2+}$ uptake by macrophage-like P388D$_{1}$ cells and plaque forming cell assay against SRBC. Histamine contents, lymphocyte blastogenesis, IL-1 activity, $Ca^{2+}$ uptake and plaque forming cell were determined by enzyme isotope method, [sup 3/H]-thymidine incorporation, C3H/HeJ mouse thymocytes proliferation, the addition of 5 $\mu$Ci/ml $^{45}$Ca$^{2+}$ to P388D$_{1}$, cell suspension and assay to sheep red blood cell, respectively. Cytotoxicity, which was expressed as 50% mortality, was occurred by the addition of GL(10$^{-3}$M) and GA(10$^{-4}$M). Histamine production in mouse spleen cell culture was significantly increased by the addition of 0.25 $\mu\textrm{g}$/ml of Con A, after 48 hour incubation. Con A dependent T-lymphocyte proliferation was also enhanced by the addition of 0.25 .mu.g/ml of Con A. The effects of GL on histamine contents and T-lymphocyte proliferation were significantly decreased at high dose (10$^{-5}$M), while IL-1 activity was remarkably suppressed by 10$^{-8}$~10$^{-4}$M of GL. $Ca^{2+}$ uptake was not changed, but antibody production was increased by GL(10 mg/kg). GA inhibited histamine contents at 10$^{-9}$~10$^{-7}$ and depressed Con A (0.25 $\mu\textrm{g}$/ml) dependent T-lymphocyte proliferation at 10$^{-7}$~10$^{-5}$M of GA, but increased suboptimal dose (Con A 0.1 $\mu\textrm{g}$/ml) at 10$^{-9}$~10$^{-7}$M of GA. IL-1 activity was suppressed by 10$^{-8}$~10$^{-4}$M of GA and $Ca^{2+}$ uptake was enhanced by 10$^{-9}$~10$^{-6}$ of GA, but antibody production was not changed by GA. From the above results, it is suggested that GL and GA have immuno-regulatory action. GL decreased cell-mediated immune response, and increased humoral immune response at high dose. On the other hand, low dose of GA enhanced cell-mediated immune response, while high doses of GA decreased humoral immune reaction.

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육계에서 멜라토닌의 주기적인 변화와 면역성 및 생산성에 미치는 영향에 대한 고찰

  • 류명선;김상호;류경선
    • Proceedings of the Korea Society of Poultry Science Conference
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    • pp.81-84
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    • 2000
  • Effects of different photoperiod regimens on the cellular and humoral immunity in broiler chickens were studied(Exp 1). Total one hundred ninety two one-day-old commercial broiler chicks(Cobb$\times$Cobb) were raised between constant lighting(CL) and intermittent lighting (1h light: 3h darkness(IL; 1l; 3D) Body weight, feed intake and feed conversion were measured for seven week. Peripheral blood and splenic lymphocyte activities were tested at 3 and 5 wk of age by performing a mitogen cellproliferation assay with a polyclonal T-cell mitogen, concanavalin A (Con A), and B-cell mitogen, lipopolysaccharide (LPS). To investigate the effect of photoperiod on the humoral immunity, chicks were immunized with sheep red blood cell(SRBC) and iinactivated Newcastle disease virus(NDV) vaccine. Total immunoglobulin G(IgG) concentration was also determined. Diurnal change of melatonin was tested in sera. In experiment 2, 0.1ml melatonin were subcutaneously injected from three to five weeks old if immunomodulation effect of lighting regimen was due to the melatonin or not. Injections of melatonin were made at 0700h and the dosage was 10ng (M2), 100ng(M3), 1$\mu\textrm{g}$(M4) per bird daily, respectively. control were quivalent injections of vehicle(M1). Lymphocyte activities were tested and humoral immunities were examined at 5 weeks of age. Blood melatonin concentration was determined at 0h, 1, h, 2h, and 3h posterior to injection at five weeks old. It was higher in CL chicks than IL chickens during the subsequent period of 3 to 5 wk of age. However, weight gain of chicks raised IL were significantly higher at 6 wk of age than CL(P<0.05). Antibody response to NDV was not affected by both photoperiod regimens and melatonin injection, whereas anti-SRMB titer and IgG concentration were enhanced. Lymphocyte activity of chickens raised under IL was sighificantly higher than those of chickens raised under CL. Melatonin injection also increased lymphocyte activity. When peripheral blood lymphocytes were used, proliferation response to LPS and Con A were significantly increased in M2 and respectively. The results of this experiments suggest that IL improved host immune response and melatonin have immunomodulatory roles.

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Brazilin Augments Cellular Immunity in Multiple Low Dose Streptozotocin (MLD-STZ) Induced Type I Diabetic Mice

  • Yang, Kyoung-Mee;Jeon, Sun-Duck;So, Dhong-Soo;Moon, Chang-Kiu
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.626-632
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    • 2000
  • Brazilin, an active principle of Caesalprenia sappan, was examined for its immunopotentiating effects in multiple low dose streptozotocin (MLD-STZ) induced type diabetic mice. Brazilin was intraperitoneally administered for 5 consecutive days to MLD-STZ induced type 1 diabetic mice. Delayed type hypersensitivity, Con A-induced proliferation of splenocytes and mixed lymphocyte reaction, which had been decreased in diabetic mice, were significantly recovered by the administration of brazilin. Brazilin increased IL-2 production without affecting suppressor cell activity. Con A-induced and IL-2-induced expression of high affinity IL-2 receptors were also enhanced by brazilin. These results indicate that brazilin augments cellular immune responses, which are suppressed in the MLD-STZ induced type I diabetic mice, by increasing IL-2 production and responsiveness of immune cells to IL-2.

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Effects of Chronic Dextromethorphan Administration on the Cellular Immune Responses in Mice

  • Kim, Hyoung-Chun;Jhoo, Wang-Kee;Kwan, Myung-Sang;Hong, Jau-Shyong
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.267-270
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    • 1995
  • We examined the chronic effect of dextromethorphan(DM) on the cellular immune responses in mice. T cell simulator, phytohemagglutinin did not show singificant effect on lymphocyte proliferation. Costimulator of T and B cell, pokeweed mitogen, and B cell stimulator, lipopolysaccharide exhibited DM-induced decreased lymphocyte proliferation. Singificantly suppressed natural killer (NR) cell cytotoxicity was evidenced following 6 months DM exposure. These results suggest that chronic DM administration pertub B cell functioning and NK cell cytotoxicity. In addition, prenatal DM exposure did not potentiate the immunomodulation in postnatal effect induced by chronic DM.

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