• Title, Summary, Keyword: lymphocyte proliferation

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Subpopulation of lymphocytes in Korean native cattle infected with enzootic bovine leukosis

  • Yoon, Soon-seek;Bae, You-chan;Jean, Young-hwa;Seo, Kook-hyun;Han, Hong-ryul
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Veterinary Pathology Conference
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    • pp.50-50
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    • 2003
  • Enzootic bovine leukosis(EBL) is chronic disease caused by bovine leukemia virus(BLV), retroviridae. The characteristic feature of this disease is proliferation of lymphocytes in circulating blood or lymphoid tissues. Because EBL concern lymphocytes, immunological disorder or alteration in the lymphocyte subpopulation is suggested. In this study, we investigated the changes of the lymphocyte subpopulation in the circulating blood of Korean native cattle infected with bovine leukemia virus. (omitted)

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Antitumor Activity of Lentivirus-mediated Interleukin -12 Gene Modified Dendritic Cells in Human Lung Cancer in Vitro

  • Ali, Hassan Abdellah Ahmed;Di, Jun;Mei, Wu;Zhang, Yu-Cheng;Li, Yi;Du, Zhen-Wu;Zhang, Gui-Zhen
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.611-616
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    • 2014
  • Objectives: Dendritic cell (DC)-based tumor immunotherapy needs an immunogenic tumor associated antigen (TAA) and an effective approach for its presentation to lymphocytes. In this study we explored whether transduction of DCs with lentiviruses (LVs) expressing the human interleukin-12 gene could stimulate antigen-specific cytotoxic T cells (CTLs) against human lung cancer cells in vitro. Methods: Peripheral blood monocyte-derived DCs were transduced with a lentiviral vector encoding human IL-12 gene (LV-12). The anticipated target of the human IL-12 gene was detected by RT-PCR. The concentration of IL-12 in the culture supernatant of DCs was measured by ELISA.Transduction efficiencies and CD83 phenotypes of DCs were assessed by flow cytometry. DCs were pulsed with tumor antigen of lung cancer cells (DC+Ag) and transduced with LV-12 (DC-LV-12+Ag). Stimulation of T lymphocyte proliferation by DCs and activation of cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (CTL) stimulated by LV-12 transduced DCs pulsed with tumor antigen against A549 lung cancer cells were assessed with methyl thiazolyltetrazolium (MTT). Results: A recombinant lentivirus expressing the IL-12 gene was successfully constructed. DC transduced with LV-12 produced higher levels of IL-12 and expressed higher levels of CD83 than non-transduced. The DC modified by interleukin -12 gene and pulsed with tumor antigen demonstrated good stimulation of lymphocyte proliferation, induction of antigen-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes and antitumor effects. Conclusions: Dendritic cells transduced with a lentivirus-mediated interleukin-12 gene have an enhanced ability to kill lung cancer cells through promoting T lymphocyte proliferation and cytotoxicity.

Immunostimulatory effects of BCG-CWS on the proliferation and viability of mouse spleen cells (마우스 비장세포의 증식과 생존율에 대한 BCG-CWS의 면역자극 효과)

  • Lee, Che-Wook;Ko, Eun-Ju;Joo, Hong-Gu
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.52 no.2
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    • pp.89-97
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    • 2012
  • Mycobacterial cell-wall skeleton (CWS) is an immunoactive and biodegradable particulate adjuvant and has been tried to use for immunotherapy. The CWS of Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG-CWS) was studied as an universal vaccine vehicle for antigen conjugation, to develop potentially effective and safe vaccine. Although a variety of biological activities of BCG-CWS have been studied, the effects of BCG-CWS on spleen cells are not fully elucidated. Using MTT assay and trypan blue exclusion test, we found that BCG-CWS significantly enhanced the viability and proliferation of cells. Multiple clusters, indicating proliferation, were observed in BCG-CWS-treated spleen cells and surface marker staining assay revealed that BCG-CWS promoted the proliferation of $CD19^+$ B lymphocyte rather than $CD4^+$ or $CD8^+$ T lymphocyte. In addition, BCG-CWS up-regulated the expression of anti-apoptotic molecules such as bcl-2, bcl-xL. BCG-CWS increased the surface expression of CD25 and CD69 as well as IL-2 production of spleen cells, suggesting increased activation. Furthermore, BCG-CWS enhanced the antigen-specific cell proliferation and interferon-gamma production of spleen cells. Taken together, these results demonstrate the immunostimulatory effects of BCG-CWS on spleen cells via multiple mechanisms, providing valuable information to broaden the use of BCG-CWS in clinical and research settings.

Brazilin Inhibits Mitogen Inducedd Cell Proliferation Despite of Augmentation of T Cell Growth Factor (TCGF) Production and Expression of IL-2 Receptors

  • Moon, Chang-Kiu;Mock, Myung-Soo;Yang, Kyung-Mee;Lim, Cheol-Hong;Kim, Kang-Seok;Chung, Jin-Ho;Moon, Chang-Hyun
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.275-282
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    • 1992
  • The present work was designed to investigate the effects of barzilin on ConAinducedd TCGF release, responsiveness to standardd IL-2, and mitogens-induced proliferation of splenocyte when administered intraperitoneally to 8 week-old C57BL/6 mice for 2 consecutive days. Immunological tests were performed 72 hours after the treatment of brailin. The administration of 50 mg/kg brazilin caused a noticeable increase in TCGF release and responsiveness to standard II-2 but inhibited mitogens-induced proliferation of splenocyte. These results that brazilin is able to modular immunological functions despite of its inhibitory effect on mitogen induced cell proliferation.

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Extracts from Polypodium ferns upregulate the expression of CD95 in human peripheral blood lymphocytes

  • Lombardi, Valter R.M.;Etcheverria, I.;Fernandez-Novoa, L.;Blanco, A.;Diaz, J.;Cacabelos, R.
    • Advances in Traditional Medicine
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.90-99
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    • 2003
  • There are several data in the literature indicating a great variety of pharmacological activities of Polypodium genus, which exhibit antiinflammatory and immunomodulatory activities. Since one of our main interests is to obtain natural immunoregulatory agents devoid of pharmacological adverse effects, we used flow cytometry analysis to highlight relative contributions of a water-soluble fraction of different concentrations of Polypodium rhizome extracts on lymphocyte subpopulations, NK and LAK activity. To measure their potential immunoregulatory activity a T cell proliferation assay in response to phytohemaglutinin (PHA) and mixed lymphocyte reactions were chosen. As a confirmatory bioassay we studied the effect of our extracts on CD45RO and CD95 antigen expressions. The results indicate that CD95 expression dramatically increases after peripheral blood lymphocyte activation and treatment with Polypodium leucotomus, cambricum and vulgare extracts, suggesting a powerful intrinsic pro-apoptotic effect.

Immune activation and radioprotection by Echinacea purpurea (American herb)

  • Mishima, Satoshi;Gu, Yeun-Hwa;Saito, Kiyoto;Yamashita, Takenori;Maruyama, Hiroe;Inoue, Makoto;Ahn, Kyoo-Seok
    • Advances in Traditional Medicine
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.163-170
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    • 2004
  • The effect of immune activation by Echinacea purpurea was investigated by measuring total immunoglobulin (Ig) G, IgM. and the radioprotective effect of immune activation by Echinacea purpurea was investigated by measuring T lymphocyte subsets in the peripheral blood of mice following whole body irradiation. Echinacea purpurea activated macrophages to stimulate $IFN-{\gamma}$ production in association with the secondary activation of T lymphocytes, resulting in a decrease in IgG and IgM production. Cytokines released from macrophages in mouse peripheral blood after Echinacea purpurea administration activated helper T cells to proliferate. In addition, activated macrophages in association with the secondary T lymphocyte activation increased $IFN-{\gamma}$ production and stimulated proliferation of cytotoxic T cells and suppressor T cells, indicating the activation of cell-mediated immune responses.

BRAZILIN MODULATES THE IMMUNE FUNCTIONS IN NORMAL CBA FEMALE MICE

  • Moon, Chang-Kiu;Mock, Myung-Soo;Chung, Jin-Ho;Ha, Bae-Kin
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 1992
  • Brazilin, the main constitutent of Caesalpinia sappan, was examined for its immunomodulating activities in normal CBA mice. Mitogen induced proliferation and production of ConA induced T-cell growth factors (TCGF) of splenocytes were significantly reduced in brazilin treated group, cmpared to control group. It was also found that suppressor activities of splenocytes in brazilin treated group was significantly increased compared to those in normal control group.

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Characteristics of B cell proliferation by polysaccharide fraction of Paeonia japonica miyabe (백작약 조다당분획에 의한 B 세포 증식의 특성)

  • Park, Hae-Ran;Ham, Yeon-Ho;Yee, Sung-Tae;Paik, Sang-Gi;Jo, Sung-Kee
    • IMMUNE NETWORK
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.126-134
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    • 2001
  • Background : Paeonia japonica Miyabe is a medicinal plant which has been widely used as a component of blood-building decoctions (Chinese medicinal concept : Bu-Xie). The immunopharmacological characteristics of the extract of Paeonia japonica (PJ) were investigated. Methods : The effects of fractions of PJ extract on lymphocyte proliferation were measured by $H^3$-thymidine incorporation assay. The proliferated lymphocyte subsets were analyzed in flow cytometry. The subset cell populations of spleen cells were separated by magnetic cell separation system, and their proliferation by the extract were investigated. The effect of the extract on antibody production was determined in mice challenged with sheep red blood cells (SRBC) using hemolytic plaque forming cell assay. Results : Spleen cells were proliferated by water extract of PJ. Polysaccharide fraction (PJ-P) of the extract was most active in the proliferation. It was found in flow cytometry that the lymphocyte subset proliferated by PJ-P was B cell population. Among the separated subset cell populations, T cell-depleted cell population and macrophage-depleted cell population were most proliferated by PJ-P. However, positively selected populations of B cells and T cells were not proliferated by PJ-P. These results indicate that B cell proliferation by PJ-P may require the assistance of macrophages or T cells. These results suggest that firstly PJ-P may stimulate macrophages or T cells, and then B cells are activated. The number of antibody-secreting cells was increased by administration of PJ-P in mice immunized with SRBC as a T-dependent antigen. Conclusion : These results suggest that macrophages and accessory cells are directly activated by PJ-P and then helper T cells and B cells are indirectly activated. As the results, immune responses might be coordinately improved. In conclusion, PJ-P, a polysaccharide of P. japonica, may be a characteristic immunostimulator, which is analogous to polysaccharides such as lentinan, PSK and ginsan.

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EFFECTS OF MACROPHAGE INFLAMMATORY $PROTEIN-1{\alpha}$ON THE T CELL PROLIFERATION AND THE EXPRESSION OF CD4 AND CD8 (Macrophage Inflammatory Protein $1{\alpha}$가 T세포성장 및 CD4, CD8 발현에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Jong-Sun;Kim, Oh-Whan
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.153-163
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    • 1996
  • Macrophage inflammatory protein $(MIP)-1{\alpha}$ is a cytokine which produces wide range of bioactivities such as proinflammatory, immunomodulatory, and hematopoietic modulatory actions. To determine whether $MIP-1{\alpha}$ acts as a negative regulator on the functions of lymphocyte, $[^3H]$-thymidine incorporation test and flow cytometric analysis were performed by using human tonsil T cell, human peripheral blood T cell, and murine cytolytic T lymphocyte (CTL) line CTLL-2, The results were as follow. 1. When human tonsil T lymphocytes were stimulated with anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody (mAb), rate of T cell proliferation was about four times increased. 200ng/ml of $MIP-1{\alpha}$ inhibited anti-CD3 mAb-mediated T cell growth as much as 60% (P<0.05). 2. The suppression of human peripheral T cell proliferation produced by $MIP-1{\alpha}$ was dramatic, but variable among T cells derived from different individuals $(40%{\sim}90%)$. 3. $MIP-1{\alpha}$inhibited the proliferation of murine CTL line CTLL-2 as much as 75%(P<0.001). 4. When the $MIP-1{\alpha}$ was added to human peripheral T cell, cell proporation of $CD4^+$ helper T cell and $CD8^+$ CTL were not noticeably affected. The expression level of CD4, not of Cd8, however, was down regulated by $MIP-1{\alpha}$ treatment $(27%{\sim}82%)$.

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Effects of Gal-13 on the Content of Immunoglobulin, Proliferation of Lymphocyte and Antibody Titers after Vaccination with Infectious Bursal Disease Virus Vaccine in Chickens

  • Yang, Yurong;Jiang, Yibao;She, Ruiping;Peng, Kaisong;Zhou, Xuemei;Yin, Qingqiang;Wang, Decheng;Liu, Tianlong;Bao, Huihui
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.405-411
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    • 2007
  • Gal-13 is an antimicrobial peptide isolated from chicken intestine. Ninety chickens were randomly divided into two groups (45 chickens for each group) to determine the effect of oral administration of Gal-13 on the acquired immune response. The chickens in the first group were fed a diet without Gal-13 as the control, and the chickens in the second group were fed the same diet, except that Gal-13 ($1{\mu}g/ml$) was suspended in drinking water just after hatching. Samples of blood, thymus, bursa of fabricius and spleen were taken at day 1, 4, 7, 10 and 17. The chickens in both groups received infectious bursal disease virus vaccine at day 20, and then sera samples were collected for analysis at 14, 21, 28 and 35 days after vaccination. The results showed: (1) Gal-13 could enhance the content of immunoglobulin (Ig)G at the age of 4 to10 days (p<0.05) and IgM at the age of 4 and 10 days (p<0.05) in the serum; (2) In vitro experiments showed that Gal-13 (0.625-1.250${\mu}g/ml$) enhanced the proliferation of peripheral blood lymphocytes of the chickens stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and concanavlin A (ConA). Compared to the control, Gal-13 (1 ${\mu}g/ml$) enhanced the proliferation of bursa lymphocytes at 17 days of age (p<0.01) and thymus lymphocytes at 7 days of age (p<0.01), but restrained lymphocyte proliferation in chicken spleen and differed significantly at day 10 (p<0.01); (3) Gal-13 enhanced infectious bursal disease virus antibody in sera of chickens 21 days after infectious bursal disease virus vaccine administration (p<0.05). These results suggested that Gal-13 could modulate adaptive immune responses of chickens.