• Title, Summary, Keyword: lymphocyte proliferation

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A Three-step Method of Immunotoxicity Assessment

  • Lee, Jeong-Woon;Shin, Ki-Duk;Kim, Kap-Ho;Kim, Eun-Joo;Han, Sang-Seop;Jeong, Tae-Cheon;Koh, Woo-Suk
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.317-323
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    • 2000
  • The immunosuppressive effects of thirty nine chemicals chosen by their potential toxicity were evaluated using a three-step testing method. The immunotoxicity test method developed in this study consisted of three simple assays of lymphoproliferation, mixed leukocyte response, and interleukin (IL)-2 production. The first step was mitogen-induced proliferation assay. Ten chemicals showed the inhibitory effects on the mitogen (lipopolysaccharide or concanavalin A)-induced proliferation in dose-dependent manners. The second step was mixed lymphocyte response. This step crosschecked the growth-suppressive effects detected at the first step. All of 10 chemicals, which showed suppression of lymphoproliferation, also exhibited the suppressive effects on the mixed lymphocyte response in the similar range of chemical concentration. The third step was planned to determine whether or not this growth suppression was mediated through an early activation of T-cell, which could be represented with IL-2 production. Six out of 10 chemicals decreased the interleukin-2 production in the similar concentration range used in the step 1 and 2. These results suggest that those 6 chemicals might have their targets on the signal transduction path-way toward the IL-2 production. In the meantime the other 4 chemicals might have their targets after the IL-2 production signal. Taken all together, the three-step test would be simple, fast, and efficient to deter-mine whether or not the chemical has immunosuppressive effects.

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Lipid A of Salmonella typhimurium Suppressed T-cell Mitogen-Induced Proliferation of Murine spleen Cells in the Presence of Macrophage (Salmonella typhimurium lipid A를 처리한 식세포 존재 조건에서 mitogen에 유도되는 이자 세포의 증식억제)

  • Kang, Gyong-Suk;Chung, Kyung-Tae
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.31-38
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    • 2007
  • Infection with virulent or attenuated Salmonella typhimuriumhas known to induce reduction in proliferative responses of spleen cells. We investigated a role of lipid A from S. typhimurium, a B cell mitogen, on proliferation of spleen cells by T cell mitogens such as concanavaline A and phytohemagglutinin under in vitro and ex vivo conditions. Lipid A alone induced proliferation of spleen cells in vitroin a dose-dependent manner. However, subsequent treatment of concanavaline A or phytohemagglutin in after lipid A treatment induced proliferation suppression of murine spleen cells in vitro and ex vivo. Removal of macrophages from spleen cells, which were obtained from a lipid A-injected mouse, restored proliferation by concanavaline A and phytohemagglutinin, indicating that macrophages appeared to play a role in lipid A-induced suppression. Secreted molecules from macrophages did not accounted for the suppression because suppressive effect was not achieved when the supernatant from macrophage-containing spleen cell culture was conditoned to macrophage-depleted spleen cell culture. Co-culture of spleen cells from lipid A-treated and - untreated mice showed proliferation suppression as increasing cell numbers of lipid A-treated mouse. These data suggested that the cell-to-cell contact of macrophage with splenic lymphocyte cells is responsible for immune responses against lipid A, which is applicable to the case of human S. typhi infection.

Immunomodulating Activity of a Polysaccharide Isolated from Mori Cortex Radicis

  • Kim, Hwan-Mook;Han, Sang-Bae;Lee, Ki-Hoon;Lee, Chang-Woo;Kim, Chul-Young;Lee, Eun-Ju;Huh, Hoon
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.240-242
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    • 2000
  • The immunomodulating activity of a polysaccharide isolated from Morus alba (PMA) root bark was examined in murine splenic lymphocytes. PMA enhanced proliferation of splenic lymphocytes in a synergistic manner in the presence of mitogens. However, PMA suppressed pri-may IgM antibody production from B cells, which was activated with lipopolysaccharide, a polyclonal activator, or immunized with a T-cell dependent antigen sheep red blood cells. Our observations showed that the immunomodulating activity of PMA increased lymphocyte proliferation and that PMA decreased antibody production from B cells, which was distinct from those of other plant-originated polysaccharides.

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Immunomodulating Activities of Brazilin in vitro

  • Moon, Chang-Kiu;Mock, Myung-Soo;Yang, Kyung-Mee;Han, Hye-Seung;Won, Hyeon-Soon;Kim, Ji-Young;Chung, Jin-Ho;Moon, Chang-Hyun
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.283-288
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    • 1992
  • This work was performed to investigate the effects of brazilin in vitro on mitrogen-induced proliferation, ConA-induced TCGF release and responsiveness to recombinant-induced proliferation, ConA-induced TCGF release and responsiveness to recombinant IL-2 using splenocytes from C57BL/6 female mice. Brazilin (29-80 ng/ml) caused a noticeable increase in TCGF production of splenocytes, but did not affect responsivness to recombinant IL-2, the expression of ConA-induced high affinity IL-2 receptor and mitogen-induced proliferation of splenocytes.

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The effect of Astragali Radix and Armeniacae Semen on the apoptosis of immunocytes and nitric oxide production from peritoneal macrophages (황기와 행인(杏仁)이 면역세포(免疫細胞)의 Apoptosis 및 Nitric Oxide에 미치는 효과(效果))

  • Jeong Hyun-Woo;Moon Han-Ju
    • Herbal Formula Science
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.175-186
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this research was to investigate effects of Astragali Radix(AR) and Armeniacae Semen(AS) on T-lymphocytes and peritoneal macrophages in mice. The proliferation of thymocytes and splenocytes were teated using macroplate-reader. The apoptosis and sub-population of T-lymphocytes were tested using a flow cytometer. Nitric oxide production was tested using a Griess reagents. The result were obtained as follow; 1. AR increased the proliferation of thymocytes and splenocytes. 2. AS decreased the proliferation of thymocytes and splenocytes. 3. AR and AS decreased No production fron peritoneal macrophages 4. AR and AS were accelerate T-lymphocytes apoptosis. 5. AR and AS increased $T_C$ cells population, but decreased $T_H$ cells population of T-lymphocyte.

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Effects of Subacute Oral Administration of Bisphenol A on the IgM-PFC and Proliferation of Splenocytes in Mice (마우스에서 Bisphenol A의 아급성노출이 IgM-PFC형성능과 비장세포 증식능에 미치는 영향)

  • 변정아;표명윤
    • Environmental Analysis Health and Toxicology
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.231-235
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    • 2003
  • To determine whether or not bisphenol A affects the Immune system, female ICR mice were treated bisphenol A (BPA) orally at the doses of 100, 500 and 1,000 mg/kg for 30 consecutive days. Four days before enumerating Plaque -forming cells (PFCs) mice were immunized intraperitoneally with sheep red blood cells (SRBCs). The spleen cellularity and PFC/spleen were significantly reduced by 30-day exposure to BPA (1,000 mg/kg/day), but the PFC/10$\^$6/ spleen cells was slightly decreased.. When splenocytes isolated from the mice exposed to BPA for 30 days were cultured in the presence of LPS, Con A or PHA with IL-2, the lymphocyte proliferation ex vivo was not significantly suppressed by BPA. Our present results indicated that 30-day exposure of mice to BPA might have mild immunotoxic potential.

Effect of capsaicin on murine lymphocyte functions and lymphoid tissue morphology

  • Lee, June-Chul;Park, Yeong-Min
    • IMMUNE NETWORK
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    • v.1 no.3
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    • pp.203-212
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    • 2001
  • Background: Rapid advances in neuroendocrine immunology have established the concept of bidirectional communication between the immune and neuroendocrine systems. Capsaicin suppresses the immune function by destroying substance P acting as mediatior of neuroendocrine immune system. Methods and Results: In this study, effect of capsaicin on mature murine lymphocyte functions and lymphoid tissue morphology was examined. Formally, capsaicin showed the strong cytotoxic effect on splenocyte over $10{\mu}g/ml$ concentration in citro. And proliferation and Th1-cytokine expression of splenic cells in mice that received high dose of capsaicin ($100{\mu}g/mouse$) were significantly diminished. However, low dose of capsaicin treatment did not influence these responses in vivo($1{\mu}g/mouse$) and in vitro (under $5{\mu}g/ml$). And the morphology of spleen and lymph nodes after capsaicin treatment was observed. In the spleen of mice injected with high dose of capsaicin (100, $200{\mu}g/mouse$), the size of white pulp was significantly decreased and the length of red pulp was increased, Moreover, vascularity index was diminished in a dose dependent manner. Conclusion: These results implies that immunosuppressive effect of capsaicin is associated with cytotoxic activity on lymphocyte, Th1-cytokine down-regulation and lymphoid tissue abnormalization, and this report is expected to give a hand to the study for the mechanism of action of neurotoxin of the immune system.

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Comparison of immune response and HPLC analysis for combination of Aconiti Lateralis Radix Preparata and Glycyrrhizae Radix (법제 부자와 감초의 배합 비율에 대한 HPLC 분석 및 면역 활성 비교 연구)

  • Lee, Jin-Ah;Ha, Hye-Kyung;Jung, Da-Young;Seo, Chang-Seob;Lee, Ho-Young;Shin, Hyeun-Kyoo
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.23-29
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : To investigate the immunological activities, we evaluated the combination ratio of Aconiti Lateralis Radix Preparata and Glycyrrhizae Radix (AG) on murine macrophage cell line (RAW 264.7) and ovalbumin/aluminium (OVA/Alum)-immunized mice. Methods : The cellular proliferation and the production of nitric oxide were examined in a macrophage cell line, RAW 264.7 cells, in the presence of the combination ratio of Aconiti Lateralis Radix Preparata and Glycyrrhizae Radix. C57BL/6 mice were immunized intraperitonially with ovalbumin/aluminium ($100{\mu}g/200{\mu}g$) on day 1, 8, and 15. The combination ratio of Aconiti Lateralis Radix Preparata and Glycyrrhizae Radix (1 g/kg/day) was orally administrated for 3 weeks. On day 22, splenocyte and plasma were collected for mitogen-induced proliferation, lymphocyte subpopulation by flow cytometry and measurement of AST (Aspirate aminotransferase), ALT (Alanine aminotransferase), and antibodies (OVA-specific antibodies of the IgG, IgG1, and total IgM classes). Results : Aconiti Lateralis Radix Preparata treatment had no influence on immune responses. The proliferation and NO production of macrophage and proliferation of splenocyte were increased as the higher ratio of Glycrrhizae Radix. The proliferation of splenocyte, lymphocyte subpopulation and production of antibody (total IgM, OVA-specific IgG and OVA-specific IgG1) were increased as the higher ratio of Glycrrhizae Radix on OVA-immunzed mice. Conclusions : These results suggest that the higher ratio of Glycyrrhizae Radix can increase immunological activities such as NO production in RAW264.7 cells, splenocyte proliferation and immunoglobulin production in OVA-immunized mice.

Inhibitory effect of bisphenol A on the mixed lymphocyte reaction and TNF-$\alpha$ production of antigen presenting cells in mice

  • Hwang, Yoo-Kyung;Byun, Jung-A;Pyo, Myoung-Yun
    • Proceedings of the PSK Conference
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    • pp.166.1-166
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    • 2003
  • We investigated the effects of bisphenol A (BPA), endocrine disruptor, on the mixed lymphocyte reaction and TNF-$\alpha$ production of antigen presenting cells in mice. Cells from mouse (C57BL/6) bone marrow were cultured with GM-CSF for 8 days and mature dendritic cells (DCs) were prepared. These DCs proliferation in response to Balb/c splenocytes was measured at 72 h of culture with BPA by tritiated thymidine incorporation ([3H]TdR) and [3H]TdR incorporation was determined by scintilation counting. (omitted)

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Increased Allergen-specific IgE Values and Lymphocyte Proliferation Response to House Dust Mites in Dogs with Atopic Dermatitis (개의 아토피성 피부염에 대한 집먼지 진드기 항원 특이적 IgE와 림프구 증식 반응의 증가)

  • Park, Seong-jun
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.93-96
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    • 2004
  • We examined the responses of PBMCs to house dust mite (HDM) allergen in atopic and healthy, non-atopic dogs to identify differences in lymphocyte reactivity that might reflect the immunologic status of atopic dermatitis. Thirteen of 20 (65%) atopic dogs showed a positive lymphocyte proliferative response to HDM allergen. The rate of response was significantly higher in the atopic dogs than that in healthy, non-atopic dogs insensitive to the allergen (P = 0.007). The proliferative responses were positively correlated with the level of HDM-specific IgE in serum (P = 0.035), and were thereby confirmed to reflect the activity of lymphocytes competent to promote IgE production. These results suggest that HDM-specific lymphocytes were present in peripheral blood and played a role in the pathogenesis of canine atopic dermatitis.