• Title/Summary/Keyword: muscle fatigue

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Transient Effects of Calf Muscle Fatigue and Visual Control on Postural Balance During Single Leg Standing

  • Han, Jin-Tae
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.67-71
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    • 2017
  • PURPOSE: Muscle fatigue is a cause to change proprioception. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of calf muscle fatigue and visual control on postural balance during single-legged standing in healthy adults. METHODS: Nineteen healthy adults (male) were participated in this study (mean age: 24.36 years; mean height: 171.32 cm; mean weight: 64.58 kg). The postural balance (sway length, sway area, sway velocity of COG displacement) was measured by Balance Trainer System (BT4) in before and after calf muscle fatigue feeling in single legged stance. In this study, repetitive single-legged heel rise test was used to induce fatigue of the calf muscle. Paired t- test was used to compare the postural balance between before and after calf muscle fatigue. Data of subjects were analyzed using SPSS 22.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA). Level of significance was set to .05. RESULTS: The sway length, sway area, sway velocity of COG (center of gravity) displacement after calf muscle fatigue feeling was significantly increased compared to before calf muscle fatigue feeling during single leg standing both eye open and close conditions (p<.05). CONCLUSION: This study suggested that calf muscle fatigue feeling has affected on postural balance when standing one leg both eye open and close conditions and postural control was disturbed by muscle fatigue and visual feedback in single leg standing.

Influence of Unilateral Muscle Fatigue in Knee and Ankle Joint on Balance and Gait in Healthy Adults

  • Lee, Na-Kyung;Kim, Young-Mi;Kim, Kyoung
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.39-43
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study was to investigate the effects of unilateral muscle fatigue in knee and ankle joints on balance and gait in healthy adults. Methods: Exercise inducing muscle fatigue in the knee joint consisted of concentric and eccentric contraction of dominant knee extensors in healthy adults by using the Leg Extension Rehap exercise machine (HUR, Finland). Exercise inducing muscle fatigue in the ankle joint was composed of voluntary contractions and forced contractions of the dominant plantar flexors in healthy adults. Exercises to induce muscle fatigue in the knee and ankle joints were performed until the subject complained of fatigue or pain, the occurrence of muscle fatigue was confirmed by electromyography. We measured static and dynamic balance using the Good Balance system and gait performance by RS-scan. Results: Static and dynamic balance ability and spatial-temporal gait decreased significantly after muscle fatigue in knee and ankle joint. Conclusion: These results show that unilateral muscle fatigue of the lower extremities affected postural control and gait. Therefore, therapists and sport trainers should minimize the risks of fall and injuries related to unilateral muscle fatigue.

Muscle Fatigue Analysis Based on Electromyography Signals for The Evaluation of Low-Level Laser Therapy (저출력 레이저의 치료 효과 규명을 위한 근전도 신호의 피로도 해석 연구)

  • Kim, Ji-Hyun;Choi, Hyo-Hoon;Youn, Jong-In
    • Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.319-327
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    • 2011
  • Skeletal muscle fatigue is defined as a 'any reduction in the maximal capacity to generate force or power output', and is the reduction of oxygen consumption and by-product of metabolism. For the muscle fatigue therapy, low level laser has been introduced that leads the mitochondrial respiratory and attributes the muscle fatigue recovery. This study analyzed the muscle fatigue signals from electromyography(EMG) during low-level laser therapy (LLLT). Healthy subjects performed voluntary elbow flexion-extension excercise and received placebo LLLT and active LLLT using a 830 nm laser diode. Then, EMG were measured for the evaluation of muscle fatigue. The acquired EMG data were analyzed with median frequency and short time fourier transform methods. The results showed that the LLLT had a significant symptomatic relief of muscle fatigue based on the EMG frequency analysis. Therefore, the muscle fatigue analysis with EMG signals can be applied to quantitative evaluation for the monitoring of LLLT effects.

FATIGUE ANALYSIS OF ELECTROMYOGRAPHIC SIGNAL BASED ON STATIONARY WAVELET TRANSFORM

  • Lee, Young Seock;Lee, Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.143-152
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    • 2000
  • As muscular contraction is sustained, the Fourier spectrum of the myoelectric signal is shifted toward the lower frequency. This spectral density is associated with muscle fatigue. This paper describes a quantitative measurement method that performs the measurement of localized muscle fatigue by tracking changes of median frequency based on stationary wavelet transform. Applying to the human masseter muscle, the proposed method offers the much information for muscle fatigue, comparing with the conventional FFT-based method for muscle fatigue measurement.

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Electromyography-signal-based muscle fatigue assessment for knee rehabilitation monitoring systems

  • Kim, Hyeonseok;Lee, Jongho;Kim, Jaehyo
    • Biomedical Engineering Letters
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.345-353
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    • 2018
  • This study suggested a new EMG-signal-based evaluation method for knee rehabilitation that provides not only fragmentary information like muscle power but also in-depth information like muscle fatigue in the field of rehabilitation which it has not been applied to. In our experiment, nine healthy subjects performed straight leg raise exercises which are widely performed for knee rehabilitation. During the exercises, we recorded the joint angle of the leg and EMG signals from four prime movers of the leg: rectus femoris (RFM), vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, and biceps femoris (BFLH). We extracted two parameters to estimate muscle fatigue from the EMG signals, the zero-crossing rate (ZCR) and amplitude of muscle tension (AMT) that can quantitatively assess muscle fatigue from EMG signals. We found a decrease in the ZCR for the RFM and the BFLH in the muscle fatigue condition for most of the subjects. Also, we found increases in the AMT for the RFM and the BFLH. Based on the results, we quantitatively confirmed that in the state of muscle fatigue, the ZCR shows a decreasing trend whereas the AMT shows an increasing trend. Our results show that both the ZCR and AMT are useful parameters for characterizing the EMG signals in the muscle fatigue condition. In addition, our proposed methods are expected to be useful for developing a navigation system for knee rehabilitation exercises by evaluating the two parameters in two-dimensional parameter space.

Dorsal Neck Muscle Fatigue Affects Cervical Range of Motion and Proprioception in Adults with the Forward Head Posture

  • Yeo, Sang-Seok;Kwon, Jung-Won
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.319-324
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: This study was to investigate the effect of dorsal neck muscle fatigue on the cervical range of motion (CROM) and proprioception in adults with the forward head posture (FHP). Methods: Thirty pain-free subjects were enrolled in this study. All subjects were measured the forward head angle by taking the capture of the sagittal plane of their upper body to determine the FHP. Subjects were distributed into two groups: the FHP group (n=14) and Control group (n=16). All subjects were measured the CROM and the Head repositioning accuracy (HRA) for joint proprioception before and after inducing muscle fatigue of the dorsal neck. The CROM and HRA were measured in neck flexion, extension, right-left lateral flexion, and right-left rotation. Sorenson's test was used to induce muscle fatigue of the dorsal neck. Results: Total CROMs were significantly decreased after dorsal neck muscle fatigue in both groups (p<0.05). Total HRAs were significantly increased after dorsal neck muscle fatigue in the FHP group (p<0.05), but there were no significant differences in the control group (p>0.05). Total CROM changes were not significant differences between groups (p>0.05), but total HRA changes were significant differences between groups (p<0.05) except for right and left lateral flexion (p>0.05). Conclusion: Immediate CROM and proprioception reduction after the dorsal neck muscle fatigue were observed in adults with the FHP. Therefore, FHP can significantly affect the CROM and positioning consistency of cervical proprioception.

Does Plantar-Flexor Muscle Fatigue Degrade Proprioceptive Sense at the Ankle Joint? (발바닥굽힘근 근피로가 발목관절 고유수용성 감각을 감소시키는가?)

  • Han, Jin-Tae
    • PNF and Movement
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.463-469
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study investigated the effect of plantar-flexor muscle fatigue on the force sense and joint reposition sense of ankle joints in the healthy adults. Methods: Fifteen healthy subjects (male: 9, female: 6) participated in this study. A digital dynamometer was used to measure the force sense error while a wireless motion capture device was used to measure the joint reposition sense error. To induce plantar-flexor muscle fatigue for a dominant lower extremity, the subjects were asked to perform plantar flexion until exhaustion while barefoot. The differences in force sense error and joint reposition sense error for the ankle joint were measured immediately. The Wilcoxon test was used to compare these values before and after inducing plantar-flexor muscle fatigue. Results: The force sense error and joint reposition sense error of ankle joints after inducing plantar-flexor muscle fatigue increased significantly compared to the values before inducing muscle fatigue. Conclusion: This study suggests that plantar-flexor muscle fatigue could degrade the force sense and joint reposition sense in ankle joints. In addition, it could deteriorate ankle proprioception.

Effects of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation(TENS), Self-Stretching and Functional Massage on the Muscle Fatigue by Maximum Muscular Strength

  • Yoon, Jung Gyu;Ryu, Je Ju;Roh, Hye Won;Yang, Hyun Ah;Lee, Sang Bin
    • Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.422-428
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    • 2012
  • The present study purposed to examine the effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, self-stretching and functional massage on the recovery of muscle contraction force for muscle fatigue caused by sustained isotonic contraction. The subjects of this study were 45 healthy students. They were divided into transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation group(n=15), self-stretching group(n=15) and functional massage group(n=15), and using Primus RS. We observed the pattern of changes in maximal voluntary isometric contraction force(MVIC) after causing muscle fatigue in quadriceps femoris muscle through sustained isotonic contraction. Maximal voluntary isometric contraction force(MVIC) were greatly increased after transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, self-stretching and functional massage. In the comparison of recovery rate of muscle contraction force for muscle fatigue caused by sustained isotonic contraction among the treatment groups, it did not show any significant differences. However, it showed that each treatment may be effective in recovery of muscle fatigue caused by sustained isotonic contraction.

Muscle Model including Muscle Fatigue Dynamics of Stimulated Skeletal Muscle (전기자극에 의한 골격근의 근육피로를 고려한 근육모델)

  • Lim, Jong-Kwang;Nam, Moon-Hyon
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers A
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    • v.48 no.11
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    • pp.1476-1478
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    • 1999
  • A musculotendon model is proposed to predict muscle force during muscle fatigue due to the continuous functional electrical stimulation(FES). Muscle fatigue dynamics can be modeled as the electrical admittance of muscle fibers and included in activation dynamics based on the{{{{ { Ca}^{2+ } }}}} kinetics. The admittance depends on the fatigue variable that monotonically increase or decrease if electrical pulse exists or not, and on the stimulation parameters and the number of applied pulses. In the response of the change in activation the normalized Hill-type contraction dynamics connected with activation dynamics decline the muscle shortening velocity and thus its force under muscle fatigue. The computer simulation shows that the proposed model can express the muscle fatigue and its recovery without changing any stimulation parameters.

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A Relationship Between the EMG Silent Period and Muscle Fatigue of the Masticatory Muscle (저작근의 근전도 휴지기와 근육피로와의 관계)

  • Kim, Tae-Hoon;Yang, Deok-Jin;Kang, Byeong-Gil;Cho, Il-Jun;Lee, Jin;Kim, Sung-Hwan
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers D
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    • v.50 no.5
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    • pp.247-254
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    • 2001
  • Silent period(SP) is transient stops of muscle activity that are induced by mechanical or electrical stimulus and the duration of silent period is a important parameter that have been associated with symptoms of masticatory dysfunction. Muscle fatigue is induced by sustained muscular contractions. It is associated with the external manifestations as the inability to maintain a desired force output, muscular tremor, and localized pain. Muscle fatigue is a parameter that have been measured or monitored the deterioration of a performance of muscles. On the study of relationship between SP and masticatory muscle fatigue, Nagasawa suggested that SP increases up to 3 min. from the beginning of clenching when the subjects performed sustained contractions at 50% maximum clenching level. In this paper, in order to evaluate a relationship between SP and muscle fatigue, 10 SPs per 1 minute are measured at 10%, 20%, 50% maximum clenching level. We used the median frequency in order to quantify the degree of muscle fatigue. However, the results shows that the duration of silent period was not significantly affected by differing levels of muscle fatigue. Therefore, we suggest that the SP is not increased or decreased as the results of muscle fatigue, also the origin of the SP generation mechanism is discussed.

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