• Title, Summary, Keyword: mycelia extracts

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Activities of Antioxidation and AChE Inhibition of Extract from Hericium erinaceus

  • Lee, Jong-Seok;Hong, Eock-Kee
    • 한국생물공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.103-107
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    • 2005
  • It has been known that the novel diterphenoids, hericenone and erinacine isolated from the fruiting body and cultured mycelia of Hericium erinaceus showed potent stimulating activity of nerve growth factor (NGF)-synthesis. To investigate the biological activities of extracts from fruiting body, cultured mycelium and cell-free broth of H. erinaceus, the activity experiments of antioxidation and AChE inhibition were carried out. Sephadex G-10 gel filtration followed by HPLC on a ${\mu}Bondapak$ $C_{18}$ column of EtOAc extract from cultured mycelium showed a biological activity.

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Comparison of antioxidant activities and polyphenolic compounds of extracts from artificially cultivated Sanghwang mushroom species, Phellinus linteus and P. baumii (인공재배 상황버섯 재배종 Phellinus linteus 와 P. baumii 자실체 추출물의 항산화활성과 폴리페놀 성분 비교)

  • Min, Gyeong-jin;Yun, Bong-Sik;Kang, Hee-Wan
    • Journal of Mushroom
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.29-36
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    • 2020
  • P. linteus (Korea Sanghwang, PLKS) and P. baumii (Jangsoo Sangwhang, PBJS) were artificially cultivated under the same conditions. Fruiting bodies were extracted using 70% methanol, 60% ethanol, and hot water. Phenol and flavonoid contents were optimally extracted using 60% ethanol. Antioxidant activities of 60% ethanol extracts from fruiting bodies and mycelia from each Sanghwang mushroom species were measured using DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl), ABTS (2,2'-azino-bis (3-ethylbisthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) radical scavenging activities, and FRAP (ferric reducing antioxidant power). The antioxidant activities of fruiting bodies were relatively higher in comparison to those of mycelial samples. In high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis, styrylpyrone-class poly phenolic compounds, davallialactone, hispidin, hypholomine B, and inoscavin A were detected in fruiting body samples of two Sanghwang mushroom species, but not in their mycelial samples.

Nutritional composition and antioxidant activity of pink oyster mushrooms (Pleurotus djamor var. roseus) grown on a paddy straw substrate

  • Raman, Jegadeesh;Lakshmanan, Hariprasath;Jang, Kab-Yeul;Oh, Minji;Oh, Youn-Lee;Im, Ji-Hoon
    • Journal of Mushroom
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.189-200
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    • 2020
  • Pleurotus djamor var. roseus is an edible mushroom isolated from the wild and cultivated on paddy straw substrates. The present study was carried out to compare the nutritional composition and antioxidant properties of P. djamor var. roseus at different growth stages (primordia, basidiomata, and mycelia). The protein content was is in the range of 31.48 to 35.50 g/100g dw. The crude fiber content ranged from 8.0 to 14.60 g, and that of total carbohydrates ranged from 44.75 to 48.90 g. Sodium, magnesium, and calcium reached the maximum levels in basidiomata, and selenium was detected in basidiomata and mycelia (0.47 - 0.22 mg/Kg). The amino acid profile showed that all essential and nonessential amino acids and glycine showed maximum levels in basidiomata and 15.98 ± 0.01 g/100g. The fatty acid profile showed the presence of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids; the unsaturated fatty acid content was maximum in all of the samples, ranging from 76 - 40.41%. The total phenol and flavonoid contents as well as the scavenging (DPPH), ferric thiocyanate (FTC), and thiobarbituric acid (TBA) activities in the context of methanol and water extracts from primordia, basidiomata, and mycelium were determined. Among them, basidiomata and mycelial methanol extracts exhibited significant antioxidant activity. Overall, these findings show that P. djamor var. roseus can be used as a functional food for daily consumption.

Pharmacological Activities of Coffee Roasted from Fermented Green Coffee Beans with Fungal Mycelia in Solid-state Culture (진균류 균사체의 고체발효 커피생두로부터 조제한 원두커피의 생리활성)

  • Shin, Ji-Young;Kim, Hoon;Kim, Dong-Gu;Baek, Gil-Hun;Jeong, Heon-Sang;Yu, Kwang-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.42 no.3
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    • pp.487-496
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    • 2013
  • Green coffee beans (CB, Indonesian Mandheling) were fermented with three kinds of mushrooms (Phellinus linteus, PL; Hericium erinaceum, HE; Ganoderma lucidum, GL) or two kinds of mycelia from molds (Monascus purpureus, MP; Monascus ruber, MR) using solid-state culture to enhance physiological activity. After the roasting of fermented green coffee beans, roasted coffees were extracted with a hot-water decoction or 95% ethanol reflux. Yields from hot water extracts (HW, 17.7~25.3%) were higher than those from ethanolic extracts (EE, 9.5~12.2%). Hot-water extracts of roasted coffees from green coffee beans fermented with two molds (MP-CB-HW and MR-CB-HW) showed higher total polyphenols, flavonoids, and DPPH free radical scavenging activity than roasted coffees from non-fermented (CB-HW) or fermented green coffee beans with the three mycelia from mushrooms. MR-CB-HW also had the most potent macrophage stimulating and mitogenic activity (1.32 and 1.40-fold of CB-HW, respectively). In addition, MP-CB-EE and MR-CB-EE did not show any cytotoxicity to the RAW 264.7 cell at a concentration of $100{\mu}g/mL$, and these extracts significantly inhibited nitric oxide (NO) production from the LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cell line (38.6 and 37.0% of the LPS-treated group). Meanwhile, the chlorogenic acid concentrations of MP-CB-HW or MR-CB-HW highly increased (to 76.21 or $76.73{\mu}g/mL$, respectively), but caffeine concentrations were not affected by solid-state fermentation. In conclusion, the physiological activities of roasted coffees were enhanced by the solid-state culture of green coffee beans with M. purpureus or M. ruber, suggesting that these roasted coffees could possibly serve industrial applications as functional coffee beverages.

Studies on the Constityents and Cultite of Kotean Basidiomycetes Anitumor Polysaccharides from the Cultured Mycelia of Some Basiodiomycetes

  • Chung, Kyeong-Soo;Choi, Eung-Chil;Kim, Byong-Kak;Kim, Yang-Sup;Park, Yong-Hwan
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.17-19
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    • 1982
  • To develop potent anitumor polysac-charides from higher hungi of Korea the alcohol precipitated polysaccharides, which were obtained from hot water extracts of shake-cultured mycelia of eight species of basidiomycetes, were subjected to antitumor screening tests, using sarcoma 180 as a tumor cell. When administered i. p, at the dose level of 20mg/kg/day for ten days into the mice which were implanted with $1{times}10^{8}$ cells of sarcoma 180 twenty-four hour before the start of polysaccharide injection, the polysaccharides of Plutcus cervinus ISA-Pc-1004, Pleurotus pulmonarius, Hydnum repandum ISA-Hr-1006, and Laccaria laccata ISA-LI-1008 respectively showed inhibition ratios of 62.0%, 51.7%, 64.8%, and 57.8%. They were selected for further study, while those of Pancillus serotina ISA-Ps-1012, Laccaria amethystina ISA-La 1001, Pholiota adiposa ISA-Pa-1010, and Lepista spISA-Ls-1007 respectively showed inhibition ratios of -9.3%, 25.3%, 27.3% and 33.0%.

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Studies on the Distribution of the Mononucleotides in Aspergillus niger during Differentiation (검정곰팡이의 분화에 따르는 모노뉴클레오티드 성분의 분포 변동에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Boon-Lae;Kim, Jong-Hyup
    • The Korean Journal of Mycology
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.65-74
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    • 1985
  • Aspergillus niger IMI 41873 was cultured by the method of synchronous and submerged culture. Its sporulation occurred in the culture. Ribonucleic acids were extracted at each stage of life cycle. These RNAs were digested, separated and determined by P.E.I. cellulose TLC and HPLC methods. The levels of ribonucleic acids in sporulating mycelia were higher than those of conidiophore and phialide forming mycelia. Inosine 5-monophosphate and adenosine 5-monophosphate derivatives were found in HPLC separations. The levels of inosine 5-monophosphate and adenosine 5-monophosphate derivatives per ribonucleic acid were constant through differentiation. After the standard purine necleosides and boiling water extracts from A. bisporus, F. velutipes and L. edodes were added into the culture, their effects on sporulation were examined. Sporulation was greatly enhanced in each adding experiment.

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Anti-Cancer and Anti-Allergy Activities of Mycelia Extracts of Lentinus edodes Mushroom-Cultured Glycyrrhiza radix (감초로 배양한 표고버섯 균사체 추출물이 항암 효과 및 알레르기 억제 효과 검증)

  • Bae, Man-Jong;Yee, Sung-Tae;Ye, Eun-Ju
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.43-50
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    • 2007
  • This study investigated the effects of mycelia of Lentinus edodes mushroom-cultured Glycyrrihiza radix(LMG) on cancer cell lines and sarcoma 180(S-180), as well as on human mast cells. In an anti-cancer tests using Hep3B(hepatic cancer cell), MCF-7(breast cancer), and HeLa(uterine cancer) cells, LMG extract exhibited greater anti-proliferation effects than Glycyrrihiza glabra(GG) extract. LMG extract multiplication restraining effects were 60% that of ethanol at 3 mg/mL extract also displayed tumor suppressive effects in mice injected with S-180 cells. The growth-inhibition rates against tumor cells were 56% for LMG and 37% for GG. When LMG was added to human mast cells, the Intensity of RT-PCR products using primers($FC{\varepsilon}RI\;c-kit$) decreased. significantly compared with that of control. These results suggest that Lentinus edodes Mushroom-Cultured Glycyrrhiza glabra has an anti-proliferation effects against cancer cell lines(Hep3B, MCF-7 and HeLa) and S-180 tumors and will be also beneficial in treating allergic reactions.

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Effect of Mycelial Extract of Clavicorona pyxidata on Acetylcholinesterase and ${\beta}$-Secretase Activity in vitro

  • Lee, Tae-Hee;Park, Young-Il;Han, Yeong-Hwan
    • Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.44 no.5
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    • pp.502-507
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    • 2006
  • In a previous study, an extract of Clavicorona pyxidata DGUM 29005 mycelia demonstrated an inhibitory effect against enzyme-associated perceptual disorders. We have attempted to determine whether this mycelial extract is also capable of inhibiting the activities of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and ${\beta}$-secretase (BACE) activity. Butanol, ethanol, and water extracts of C. pyxidata DGUM 29005 mycelia were shown to inhibit AChE activity by 99.3%, 93.7%, and 91.7%, respectively. The inhibitory value of the butanol extract was more profound than that of tacrine (95.4%). The ethanol extract also exerted an inhibitory effect against BACE activity; this fraction may harbor the potential for development into a pharmocotherapeutic modality for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. Rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells in culture were not determined to be susceptible to the cytotoxic activity evidenced by the mycelial extract. The ethanol extract inhibited endogenous AChE activity in PC12 cellular homogenates, with an $IC_{50}\;of\;67.5{\mu}g/ml$, after incubation with intact cells, and also inhibited BACE activity in a dose-dependent fashion. These results suggest that the C. pyxidata mycelial extract has the potential to enhance cholinergic function and, therefore, may perform a function in the amelioration of the cholinergic deficit observed in cases of AD, as well as other types of age-associated memory impairment.

Streptomyces coelicolor 의 Catalase 들의 분석

  • 김형표;이종수;하영칠;노정혜
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.291-298
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    • 1992
  • Srrepromycec. corlirolar produces at least 4 catalase activity bands with different electrophoretic mobilities on polyacrylamide gel which vary during development. Spores and mycelia at stationary phase produced all the activity bands(Cat1. 760 kr); Cat3-I, 170 kD: Cat3-2, 140 kD: Cat3-3. 130 kD; Cat4, 70 kD) except for Cat2 (300 kD). Mycelia at mid-logarithmic phase produced only Cat2 and Cat3-2 bands, and mycelia at late-logarithmic phase produced bands except Catl and Cat\ulcorner. Catalase-deficient mutants were screened in S. coelicalur by H201 bubbling test following NTG mutagenesis. Wc tested sevcral non-bubbling or slow-bubbling mutants for their catalase activities. The overall activities in cell extracts decreased more than 5 fold. Activity bands in native gel selectively decreased in intensity or disappeared. In all the non-bubbling mutants testcd, Cat3-2 band decreased significantly or disappeared. suggesting that Cat3-2 is the major catalase. The selective disappearance of bands in mutants suggest that each band is governed by different genes. We purified catalase activity from -:ell extracts obtained at late-logarithmic phase. Following chromatographies on Sepharose CL-4B. DEAE Sepharose CL-6B. Phcnyl Sepharose CL-4B. and hydroxylapatite columns. only the Cat3-2 activity was obtained. The native form of Cat3-2 has molecular weight of approximately 140 kD, judged by gel electrophoresis. Thc electrophoretic mobility on SDS-polyactylamide gel suggests that this enzyme contains 2 identical subunits of 67 kD.

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