• Title, Summary, Keyword: negative type

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A New Type of NPI Licensing Context: Evidence from French Subjunctive and NE Expletif

  • Choi, Yoon-Hee
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Language and Information Conference
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    • pp.115-125
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this paper is to propose a new type of NPI licensing context through French subjunctive and ne expletif. The distribution of NPIs on previous studies does not exactly correspond to negative function types. French subjunctive and ne expletif are good guidelines for reclassifying NPI licensing context. My classification is by a hierarchy of strength in negative force: overtly negative proposition > negative entailment > negative implicature. A new type of NPI licensing context is: (i) I-domain for negative implicature (ⅱ) E-domain for negative entailment and (ⅲ) overt negation.

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The Relationship between the Campus life satisfaction, the Major satisfaction and Life style type of Dental technology College Students' (치기공과 학생의 대학생활만족도 및 전공만족도와 생활양식 유형과의 관계)

  • Kim, Hee-Jung
    • Journal of Technologic Dentistry
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.87-103
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    • 2009
  • The objective of the research which it sees life style of the individual and is the stroke engineering military merit satisfaction to examine the relationship. That Adler talked, it classified life style with the socially useful type, the ruling type, the getting type and the avoiding type. This governing form of the socially useful type sees, the ruling type grew the getting type and the avoiding type compared to military merit satisfactory boat song. Like this results military merit satisfactory degree of stroke engineering school lifestyle professionalism as dental technician company route period operates with the VIP who is important for is the thing. The research of the program development for the course map and the military merit duty selection map of restricted point and stroke engineering school lifestyle of the research which it sees discussed is necessary. The results are as following. 1. the types of Life-style ; the ruling type 31.3%, the getting type & the avoiding type 27.4%, the negative social type 26.6%, the socially useful type 14.8%. 2. the Major satisfaction ; the socially useful type 3.59, the ruling type 3.55, the negative social type 3.51, the getting type and the avoiding type 3.35. 3. the Campus life satisfaction ; the socially useful type 3.39, the ruling type 3.32, the negative social type 3.24, the getting type and the avoiding type 3.12.

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Negative Induced Polarization Responses over a Layered Earth (층상대지의 음수 유도분극 응답)

  • Kim, Hee Joon
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.197-201
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    • 1987
  • Negative induced polarization (IP) responses are examined for a three-layered earth using a digital linear filter method. The negative IP response can occur when the geoelectric section is of type K or Q. The section of type K creates a more pronounced negative effect than that of type Q. For such sections, IP coefficients are determined as a function of the resistivity distribution and the electrode configuration, and only the IP coefficient of the first layer can be negative. As a result, the negative IP response can occur when the first layer is polarizable in the section of type K or Q. and the polarizabilities of the other layers can act to depress the negative response.

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Type of Emotional Self-disclosure and Marital Satisfaction of Husband and Wife Has Adolescent children (청소년기 자녀를 둔 부부의 감정적 자기노출유형과 결혼만족도)

  • 김명자
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.47-64
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    • 1996
  • This study is for the purpose of helping mutual understanding between husband and wife ad additionally supplying the basic data for establishment of desirable relationship of the two by examining their emotional self-disclosure type and perceived emotional self-disclosure type of spouse. The major findings were as follows: 1) The husband's group revals the order of complete closure type complete disclosure type positive disclosure and negative disclosure but the wife's group shows the order of complete disclosure complete closure positive disclosure and negative disclosure. 2) Emotional self-disclosure type perceived by husband is proved in the order of complete disclosure complete closure negative disclosure and positive disclosure and the type perceived by wife is in the order of complete closure complete disclosure negative disclosure and positive disclosure. 3) There appear significant differences in married couple's emotional self-disclosure type and perceived emotional s lf-disclosure of spouse. It is proved that they perceive their spouse's emotional self-disclosure type in the same way as their type though. 4) There is proved some significant difference in emotional self-disclosure type and marital satisfaction between husband and wife which shows the highest degree of marital satisfaction in the both groups in positive disclosure and it becomes lowered in the order of complete disclosure complete closure and negative disclosure. 5) There is proved some significant difference is perceived emotional self-disclosure type of spouse and marital satisfaction between husband and wife which shows the highest degree of marital satisfaction in the both groups when they perceive in the type of positive disclosure and it becomes lowered in the order of complete disclosure complete closure and negative disclosure.

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The Spectrum of GJB2 Mutations in Korean Patients with Genetic Hearing Loss: a Functional Study and Study of Cell Growth Control by Dominant Type of GJB2 Mutants

  • Jin, Hyun-Seok;Kim, Jong-Bae;Go, Sang-Hee;Lee, Mi-Young;Jung, Sung-Chul;Park, Hyun-Young;Park, Hong-Joon;Koo, Soo-Kyung
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.311-318
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    • 2006
  • The GJB2 mutation is mostly recessive in non-syndromic hearing loss, but specific mutations display a dominant type and syndromic hearing impairment. Both U54K and R75Q mutations present a dominant type in pedigrees with associated skin disorders. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether two GJB2 mutations can exhibit a dominant-negative effect on the growth abrogation and the gap junctional intercellular communication capacity exerted by wild-type connexin 26. A specific mutant region of GJB2 showed a loss of gap junction activity and a dominant negative effect on wild-type GJB2. The two mutants exerted a dominant-negative effect on the GJIC capacity and have independently effected GJB2 regulated growth of Hela cells; however, they have no dominant-negative growth effect on wild-type GJB2. It is proposed that the different mechanisms of the dominant-negative effect on wild-type GJB2 involve cell growth and GJIC function. This study describes mutations found in Korean deaf patients and that are typical of other east Asian regions.

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Synthesis and characterization of negative-type photosensitive polyimides for TFT-LCD array

  • Kim, Hyo-Jin;Kim, Hyun-Suk;Kim, Soon-Hak;Park, Lee-Soon;Hur, Young-Hune;Lee, Yoon-Soo;Song, Gab-Deuk;Kwon, Young-Hwan
    • 한국정보디스플레이학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1625-1628
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    • 2006
  • Two different negative-type photosensitive polyimides were synthesized and characterized for an application as an interdielectric layer in TFTLCD array. In the case of photocurable polyimides, the photosensitive moiety, 2-HHSP, was synthesized through 3 step reaction, and then was incorporated into side chains of polyimide precursor by post reaction. Optimum compositions of negative-type photocurable polyimde were also formulated. For photopolymerizable polyimides, two novel UV monomers containing imide linkages were prepared. An aqueous alkaline developable polymer matrix was synthesized by free radical copolymerization. A negative photoresist formulation was developed utilizing synthesized UV monomers containing imide linkage, photoinitiator, UV oligomer, and alkali developable polymer matrix. It was found that viaholes with good resolution, high transmittance and thermal resistance could be obtained by photolithographic process utilizing the negative-type photoresist formulations.

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Experimental Study of Acid-Base Balance and Variations of Heart Rate, Fluid and Electrolyte by Electrical Stimulation according to the Physical Constitutions (체질에 따른 산.염기평형과 전기자극에 의한 맥박수 및 체액전해질의 변동에 관한 실험적 고찰)

  • 조봉관;배종일
    • Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.349-354
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    • 1993
  • To investigate the relations between the physical constitutions, the acid-base balance, and the autonomic nervous function, the blood gas, the heart rate and the concentrations of Na, K of serum were measured pre-and poststimulation. As the result, it is shown that in the normal condition the macro-negative(strong liver- weak lung type) is the metabolic alkalosis, the macro-positive (strong lung-weak liver type) is the metabolic acidosis, the micro-negative(strong kidney-weak spleen type) is the alkalosis and the micro-positive (strong spleen-weak kidney type) is the acidosis. And the ntacro-positive and micro-positive are the sympathetic lead, the macro-negative and micro-negative are the parasympathetic lead. In the macro-positive and micro-positive subjects, the concentration of K in serum is relatively high. This si coincided with the acidosis. But in the macro-negative and micro-negative subjects, the concentration of K in serum is relatively low. This is coincided with the alkalosis.

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Association of a Provisional New emm Type Opacity Factor-Negative Group A Streptococci Strain ST4529 with Septicemia

  • R.R. Rantty;M. Eshaghi;A.M. Ali;F. Jamal;K. Yusoff
    • Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.236-239
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    • 2001
  • Group A Streptococcus strain ST4529 is a provisional new ems type which has been recently reported in Malaysia (Jomal, et al. 1999. Energ. Infect . Dis. 5,10-14). This strain was found to be opacity factor (OF) negative with a Tl phenotype. Usually, OF negative strains with T1 phenotypes are associated with acute rheumatic fever. However, strain ST4529 was isolated from the blood of a patient with septicemia. Comparison of the deduced amino acid sequence of the mature hypervariable N-terminus of ST4529 showed only 43% identity with that of M5, the closest matched OF negative strain with a T1 phenotype. Thus, ST4529 most probably encodes a new serospecifically unique M protein which is associated with septicemia rather than pharyngitis infections. The strains with these phenotypes are very important because their sequences should be considered for developing any anti-streptococcal vaccines.

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Variables Related to Children's Withdrawal and Aggression: Causal Effects of Rejection, Victimization, and Negative Representation by Parents and Peers (아동의 위축 및 공격성에 대한 관련변인들의 관계: 거부적 양육행동, 또래괴롭힘, 부정적 부모표상 및 부정적또래표상의 인과효과)

  • Kim, Kwee Yeon;Kim, Kyong Yeon
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.247-266
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    • 2005
  • Subjects of this study were 621 children selected from 5th and 6th grades of elementary schools in Pusan. Factors associated with parents and peers varied by type of peer maladjustment(aggressive type and withdrawn type, compared with a control group). Particularly, the level of factors associated with peers varied from the control group by peer maladjusted types(aggressive types and, withdrawn types). Causal relationships of parents' rejection, victimization, negative representation by parents and by peers on child?s maladjustment varied by behavior types. Negative representation of peers had a direct effect only on withdrawal. On the other hand, negative representation of peers had no effect on aggression. Victimization had a first total effect on both withdrawal and aggression.

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A Study on the Mother′s Reactions to their Children′s Negative Emotions (유아의 부정적 정서에 대한 어머니의 반응에 관한 연구)

  • 한유미;손경화
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.42 no.1
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    • pp.197-206
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate mothers' reactions to their children's negative emotions. The subject were 145 children(three to six-year-olds) and the instruments were Coping with Children's Negative Emotions Scale by Eisenberg(1992) and Temperament Rating Scale by Chun(1992). The main results were as follows; First, mothers, in general, used more positive reactions than negative reactions when their children showed negative emotions. Mothers' education, job, family type and income affected mothers' type of reactions to their children's negative emotions. Mothers' reactions to their children's negative reaction emotions were associated with their children's temperament but not with their children's age, sex and birth order.