• Title, Summary, Keyword: nitrite scavenging effect

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Antioxidative Activity and Nitrite Scavenging Ability of Methanol Extract from Ricinus communis (아주까리 메탄을 추출물의 항산화 효과 및 아질산염 소거작용)

  • Kang, Jeong-Il;Lim, Jin-A
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.666-670
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    • 2007
  • Efficacy of antioxidative activity and nitrite scavenging ability of methanol extract from Ricinus communis. was investigated. Electron-donating ability of extract at RC$_{50}$ was 114.02 ${\mu}g$/mL. After addition of 0.46 mg/mL extract, autoxidation of pyrogallol decreased to 32.99% by superoxide dismutase-like activity. In antioxidative activity of extract against linoleic acid during incubation times of 24, 48, 96 hours at 40$^{\circ}C$, lipid peroxidation values significantly decreased by 85.50%, 87.77%, 90.95% with addition of 0.2 mg/mL, respectively. Total phenolic content was determined as gallic acid equivalents (GAE) and values revealed 83.98 ${\pm}$ 5.66 GAE ${\mu}g$/mg of extract. Nitrite scavenging ability showed the most remarkable effect at pH 1.2, decreasing to 47.24% by addition of 0.2 mg/mL. These results suggest that methanol extract from Ricinus communis. can be used as bioactive and functional material.

Physiological Activity of Acai Berry (Euterpe oleracea Mart.) Extracted with Different Solvents (추출용매에 따른 아사이 베리의 생리활성)

  • Chung, Hai-Jung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.75-81
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    • 2012
  • This study was conducted to investigate the physiological activity of acai berry (Euterpe oleracea Mart.) extracts from three different solvents (water, methanol, and ethanol). We measured total polyphenol and total flavonoid content, DPPH radical scavenging activity, nitrite scavenging activity, metal chelating effect, and reducing power. The extraction yield from water, methanol, and ethanol was 17.10, 9.50, and 37.51%, respectively. The highest total polyphenol content (10.54 mg/100 g) and total flavonoid contents (1.88 mg/100 g) was observed in water extract. DPPH radical scavenging activity was the highest in both water extract (72.03%) and methanol extract (74.79%) at levels of 5 mg/mL, which was similar to that of BHT (78.90%). Water extract yielded the highest metal chelating effect (92.54%) and reducing power (1.09) at levels of 5 mg/mL. Taken together, these findings suggest that extracts of acai berry can be used as functional food materials with antioxidative and nitrite scavenging activities.

Effect of Natural Plant Components on the Nitrite-scavenging (천연식물성분이 아질산염 소거에 미치는 영향)

  • 이수정;정미자;신정혜;성낙주
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.88-94
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this presents is to investigate, using natural food extracts(Green tea; Camellia sinesis, Du'chung; Eucommia ulmoides Oliver, Eu sung cho; Houttuynia cordate Thunb, Sam back cho; Saurus Chinensis, Baek hwa sa seal oho; Oldenladia diffusa Roxb., Laver; Porphyra tenera, Sea mustard; Undaria pinnatifda and Sea staghorn; Condium fragile) and juices(Sweet pepper; Capsicum annuum var. angulosum, Kale; Brassia oleracea var. acephala, Cucumber; Cucumis sativus, Onion; Allium cepa, Tomato; Lycopericon esculentum, Maesil; Prunus mume, Plum; Prunus salicina and Grape; Vitis spp.), the effect of natural plant components on the nitrite-scavenging under the different levels of pH. From the above mentioned extracts and juices, the content of vitamin C was detected, containing 65.1∼77.1 mg/100g, at the highest level in the Green tea, and followed by vegetables and fruits in order. The nitrite scavenging effect of teas, medicinal plants, and seaweed extracts, in the reaction system under the condition of pH 1.2, were 57.0∼100%, 50.0∼100%, and 18.0∼99.0%, respectively. Especially, the nitrite was scavenged to the level of 100%1 when 10 ml of kale and 5 ml of maesil Juice

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Antioxidative Activity and Nitrite Scavenging Ability of Ethanol Extract from Nelumbo nucifera Leaves (연잎 에탄올 추출물의 항산화 효과 및 아질산염 소거능)

  • Lim, Jin-A;Lee, Eun-Sook;Baek, Seung-Hwa
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.654-659
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    • 2008
  • To confirm possibility of Nelumbo nucifera leaves as biofunctional material, we investigated the antioxidant activity and nitrite scavenging ability of ethanol extract from Nelumbo nucifera leaves. Nelumbo nucifera leaves were extracted with ethanol and concentrated under vacuum using rotary evaporator. Then, antioxidative activity and nitrite scavenging ability of the extract were examined in vitro. Electron -donating ability of the extract at RC50 was 90.19 ${\mu}g/mL$. After addition of 0.96 mg/mL, autooxidation of pyrogallol decreased to 66.19% by superoxide dismutase-like activity. In antioxidative activity of the extract against linoleic acid during incubation times of 24, 48, and 96 hours at $40^{\circ}C$, lipid peroxidation values significantly decreased to 72.53%, 82.00%, 84.69% with addition of 0.2 mg/mL, respectively. Total phenolic content was determined as gallic acid equivalents (GAE) and the value revealed to be $282.84\;{\pm}\;9.03$ GAE ${\mu}g/mg$ of the extract. Nitrite scavenging ability showed the most remarkable effect at pH 1.2, exhibited to 45.55% by addition of 0.2 mg/mL. These results suggest that ethanol extract from N. nucifera leaves can be used as bioactive and functional material.

Functional Properties of Rice Noodles Supplemented with Turmeric, Purple Sweet Potato or Seaweed (Hizikia fusiforme) (강황, 자색고구마, 톳을 첨가한 쌀국수의 기능성)

  • Son, Jong-Yun;Kang, Kun-Og
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.250-256
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    • 2013
  • We investigated noodles supplemented with turmeric, purple sweet potato, or seaweed (Hizikia fusiforme) for their functional properties, including total phenol, flavonoid contents, electron donating abilities, and nitrite scavenging abilities. The percentage of total phenolic compounds in turmeric, purple sweet potato, and seaweed noodles were 2.40, 2.47, and 1.27%, respectively, whereas the percentage of total flavonoid contents were 0.55, 0.92, 0.74%, respectively. Results showed that purple sweet potato noodles had the highest amount of phenolic compounds and flavonoids compared to the other types of noodles. The electron donating abilities of the turmeric, purple sweet potato, and seaweed noodles were 4.72, 4.11, and 3.11 at 1,000 ppm respectively. The nitrite scavenging abilities of the turmeric, purple sweet potato, and seaweed noodles were 75.93, 79.81, and 73.51% at pH 1.2, respectively. Purple sweet potato noodles had the highest nitrite scavenging abilities, with an effect better than BHT and ascorbic acid. The ferrous ion chelating effect of turmeric, purple sweet potato, and seaweed noodles were 12.17, 13.63, and 42.12%. All of the experimental results showed good anti-oxidative activity; thus rice noodles supplemented with turmeric, purple sweet potato, or seaweed, have good functional effects for human beings.

Antioxidant Properties of Commercial Noodles Supplemented with Functional Ingredients (기능성 부재료를 첨가한 시판 국수류의 항산화 특성)

  • Son, Jong-Youn;Kang, Kun-Og
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.183-189
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    • 2014
  • We investigated noodles supplemented with functional ingredients for their antioxidant properties, including total phenol, flavonoid contents, electron donating, nitrite scavenging abilities and ferrous ion chelating effect. The total polyphenol contents of functional noodles arranged in order of decreasing concentration were kudzu (7.98%) > green tea (4.99%) > pumpkin (5.03%) > mulberry leaves (4.99%) > mugwort (4.23%) > cactus (3.57%) > kelp (3.33). The total flavonoid contents in green tea noodles were the highest as 4.35%. The electron donating ability in mugwort noodle was the highest as 12.27% at 1,000 ppm. This amount was 4.85 times than that of wheat flour noodle (2.53%). The nitrite scavenging ability of functional noodles at pH 1.2 arranged in order of decreasing concentration were green tea (66.52%) > cactus (55.12%) > kudzu (52.67%) > pumpkin (50.50%) > mulberry leaves (43.58%) > kelp (41.41%) > mugwort (37.66). The nitrite-scavenging ability of green tea noodle was lower than ascorbic acid (natural antioxidant) 77.83%, while that of green tea noodle was similar with BHT (artificial antioxidant) 69.45%. The ferrous ion chelating effect of noodles containing kelp were the highest as 27.02%. All of the experimental results showed good antioxidant property. Thus, noodles supplemented with mulberry leaves, cactus, mugwort, green tea, pumpkin, kelp or kudzu, demonstrated to have good functional effects for human health.

Effect of Ethanol Extracts in Pinus densiflora, Lithospermum erythrorhizon on the Lipid Oxidation of Oil Emulsion (식물체(솔잎, 자초)의 에탄올 추출물이 유탁액의 지방산화에 미치는 영향)

  • 김수민;조영석;성삼경
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.984-989
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    • 1999
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effects of ethanol extracts on lipid oxidation of oil emulsion. The results are as follows; The scavenging ability of plant extracts for hydroxyl radical was found, and plant extracts played an important role as a strong chelating agents to bind iron if Fe2+ ion exists in oil emulsion. Pinus densiflora(PD), Lithospermum erythrorhizon(LE) and PD+LE acted as strong chelating agents to bind iron to reduce lipid oxidation in oil emulsion. The content of Fe2+ ion in ethanol extracts from LE and PD+LE were significantly higher(p<0.05) than that of ethanol extracts from PD. The content of total iron has same tendency. The ascorbic acid content of PD(16.36ppm) was slightly higher than those of LE(13.08ppm). Electron donating ability of PD was significantly higher(p<0.05) than those of LE. However, the superoxide(SOD) like ability of LE showed a little higher than those of LE and PD+LE, which means the strong antioxidant activity of LE. The nitrite scavenging effects were dependent on pH value, however, they decreased as pH value increased. Especially, they almost didn't show the nitrite scavenging effect in pH 6.0. In conclusion, the PD and LE extracts may be used as natural antioxidant sources to reduce lipid oxidation in oil emulsion.

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Effects of Salted-Fermented Fish Products and Their Alternatives on Nitrite Scavenging Activity of Kimchi During Fermentation (젓갈 및 젓갈 대용 부재료가 김치의 숙성 중 아질산염 분해작용에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Douck-Choun;Park, Jae-Hong;Gu, Yeun-Suk;Han, Jin-Hee;Byun, Dae-Seok;Kim, Eun-Mi;Kim, Young-Myung;Kim, Seon-Bong
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.942-948
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    • 2000
  • Nitrite scavenging activity of Kimchi added with salted-fermented fish products(SFFP), such as low salt-fermented anchovy sauce(LSFAS), salted-fermented anchovy sauce(SFAS), salted-fermented anchovy(SFA), salted-fermented small shrimp(SFS), low salt-fermented sandlance sauce(LSFSS) and their alternatives, such as oyster hydrolysate(OH), Alaska pollack hydrolysate(APH) and Sea-staghorn extract(SSE) were studied during fermentation at $20^{\circ}C,\;10^{\circ}C\;and\;4^{\circ}C$. Nitrite contents of Kimchi samples added with SFFP were roughly decreased except Kimchi added with SFS and SFAS, which increased at the 2nd day of fermentation. Fermentation of Kimchi at $4^{\circ}C\;and\;10^{\circ}C$ resulted a decrease in nitrite(<5 ppm). Nitrite contents of Kimchi samples added with SFFP alternatives rapidly decreased in the initial fermentation and then kept a low level (<2 ppm). Nitrite scavenging effects of Kimchi samples added with SFFP and their alternatives were steady during fermentation, showing a little variation in samples added with SFFP. Samples added with LSFAS and OH showed higher nitrite scavenging effects(90%) than others$(70{\sim}80%)$.

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Effect of Hot Water Extracts of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge., Prunus persica Stokes, Angelica gigas Nakai and Pinus strobus on Lipid Oxidation (단삼, 도인, 당귀미 및 솔잎의 열수추출물이 지방산화에 미치는 영향)

  • 김수민;조영석;김은주;배만종;한준표;이신호;성삼경
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.399-405
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    • 1998
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effects of herb extracts on lipid oxidation and free radical reaction in iron sources reacted with active oxygen species. The catalytic effects of active oxygen on lipid oxidation in oil emulsion tended to show more active in the order of OH, H2O2 and KO2. Herb extracts tended to show a little catalytic effect and active oxygen scavenging ability of herb extracts didn't show. But herb extracts played role as a strong chelating agents to bind iron if Fe2+ ion exist in oil emulsion. The contents of Fe2+ ion and total iron in Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge. and Angelica gigas Nakai were higher than those of Prunus persica Stockes and pinus strobus. The content of asocrbic acid in Pinus strobus showed the highest (26.97ppm) among several herb extracts. Electron donating abilities of Pinus strobus and Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge. were 79.54% and 77.11%, respectively, which were higher contents than those of Prunus persical Stokes and Angelica gigas Nakai. The SOD-like activity of Prunus persca Stokes showed 0.16 optical density (O.D), which means the most strong antioxidant activity among other herb extracts. The nitrite scavening effects tended to be different depending on pH. Pinus strobus and Angelica gigas Nakai showed 99.8% and 98.6% nitrite scavening effects at pH 1.2. And the effects were decreased as pH was increased. Especially, they didn't show the nitrite scavenging effect in pH 6.0. In conculsin, the Prinus strobus extract among herb extracts were the most effective antioxidant by evaluating several functional tests.

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Physiological Activity of Zizyphus jujuba Leaf Extracts (대추잎 추출물의 생리활성 작용)

  • Jin, Qing;Park, Jyung-Rewng;Kim, Jong-Bae;Cha, Myung-Hwa
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.593-598
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    • 1999
  • This study was designed to investigate the possible utilization of Zizyphus jujuba leaves as a source of functional ingredients. The physiological activity of different solvent fractions prepared from ethanol extract of Zizyphus jujuba leaves were analyzed. Xanthine oxidase inhibitory effect was very high in all fractions except chloroform fraction. The very high electron donating ability was observed in the ethylacetate fraction and the effect was similar to 0.1% tocopherol. Nitrite scavenging effect of all fractions was more than 40% even at low concentration of 1mg/ml and was increased with increasing concentration. Angiotensin I converting enzyme inhibitory activity was appeared in ethyl acetate and chloroform fractions only at high concentraton.

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