• Title, Summary, Keyword: obesity

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A survey on obesity conducted in the Korea-Uzbekistan friendship hospital of Korean medicine (한국-우즈베키스탄 친선 한방병원 내원환자의 비만 설문 조사)

  • Kwon, Dong-Hyun;Ryu, Young-Jin;Oh, Seung-Yun;Kim, Ho-Jun
    • Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.17-27
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    • 2012
  • Objectives: This study was designed to confirm the ethnic and socioeconomic differences in the obesity of Uzbekistan. Methods: From 139 patients, visited Korean-Uzbekistan friendship hospital of Korean Medicine, gathered the information of the sex, height, weight, ethnic group, economic status, education level, self-desired weight, self-perception of weight status and experiences of weight reduction. Also patients completed the 10 questions about the association between obesity and disease. Results: Koreans in Uzbekistan showed a significant lower value of body mass index (BMI) and a significant higher understanding between obesity and disease than other ethics. Socioeconomic differences in the obesity were not confirmed. People of Uzbekistan showed a little experience of weight reduction. Conclusions: Koreans in Uzbekistan have a different prevalence and perception of the obesity with other ethnics. Researches about the relationship between obesity and metabolic factors, and prevention programs for obesity and metabolic syndrome are needed for the public health of Uzbekistan.

The Change of Weight Loss of Oriental Obesity Treatment (한방비만프로그램의 체중감량 경과 관찰)

  • Lee, Yoon-Jae;Ryu, Eun-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.53-58
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    • 2009
  • Objectives The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical effect of oriental medical therapy on obesity and the progress of weight loss through an oriental obesity program. Methods The subjects were treated from January 2008 to February 2009 in J Korean Medical Hospital. Herbal medical Hospital. Herbal medicine, electrolipolysis, auricular acupuncture were performed during the treatment period. We checked the change of weight every treatment time and measured the body composition by bioelectrical impedance analysis(BIA) every 2 weeks. Results The progress of weight loss was steady in the first 4 weeks except for the sixth weight check. After 4 weeks treatment, the weight loss was 3.52${\pm}$1.98Kg and 4.83${\pm}$2.68%. Total fat mass measured by BIA significantly decreased 2.58${\pm}$1.30Kg after 4 weeks. Age and the weight loss were significantly negative correlated. Conclusions Oriental obesity treatment could be effective on obesity, but further studies would be needed for the foundation of a clinical guideline reflecting various factors.

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Effects of Purslane Extract on Obesity and Diabetes in High-Fat Diet-Induced Obese Mice

  • Kang, Kwang-Soon
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.21 no.7
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    • pp.61-66
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    • 2016
  • The frequency of obesity has risen dramatically in recent years but only few safe and effective drugs are currently available. In addition, obesity can induce type 2 diabetes (T2DM), hyperlipidemia and fatty liver disease. Recently, protective effect of purslane extract (PE) on obesity has been reported, but little is known about the role and mechanism of PE in obesity. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of PE on obesity and diabetes in obese mice. In addition, the effect of PE was compared with anti-obesity and diabetes drugs. High-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mice were treated for 8 weeks with drugs as follows: PE, orlistat, metformin, voglibose or pioglitazone. While PE mixed with normal diet did not have any effects on BW in non-obese mice, PE mixed with HFD significantly reduced BW gain, insulin resistance, and glucose intolerance, without affecting food intake and appetite in obese mice. The effect was comparable to the effects of anti-obesity and diabetes drugs. Furthermore, PE significantly increased the activity of hepatocellular anti-oxidant enzymes, leading to protection of liver from oxidative stress in obese mice. These results suggest that PE treatment may be a useful tool for preventing obesity and complication of obesity.

Characterizing of Four Obesity Types in Obese Women Based on the Questionnaire of Diseases and Physical Tests (여성 비만의 유발유형별 일반 증상과 검사 특성 연구)

  • 진승희;최경미;박영배
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.172-187
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    • 2004
  • Objectives : To characterize four types of obesity and to effectively improve the treatment of obesity through Oriental medicine Methods : At 00 Oriental Medical Center, 203 female subjects who intented to lose weight were requested to complete a questionnaire. These participants were also given physical tests. The Questionnaire consisted of questions both about general life style and obesity in oriental medicine framework. The physical tests were blood tests, a body composition via Inbody 2.0, and physical strength tests. One-way analysis of variance was done to compare the means of items and physical tests between four types of obesity. Duncan was used by post hoc test. Results : 1. Significant differences between obesity type III and obesity type IV in ever tried to lose weight, childhood obesity and excercise times were observed in the questionnaire of general life style(p<0.05). 2. Ducan test showed significant differences between four obesity types in diseases (p<0.05). 3. Significant differences between four obesity types in height, % body fat muscular endurance, soft lean mass, fat mass, Trigliceride, Total cholesterol and ${\gamma}-GTP$ were observed (p<0.05). Conclusions : Further clinical research is necessary in the four types of obesity explored. The diagnosis and treatment based on these types should be further studied.

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Impact of High Fat Diet-induced Obesity on the Plasma Levels of Monoamine Neurotransmitters in C57BL/6 Mice

  • Kim, Minjeong;Bae, SeungJin;Lim, Kyung-Min
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.476-480
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    • 2013
  • Obesity is one of the most serious health problems in developed countries. It negatively affects diverse aspects of human wellbeing. Of these, a relationship between obesity and depression is widely recognized but biomarkers for assessment of obesity-associated mood changes in animal obesity models are rarely known. Here we explored the link between obesity and the plasma levels of monoamine neurotransmitters involved in mood control using a sensitive UPLC/MSMS technique in high fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity model in male C57BL/6 mice to explore the potential utility of plasma tests for obesity-associated mood change. HFD (60% of total calories, 8 weeks) induced significantly higher weight gains in body (+37.8%) and fat tissue (+306%) in male C57BL/6 mice. Bioanalysis of serotonin, dopamine and norepinephrine in plasma at 8 weeks of HFD revealed that serotonin decreased significantly in the obese mice when compared to normal diet-fed mice ($2.7{\pm}0.6$ vs $4.3{\pm}2.0ng/ml$, N=8). Notably, a negative correlation was found between the levels of serotonin and body weight gains. Furthermore, principal component analysis (PCA) with the individual levels of neurotransmitters revealed that plasma levels of dopamine and serotonin could apparently differentiate the obese mice from lean ones. Our study demonstrated that blood plasma levels of neurotransmitters can be employed to evaluate the mood changes associated with obesity and more importantly, provided an important clue for understanding of the relationship between obesity and mood disorders.

A Keyword Network Analysis on Obesity Research Trends in Korea: Focusing on keywords co-occured of 'Obesity' and 'Physical Education'

  • Kim, Woo-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.151-158
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    • 2019
  • This study aimed to analyze the research trend related on obesity in physical education in Korea through the keyword network analysis and to establish a basic database for effective design of prospective studies. To achieve it the study crawled co-occured keywords with 'obesity' and 'physical education' from RISS and analyzed the list from 1990 to 2018. They include 25 journal papers and 38 dissertations. The results are as follows. First, recent 30 years 63 papers published in Korea with 'Obesity' and 'Physical Education', and there were 144 related keywords. Second, analyzing journals which have 'Obesity' and 'Physical Education', co-occured keywords in 4 centrality were 24 keywords(student, Korea, prevention, effect, level, body, activation, actual condition, lesson, child, investigation, participation, book, cause, activity, normal, degree, nutrition, physical strength, weight, elementary, light, inquiry, health), and 37 keyword occurred in top 30. Lastly, by CONCOR analysis the result could be divided into 2 clusters. One consists of the object of obesity and its invervention, and the other consists of negative keywords of obesity and its preliminery dimenstion. Through the result, this study showed the research trend which involves the concept of obesity in physical education in Korea. Through the result, prospective obesity research in physical education in Korea would be promoted.

An Update on Mental Health Problems and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in Pediatric Obesity

  • Kang, Na Ri;Kwack, Young Sook
    • Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.15-25
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    • 2020
  • Prevalence of pediatric obesity has increased worldwide in the last 20 years. Obese children suffer not only physical complications but also mental health problems such as depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and eating disorders, as well as psychosocial impairments, such as school adjustment problems, bullying, and low self-esteem. Recently, there have been some studies on the association of mental health problems and pediatric obesity. In the treatment of pediatric obesity, many previous studies suggest multidisciplinary treatment. However, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has attracted attention because obese children are accompanied by body image distortion, emotion dysregulation, and difficulties in stimulus control. This review is a narrative summary of the recent studies on mental health problems and CBT in pediatric obesity. The relationship between depression/anxiety and pediatric obesity is still inconsistent but recent studies have revealed a bidirectional relation between depression and obesity. Additionally, some studies suggest that obese children may have eating disorder symptoms, like loss of control eating, and require therapeutic intervention for pediatric obesity treatment. Furthermore, impulsivity and inattention of ADHD symptom is thought to increase the risk of obesity. It has also been suggested that CBT can be very effective for mental health problems such as depression, impulsivity, and body image distortion, that may coexist with pediatric obesity, and use of multimedia and application can be useful in CBT.

Difference of the Obesity Index, Blood Pressure and Serum Lipids in Abdominal and Non Abdominal in Men and Women (복부형비만군과 정상군간의 비만지수 혈압 및 혈청지질의 성별 차이)

  • Kim, Hee-Seung;Kim, Nam-Cho
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.948-955
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    • 2000
  • This study was done to compare the difference of obesity index(waist-hip ratio, body fat, body mass index, relative body weight), blood pressure and serum lipids in abdominal obesity and non abdominal in both men and women. Abdominal and non abdominal obesity was divided into waist-hip ratio above 0.85 in women and 0.95 in men. The subjects were 412 adults (age range 40-59), who had regular health examinations between 1996 to 1997 at the S-Hospital in Seoul. The data were analyzed using ANCOVA (for adjusted for age) and Pearson correlation coefficient. The results were as follows: 1. 39.9% of men and 42.5% of women had abdominal obesity. The average age group of abdominal obesity was 50.8 which is older than the non abdominal obesity group(48.0). 2. After they were adjusted for age, the group of men who have abdominal obesity had higher levels in body fat, body mass index, relative body weight, blood pressure, total cholesterol, LDL- cholesterol and triglyceride than the group of non abdominal obesity group. The group of women with abdominal obesity had higer levels in body fat, body mass index, relative body weight , blood pressure and triglyceride than the group of non abdominal obesity. 3. In the group of non abdominal obesity, the waist-hip ratio was significantly correlated to body fat, body mass index, relative body weight, blood pressure and serum lipids the group of abdominal obesity in men and women.

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A Comparative Study on Obesity Judgment Indices for Body Characteristics Analysis in Korean Obese Women (비만 여성의 체형 특성 분석을 위한 비만 판정 지수의 비교)

  • Yi, Kyong-Hwa
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.1141-1154
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    • 2009
  • As a preliminary research of body characteristics analysis of Korean obese woman, this study aims to select optimal obesity judgment tools for reliable sampling of obese subjects from 2,425 female measurement data out of 2004 Size Korea project's raw data. From previous researches related to obesity, 7 obesity judgment tools were chosen. 2007 obesity rate(26.3%) of Korean female adults was refered in selecting optimal obesity judgment criteria in the study. The results are as follows. Firstly, it was verified that BMI was the most suitable in judging and sampling the obese subjects by the percentile analysis. R$\ddot{o}$hrer index was also reliable in grouping the obese subjects from a population. Secondly, it was concluded that the obesity ratios of relative weight 120 and higher group, R$\ddot{o}$hrer index 1.6 and higher group and waist girth 80cm and higher group were the most similar to obesity rate of Korean female adults by 2007 National Health & Nutrition Survey. Thirdly, 30 direct measurements, age, 2 drop values and 6 ratios of 7 groups by the obesity judgment tools showed the significance each other at p<0.001 level. On the other hand, "bust point to bust point" and "waist to hip length" measurements didn't show the significant differences among 7 groups. Conclusively, 4 to 5 satisfactions out of 7 obesity judgment criteria were adequate and sufficient in sampling the obese subjects. If it is needed the strict criteria for judging the obesity, 5 satisfactions and higher group will be the best choice as the obese subjects. However 4 satisfactions and higher group generally, will be adequate for sampling of the obese subjects.

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The Differences of Biochemical Status and Dietary Habits according to the Obesity Degree among Obese Elementary School Students in the Gyungbuk Area (경북지역 일부 초등학생의 비만도에 따른 생화학 검사치와 식습관)

  • Chae, Myeong-Jae;Choi, Soo-Kyong;Seo, Jung-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.441-450
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    • 2009
  • The prevalence of obesity in children has steadily risen during recent years in developed countries. Child obesity has become a major concern to health providers since it has grown to epidemic proportions over the past few decades. This study was conducted to investigate the biochemical status, dietary habits and life styles according to the obesity degree among obese children residing in the Gyungbuk area. The subjects were 148 elementary school students (boy 103, girl 45) and classified as mildly obese (n = 56), moderately obese (n = 61) and severely obese (n = 31) by the obesity index. The average body weight and height increased significantly according to the obesity degree (p < 0.05, p < 0.001). Serum cholesterol concentration came under the normal level in all groups. Serum AST activity increased according to the obesity degree but it was not significant. Serum ALT activity increased according to the obesity degree (p < 0.05). Dietary habit score was lower significantly according to the obesity degree (p < 0.01). Life style of the subjects was significantly different for the level of 'healthy state (p < 0.05)', 'body perception (p < 0.01)', 'watching TV and video (p < 0.05)', 'normal sleeping hour (p < 0.05)' and 'degree of stress (p < 0.05)' according to the obesity degree. A positive relationship between obesity index and blood pressure, ALT has been shown in the subjects. Obesity index and dietary habit scores were negatively associated. Therefore, these results suggest that a practical nutrition-exercise education program for the prevention of child obesity should be provided to elementary school children. (Korean J Community Nutrition 14(4) : 441${\sim}$450, 2009)