• Title, Summary, Keyword: phenomenological

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A Study on Phenomenological Application Methodology of Architectonics of Steven Holl - Focus on Architectural Common Ground of Phenomenological Concepts - (스티븐 홀의 현상학적 건축구성방법론에 관한 연구 -현상학적 개념의 건축적 공통부분을 중심으로-)

  • Lim, Ki-Taek
    • Journal of The Korean Digital Architecture Interior Association
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.13-23
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    • 2013
  • Steven Holl is outstanding architect who has been applied his phenomenological thinking to his works. he has been reported that he had adhered to focus his interest on coherent phenomenological theme and sublimated his architectural concept succesfully. This study focuses on relationship how phenomenological concept has common ground with architectural parts and with the study on phenomenological application methodology of architectonics of Steven Holl. In the case of Holl, with the theme of sense and flesh, he molds phenomenologically sensitive space. His works contains coherent phenomenolgical concepts such as distrust of rationality, synthesis of consciousness, and qeustions of perception. The Methodologies of connection with environment(nature or bridge), regional values, placeness, light and time are considered in his works(books and architectural works) as anchoring, interwining and parallax for phenomenological process in his concepts. His methodologies of enlisted works contain many valuable concepts of phenomenological intuition and would be applicable to contemporary and future architecture for humanism.

Phenomenological characteristics and possibilities in the contemporary spatial design - From the Viewpoint of Phenomenology of Perception of M. Merleau-Ponty - (현대 공간디자인에서의 현상학적 특징과 가능성 - 메를로퐁티의 지각의 현상학을 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Mi-Kyung
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.10-19
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    • 2011
  • This study is to predict the possibilities of phenomenological spatial design, by recognizing that a phenomenological spatial design brings about a change in the type, regime, role and materials of a spatiality due to the effect of contemporary digital technology and by analyzing their characteristics. Therefore, the study is based on the phenomenology of perception of Morris Merleau Ponty, which has the same concept to contemporary out-of-material and out-of-hierarchical paradigm. The case study has been carried out by selecting some of all works since 1980s, which were influenced by Merleau-Ponty. The analyses were performed by substituting the cases into the spatiality of Situation, spatiality of participation and creation, spatiality of retrospect and prospect, and the spatiality of unpredictability, which were the concept of phenomenological space of Merleau-Ponty for the analyses of features of type, regime, role and material of a spatial design. This article has a great significance in expecting the possibilities of changes of phenomenological spatial design by examining the characteristics of phenomenological spatial design.

Husserlian Phenomenology in Korean Nursing Research: Analysis, Problems, and Suggestions

  • Kim, Hye-Kyung;Jun, Myunghee;Rhee, Stephanie;Wreen, Michael
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.5-15
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: This paper is a critical review of descriptive phenomenological methodology in Korean nursing research. We propose constructive suggestions for the improvement of descriptive phenomenological methodology in light of Husserl's phenomenological approaches. Methods: Using the key words of 'phenomenology,' 'experience,' and 'nursing,' we identify and analyze 64 Korean empirical phenomenological studies (selected from 282 studies) published in 14 Korean nursing journals from 2005 to 2018. The PubMed and the Korea Citation Index were used to identify the studies. Results: Our analysis shows that all the reviewed articles used Giorgi's or Colaizzi's scientific phenomenological methodology, without critical attention to Husserl's philosophical phenomenological principles. Conclusions: The use of scientific phenomenology in nursing research, which originated in North America, has become a global phenomenon, and Korean phenomenological nursing research has faithfully followed this scholarly trend. This paper argues that greater integration of Husserlian phenomenological principles into scientific phenomenological methodology in nursing research, such as participant-centered bracketing and eidetic reduction, is needed to ensure that scientific phenomenology lives up to its promise as a research methodology.

Understanding of the Contemporary Architectural Space through the Phenomenological Approach (현상학적 접근을 통한 현대 건축 공간의 이해)

  • Chung, Hyo-Kyung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.13 no.7
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    • pp.91-101
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    • 2013
  • At the age of uncertainty, the contemporary architecture has been changed by various design approaches as a result of the development of the media. Especially, being issued Phenomenology by Merleau-Ponty the tendency of visual interpretation on the architectural space has been studied positively. This research is to understand a Phenomenological approach to design the interior and architectural space. The phenomenological architectural space is based on knowing about the perception from a body and experience as a contents of the world. The touch from the space designed by Phenomenological architectural express by various way of the Phenomenological light is one of the concept of Phenomenological experience.

Study on the Sense Space by Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenological body Perception (메를로-퐁티의 신체지각을 통한 감성 공간 연구)

  • Lee, Chan;Choi, Young-Jae
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.39-46
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    • 2008
  • This paper is a research about the expression and characteristics of sense space by a phenomenological approach through body from an anthropocentric point of view. The phenomenological expression elements of sense space have been abstracted by putting the characteristics of body perception into shape through the phenomenological approach. This research aims to provide the expression and characteristics of sense space that can be applied by phenomenological elements of emotional expression, and analyze their application level by phenomenological body perception in space through corresponding examples. As a result of this research, the expressions of sense space approach - such as migration of moving lines, reiteration and segmentation of region, spatial flexibility, transferal of sense, stimulation of combined senses, symbolic abstraction of memory, perception of environment and space, time by light, phenomenal water space, time expression by surrounding environments etc. - and the characteristics of sense space according to each expression have been obtained through the phenomenological expression elements in sense space such as expansive perception by consecutive scenes, spatial and sensory experience, embodiment of place, phenomenal change by time. It aims to grope for a new approach and possibility to the embodiment and expression of sense space through the expression of sense space approach based on the phenomenological body perception.

A Study on the Phenomenological Centrality shown in Spatial Organization of Contemporary Architecture since 1960s (현대건축의 공간구성에서 나타나는 현상학적 중심성에 관한 연구)

  • Suh, Jeong-Yeon
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.56-64
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    • 2006
  • From ancient times to today the formation of centrality in architecture has taken very important role as an organizing device. However after 19th century modem architecture focused on the universal aspect and homogeneity of space, and developed its own vocabulary through de-centralization. Since 1960's the reflections on de-humanized space of modem space have been evloved. As those movement has been understood seriously, the centrality can be changed to phenomenological one. And The phenomenological centrality maintains organic balance with its surroundings not trying to form a hierarchic system. So it shows human-oriented tendency and facilitates experiential movements of human body. And it also gives a sense of being. The phenomenological centrality is comprised of center, boundary, and two types of axis. The characteristics of phenomenological centrality can be analyzed as practical and meaningful center, visible boundary, experiential movement, and unexpectable encounters with spaces and nature.

An Aesthetical Thinking in Phenomenological Research of Nursing Science (간호학문의 현상학적 연구에서의 미학적 사유)

  • Kong, Byung-Hye
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.441-451
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    • 2003
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to illuminate the relation between the aesthetics and qualitative nursing research, and especially to consider the aesthetical characteristics of phenomenological nursing research which may reflect works of art. Method: Based on Heidegger, Merleau-ponty and Gadamer' philosophical aesthetics, this study shows how aesthetical thought can be is applied to artistic creation and aesthetical criticism in the phenomenological research of nursing. Result: The result of aesthetical characteristics of phenomenological nursing research were as follows: 1) Poetical thought of the client's experience as the living is revealed as poetic expressions in forms of listening gazing, reflection and metaphor. 2) Literature works, paintings, poetry and fiction used as sources of lived-experience help to awaken insight into the essence of lived-experience. 3) Aesthetical evaluation of phenomenological product as art is related to the harmony as a whole, especially to the ability to do vicarious lived-experience of the client. Conclusion: In order to produce creative phenomenological works in nursing research, two suggestions are made: aesthetical thought and poetic language in phenomenological reflective writing which enables researchers to transmit the essence of the lived-experience.

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A Study on the Qualitative Evaluation for the Program of Clinical Social Welfare Setting : Focused on Utilizing of Phenomenological Self-Evaluation Method (사회복지조직에서의 프로그램 질적 평가 연구 : 현상학적 자기평가의 활용을 중심으로)

  • Choi, Jong-Hyug
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.47
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    • pp.334-368
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study is to apply to the phenomenological self-evaluation method in the social welfare agency. It means that the phenomenological self-evaluation method accepts "the reality" which occurs in the social welfare setting, and functions for the social worker to play dual role of practitioner-evaluator. This paper examines two dimensions of social work evaluation theory and practice. Firstly, this study is to investigate a trend of evaluation in social work setting, and seeks theoretical aspect of phenomenological self-evaluation method, with emphasis on the strength and limit of the positivism evaluation methods. Although qualitative evaluation was suggested to make an alternative to the positivism by qualitative researchers, they did not suggest the specific methods and roles of the practitioner-evaluator. In this study, two directions of the phenomenological self-evaluation method are suggested to overcome the limitations. which are "environment-relation self-evaluation" and "program-oriented self-evaluation". Secondly, the result of phenomenological self-evaluation studies for the social welfare community center program and organization in kangnam district from June, 1994 (Program-oriented self-evaluation) to march, 2000 (Environment-relation self-evaluation) are presented. the phenomenological self-evaluation study showed the expected outcome such as; reflective self-training, making a practice knowledge, enhancing service quality, and reinforcing the identity of social welfare profession.

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A Study on the Phenomenological Characteristics of the St. Ignatius Chapel by Steven Holl (성 이냐시오 채플에 나타난 현상학적 건축특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jun-Sung;Chung, Tae-Yong
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.12-20
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    • 2012
  • The aim of this study is to review phenomenological characteristics in Steven Holl's architecture through his design of St. Ignatius Chapel at Seattle University. To obtain this purpose, an analytical frame based on Holl's theory of phenomenological architecture is suggested to have a systematic study for St. Ignatius chapel. This chapel can be a good example of phenomenological architecture in that it is based on the concept of 'A Gathering of Different Lights' related to phenomenology and considered perception including multi sensory (as well as vision) as primary factors from site and program interpretation to spatial configuration. Unprecedented exterior of St. Ignatius chapel reflected on characteristics and function of rooms to magnify user's spatial experiences through inducing natural light and spatial effect. Holl used various openings and screen for natural light with colors to invoke religious inspiration. He also try to give spatial depth and multi foci for experiencing space through various ceiling forms. These phenomenological features originated in client's strong will as well as appropriateness of the function of facility's religious experiences through building to the purpose of phenomenological architecture.

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A Study on the Steven Holl's Phenomenological Approaches in Architecture - Focused on the Phenomenological Characteristics of Nelson-Atkins Art Museum - (스티븐 홀의 현상학적 건축접근 방식에 관한 연구 - 넬슨-앳킨스 미술관에 적용된 내용을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Jun-Sung;Chung, Tae-Yong
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.88-95
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the phenomenological approaches in Holl's architecture centered on his Nelson-Atkins Art Museum. This study mainly deals with concrete and practical architectural contents based on his recent works rather than existing studies about philosophical point of views to his architecture. Because Holl has had turning point from theoretical research to practical application and development stage. Therefore, this study aims to find out Holl's phenomenological approaches that were different from his early works. Nelson-Atkins art museum shows effect of luminosity as well as inflow of light in the phenomenological experiences of light and space. Holl gave new addition building that he designed contrasts of massing, transparency of material, colors to enhance existence of new building through phenomenological experiences. Narrow and long circulation and various focal points provide multi-view points and overlapped spaces in body experiences As a result, Holl shows shifts from theoretical application to architectural utilization. Nelson-Atkins art museum is important in that this project is one of stating points about this shift.