• 제목, 요약, 키워드: polysaccharide

검색결과 1,227건 처리시간 0.048초

충치에서 분리한 Streptococcus mutans에 관하여 2 (Characterization of Streptococcus mutans isolated from Human Dental Plaque 2. Streptococcal Polysaccharide.)

  • 이건주;이배함
    • 미생물학회지
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.180-187
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    • 1980
  • Streptococcus mutans에 의한 sucrose로 부터 축적된 polysaccharide를 조사한 결과 1 균주이 따라 36시간 후 4.41mg/ml로 부터 1.86mg/ml사이의 polysaccharide가 축적되고 2 효소에 의해서도 10시간 후 2.36mg/ml에서 1.4mg/ml의 polysaccharide가 생성되고 3 생성된 polysaccharide는 통일형의 polysaccharide였다.

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Production of extracellular polysaccharide by Monilinia fructigena for aquaculture

  • Kwak Jung-Ki;Park Jin-Hee;Lee Jung-Suck;Goetz Peter;Cho Man-Gi
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.182-188
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    • 1999
  • Production of extracellular polysaccharide by Monilinia fructigena in B-I medium containing cereals was higher than that in glucose medium. Productivities in B-I medium and glucose medium were 0.7g/l nd 0.2-03g/l respectively. The maximum content of polysaccharide occurred at the rising point from the lowest pH of culture. As the apparent viscosity of the polysaccharide solution increased, the flow Index (m) decreased, and the consistency Index (Kc) also increased. The polysaccharide solution was a typical pseudoplastic fluid. The mycelium was separated from the culture solution by $300\mu m$ mesh-filter and the polysaccharide was precipitated by adding 50% of ethanol (v/v). The amount of the polysaccharide removed from the filtrated solution was 0.45 g/l and the amount adhered to the mycelium was 0.25g/l. In experiments for investigating growth enhancement of rotifer (Brachionus plicatilis) by the polysaccharide, the dose of the polysaccharide was 1mg per 10,000 organisms of rotifer. Maximum specific growth rate of rotifer with feed consisting of sea Chlorella sp. and the polysaccharide was 1.095/day in the batch culture for 10 days. A semi-continuous culture was done for 30 days, the biomass of rotifer could be harvested twice. Maximum specific growth rate with sea Chlorella sp. and the polysaccharide was 0.734/day before the first harvest, and 1.685/day before the second harvest. Productivity was 38 $cells/ml\; \cdot\; day$ with sea Chlorella sp. and the polysaccharide.

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고려인삼에서 분리한 조다당체 획분의 이화학적 특성 (The Physicochemical Properties of Crude Polysaccharide Fraction Isolated from Korean Ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer))

  • 곽이성;김은미
    • 한국식품과학회지
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.389-392
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    • 1996
  • 한국백삼 및 홍삼에서 조다당체 획분을 분리하여 이의 이화학적 성질을 검토하였다. 분리된 조다당체 획분중 백삼에서 얻어진 회분은 95.1%의 glucose를 함유하고 있었고 홍삼에서 분리된 획분은 89.9%의 glucose를 함유하고 있었다. 홍삼에서 분리된 조다당체 획분의 양은 15.1%이었고 백삼에서 분리된 조다당체 획분의 양은 9.6%이었다 한편 홍삼에 함유된 산성 다당체의 함량은 4.3%이었고 백삼에 함유된 산성 다당체의 함량은 2.5%이었다. 조다당체 획분의 주요한 무기물 분석 결과 Na과 Ca은 백삼 및 홍삼에서 모두 높게 나타났으나 Cu, Zn, Fe, Mg 등의 무기물은 홍삼보다 백삼의 조다당체 획분에서 현저하게 높은 경향이었다.

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Production of Polysaccharide by the Edible Mushroom, Grifola frondosa

  • Kim, Yeon-Ran
    • Mycobiology
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.205-208
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    • 2003
  • The production of polysaccharide according to various developmental stages(mycelium growth, primordium appearance, and fruiting-body formation) in the edible mushroom Grifola frondosa was studied. The cap of the mature mushroom showed the highest amount of polysacchride. Mycelial growth and polysaccharide synthesis were optimal at pH 5 and $20^{\circ}C$. Polysaccharide synthesis was maximal after 12 days of cultivation, whereas maximum mycelial growth was shown after 18 days. Mannose, cellobiose and starch increased the level of polysaccharide as well as growth in submerged culture. Glucose and sucrose appeared to be good substrates for fruiting of Grifola frondosa.

홍미삼 알콜 추출박을 이용한 산성다당체 다량 함유 홍삼 엑기스 제조 (Preparation of Red Ginseng Extract Rich in Acidic Polysaccharide from Red Tail Ginseng Marc Produced After Extraction with 70% Ethyl Alcohol)

  • 도재호;이종원
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.60-64
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    • 1996
  • In this study, we investigated the appropriate conditions to extract acidic polysaccharide and to prepare red ginseng extract being rich in acidic polysaccharide from red tail ginseng marc produced after manufacturing alcoholic extract from red tail ginseng. Amount of acidic polysaccharide in red tail ginseng marc was about 11%. The best condition for the extraction of acidic polysaccharide from the marc was using of 3~5 mg of $\alpha$-amylase/g residue/15 ml of distilled water, and the amount of acidic polysaccharide in water extract of the residue treated with $\alpha$-amylase was about 27%. So, it is possible to manufacture red ginseng extract being rich in acidic polysaccharide using water extract of red tail ginseng alcoholic residue as extraction solvent. From the above results, we suggest that red tail ginseng residue produced by manufacturing alcoholic extract of red tail ginseng has high potencies in the utilization of waste material.

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Lentinus edodes 액체배양을 통한 세포외 다당체 생산 (Exo-Polysaccharide Production from Liquid Culture of Lentinus edodes)

  • 이희환;조재열;홍억기
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2007
  • Lentinus edodes의 액체배양을 통하여 균사체 및 polysaccharide의 최적 생산조건을 조사하였다. 플라스크 배양을 통하여 검토된 균체량 및 polysaccharede 생성을 위한 최적 배지의 조성은 glucose 60 g/L, yeast extract 10 g/L, $KH_2PO_4$ 2.0 g/L, $MgSO_4{\cdot}7H_2O$ 1.0 g/L이었다. 최대 균체량은 배양 10일째 11.01 g/L이었으며 최대 polysaccharide 생성량은 배양 6일째 1.64 g/L를 나타내었다. 생물반응기를 이용한 회분배양에서 균사체와 polysaccharide 생산량을 증가시키기 위하여 통기량을 조절하였다. 그 결과 통기량이 증가할수록 균체량과 polysaccharide의 생성량이 증가하였다. 결과적으로 통기량을 1.5 vvm으로 하여 배양하였을 때 배양 8일째 55.9 g/L의 균체량과 배양 7일째 7.34 g/L의 polysaccharide로 최대생성량을 얻을 수 있었다.

Effects of Culture Conditions on Mycelial Growth and Polysaccharide Production of Tricholoma matsutake in Bioreactor

  • 최민구;김성수;홍억기
    • 한국생물공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.149-152
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    • 2003
  • 본 연구에서는 담자균류의 일종인 Tricholoma matsutake의 균사체 생육과 polysaccharide 생산을 최적화하기 위하여 5L jar fermentor에서 교반속도와 통기량의 영향을 검토하였다. 교반속도는 150 rpm에서 가장 좋은 결과를 보였으며, 균체량은 배양 10일째 21.87 g/L, polysaccharide는 교반속도는 300 rpm에서 배양 8일째 8.86 g/L 로 가장 높은 값을 나타내다. 통기량은 11일째 0.5 vvm에서 가장 좋은 균체량 20.85 g/L, polysaccharide는 1.5vvm에서 배양 11일째 8.83 g/L로 가장 높은 값을 나타내었다.

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Effect of Glutamic Acid on Polysaccharide Production from Agaricus blazei in Liquid Culture

  • 황정민;임영수;권명상;최정우;한진수;홍억기
    • 한국생물공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.231-234
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    • 2000
  • 본 연구에서는 담자균류의 일종인 Agaricus blazei를 이용한 polysaccharide의 생성을 증가시키고자 glutamic acid의 첨가시기의 영향을 비교${\cdot}$검토하였다. 그결과 2 g/L의 glutamic acid를 배양 4일째인 대수증식기에 첨가하여 polysaccharide 생성을 유도한 경우 배양 7일째에 12.9 g/L의 균체량과 9.1 g/L의 polysaccharide를 생성하였다. 그러나 이런한결과는 배양 초기에 glutamic acid를 첨가했을경우와 비교하여 볼 때 균체량은 다소 증가 했으나 polysaccharide 생성량에 있어서는 거의 유사한 결과를 나타내는 것이다. 생물반응기를 이용한 회분배양에 있어서도 2 g/L의 glutamic acid를 대수증식기인 배양 4일째에 첨가한 경우 균체량은 13.5 g/L, polysaccharide 생성량은 9.9 g/L를 생산하여 배양결과 최대 생산량을 나타내었다.

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알시안블루 색소를 이용한 인삼다당체의 함량 분석 (Analysis of Panax ginseng Polysaccharide by Alcian Blue Dye)

  • 한용남;김선영
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.105-110
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    • 1992
  • Polysaccharide contents in Panax ginseng roots were evaluated by a spectrophotometry, utilizing the complex formation of ginseng polysaccharide with alcian blue dye in 50 mM ammonium biphos-phate, pH 4.2. The polysaccharide content in red ginseng was about three times higher than that in fresh ginseng when both were extracted with water, and increased about two times when red ginseng was extracted with an alkaline solution. The determination of polysaccharide in various parts of ginseng revealed that main roots contained the component more than fine roots. Fresh ginseng sections stained by the dye showed polysaccharide mainly was found in cortex and combium but not in epidermis.

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인삼 다당분획의 in vitro, in vivo에서 사염화탄소 유발 간독성에 대한 보호효과 (Protective Effect of Ginseng Polysaccharide Fraction on CCl4-induced Hepatotoxicity in vitvo ana in vivo)

  • Kim, Young-Sook
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.108-113
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    • 1995
  • Effect of ginseng polysaccharide fraction was examined for $CCl_4$-induced hepatotoxicity in vitro and in vivo. In $CCl_4$-injured primary cultured rat hepatocytes, treatment of the polysaccharide fraction (0.1, 0.3, 1.0 mg/ml) significantly Inhibited the release of LDH and GOT into the culture medium in a dose-dependent manner. Oral administration of the polysaccharide fraction (100, 200 mg/kg) inhibited the decrease of body weight and the increase of the ratio of liver to body weight in $CCl_4$-intoxicated rats. Elevation of GOT, GPT and ALP activity in the serum by $CCl_4$-induced hepatotoxicity was suppressed by administration of ginseng polysaccharide fraction. MDA levels increased in the serum as well as in the liver tissue by treatment with $CCl_4$ showed a tendency to be 연w in the rats given to the polysaccharide fraction. These results suggest that the polysaccharide fraction may be active substance responsible for antihepatotoxic effect of Panax ginseng.

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