• Title, Summary, Keyword: polysaccharide

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Study on biopolymer delivery system and effect of wound healing with polysaccharide extracted from Agaricus blazei Murill

  • Kim, Min-Kyoung;Lee, Hye-Young;Hong, Eock-Kee
    • 한국생물공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.816-820
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    • 2005
  • Polysaccharide-based dressings have increasingly become viable alternatives to somewhat less biocompatible and often problematic cotton or viscose gauzes traditionally used for wound dressings. Polysaccharide which is particularly abundunt in Agaricus blazei Murill is known as the bioactive materials. Polysaccharide extracted from Agaricus blazei Murill enhances the recovery of the damaged epidermal tissue and the production of epithelial cell growth factors which are necessary to heal the burn and wound on the epidermal tissue. In this study, the biopolymer delivery system of polysaccharide extracted from Agaricus blazei Murill into epidermal tissue was elucidated using the skin permeating enhancer in vitro. The enhancing effects of various penetration enhancers and some other enhancers on the permeation of ${\beta}-glucan$ were evaluated using Franz diffusion cell. Permeation of polysaccharide in nomal and burn skin was compared. Polysaccharide was studied for the burn and wound healing activity in the epidermal tissue on rats.

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Productivity of Polysaccharide by Mutant of Acetobacter pasteurianus IFO 13751 (Acetobacter pasteurianus IFO 13751의 돌연변이주에 의한 다당류 생산성)

  • Kim, Dong-Seuk;Ryu, Beung-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.291-295
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    • 1991
  • In order to obtain the highest productivity of polysaccharide, acetic acid bacteria was used. Several acetic acid bacteria were investigated to the productivity of polysaccharide, an mutant, Acetobacter pasteurianus IFO 13751-5 selected among serveral acetic acid bacteria which can produce the polysaccharide by radiation of ultra-violet ray. Acetobacter pasteurianus IFO 13751-5 was shown 3 fold polysaccharide production than that of its parents. When the Acetobacter pasteurianus IFO 13751-5 was investigated under the condition of carbon source containing 5% sucrose, the highest amount of polysaccharide (45.95 mg/ml) was obtained. The polysaccharide production by Acetobacter pasteurianus IFO 13751-5 was 55.10 mg/ml by using jar fermentor.

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The Pattern of Cytokine myNA Expression Induced by Polysaccharide from Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer (항암 면역 증강 작용이 있는 인삼 다당체에 의한 cytokine mRNA의 발현)

  • 김기환;이인란;정인성;정희용;윤연숙
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.324-330
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    • 1998
  • We Previously reported that Polysaccharide Isolated from panax ginseng C. A. Meyer, stimulates murine splenocytes to proliferate and to be cytotoxic against a wide range of tumor cells in MHC non-restricted manner:) Therefore, we examined the cytokine mRNA expression induced by the ginseng polysaccharide in this paper. This study demonstrates that the ginseng polysaccharide stimulates Thl type cytosine expression such as IL-2 and IFNY, and macrophage type cytokine expression such as IL-lc and GM-CSF in a dose-dependent manner at different time: IL-2 mRNA was induced at 30 min, IL-la, GM-CSF mRNA at 3 hr, IFNY at 6 hr after the ginseng polysaccharide treatment. In contrast with these, Th2 type cytokine expression such as IL-4 and IL-5 was not induced. The generation of the ginseng polysaccharide-activated killer cells which was induced at the optimal doses of 50 pEyml was neutralized in the presence of anti-lL-2, anti-lFNy, anti-IL-l ${\alpha}$ antibodies, showing the importance of these cytokines produced by the ginseng polysaccharide. In flow cytometry analysis, the blastogenesis of IgM+ cells was induced on day 3 and the number of Thy 1.21 cells, CD4+ and CD8+ cells was increased on day 5. The ginseng polysaccharide also induced blastogenesis of T cells. In conclusion, the ginseng polysaccharide may have considerable antitumor immunotherapeutic modality by stimulating the cytokine production from Thl cells and macrophage and by proliferating lymphocytes.

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Quality Characteristics of Mixed Polysaccharide Gels with Various Kiwifruit Contents (키위 첨가량에 따른 다당류 혼합겔의 품질 특성)

  • 윤혜신;오명숙
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.511-520
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    • 2003
  • This study was carried out to determine the effects of various contents of kiwifruit contents on the quality characteristics of mixed polysaccharide gels made from $\kappa$-carrageenan and locust bean gum. The color value, gelling temperature, melting temperature, break down rate, syneresis, rupture properties, TPA properties and sensory properties of mixed polysaccharide gels with various contents of kiwifruit contents were measured. As the kiwifruit contents was increased, the lightness (L), yellowness (b) and greenness (-a) of the mixed polysaccharide gels increased. There were no differences in the color values of gels during storage. As the kiwifruit content was increased, the gelling and melting temperatures of the mixed polysaccharide gels also increased. The mixed polysaccharide gels with high kiwifruit contents were difficult to melt, and it seemed that the addition of kiwifruit to the mixed polysaccharide gels could improve the thennal stability of the gels. The syneresis of the gel increased with increasing storage time, whereas the addition of kiwifruit to the gel resulted in suppression of syneresis. With regard to the rupture properties, stress, energy and strain, they were all decreased with increasing kiwifruit contents. The TPA properties, adhesiveness, hardness and chewiness increased and cohesiveness decreased with increasing kiwifruit contents. The results showed that the gel became tough and adhesive, and could be easily broken under small deformation, with increasing kiwifruit contents. The sensory evaluation showed that the green color, aroma, sweetness and sourness increased with increasing kiwifruit contents. The texture, adhesiveness, springiness and cohesiveness decreased, and brittleness and hardness increased, with increasing kiwifruit contents. The overall acceptability of the gel with 30% kiwifruit content was the highest. Thus, mixed polysaccharide gels made from kiwifruits could be useful, as the addition of kiwifruit to a mixed polysaccharide gel results in a good aroma, taste and stability, despite a lowering of the textural properties.

Inhibitory Effect of Polysaccharide from Kefir Grain on the Infection of MA-104 Cell by Human Rotavirus (Kefir Grain의 Polysaccharide에 의한 HRV S-2의 MA-104 세포 감염억제)

  • Lee, Jong-Ik;Song, Kwang-Young;Chon, Jung-Whan;Hyeon, Ji-Yeon;Seo, Kun-Ho
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.81-85
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    • 2011
  • The inhibitory effect of a polysaccharide from kefir on human rotavirus infection in MA-104 cells was investigated. The extracted polysaccharide was separated as fraction I in unbound materials and as fractions II, III, and IV in bound materials. Adding polysaccharide fractions II (4.8 mg/mL), III (5.3 mg/mL), and IV (1.4 mg/mL) inhibited the infection of MA-104 cells by human rotavirus. The 50% inhibitory concentrations (IC 50) were 0.075, 0.083, and 0.022 mg/mL, respectively. Based on these results, the kefir polysaccharide has anti-rotavirus activity. In conclusion, a polysaccharide from kefir had more than a 97% inhibition effect against human rotavirus infection in MA-104 cells.

Pattern-Analysis of Panax ginseng Polysaccharide (고려인삼 다당류의 패턴-분석)

  • Han, Yong-Nam;Kim, Sun-Young;Lee, Hee-Joo;Hwang, Woo-Ik;Han, Byung-Hoon
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.217-221
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    • 1992
  • Total polysaccharide contents in Panax ginseng roots were evaluated by a spectrophotometry, utilizing the complex formation of ginseng polysaccharide with alcian blue dye in 50 mM ammonium biphosphate, pH 4.2. The total polysaccharide content in red ginseng was about three times higher than that in fresh ginseng when both were extracted with water, and was increased about two times when red ginseng was extracted with an alkaline solution. The determination of total polysaccharide in various parts of ginseng revealed that main roots contained the component more than fine roots. Fresh ginseng sections stained by the dye showed polysaccharide mainly found in cortex and cambium but not in epidermis. Pattern-analysis on total and acidic polysaccharides from fresh and red ginsengs exhibited that the chemical compositions of the polysaccharides extracted from both ginsengs quite differed from each other.

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Inhibitory Effect of Crude Acidic Polysaccharide of Korean Ginseng on Lipolytic Action of Toxohormone-L from Cancerous Ascites Fluid (인삼의 조산성다당체 성분이 암독소호르몬-L의 지방분해 억제작용)

  • 이성동;이광승
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.10-13
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    • 1990
  • Effect of an acidic polysaccharide fraction In Korean white and red ginseng on lipolytic action of Toxohormone-L was studied. Crude acidic polysaccharide fraction was extracted from main and lateral root of Korean white and red ginseng separately and purified several times. Inhibitory effect of crude polysaccharide fraction was determined by unit (1 unit is loft inhibition rate per Is sample). Yields of purified crude polysaccharide fraction of main and lateral root of red ginseng were 2.9 and 2.2 times higher than those of white ginseng, respectively. Inhibitory effects of main root of white and red ginseng, 11.hen final reaction concentrations of sample were 50, 100, 200, 500 $\mu$g/ml, were 37.2가 and 23.7% higher than those of lateral root of white and red ginseng. Inhibitory effect of main root of red ginseng was 2.3 times higher than that of white ginseng.

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Colorimetric Determination of Acidic Polysaccharide from Panax ginseng, its Extraction Condition and Stability (인삼 산성다당체의 비색정량 방법과 그 추출조건 및 안정성)

  • 도재호;이형옥
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.139-144
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    • 1993
  • The method for colorimetric determination of acidic polysaccharide from Panax ginseng was investigated. It is possible to apply the method of carbazole-sulfuric acid to determination of pectin, and also to measure the amount of pectin in the mixture of various high molemlu compounds such as starch. cellulose and gum, etc. When the method of carbazole-sulfuric acid was applied to determine the amount of acidic polysaccharide, optical density at 525 nm increased linearly with an increase in the concentration of pure acidic polysaccharide. Effective extraction temperature with water for the determination of the amount of ginseng acidic polysaccharide (GAP) was $80{\circ}C$. In order to separate or concentrate GAP it was appropriate to precipitate the extract only once with 80% ethyl alcohol. GAP was very stable at $100{\circ}C$ for 4 hrs in aqueous solution and between pH values of 5.0~ 12.0.

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Optimization of the Capsular Polysaccharide Production from streptococcus pneumoniae Type 23 (폐렴구균 Type 23 협막다당류 생산의 최적화)

  • 민관기;표석능;이동권
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.257-262
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    • 1999
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) is the most frequent causative agent of acute bacterial pneumonia. Outstanding characteristic of pneumococcus is an ample polysaccharide capsule that is highly anti-genic agent and is the major factor for classification of pneumococcus into more than 94 serotypes. In this study, production of capsular polysaccharide from Streptococcus pneumoniae type 23 was optimized by supplementation of metal ions or by modulation of culture conditions. When brain heart infusion (BHI) broth was supplemented with 1 mM concentration of $CaCl_2$, $CuSO_4$ and $MgSO_4$, growth of pneumococcus as well as polysaccharide yield were stimulated. Also slight aeration gave rise to better polysaccharide yield.

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Cytoprotective effect of polysaccharide isolated from different mushrooms against 7-ketocholesterol induced damage in mouse liver cell line (BNL CL. 2)

  • Kim, Joo-Shin;Chung, Hau Yin;Na, Keun
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.1 no.3
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    • pp.180-183
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    • 2007
  • Cytoprotective ability of polysaccharides isolated from different edible mushrooms was investigated on the 7-ketocholesterol-induced damaged cell line. Polysaccharide extracts from six different edible mushrooms-Flammulina velutipes, Peurotus ostreatus, Lentinus edodes, Agrocybe aegerita, Agaricus blazei, and Cordyceps militaris- were prepared by hot water extraction and alcohol precipitation. Cytoprotective ability was evaluated by measuring the viable cells of the normal embryonic liver cell line (BNL CL. 2) in the presence of 7-ketocholesterol. At $80\;{\mu}g/mL$ of 7-ketocholesterol, cytotoxicity was very high with a loss of 98% of viable cells after 20 h of incubation. With the addition of $200\;{\mu}g/mL$ of each polysaccharide isolate to the cell line containing $80\;{\mu}g/mL$ of 7-ketocholesterol, polysaccharide isolates from both Flammulina velutipes and Peurotus ostreatus could significantly inhibit the 7-ketochoelsterol-induced cytotoxicity in the cells. But other polysaccharide isolates were not effective in inhibiting cell damage caused by the oxLDL-induced cytotoxicity.