• Title, Summary, Keyword: polyunsaturated fatty acid

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Influence of Breed, Slaughter Weight and Gender on Chemical Composition of Beef. Part 2. Fatty Acid Composition of Fat in Rib Samples

  • Hollo, G.;Csapo, J.;Szucs, E.;Tozser, J.;Repa, I.;Hollo, I.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.14 no.12
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    • pp.1719-1723
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    • 2001
  • The effect of slaughter weight and gender on fatty acid composition of homogenised rib samples of Hungarian Simmental (HS) and Holstein-Friesian (HF) cattle breeds was investigated. In the first experiment 22 Hungarian Simmental and 18 Holstein-Friesian cattle's meat, in the second experiment 15 females and 12 males Holstein-Friesian cattle's meat was analysed on fatty acid content. Saturated and mono- or polyunsaturated fatty acid profile did not seem to vary either by breed or by slaughter weight categories. The effect of gender, however, proved to be significant in influencing the quantity of polyunsaturated fatty acids, including linoleic and linolenic acids, as well as polyunsaturated fatty/saturated fatty acids (PUFA/SAFA) ratio. The amount of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) was higher in males than in females. Negative correlation was established between the quantity of PUFA and the amount of adipose tissue in rib samples.

Suppression of Fatty Acid Synthase by Dietary Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids is Mediated by Fat itself, not by Peroxidative Mechanism

  • Kim, Hye-Kyeong;Choi, Sung-Won;Lee, Hae-Jeung;Lee, Joo-Hee;Choi, Hay-Mie
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.258-264
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    • 2003
  • This study examined the effect of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) that were supplemented with vitamin E on lipid peroxidation, glutathione-dependent detoxifying enzyme system activity, and lipogenic fatty acid synthase (FAS) expression in rat liver. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed semipurified diets containing either 1% (w/w) corn oil or 10% each of beef tallow, corn oil, perilla oil, and fish oil for 4 wk. Alpha-tocopherol was supplemented in perilla oil (0.015%) and fish oil (0.019%). Hepatic thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, an estimate of lipid peroxidation, were not significantly different among the dietary groups. The glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, and glutathione S-transferase activities were all elevated by the polyunsaturated fats, especially fish oil. The activity of FAS was reduced in the polyunsaturated fat-fed groups in the order of fish oil, perilla oil, and corn oil. The mRNA contents decreased in rats that were fed the 10% fat diets, particularly polyunsaturated fats, compared with the rats that were fed the 1% corn oil diet. Similarly, the inhibitory effect was the greatest in fish oil. These results suggest that lipid peroxidation can be minimized by vitamin E; PUFA in itself has a suppressive effect on lipogenic enzyme.

Studies on Fatty Acid and Lipid Components of Foods (식품중 지방산 및 기타 지질성분에 관한 연구)

  • 권혁희;김인복;김소희
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.2 no.4
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    • pp.197-200
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    • 1987
  • Nutritive value of lipids was associated with composition of fatty acid. Unvalance diet may increase the incidence of diseases. Abundant of EPA and DHA, polyunsaturated fatty acid, were contained in fishes. Studies on 10 kinds of fishes, lipid components were determined. The results were as follows; 1. The content of crude fat 18.1% were high in eels, on the contrary the content of EPA 0.1% and DHA 0.1% were low. The content of crude fat were low in mackeral and sadrine, but the content of poly unsaturated fatty acid were high. 2. Iodine value 189 was high in sadrine, consequently, this results showed the interrelation between Iodine value and the content of polyunsaturated number. 3. The content of crude fat 1.3% in flounder(sole) were low and the content of cholesterol 20 mg% were lowest in present studies.

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Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid for Cholestasis due to Bile Duct Paucity

  • Bae, Sun Hwan;Park, Hee Sun;Han, Hye Seung;Yun, Ik Jin
    • Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.121-124
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    • 2014
  • Omega (${\omega}$)-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids appear to be effective in preventing and treating parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease, and several mechanisms were proposed for this observation. An 8-week-old male infant with cholestasis and acholic stool was diagnosed non-syndromic intrahepatic interlobular bile duct paucity by open-wedge liver biopsy. Initially he was treated with usual supportive medical therapy, including ursodeoxycholic acid. However, the clinical status and laboratory tests did not improve. Omega (${\omega}$)-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (initially intravenous administration and oral administration later), were started and his liver function, including aminotransferase level and bilirubin levels normalized, and the ivory stool color turned green. We report the possible effectiveness of ${\omega}$-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids as a potent choleretic agent for non-syndromic intrahepatic interlobular bile duct paucity, a very rare structural pediatric hepatic disease.

Vitamin E in vivo Studies on the Activity of Antioxidant Enzymes and CYP2E1 Expression in High PUFA-treated Brains (고도 불포화지방산으로 산화스트레스가 유도된 흰쥐의 뇌에서 비타민 E의 항산화효소 활성 및 CYP2E1 발현에 미치는 효과)

  • Choi, Mun-Ji;Kim, Hyun-Kyung;Lee, Myoung-Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.41 no.8
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    • pp.1106-1111
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    • 2012
  • It is shown that the risk of chronic disease is increased not only by the concentration of fat in the diet but also by the composition of dietary fatty acids. We investigated the anti-oxidant effects of vitamin E on dietary polyunsaturated fatty acid-fed mice. Ninety male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 9 groups: a normal diet group (C), 4 dietary polyunsaturated fatty acid diet groups (OA, LA, LNA, DHA), and 4 dietary polyunsaturated fatty acid diet with 0.05% vitamin E groups (OAE, LAE, LNAE, DHAE). The food efficiency in the dietary polyunsaturated fatty acid diet groups was higher than in the normal diet groups. The concentration of malondialdehyde (MDA) was significantly increased by LA and DHA fatty acids. Vitamin E significantly decreased LA and LHA-induced lipid peroxidation. The activity of superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase was increased in the dietary polyunsaturated fatty acid diet groups compared to the control group, while these were decreased by supplements with vitamin E, except in the OAE group. Also, the protein expression of CYP2E1 was significantly increased in only the LNA group, while these were decreased by supplements with vitamin E. These results taken together indicate that vitamin E may have positive effects on a dietary polyunsaturated fatty acid diet-induced oxidative stress in brain tissue.

Effect of Linseed Oil and Canola Oil Feeding on the n-3 Fatty Acid Content of Pork (아마인유와 채종유 급여가 돼지고기의 n-3 지방산 함량에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Byung-Sung;Kang, Hwan-Ku
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.33 no.9
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    • pp.1537-1543
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of dietary linseed oil and canola oil on the deposition n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid in pork. Twelve pigs weighing 50 kg were offered one of four diets based on corn and soybean meal and containing tallow, linseed oil, canola oil or mixed oil (linseed oil plus canola oil). The pigs were slaughtered at approximately 110 kg of their market live weight. Linseed oil, canola oil or mixed oil did not affect any of the three indicators of growth performance-body weight gain, feed intake and feed efficiency. Saturated fatty acid content of plasma was the highest in tallow oil group, while the plasma proportion of saturated fatty acid was lowered in linseed oil, canola oil and mixed oil group from 11.84% to 16.54% than tallow group (p<0.05). The plasma n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid was not detected at all in the tallow-fed pigs, while the plasma proportion of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid were higher in linseed oil, canola oil and mixed oil from 4.68% to 12.83% than tallow group (p<0.05). All three lipid supplements containing n-3 poly-unsaturated fatty acid increased the content of pork belly $\alpha$-linolenic acid (18:3n-3) by 9.43% relative to the tallow values (p<0.05). Feeding linseed oil or canola oil increased the n-3 : n-6 ratio in pork belly to 0.68, and increased the polyunsaturated fatty acid : saturated fatty acid ratio to 0.70 (p<0.05). This result showed that feeding linseed oil and canola oil can produce novel functional pork enriched in n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid.

Polyunsaturated fatty acids regulate APP metabolism.

  • Yeon, Seung-Woo;Kim, Tae-Yong
    • Proceedings of the PSK Conference
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    • pp.151.1-151
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    • 2003
  • Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) play many important physiological roles on cellular process through the regulations of intracellular signaling. Recent clinical studies suggest that PUFAs such as n-3 fatty acids (docosahexaenoic acid, 22:6 and a-lnolenic acid, 18:3) may reduce the risk of incident Alzheimer's disease (AD). And also the reports regarding the decrease of n-3 fatty acids in AD brain support the correlation between PUFAs and AD. AD is a neurodegenerative disorder with pathological hallmarks of amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles. (omitted)

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Effect of Supplementing the Diet of Male Chickens With Oils Rich in n-6 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids on the Fatty Acid Profiles of the Testis and Liver

  • Surai, Peter F.;Cerolini, Silvia;Speake, Brian K.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.13 no.11
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    • pp.1518-1522
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    • 2000
  • Since the n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid, docosatetraenoic acid (22:4n-6), is a major functional constituent of avian spermatozoa, the effects of two dietary oils rich in fatty acids which are metabolic precursors of 22:4n-6 on the fatty acid profiles of testicular lipids were investigated during a 39 week period of supplementation from 21 to 60 weeks of age. The effects on liver lipids were determined for comparison. Dietary supplementation of male chickens with Arasco Oil, which provides a large amount of arachidonic acid (20:4n-6), increased the proportion of 20:4n-6 in liver phospholipid by almost 2.5-fold. Although liver phospholipid normally contains very little 22:4n-6, this proportion was significantly increased as a result of Arasco feeding, indicating that the conversion of 20:4n-6 to 22:4n-6 was occurring. The phospholipid of the testis contains much higher proportions of 20:4n-6 and particularly of 22:4n-6 than the liver; supplementation with Arasco Oil significantly increased the proportions of both these polyunsaturates in testis phospholipid but the magnitude of this effect was much lower than that which occurred in the liver. Dietary supplementation with Evening Primrose Oil which contains ${\gamma}-linolenic $ acid (18:3n-6) resulted in significant increases in the proportions of 20:4n-6 and 22:4n-6 in liver phospholipid, although the extent of this increase was less than that produced by the Arasco Oil. By contrast, the feeding of Evening Primrose Oil did not alter the fatty acid composition of phospholipid in the testis. The findings raise the possibility that dietary supplementation with Arasco Oil may modulate the fatty acid profile of avian spermatozoa in a way which could potentially be beneficial for fertility. Moreover, the weights of the testes were almost doubled as a result of supplementation with Arasco Oil or Evening Primrose Oil.

Dietary Manipulation and Increase in Plasma Unsaturated Fatty Acids in Sheep

  • Rajion, M.A.;Goh, Y.M.;Dahlan, I.;Salam Abdullah, A.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.14 no.8
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    • pp.1073-1077
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    • 2001
  • Forty three 7-month old, Barbados Black $Belly{\times}Malin$ crossbred sheep were used for the trial. They were allotted into three treatment groups fed varying levels of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) frond pellets and commercial sheep pellets. Treatment diets were 80% commercial pellet+20 % (% w/w) oil palm frond pellet (CON group, n=15), 50% commercial pellet+50% oil palm frond pellet (% w/w) (HAF group, n=14) and 80% oil palm frond pellet+20% (% w/w) commercial pellet (OPF group, n=14). The plasma fatty acid profiles from these animals were compared before and after 14 weeks of feeding. Results showed that total unsaturated fatty acid content in the CON group had increased by 10% (p<0.01) from the pre-treatment values. All three treatment groups had significantly different plasma n-6 and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid contents at the end of the trial. In fact, the CON group had significantly (p<0.01) more n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid content compared to its own initial values, and also the values from the HAF and OPF groups. However there was a significant (p<0.01) decline in plasma n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in all groups. The final total unsaturated to saturated fatty acid content ratio was significantly (p<0.01) highest in the CON group, demonstrating the high plasma unsaturated fatty acid content in these animals. This study shows the plasma unsaturated fatty acids in sheep can be increased by dietary manipulation.

Effects of perilla oil on plasma concentrations of cardioprotective (n-3) fatty acids and lipid profiles in mice

  • Chung, Keun Hee;Hwang, Hyo Jeong;Shin, Kyung Ok;Jeon, Woo Min;Choi, Kyung Soon
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.256-261
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    • 2013
  • The aim of this study was to examine the effects of perilla oil as well as several vegetable oils, including flaxseed oil, canola oil, and rice bran oil on plasma levels of cardioprotective (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids in mice by feeding each vegetable oil for a period of eight weeks. Concentrations of docosapentaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), fish-based (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids, showed an increase in the plasma of mice fed perilla and flaxseed oils compared to those of mice in the control group (P < 0.05), whereas rice bran and canola oils did not alter plasma DPA and EPA concentrations. Arachidonic acid concentration was increased by feeding rice bran oil (P < 0.05), but not canola, flaxseed, or perilla oil. In addition, oleic acid, linoleic acid, and docosahexaenoic acid concentrations were altered by feeding dietary rice bran, canola, perilla, and flaxseed oils. Findings of this study showed that perilla oil, similar to flaxseed oil, is cardioprotective and could be used as an alternative to fish oil or even flaxseed oil in animal models.