• Title, Summary, Keyword: pork patty

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Effect of Olive Oil Substitution Ratio on Quality Characteristics of Low-fat Pork Patty (올리브유 대체 비율이 저지방 돈육 패티의 품질 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Si-Hyung;Choi, Young-Joon;Lee, Kyoung-Sook;Jung, In-Chul;Lee, Kyung-Soo;Choi, Gang-Won
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.30 no.7
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    • pp.606-613
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    • 2020
  • This study investigated the effect of olive oil substitution ratio on physicochemical quality of pork patty. Five treatments were performed as follows: control (T0, 20% pork fat), T1 (pork fat 15% and olive oil gel 5%), T2 (pork fat 10% and olive oil gel 10%), T3 (pork fat 5% and olive oil gel 15%), and T4 (olive oil gel 20%). The moisture increased and fat amount was decreased in proportion to olive oil substitution ratio. The L* and a* values were highest levels in raw and cooked pork patty of T0, and the b* value was highly enhanced in of cooked pork patty of T4. The water holding capacity, moisture and fat retention were significantly increased, and the cooking loss, diameter reduction and shrinkage ratio were decreased by olive oil substitution ratio. The hardness, springiness and chewiness showed the highest level in T4, and the cohesiveness and gumminess were highest in T0. The reduction ratio of cholesterol in T1, T2, T3 and T4 were 13.8%, 21.6%, 34.5% and 49.0%, respectively, indicating that the content was lowest level in T4. The palmitic acid was the most abundant saturated fatty acid, and the oleic acid was the most abundant unsaturated fatty acid. The unsaturated fatty acid of pork patty was increased in proportion to olive oil substitution ratio. Therefore, the olive oil gel substitution of low-fat pork patty results in a positive effect on the physicochemical qualities due to reduced cholesterol and saturated fatty acids.

Effect of Addition of Red Wine on the Physicochemical Properties and Sensory Score of Cooked Pork Patty (가열 돈육 Patty의 이화학적 및 관능적 특성에 영향을 미치는 적포도주의 첨가 효과)

  • Jung, In-Chul;Youn, Dong-Hwa;Park, Kyung-Sook;Lee, Kyung-Soo;Moon, Yoon-Hee
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.213-218
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    • 2007
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the addition of red wine on the physicochemical properties ana sensory score of cooked pork patties. The samples consisted of the pork patty without red wine(control), and 1, 3 and 5% red wine(RWP-1, 3 and 5, respectively). There were no significantly differences in the moisture$(58.1\sim58.7%)$, crude protein$(15.9\sim16.3%)$ crude fat$(23.2\sim23.7%)$, and crude ash$(2.7\sim2.9%)$ contents, and the Hunter's $a^*-value(0.2\sim0.6)$, cooking loss$(16.5\sim19.2%)$, VBN$(11.9\sim15.6mg%)$, total bacterial count($(11.9\sim15.6mg%)$ Log cfu/mL), hardness$(3,193\sim3,336\;dyne/cm^2)$, springiness$(75.8\sim79.7%)$, cohesiveness$(47.8\sim52.1%)$, gumminess$(489\sim509kg)$, chewiness$(183\sim209g)$ and strength $(1,144\sim1,199g)$ between the pork patties. Of the pork patties the $L^*$ value of the control and the b value of RWP-5 were the lowest(p<0.05). The pH and TBARS value of RWP-5 were the lowest of all the pork patties. The flavor of RWP-5 was superior to that of the other pork patties, and the taste, texture, juiciness and palatability of RWP-3 and RWP-5 were superior to those of the control and RWP-1. In conclusion, the addition of 5% red wine was most suitable for enhancing the physicochemical properties and sensory score of pork patties.

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Effects of Combined Treatment of Gamma Irradiation and Addition of Fucoidan/laminarin on Ready-to-eat Pork Patty (감마선 조사와 푸코이단/라미나린 병용처리가 돈육 패티의 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Hyun-Joo;Choi, Jong-Il;Park, Jin-Gyu;Song, Beom-Seok;Kim, Jae-Hun;Yoon, Yo-Han;Kim, Cheon-Jei;Shin, Mee-Hye;Byun, Myung-Woo;Lee, Ju-Woon
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.34-39
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    • 2009
  • The objective of this study was investigated to apply the fucoidan and laminarin extract from low-grade Undaria pinnatifida to real food product, a pork patty. Pork patties added with fucoidan and laminarin showed lower lipid oxidation and the inhibition against lipid oxidation was shown to be dependent on the irradiation doses. The Hunter color values of pork patty added with fucoidan increased significantly with an increase of irradiation dose. The hardness profiles of the patties with fucoidan and laminarin was decreased, but the amount of water in the patties was increased. Also, the combination of gamma irradiation and addition of fucoidan and laminarin was shown to be effective for the microbiological control. These results suggested that gamma irradiation and fucoidan and laminarin treatment showed the positive effect on microbial stability and quality of the pork patty.

Physicochemical Quality Characteristics of Pork Patty with Tangerine (Citrus unshiu) Peel (감귤껍질을 첨가한 돈육 patty의 이화학적 품질특성)

  • Choi, Gang-Won;Lee, Jong-Wook
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.123-130
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    • 2017
  • This study was conducted to investigate the physicochemical quality characteristics of pork patty added with four different amount (T0:0%, T1:0.3%, T2:0.7%, T3:1.0%) of tangerine (Citrus unshiu) peel. There was no significant difference in chemical composition, cooking yield, water holding capacity, moisture retention, fat retention, hardness, springiness, cohesiveness, gumminess, chewiness, VBN content, L-value. In taste, texture, juiciness and palatability, the addition of 0.3%~1.0% tangerine peel in pork patty showed no significant difference on sensory properties compared to the pork patty without tangerine peel. Total polyphenol content was highest in T3, and DPPH radical scavenging activity was highest in T2 and T3 (p<0.001). The TBARS contents decreased as tangerine peel become added (p<0.001). The pH was highest in T0, and was lowest in T3 (p<0.001). The external a-value of T2 and T3 were significantly higher than that of T0 (p<0.01). The external and internal b-value of T2 and T3 were higher than those of T0 (p<0.01). Flavor of T2 and T3 were higher than those of T0 and T1 (p<0.01). In conclusion, the results of this study indicate that an addition of tangerine peel could be utilized as an ingredient in pork patty in promotion of function of tangerine by-products.

Effect of Soy Protein Hydrolysates Prepared by Subcritical Water Processing on the Physicochemical Properties of Pork Patty during Chilled Storage

  • Lee, Yun-Kyung;Ko, Bo-Bae;Min, Sang-Gi;Hong, Geun-Pyo
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.557-563
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    • 2015
  • The present study was carried out to investigate the effects of soy protein hydrolysates (SPHs) addition on the quality characteristics of pork patties. The SPHs was prepared by subcritical water process (SWP) at 180℃ without holding time and mixed with the pork patty components at varying concentrations (0-3%), and the patties were stored at 4℃ for 14 d. As quality parameters, instrumental color, thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS), pH, water holding capacity (WHC) and shear force were measured at the end of storage. Regardless of SPHs concentration, the addition of SPHs significantly manifested low L* and high a* values compared to those of untreated control (p<0.05). For b* value, addition of SPHs in the 0.5-1.5% was unaffected, while >2.0% of SPHs caused significantly lower b* than control (p<0.05). The color changes in pork patties with and without SPHs were also identified in visual appearance where the pork patties containing 0.5-2.0% showed bright red color which was comparable to brownish color of control and patties containing >2.5% SPHs. Lipid oxidation was delayed by the addition of 0.5-1.5% SPHs, while it was accelerated by the addition of 3% SPHs. The pH of patties increased with increasing concentration of SPHs, whereas there were no significant differences in WHC and shear force of patties. Consequently, the results indicated that the addition of 0.5-1.5% SPHs had a potential advantage in suppressing oxidative deterioration of fat-containing meat products during chilled storage.

Optimization Processing and Quality Characteristics of Pork Patty Prepared with Soybean Oil (대두유 첨가 돈육 패티의 제조 조건 최적화 및 품질 특성)

  • Jung, Eunkyung;Joo, Nami
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.256-266
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the optimal mixing conditions of soybean oil and bread crumbs mixture for pork patty. The experiment was designed according to the central composite design of response surface methodology. There were ten experimental points, including two replicates for soybean oil and bread crumbs. The physicochemical and mechanical analyses of each sample, including pH, cooking loss, thickness increase, moisture content, lightness, hardness, adhesiveness, springiness, chewiness, and gumminess showed significant differences (p<0.05). The results of sensory evaluation showed significant differences in tenderness, juiciness, and overall quality (p<0.05). The optimum formulation calculated by numerical and graphical method was 13.61 g of soybean oil and 6.35 g of bread crumbs. The results obtained in this study will be useful to the meat industry, which tends to decrease the saturated fatty acid content with a concomitant enrichment in the unsaturated fatty acids content.

Quality Characteristics of Pork Patties Prepared with Mugwort, Pine Needle and Fatsia Leaf Extracts (쑥, 솔잎 및 두릅 추출물을 첨가한 돈육 Patty의 품질 특성)

  • 정인철;남주현;송형익;박충균;문윤희
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.326-332
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    • 2000
  • In order to investigate the possibility of functional property improvement of meat products, four kinds of pork patties were prepared with water 10% as control, mugwort extract 10%, pine needle extract 10% and fatsia leaf extract 10%, respectively. In case of control moisture content was higher, but crude fat was lower, compared to patties treated with plant extracts. Crude ash content of pine needle extract treatment showed higher level than that of other patties. pH range of patties revealed to 5.92∼5.978. In raw patties Hunter's L-and a-value of control were higher than those of plant extract treatment, and a-value of raw patties showed higher level than that of cooked. Yield, water holding capacity, salt soluble protein extractability and gel strength among patties did not show significant differences. In control patty, fat retention was lower compared to other plant extract treatments, but water soluble protein extractability was higher compared to pine needle. Values such as hardness, springiness, cohesiveness, gumminess and chewiness were not significantly different among the patties. In sensory scores such as aroma, juiciness and palatability, significant differences were not observed among cooked patties, but texture score was higher in the order pine needle, mugwort, fatsia leaf and control.

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Quality Characteristics of Pork Patty Containing Lotus Root and Leaf Powder (연근 및 연잎 분말을 첨가한 돈육 Patty의 품질특성)

  • Choi, Young-Joon;Park, Hyun-Suk;Park, Kyung-Suk;Lee, Kyung-Soo;Moon, Yoon-Hee;Kim, Min-Ju;Jung, In-Chul
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.33-40
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    • 2012
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effect of the addition of lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) root and leaf powder on the quality characteristics of pork patties. The pork patties were of four types: nothing added (CTL), 0.5% lotus root powder added (LRP), 0.25% lotus root and 0.25% lotus leaf powder added (LRLP), and 0.5% lotus leaf powder added (LLP). There was no significant difference in $L^*$ value (whiteness), cohesiveness, gumminess, chewiness, water holding capacity, VBN content, and total bacterial amount. The moisture was highest in CTL, protein was highest in LRLP, fat was highest in LRLP and LLP, and ash was highest in LRLP (p<0.05). The total polyphenol content of the CTL, LRP, LRLP, and LLP were 3.34, 3.64, 3.90 and 3.90 mg/100 g, respectively. The $a^*$ value was highest in CTL, and the $b^*$ value of LRLP and LLP were higher than those of CTL and LRP (p<0.05). The hardness of CTL and LRP were higher than those of LRLP and LLP, and springiness was lowest in LLP (p<0.05). The cooking loss, thickness change, diameter changes, and pH were highest in CTL (p<0.05). The TBARS was highest in CTL, and was lowest in LLP (p<0.05).

Preparation and Food Quality Characterization of Salmon Patties (연어 패티의 제조 및 식품학적 품질 특성)

  • Kim, Hyung-Jun;Yoon, Min-Seok;Park, Kwon-Hyun;Shin, Jun-Ho;Heu, Min-Soo;Kim, Jin-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.705-713
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    • 2009
  • We prepared salmon patties and compared the quality characteristics thereof with those of commercial tuna and pork patties. The moisture and crude ash contents of salmon patty were lower, whereas the crude protein content was higher, than those of commercial patties. The crude lipid content of salmon patty was higher than that of tuna patty, but lower than that of pork patty. The pH value and the volatile basic nitrogen content of salmon patty were lower than those of the commercial patties. Hunter color values (L, a, b) in a cross-section of cooked salmon patty were higher, whereas the ${\Delta}E$ value was lower, than those of the two commercial patties. The lipophilic browning index (0.397) of salmon patty was higher, whereas the hydrophilic browning index (0.047) was lower, than those of commercial patties. Trichloroacetic acid-soluble N content (272 mg/100 g) of salmon patty was lower than of commercial patties. The major fatty acids of salmon patty were palmitic acid (11.9%), oleic acid (27.6%), and linoleic acid (30.1%), whereas small amounts of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 3.7%) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 8.4%) were also found. The predominant amino acids of all patties were arginine, glutamic acid, aspartic acid, leucine, threonine, and proline, and the contents of these amino acids in salmon patty were higher than in the two commercial patties. The Fe, Ca, K, P, and Mg contents of salmon patty were 2.4 mg/100g, 42.6 mg/100g, 207.5 mg/100g, 211.6 mg/100 g, and 29.9 mg/100 g, respectively. The sensory quality of salmon patty was higher than that of pork patty. These results indicate that salmon patty may have good quality characteristics, comparable to those of the two commercial patties.

Comparison of Pork Patty Quality Characteristics with Various Binding Agents (결착제 첨가 종류에 따른 돈육 패티의 품질 특성 비교)

  • Choi, Yun-Sang;Jeon, Ki-Hong;Park, Jong-Dae;Sung, Jung-Min;Seo, Dong-Ho;Ku, Su-Kyung;Oh, Nam-Su;Kim, Young-Boong
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.588-595
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    • 2015
  • The objective of this study is to investigate the effects of binding agents (carrageenan, transglutaminase, isolated soy protein, and wheat fiber) on the physicochemical and sensory characteristics of pork patties. One percent of each pork patty formulation was prepared with one of the following carrageenan, transglutaminase, isolated soy protein, or wheat fiber. The lightness and redness values of raw and cooked pork patties with carrageenan, isolated soy protein, and wheat fiber were significantly higher than the control (p<0.05). The water holding capacity, cooking yield, and moisture content of pork patties containing carrageenan, isolated soy protein, and wheat fiber were significantly higher than the control (p<0.05). However, the reduction in diameter and thickness was lower than the control (p<0.05). The protein and fat content of the pork patties were not significantly different between the control and patties with binding agent addition. The shear forces of the pork patties with transglutaminase, isolated soy protein, and wheat fiber were significantly higher than the control (p<0.05), while the pork patties with carrageenan were significantly lower than control (p<0.05). Among the sensory characteristics, tenderness, juiciness, and overall acceptability of pork patties containing carrageenan, transglutaminase, isolated soy protein, and wheat fiber were slightly higher, although there was no significant difference. Therefore, pork patties containing binding agents are useful in making new ground meat products with desirable quality characteristics.