• Title, Summary, Keyword: pork patty

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Quality Characteristics of Pork Patties Added with Seaweed Powder (해조류 첨가가 돈육 패티의 품질 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeon, Mi-Ran;Choi, Seong-Hee
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.77-83
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    • 2012
  • Physicochemical properties and palatability of pork patties prepared with 3 levels (1%, 2%, and 4%) of seaweeds, sea mustard, green laver, and seaweed fusiform were studied. The addition of seaweed powders to pork patties increased crude ash content of the patties. When the patties were heated at an internal temperature of $72^{\circ}C$ for 15 min, cooking loss was decreased as the amount of seaweed increased. Also, the addition of sea mustard showed the lowest cooking loss. Volatile basic nitrogen (VBN) of patties stored at $4^{\circ}C$ was lower in patties containing seaweed than in the control patties. Juiciness of the cooked patties was increased in patties with seaweeds, while springiness was decreased. The addition of seaweed did not affect flavor preference and overall acceptance scores in spite of sensing seaweed flavor. In summary, the addition of seaweed in preparation of pork patties is expected to have positive effects in supplementing minerals, a reduction in cooking loss, a decrease in VBN, and an increase in juiciness.

Efficacy of Tomato Powder as Antioxidant in Cooked Pork Patties

  • Kim, I.S.;Jin, S.K.;Yang, M.R.;Chu, G.M.;Park, J.H.;Rashid, R.H.I.;Kim, J.Y.;Kang, S.N.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.26 no.9
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    • pp.1339-1346
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    • 2013
  • This study was carried out to determine the effects of tomato powder (TP) on cooked pork patties during storage at $10{\pm}1^{\circ}C$ in the dark. The total phenolic and flavonoid contents of TP extract were 26.22 mg gallic acid/100 g and 3.52 mg quercetin/100 g, respectively. The extract of TP showed a potential antioxidant activity in the DPPH radical-scavenging assay ($EC_{50}=16.76{\mu}g/mL$). Pork patties were manufactured with 0.25% (T1), 0.5% (T2), 0.75% (T3) and 1.0% (T4) TP in a basic formula (C). The pH and volatile basic nitrogen (VBN) values of T2, T3 and T4 patties were lower (p<0.05) than the C patties during storage. Increased concentration of TP in meat patties decreased (p<0.05) the 2-thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and total plate count (TPC) values at d 7 of storage. Tomato treated-patties had lower (p<0.05) values for lightness ($L^*$), but higher (p<0.05) values for redness ($a^*$) and yellowness ($b^*$) at d 3 and 7 of storage compared with the C. In the case of sensory evaluation, the scores of colour, flavour and overall acceptability of T3 and T4 patties were higher (p<0.05) than those of the C patty after 3 or 7 days of storage.

Effects of Sodium Chloride, Potassium Chloride, Potassium Lactate and Calcium Ascorbate on the Physico-chemical Properties and Sensory Characteristics of Sodium-reduced Pork Patties (NaCl, KCl, Potassium Lactate와 Calcium Ascorbate의 첨가가 저장 중 저염 돈육 패티의 이화학적 특성과 관능 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Moon, Sung-Sil;Kim, Young-Tae;Jin, Sang-Keun;Kim, Il-Suk
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.567-573
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    • 2008
  • This study investigated the effects of sodium chloride, potassium chloride, potassium lactate and calcium ascorbate on the physico-chemical and sensory characteristics of sodium-reduced pork patties. Pork patties were prepared in 4 ways: T1 (control, 1.0% NaCl), T2 (0.6% NaCl, 0.4% KCl), T3 (0.7% NaCl, 0.3% potassium lactate) and T4 (0.7% NaCl, 0.3% calcium ascorbate). The pH, cooking loss, total plate counts, TBARS (2-thiobarbituric acid reactive substances), surface color (L, a, b) and sensory characteristics were evaluated. The partial substitution of NaCl with KCl and calcium ascorbate decreased the cooking loss and TBARS values, and enhanced microbial stability. The partial substitution of NaCl with potassium lactate significantly decreased TBARS values and enhanced microbial stability, but significantly increased cooking loss compared to the control after 1 and 4 days of storage. However, the surface color and sensory characteristics were not affected by any of the treatments.

Effects of Sweet Persimmon Powder Type on Quality Properties of Low Salted Pork Patties during Cold Storage (단감분말 첨가 유형에 따른 저염 미트패티제품의 저온저장 중 품질특성)

  • Kim, I.S.;Jin, S.K.;Ha, C.J.
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.50 no.1
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    • pp.133-144
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    • 2008
  • Four different pork patties were made with two levels, HP/FP-3% and HP/FP-6%, containing 3.0 and 6.0% HP(hot air dried sweet persimmon powder)/FP(freeze-dried sweet persimmon powder), respectively. After manufacture, the meat patties were packaged with  polyvinyl wrap and stored at 4℃ for 8 days. CTL(control) and HP-3% meat patties were significantly(p<0.05) higher in moisture content than the other samples. FP-6% was found higher in protein content than the other treatments. FP-3% had a higher fat content than other meat patty samples. However, ash contents were not found significantly(p>0.05) different among the meat patty samples. The value of pH, L* and a* values were decreased as the cold storage time increased in all treatments(p<0.05). WHC(water holding capacity) of CTL and HP-6% and cooking loss of HP-3% were significantly(p<0.05) decreased with increased storage period. The diameter and thickness of all meat patties decreased with increasing the storage period. VBN(volatile basic nitrogen) values of all meat patties were increased(p<0.05) with increased storage period. TBARS (thiobarbituric acid reactive substance) of treatments were higher than that of CTL during whole storage time. The number of microorganisms(Total plate counts, Escherichia coli.) were maintained below 4.61 log10 CFU/cm2 during the whole storage period. In sensory evaluation, treatment groups had higher(p<0.05) scores in aroma, flavor, color and overall acceptability.

Effect of Hot Air Dried Kimchi Powder on the Quality Characteristics of Pork Patties (열풍건조 김치분말 첨가가 돈육 패티의 품질특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Mi-Ai;Han, Doo-Jeong;Choi, Ji-Hun;Choi, Yun-Sang;Kim, Hack-Youn;Choe, Ju-Hui;Jeong, Jong-Youn;Kim, Cheon-Jei
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.466-472
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    • 2008
  • This study examined the quality characteristics of pork patty samples by the addition of hot air-dried Kimchi powder at levels of 0, 1, 2, and 3%(w/w) to the formulation. The CIE $L^{\ast}$-values of the raw patties decreased with increasing Kimchi powder content(p<0.05), whereas the CIE $a^{\ast}$-values and $b^{\ast}$-values of samples increased with increasing Kimchi powder content(p<0.05); however, after cooking, there were no significant differences in $L^{\ast}$-values among the treatments (p>0.05). Due to the acidity of the Kimchi powder, the treatment groups showed reductions in pH; but after cooking, pH had increased(p<0.05). The patties containing Kimchi powder also had decrease cooking losses and reduction of patty diameter(p<0.05). Finally, the results of sensory and texture property analyses indicated that higher overall acceptability and springiness, lower hardness, were attained by the addition of Kimchi powder.

The Effect of Adding Lotus Root and Leaf Powder on the Quality Characteristics of Cooked Pork Patties (가열 돈육 patty의 품질특성에 미치는 연근 및 연잎분말 첨가 효과)

  • Jung, In-Chul;Park, Hyun-Suk;Choi, Young-Joon;Park, Sung-Suk;Kim, Min-Ju;Park, Kyung-Sook
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.783-791
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    • 2011
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effects of adding lotus root and leaf powder on the quality characteristics of cooked pork patties. The patties were of four types: unadulterated (control, T0), 0.5% lotus root powder (T1), 0.25% lotus root and 0.25% lotus leaf powder (T2), and 0.5% lotus leaf powder (T3). We found that the moisture content was highest in T1 group, and that the protein and fat contents were lowest in T1 (p<0.05). The ash content was lowest in T0 (p<0.05). The cooking yield and moisture retention level were not significantly different among the samples, but fat retention was the highest in T3 (p<0.05). The hardness, springiness, cohesiveness and chewiness were also highest in T3, and the gumminess was lowest in T0 (p<0.05). The $L^*$ values tended to increase with longer storage periods, and that of T0 was the highest after nine days of the storage (p<0.05). By contrast, the $a^*$ values decreased with longer storage periods (p<0.05), with that of T3 being the lowest (p<0.05) during storage periods. The water holding capacity decreased with longer storage periods, and that of T1 was the highest (p<0.05) during storage periods. The pH of T1 decreased, and those of T2 and T3 increased with a longer storage period (p<0.05). TBARS values increased with a longer storage period, and those of T0, T1, T2 and T3 were 8.69, 2.95, 0.88 and 0.55 mg/kg, respectively, after nine days of storage (p<0.05).

Effects of Reheating Conditions and Sodium Chloride/Phosphate Levels on Color Characteristics of Precooked Pork Patties

  • Choi, Ji-Hun;Choi, Yun-Sang;Han, Doo-Jeong;Kim, Hack-Youn;Lee, Mi-Ai;Kim, Si-Young;Lee, Ju-Woon;Jeong, Jong-Youn;Kim, Cheon-Jei
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.617-625
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    • 2010
  • The objective of this study was to determine the effect of reheating methods on the color characteristics of precooked pork patties with various NaCl and phosphate levels. NaCl/phosphate levels for each formulation were as follows; N1 (1% NaCl), N1+P (1% NaCl+0.3% phosphate), N2 (2% NaCl), and N2+P (2% NaCl+0.3% phosphate). The reheating methods used were by electric grill and microwave oven. The surface color of the patties reheated by microwave showed more brown and less-intense red, and the phosphate-treated patties reheated by microwave were more reddish and less brownish. With increased amounts of added NaCl and phosphate, the internal color of patties was more reddish, and the phosphate-treated patties reheated by microwave had more brown than those reheated by electric grill. Among all of the treatments, there were no significant differences in surface color, internal color, and overall appearance. Thus, the color changes in reheated patties were influenced by reheating methods and phosphate.

The Effect of the Water Extracts of Digestive Medicinal Plants on the Shelf-life of Pork Patties

  • Seol, Kuk-Hwan;Seol, Hyun-Chul;Prayad, Thirawong;Kim, Hyoun-Wook;Jang, Ae-Ra;Ham, Jun-Sang;Oh, Mi-Hwa;Kim, Dong-Hun;Lee, Moo-Ha
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.54-60
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    • 2011
  • This study was performed to examine the possibility of water extracts of several digestive medicinal plants (DMPEs), such as Amomum tasoko, Alpinia oxyphylla, Citrus unshiu, and Myristica fragrans, as a natural antioxidant. Total phenol contents of each extract were expressed as gallic acid equibalents (GAE) and those were significantly different among A. tasoko ($39.87{\pm}5.77$ mg GAE/g), A. oxyphylla ($30.28{\pm}3.36$ mg GAE/g), C. unshiu ($28.13{\pm}5.01$ mg GAE/g) and M. fragrans ($6.36{\pm}0.30$ mg GAE/g) (p<0.05), and extract of A. tasoko showed significantly higher antioxidative effect than butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) on linoleic acid peroxidation at 72 h after incubation (p<0.05). Addition of extracts in pork patties did not affect the pH value and total microbes during cold storage. However, thiobarbituric acid reative substances (TBARS) of treated patties were lower in dose dependant manner than that of control as storage period increased (except patties treated with C. unshiu extract), and patties treated with 0.5% A. tasoko extract showed no significant difference with patties treated with 0.5% BHA at day 7.

Antimicrobial Effects of Schizandra chinensis Extract on Pathogenic Microorganism (오미자(Schizandra chinensis)의 병원성 미생물에 대한 항균효과)

  • 이신호;임용숙
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.239-243
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    • 1998
  • The growth of pathogens such as Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 29737, Bacillus subtilis KCTC 1021 and Escherichia coli ATCC 11775 was inhibited as much as 1 to 4 log cycles in tryptic soy broth containing 1% of Schizandra chinensis extract but Salmonella tuphimrium ATCC 14028 and Vibrio parahaemolyticus ATCC 17802 were not inhibited. The essential oil of Schizandra chinensis showed stronger inhibitory activity than ethanol extract against above menioned pathogens. The growth of Listeria monocytogenes was not changed in minced pork containing 1% of Schizandra chinensis extract for 12 days at 4$^{\circ}C$. The sensory quality of hamburger patty such as taste, flavor and overall accepability were not decreased by the addition of 1% Schizandra chinensis extract(p<0.05).

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Determination of Hydroxyproline Contents of Pork Meat for Quality Evaluation of Meat Products (돈육 등급별 Hydroxyproline 함량 분석법을 이용한 육가공품의 품질 평가)

  • Kim, Jin-Seong;Kim, Jae-Hun;Park, Jin-Gyu;Park, Jae-Nam;Lee, Ju-Woon;Byun, Yu-Ryang;Byun, Myung-Woo
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.362-367
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    • 2006
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the feasibility of determination of hydroxyproline (Hyp) contents in pork meat for the quality evaluation of meat products. The relationship between the Hyp contents and pork grade was not high in porcine semitendinosus muscle. Whereas, Hyp contents of pork fresh ham and hamburger patties prepared with them were significantly increased as the decrease of pork grade. These results showed that the determination of Hyp contents might be a useful method for the quality evaluation of meat products.