• Title/Summary/Keyword: prehypertension

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Risk Factors of Prehypertension in Korean Adults: The Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005 (한국 성인의 고혈압 전기 발생 위험요인 분석: 2005년 국민건강영양조사)

  • Kim, Ok-Soo;Jeon, Hae-Ok;Kim, Dong-Hee;Kim, Bo-Hye;Kim, Hee-Jeong
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.281-292
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the risk factors related to prehypertension in Korean adults. Methods: The data were obtained from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005. The subjects of this study were 3,981 adults aged over 20 years of age. Demographic characteristics, alcohol drinking, smoking, physical activity, stress, BMI, serum lipid profiles and blood pressure were analyzed in this study. Results: Prevalence of prehypertension was 38.9% in this study. As the result of multiple logistic regression, the risk of prehypertension in male, elderly and low income persons was increased. And the risk of prehypertension was increased in the case of problem drinking, alcohol abuse, formal smoker, overweight, obesity and hyperlipidemia in triglyceride. Conclusion: To decrease prehypertension prevalence, it is necessary to detect and manage the influencing risk factors of prehypertension such as alcohol drinking, smoking, obesity, physical activity, stress and serum lipid profiles.

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Risk Factors Analysis of Prehypertension in Adults: The Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2018 (성인 고혈압 전기 발생의 위험요인 분석: 국민건강영양 조사 제7기 3차 년도(2018년도) 자료 활용)

  • Lee, Ju-Ry
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.456-464
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    • 2021
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the risk factors related to prehypertension in Korean adults. The data were collected from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2018. The subjects of this study were 3,286 adults aged over 30 years of old. We analyzed risk factors of prehypertension using multiple logistic regression based on complex sample design. The prevalence of prehypertension was 60.8%. As the result, the risk of prehypertension in elderly, current smoking persons, overweight, obesity, hyperlipidemia in triglyceride and HDL cholesterol. And the risk of decreased in health check-up, aerobic physical activity. Therefore, in order to reduce the incidence of prehypertension, it is required to prepare interventions to prevent prehypertension through the adjustment of lifestyle for subjects with risk factors for developing prehypertension.

Association of fried food intake with prehypertension and hypertension: the Filipino women's diet and health study

  • Provido, Sherlyn Mae P.;Abris, Grace P.;Hong, Sangmo;Yu, Sung Hoon;Lee, Chang Beom;Lee, Jung Eun
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.76-84
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    • 2020
  • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Few epidemiological studies examined the association between fried food intake and hypertension. This study examined whether fried food intake was associated with higher prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension combined in a cross-sectional study of the Filipino Women's Diet and Health Study (FiLWHEL). SUBJECTS/METHODS: This study included a total of 428 women aged 20-57 years who have ever been married to Korean men. Prehypertension was defined as 120 - < 140 mmHg of SBP or 80 - < 90 mmHg of DBP and hypertension as SBP ≥ 140 mmHg or DBP ≥ 90 mmHg. Fried food intake was assessed using one-day 24-hour recall. Fried foods were categorized into total, deep/shallow and pan/stir fried foods. The odds ratio (OR)s and 95% confidence interval (CI)s were calculated using multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: The prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension combined was 41.36% in this population. High fried food intake was associated with high prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension combined. The odds of having prehypertension and hypertension was higher in the 3rd tertile of fried food intake among fried food consumers compared to non-fried food consumers (OR = 2.46, 95% CI = 1.24, 4.87; P for trend = 0.004). Separate analysis for types of frying showed that deep and shallow fried food intake was associated with prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension combined for comparing the 3rd tertile vs. non-fried food consumers (OR = 2.93; 95% CI = 1.57-5.47; P for trend = < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This study showed the evidence that high fried food intake was significantly associated with high prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension combined among Filipino women married to Korean men.

Effects of Moxibustion on Physiological Indices and Autonomic Nervous Symptoms in Adults with Prehypertension (뜸요법이 전고혈압 성인의 생리적 지수와 자율신경계 증상에 미치는 효과)

  • Cho, Soon-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.40 no.5
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    • pp.686-694
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: This study was done to examine the effects of moxibustion on physiological indices, such as 24-hr blood pressure, pulse pressure, and pulse rate, and autonomic nervous symptoms among adults with prehypertension. Methods: Participants were adults whose systolic and diastolic blood pressures were in the prehypertension stage and were not under treatment for the condition. Both experimental and control group consisted of 13 participants who were taking classes on acupuncture and moxibustion at a private institute. The experimental group received moxibustion once a day for 15 min, at least 5 days a week for 8 weeks. The results were analyzed using $x^2$-test, t-test, Fisher's exact test, Wilcoxon rank sum test and repeated measures ANOVA with the SAS program. Bonferroni correction method was adopted for multiple comparisons. Results: No significant change was observed in the 24-hr systolic and diastolic blood pressure between the two groups. Differences in the 24-hr pulse pressure and pulse rate were also not significant. However, significant decreases in headache, symptoms of flushing and fatigue were observed in the experimental group. Conclusion: The results suggest that moxibustion contributes to alleviating symptoms such as headache, flushing and fatigue associated with the autonomic nervous system among adults with prehypertension.

Risk Factors of Cerebrovascular Disease According to the Level of Blood Pressure among the Prospective Tele-medicine Users (재택진료 잠재적 이용자의 혈압 수준에 따른 뇌혈관 질환 위험요인 분포)

  • Song, Hee-Young;Park, So-Mi;Hwang, Sung-Oh
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.31-42
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: This study was undertaken to investigate bio-medical and behavioral risk factor of stroke according to the level of blood pressure among the prospective tele-health users. Method: A descriptive study was conducted using interviews with a structured questionnaire. Of the households in the village, 24 households were selected for inclusion in the study. Among all of the residents from these households, a total of 48 residents who completed all the blood tests as well as the questionnaire. Results: Among bio-medical risk factors including demographic characteristics, physiologic variables, and health history, only triglyceride(TG) was significantly different among normal, prehypertension, and hypertension groups(F=3.78, p<.05). However, regarding behavioral variables, those who were classified as prehypertension and hypertension group reported more frequent drinking, those who were in prehypertension group reported highest scores of stress and lowest frequency of exercise, and those who were in normal and hypertension group showed higher scores of interest on health and lower scores of perceived seriousness of disease and health knowledge than those who were in prehypertension group. Conclusion: Identification and implementation of modifiable risk factors of stroke according to the level of blood pressure are crucial for health care utilizing tele-medicine.

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A Structural Equation Model on Health Behavior Adherence for Elders with Prehypertension: Based on Self-Determination Theory (자기결정성 이론에 근거한 고혈압 전단계 노인의 건강행위이행 구조 모형)

  • Lee, Eun-Ha;Park, Jee-Won
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.343-352
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop and test a hypothetical model which explains health behavior adherence in elderly people with prehypertension. The model was based on self-determination theory (SDT). Methods: Data were collected from June 21 to July 15, 2010, using self-report questionnaires. The participants were 140 elders with prehypertension who lived in D Metropolitan City. Collected data were analyzed using PASW 18.0 for descriptive statistics and correlation analysis and AMOS 5.0 for covariance structure analysis. Results: It appeared that the overall fit index was good with a ${\chi}^2$ score of 13.23 (p<0.05), GFI of 0.97, AGFI of 0.79 and RMR of 0.28 in the modified model. The results revealed that significant main effects of both health provider's autonomy support and autonomous motivations were found on the measure of health behavior adherence. These factors explained 72% of variance in the participants, health behavior adherence. Conclusion: The overall findings may provide useful assistance in developing effective motivation-enhanced programs for health behavior adherence.

The Effects of Diet Health Education Program for Prehypertension Group on the Diet Habit and Blood Pressure (고혈압 전단계 집단 식이보건교육이 식이습관과 혈압에 미치는 효과)

  • Sim, Jeoung-Ha
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2006
  • Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of DASH diet and law salt diet health education program on the blood pressure and the diet habit in the prehypertension group in Korea. Methods: The participants in this study were 141 people with prehypertension who were seen at a public health center. Data collection was done from March 11 to November 11, 2005 using interview with questionnaires. The participants took part in the diet health education program for 8 weeks. In order to evaluate the effectiveness of health education program, the variables of the diet such as hypertension, law salt diet and DASH diet were measured before and after the health education. The blood pressure was measured three times during the education. The collected data were analyzed with paired t-test and repeated ANOVA using SPSS 12.0 for Windows. Results: The diet habit variables after the education showed that their diet habit tend to the low salt diet and the DASH diet. The participants improved in their knowledge of hypertension and law salt diet, and they improved in the behavioral level of law salt diet and DASH diet after the health education for 8 weeks. Systolic and diastolic pressure were significantly decreased in prehypertension group after 8 weeks [10mmHg/6mmHg(p<0.001)]. Conclusion: These result suggest that the improvement in the level of behavior might be related with the change in blood pressure among the people having prehypertension in Korea.

Acupuncture for Prehypertension and Stage 1 Hypertension in Postmenopausal Women: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial (폐경 후 고혈압 전단계 및 1기 고혈압에 대한 침 치료 효과: 무작위 대조 예비연구)

  • Kim, Jung-Eun;Choi, Sun-Mi;Choi, Jin-Bong;Kim, Hyeong-Jun;Kwon, Ojin;Kim, Jae-Hong;Park, Ji-Eun
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.116-125
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    • 2017
  • Objectives : The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of acupuncture in treating prehypertension and stage 1 hypertension in postmenopausal women. Methods : The study was a multi-center, four-arm, non-blinded, randomized clinical trial. Sixty participants were randomly assigned to experimental or control groups. The experimental groups received 10 acupuncture sessions over 4 weeks(Group A, n=20) or 20 sessions over 8 weeks(Group B, n=20) along with usual care. The acupoints were GB20, LI11, ST36, and SP6, bilaterally. The acupuncture groups were followed-up for an additional 12 weeks after acupuncture treatment. The control groups received usual care for 16 weeks(Group C, n=10) or 20 weeks(Group D, n=10). The outcomes were blood pressure, blood pressure control rates, lipid profile, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein(hs-CRP). Results : After 4 weeks, DBP in the acupuncture groups(A+B) showed no significant decrease compared to the control group(C+D). However, after 8 weeks of acupuncture treatment, group B showed a significant decrease in DBP after acupuncture treatment and follow-up period compared to control group. Although there was no difference between the acupuncture and control groups in SBP after acupuncture treatment, group B showed a significant decrease in SBP compared to control group after follow-up period. Lipid profiles and hs-CRP did not differ significantly between acupuncture and control groups. Conclusions : Acupuncture treatment for 8 weeks showed the effect on prehypertension and mild hypertension. To verify the effect of acupuncture on blood pressure, rigorous trials including more participants are required.

Pattern Analysis in Patients with Hypertension grades (고혈압 단계별 변증특성 분석)

  • Yang, Chang Sop;Kim, Youn Geun;Kim, Chang Seok;Kim, Chul;Song, Mi Young
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.934-939
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    • 2012
  • To investigate and characterize basic patterns of prehypertension. Participants were divided into three groups; ideal blood pressure(n=40), prehypertension(n=62), and stage 1 hypertension groups(n=68) according to the JNC 7 standards. They answered questionnaire asking various symptoms and received clinical examination. Data were collected and analyzed in the focus of three Zheng patterns, cold-heat, deficiency-excess and four major hypertension types. Analysis of variance was used to find differences among groups. In addition, relationship between the cold-heat trends and risk factors of hypertension were analyzed using Pearson's correlation analysis. Three risk factors; age, body mass index (BMI), and fasting blood sugar (FBS) showed intergroup differences. Statistical significances were revealed in the cold-heat pattern and two hypertension subtypes. The cold scores decreased from $4.8{\pm}1.84$ to $3.9{\pm}1.88$ and $3.7{\pm}1.27$ (p=0.022), while the heat increased from $1.9{\pm}1.32$ to $2.8{\pm}1.72$ and $2.8{\pm}1.48$ (p=0.009). Additionally two hypertension subtypes, the excessive liver fire, and the yin-yang deficiency showed significant differences. Cold had negative correlations with blood pressure (both systolic and diastolic), BMI, triglyceride, and FBS. Heat had positive correlations with systolic blood pressure, BMI, triglyceride, and FBS. Prehypertension could be characterized by using the cold-heat patterns. The cold-heat are correlated with Blood pressure, BMI, blood lipids and sugar.