• 제목/요약/키워드: prehypertension

검색결과 31건 처리시간 0.178초

Effects of acupuncture in postmenopausal women with prehypertension or stage 1 hypertension: study protocol for a prospective, comparative, interventional cohort study

  • Seo, Bok-Nam;Park, Ji-Eun;Kim, Young-Eun;Kang, Kyung-Won;Seol, In-Chan;Choi, Sun-Mi
    • Integrative Medicine Research
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    • 제7권1호
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    • pp.95-102
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    • 2018
  • Background: Hypertension is a major cause of cardiovascular disease and associated mortality, and postmenopausal women are at a high risk of hypertension. We aim to investigate the hypotensive effect and safety of acupuncture, focusing on postmenopausal women with prehypertension and stage 1 hypertension. In addition, we aim to investigate whether the effect of acupuncture treatment differed, depending on Sasang Constitution and cold-heat pattern. Methods: This study is designed as an intervention cohort study. Two hundred postmenopausal women aged <65 years with prehypertension or stage 1 hypertension living in Daejeon city in Korea will be recruited, and randomly assigned to either an acupuncture or no-treatment control group. The intervention will consist of four sessions; one session will include acupuncture performed 10 times for 4 weeks. There will be a 20-week observation period after each session, and the total study duration will be 96 weeks. Acupuncture will be applied at the bilateral Fengchi (GB20), Quchi (LI11), Zusanli (ST36), and Sameumgyo (SP6) acupoints. The effect of acupuncture will be evaluated by comparing the change in systolic and diastolic blood pressure between the acupuncture and control groups every 4 weeks until the end of the study. Discussion: To evaluate the success of blood pressure management, long-term observation is required, but no long-term studies have been conducted to evaluate the effect of acupuncture on blood pressure in postmenopausal women. To our knowledge, this study will be the first long-term study to investigate this issue for more than 6-8 weeks.

소아 청소년기에서 고혈압 (Hypertension in children and adolescents)

  • 정조원
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • 제52권7호
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    • pp.745-751
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    • 2009
  • Hypertension is a major risk factor for myocardial infarction, stroke, and cardiovascular mortality in adults; its treatment reduces the risk of cardiovascular events. In recent times, attention is being paid to monitoring of blood pressure from childhood to adulthood. Childhood hypertension is associated with hypertension in later life, and early intervention is important. In the Korean socioeconomic background, a rapid increase is observed in the number of obesity cases and the rate of increase in the incidence of obesity is more in childhood. The strong association of high blood pressure with obesity and the marked increase in the incidence of childhood obesity indicate that both hypertension and prehypertension are becoming significant health issues. In this comprehensive review, we acquaint the clinician with the available literature on childhood hypertension to provide recommendations for the diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of hypertension based on the available evidence and consensus in Korean clinical conditions.

고혈압 전 단계 성인여성의 뇌졸중 위험과 뇌졸중 지식 (Stroke Risk and Knowledge in Women with Prehypertension)

  • 송희영
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • 제10권2호
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    • pp.121-130
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: This study was undertaken to identify stroke risk with risk factors and knowledge of stork in women with prehypertension. Methods: A total of 46 pre-hypertensive women in urban area aged 44.8 (SD 11.4) yr old in average were selected by a convenient sampling. Demographic data, risk factors, and knowledge of stroke were assessed through face to face interview. Stroke risk scores were calculated based on points given to age, systolic blood pressure, smoking, DM, and heart disease in Framingham stroke risk score. Data were analyzed by SPSS WIN 12.0 using descriptive statistics, two sample t-test, and Pearson's correlation coefficient. Results: The mean systolic blood pressure of participants was 133.11 mmHg, and HDL cholesterol was lower than the recommended level, although rest of physiologic risk factors were within normal. Of the participants, 82% did not do regular physical activity and 75% did not control fat intake persistently. Mean stroke risk points and knowledge scores were 4.48 and 29.15, respectively, which were significantly different between women with and without persistent controlling fat intake. Conclusion: Results indicate stroke prevention intervention for prehypertensive women should address comprehensively modifying lifestyle as well as physiologic factors, and information focusing on stroke risk factors and warning symptoms.

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고혈압 전단계자들에 대한 골격근 Group III 자극 시 시간에 따른 심혈관 반응 (Cardiovascular Responses over the Time Course during Muscle Group III Stimulation in Prehypertensive Individuals)

  • 박원일;박시영;최현민;이준희;전종목;김종경;심재근;노호성
    • 생명과학회지
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    • 제19권11호
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    • pp.1568-1574
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    • 2009
  • 본 연구는 고혈압전단계자들에 대한 지속적인 건 스트레치시 시간에 따른 생리학적 반응을 분석하여 정상혈압자와 고혈압전단계자에 대한 EPR의 한 요소인 기계적 수용기가 혈압 및 혈역학 반응에 어떠한 영향을 주는지를 검토하였다. 그 결과, 안정 시와 시간에 따른 혈압 반응은 고혈압전단계자에 있어 SBP, MAP가 평균 20sec에서 통계적으로 가장 높은 경향을 보였으며(p<0.05), 정상혈압자에서는 SBP, DBP, MAP가 평균 45sec에서 가장 높은 경향을 보였다(p<0.05). 이는 고혈압 전단계자의 지속적인 수동적 건 스트레치 시 정상혈압자에 비해 Group III mechanoreceptors의 역기능에 따른 상승된 혈압 반응이 초기에 나타내었다고 사료된다. 또한 혈역학 반응에서 안정 시와 비교하여 지속적인 수동적건 스트레치 시 고혈압전단계자에서의 HR, SV, CO, TPR 모두 유의한 차이를 보이지 않았으나 정상혈압자에서 SV, CO가 통계적으로 유의한 차이를 보였다(p<0.05). 이는 CO, SV, HR, TPR이 정상혈압자에 비해 고혈압전단계자에 있어 높은 경향을 나타내었지만, 혈역학 반응은 본 연구를 통해 차이를 보이지 않아 앞으로 연구가 필요할 것으로 사료된다.

농촌지역 고혈압 전단계 성인의 혈청 Gamma-Glutamyltransferase와 고혈압 발생률간의 관련성 (Association Between Gamma-Glutamyltransferase and Hypertension Incidence in Rural Prehypertensive Adults)

  • 황준현;신지연;천병렬;이덕희;김건엽;박의현;채성철
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • 제43권1호
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    • pp.18-25
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    • 2010
  • Objectives: Prehypertension is associated with a higher risk of developing hypertension compared with normotension. Yet, factors predicting the development of hypertension among prehypertensive people are ill-understood. This prospective cohort study was performed to examine if serum gamma-glutamyltrasferase (GGT) within a normal range can predict the future risk of hypertension among prehypertensive adults. Methods: Study subjects were 293 prehypertensive persons >30-years-of-age who participated in a community-based health survey in 2003 and who were followed up in 2008. Sex-specific quartiles of baseline serum GGT were used to examine association with 5-year hypertension incidence. Results: Baseline serum GGT within normal range predicted the risk of developing hypertension for 5 years only in prehypertensive women. Adjusted relative risks were 1.0, 3.7, 3.6, and 6.0 according to quartiles of baseline serum GGT (P for trend <0.01). This pattern was similarly observed in non-drinkers. However, serum GGT was not associated with incident hypertension in men. Different from serum GGT, baseline serum alanine aminotransferase, another well-known liver enzyme, did not predict the risk of incident hypertension in both genders. Conclusions: Even though baseline serum GGT within normal range strongly predicted the future risk of hypertension, it was observed only in women, Although underlying mechanisms of this association are currently unclear, serum GGT can be used to select a high risk group of hypertension in prehypertensive women.

서울시 교직원의 고혈압 실태파악과 그 요인에 관한 연구 (A Study of Epidemiological Characteristics and Related factors in School Personnel with Hypertension)

  • 신선미;김종희;한규종;이희우
    • 한국학교보건학회지
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    • 제17권1호
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    • pp.55-69
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    • 2004
  • Purpose : To describe epidemiological characteristics and related factors in school personnel with hypertension. Method : 5,384 school personnel (2,638 males and 2,746 females) received physical examination at the Seoul School Health Center in 2002. blood pressure(BP) was classified by JNC 7th report. Normal BP is systolic BP <120 and diastolic BP<80, prehypertension BP is 120-139 or 80-89mmHg, stage 1 hypertension BP is 140-159 or 90-99, and stage 2 hypertension >=160 or >=100 mmHg. each group was evaluated by gender. We used multiple regression and logistic regression. Results : Normotension was 20.13% in males and 48.65% in female, prehypertension 43.4% in males and 38.06% in females, stage 1 hypertension 26.38% in males and 10.99% in females, stage2 hypertension 9.59% in males and 3.2% in females. the older age group had higher distribution of stage 1 hypertension and stage 2 hypertension. The means and abnormal rates of BMI, blood sugar, total cholesterol, GOT, GPT, and GTP was higher when their blood pressure was higher. However, an alcohol habit among lifestyle factors had an inverse effect. Higher Bp was correlated to a higher BMI, FBS, and cholesterol-like dose response. In stage 1 hypertension, the related factors of hypertension for males were BMI, amount of cigarettes smoked, exercise, blood sugar, total cholesterol, and GTP. In stage 1 hypertension, age, BMI, exercise, blood sugar, total cholesterol were related factors in female. In stage 2 hypertension, age and smoking were related factors in male, and age, BMI, and cholesterol in female. Conclusions : It is possible to intervene in all related factors of hypertension except age through life-style modification and appropriate medical management. Active health promotion is needed in School personnel.

Automatic Extraction of Blood Flow Area in Brachial Artery for Suspicious Hypertension Patients from Color Doppler Sonography with Fuzzy C-Means Clustering

  • Kim, Kwang Baek;Song, Doo Heon;Yun, Sang-Seok
    • Journal of information and communication convergence engineering
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    • 제16권4호
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    • pp.258-263
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    • 2018
  • Color Doppler sonography is a useful tool for examining blood flow and related indices. However, it should be done by well-trained operator, that is, operator subjectivity exists. In this paper, we propose an automatic blood flow area extraction method from brachial artery that would be an essential building block of computer aided color Doppler analyzer. Specifically, our concern is to examine hypertension suspicious (prehypertension) patients who might develop their symptoms to established hypertension in the future. The proposed method uses fuzzy C-means clustering as quantization engine with careful seeding of the number of clusters from histogram analysis. The experiment verifies that the proposed method is feasible in that the successful extraction rates are 96% (successful in 48 out of 50 test cases) and demonstrated better performance than K-means based method in specificity and sensitivity analysis but the proposed method should be further refined as the retrospective analysis pointed out.

폐경 후 여성의 전단계 및 1기 고혈압에 대한 침 치료: 다기관 무작위 대조 예비연구 (Acupuncture for Prehypertension and Stage 1 Hypertension in Postmenopausal Women: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial)

  • 김정은;최진봉;김형준;강경원;류연;정희정;이민희;신미숙;김재홍;최선미
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
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    • 제31권1호
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    • pp.5-13
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    • 2014
  • 목적 : 본 연구는 전단계 및 1기 고혈압에 해당하는 폐경 후 여성을 대상으로 침 치료의 유효성과 안전성을 평가하고 적정 치료 횟수를 탐색할 목적으로 실시하는 연구이다. 방법 : 네 군, 무작위 배정, 공개 예비연구가 두 임상연구센터에서 진행될 것이다. 총 60명의 대상자가 두 치료군과 두 대조군에 배정되게 된다. 치료군의 대상자는 통상적 관리와 함께 8개 혈위(양측 풍지, 곡지, 족삼리, 삼음교)에 치료군 A는 4주간 10회, 치료군 B는 8주간 20회 침 치료를 받을 것이다. 대조군의 대상자는 침 치료를 받지 않고 대조군 C는 16주간, 대조군 D는 20주간 통상적 관리를 하게 된다. 각 대상자의 생활습관은 교정될 것이며 혈압에 영향을 줄 수 있는 약물은 금지될 것이다. 치료군 A와 대조군 C는 무작위 배정 4, 8, 12, 16주 후에, 치료군 B와 대조군 D는 무작위 배정 4, 8, 12, 16, 20주 후에 평가를 받을 것이다. 주요결과변수는 무작위 배정 4주 후 이완기 혈압 변화량이다. 보조결과변수는 (1) 무작위 배정 8, 16, 20주 후 이완기 혈압 변화량, (2) 수축기 혈압 변화량, (3) 혈압 조절률, (4) 지질대사지표, (5) 고감도 C-반응단백이다. 결론 : 본 연구의 결과는 혈압 조절에 대한 침의 유효성 및 안전성에 관한 근거 구축에 도움이 될 것이다.

혈압 수준과 경동맥 내중막 두께 및 동맥경화반의 관련성 (Association of Blood Pressure Levels with Carotid Intima-Media Thickness and Plaques)

  • 이영훈;권순석;최진수;이정애;최성우;류소연;신민호
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • 제42권5호
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    • pp.298-304
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : The aim of this study was to investigate the association of blood pressure levels with the common carotid artery intima-media thickness (CCA-IMT) and carotid plaques. Methods : Data were obtained from 2,635 subjects, aged 50 years and over, who participated in the Community Health Survey (a population-based, cross-sectional study) in Dong-gu, Gwangju city between 2007 and 2008. Participants were categorized into three groups according to blood pressure levels; normotensives (<120/80 mmHg), prehypertensives (120-139/80-89 mmHg), and hypertensives ($\geq$140/90 mmHg). Prehypertensives were further categorized as low prehypertensives (120-129/80-84 mmHg) and high prehypertensives (130-139/85-89 mmHg). Carotid intima-media thickness and plaques were evaluated with a high-resolution B-mode ultrasound. Statistical analyses were performed using chi-square test, ANOVA, and multiple logistic regression. Results : Prehypertensives had significantly greater maximal CCA-IMT values than normotensives, with a multivariate adjusted odds ratio of 1.78 (95% CI=1.36-2.32) for abnormal CCA-IMT (maximal CCA-IMT$\geq$1.0 mm), and 1.45 (95% CI=1.19-1.77) for carotid plaques. The multivariate adjusted odds ratio of low prehypertensives was 1.64 (95% CI=1.21-2.21) for abnormal CCA-IMT, and 1.30 (95% CI=1.04-1.63) for carotid plaques compared with normotensives. Subject with hypertension had higher frequency of abnormal CCA-IMT (odds ratio, 2.18; 95% CI=1.49-3.18), and carotid plaques (odds ratio, 1.98; 95% CI=1.46-2.67) compared with normotensives after adjustment for other cardiovascular risk factors. Conclusions : Our results indicate that there is a significant increase in the prevalence of carotid atherosclerosis in subjects with prehypertension (even in low prehypertensives) compared with normotensive subjects. Further studies are required to confirm the benefits and role of carotid ultrasonography in persons with prehypertension.