• 제목/요약/키워드: pulsed electromagnetic fields

검색결과 19건 처리시간 0.087초

UWB 펄스전자파 발생용 원통형 Marx 펄스발생장치개발 (Coaxial Marx Type Pulse Generator for UWB EM Pulse)

  • 장용무;이상욱
    • 한국전기전자재료학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • /
    • pp.121-121
    • /
    • 2010
  • As the industrial technology is getting higher, the pulsed power technology is required from various fields such as thermonuclear fusion energy sources, military applications, electric power distribution, and a variety of new specialized needs. This technology deals with the generation of very high power electromagnetic pulses through fast switching. We fabricated a pulsed power generator, named EMD pulse generator, by using Marx circuit with 200 kV high, 50 ns fast rise time. In this paper, we described about an effect of stray capacitance of coaxial Marx generator, EPG-AM200k, and a comparing the results of experiments and circuit analysis.

  • PDF

Nd:YAG 레이저의 펄스 제어에 의한 마그네슘 합금 용접부의 결함 방지에 관한 연구 (Study of Defect Prevention on Weld Zone of Magnesium Alloy by Pulse Control of Nd:YAG Laser)

  • 김종도;이정한;김장수
    • 한국정밀공학회지
    • /
    • v.27 no.1
    • /
    • pp.99-104
    • /
    • 2010
  • Magnesium and magnesium alloys, the lightest structural materials, have been received plenty of global attention recently. These alloys could be applied in various fields, especially the electronics industry, because of their excellent electromagnetic interference shielding. However, the welding technique of magnesium alloys has not been established. This study is related to the welding of AZ31B magnesium alloy by a short-pulsed a Nd:YAG laser. Two types of pulse waves, square pulse and variable pulse, were used to control weld defects. Results show that the crack and porosity, generated in the weld, had not been controlled by general square pulse. But through the application of variable pulse, the defects could be prevented and the good weld zone was obtained.

가토 두개골 결손부에 이식된 ${\beta}$-TCP의 골치유과정에서 맥동전자기장의 영향에 관한 연구 (THE EFFECT OF PULSED ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS ON ${\beta}$-TCP GRAFT IN RABBIT CRANIAL BONE DEFECT)

  • 김상우;황경균;임병섭;박창주;정일혁;백승삼;심광섭
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
    • /
    • v.32 no.4
    • /
    • pp.360-373
    • /
    • 2006
  • The purpose of this research was to investigate whether pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) stimulation applied to the rabbit cranial defects grafted with ${\beta}$-tricalcium phosphate (${\beta}$-TCP) could affect the new bone formation. With 16 New Zealand white rabbits under the same condition, bilateral calvarial bone defects were formed around the sagittal suture line. The defect on the left side was grafted with ${\beta}$-TCP, while on the right side was grafted by harvested autogenous bone. PEMF was applied to 8 rabbits for 8 hours per day. The bony specimen were divided into 3 groups, the group 1 was autogenous bone grafted specimen, the group 2 was ${\beta}$-TCP grafted with PEMF, and the group 3 was ${\beta}$-TCP grafted without PEMF. We investigated the bone regeneration & growth factor expression at 2, 4, 6, and 8 weeks. As a result, BMP 2 was expressed in the group 1 from 2 weeks, the group 2 from 4 weeks, and the group 3 from 6 weeks. BMP 4 was expressed in the group 1 from 2 weeks, in the group 2 and the group 3 from 4 weeks. 4. There was no significant difference in expression pattern of BMP 7, PDGF, VEGF, and TGF-${\beta}$1 during grafted bone regeneration in group 1, 2, and 3. According to our results, PEMF stimulation could be effective on the new bome formation in animal study, and have a feasibility of clinical use.

자화침 시스템의 자율신경계 활성화 효과 검증을 위한 동공크기변이 분석 (Analysis of Pupil Size Variability for Effectiveness Verification of Activation Level of Autonomic Nerve System by Electromagnetic Acupuncture System)

  • 류문학;이나라;최우혁;김수병;이용흠;신태민
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
    • /
    • v.29 no.4
    • /
    • pp.554-562
    • /
    • 2012
  • Objectives : The purpose of this research is to verify the effects of the Electromagnetic acupuncture(EMA) on BL15 by Pupil size variability(PSV) which is directly related to the activation of the Autonomic Nervous System. Methods : Thirty male subjects participated in this study and were divided into three groups(non-stimulated, manual acupuncture and EMA group). The size of pupil was measured in the cube place of $60{\times}60{\times}60$ cm in order to avoid the effect of the surrounding circumstances. All subjects were measured the size of left pupil about 200sec in the constant illumination. Results : We observed the decrease in PSV of manual acupuncture group compared to non-stimulation group, but it was not significant statistically(p>0.05). The decrease in PSV of EMA group was observed in comparison to two groups, and we confirmed the result of significant difference statistically(p<0.05). Conclusions : We concluded that EMA treatment method is enough to activate in the parasympathetic nerve system by inducing the biotransformation.

음포혈(陰包, LR9)에서 펄스형 전자기장 및 가시광 LED 복합 자극이 대퇴부 근피로 회복에 미치는 영향 분석 (The Analysis of the Muscle Fatigue Recovery Effect on LR9 by Compound Stimulation of the PEMFs and LED)

  • 이나라;김정윤;박선우;김수병;이희영;안순재;김영호;이용흠
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
    • /
    • v.28 no.3
    • /
    • pp.13-23
    • /
    • 2011
  • Objectives : The aim of this study was to develop the combined medical stimulus system consisted of the PEMFs (Pulsed electromagnetic fields) and LED which are able to stimulate local point such as acupoints and trigger points. Methods : To evaluate the therapeutic effect on the musculoskeletal disorders and the possibility of alternative method on manual acupuncture, we compared the fatigue recovery of two groups by analyzing the EMG and peak torque (non-stimulation and, stimulation group) after strenuous knee exercise. We chose the LR9 as a stimulation point. Results : The median frequency (MF) and fatigue index (F.I) of the stimulation group were recovered faster than those of the non-stimulation group. Also the peak torques of both groups were not restored until after 20 minutes. However, the peak torque of the stimulation group was regained higher than that of the non-stimulation group. Conclusions : We confirmed that the proposed combined stimulus system had useful effects as treatment instrument of musculoskeletal disorder using non-invasive method of PEMFs and LED.

체열진단을 통한 펄스자기장 자극기의 혈류개선효과 고찰 (Effect of Pulse Magnetic Field Stimulus on Blood Flow using Digital Infrared Thermal Imaging)

  • 이현숙
    • 한국자기학회지
    • /
    • v.21 no.5
    • /
    • pp.180-184
    • /
    • 2011
  • 자기장 자극시스템을 통하여 순간펄스 고자기장을 손바닥과 발바닥 그리고 무릎에 인가한 후 체열진단시스템을 통하여 모세혈관을 포함한 인체의 혈관 자극에 의한 혈류개선 효과를 연구하였다. 연령별, 성별 구분을 통하여 자극 후 체열진단을 통해 공통적으로 자극부위에 온도가 상승하는 결과를 얻었으며, 자기장 자극기 코일에서 발생하는 자체 발열량을 제거하기 위해 플라스틱 재질의 성형물로 신체와의 직접적인 접촉을 차단시켰으며 일정거리를 유지하여 실험하였다. 그 결과 비접촉을 통하여 순수하게 자기장의 펄스파형이 피부에 가까운 혈관을 자극하여 내부 전자기 에너지가 피부에 온도상승을 가져온 것으로 고찰된다.

자화침 시스템을 이용한 경락전위 유발효과 및 근피로 회복 평가 (Evaluation of Muscle Fatigue Recovery Effect and Meridian Potential Change using Magnetic Acupuncture System)

  • 김수병;박선우;안순재;이나라;이승욱;민세은;김영호;이용흠
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
    • /
    • v.29 no.1
    • /
    • pp.83-92
    • /
    • 2012
  • Objectives : The purpose of this research was to develop the magnetic acupuncture system which used solenoid coil for magnetizing acupuncture needle. The system could generate the meridian electric potential (MEP) similar to the potential by manual acupuncture. Thus, we tried to confirm the therapeutic effect that is caused by the MEP generation. Methods : To confirm the MEP, we stimulated the magnetic acupuncture with at 2Hz, $92.7{\pm}2mT$, PEMFs (Pulsed Electro-Magnetic Fields) at ST37 and measured the evoked potential between ST36 and ST41. Also, we conducted a fatigue recovery test using isokinetic exercise in order to identify the therapeutic effect on musculoskeletal disorders. We chose LR9 as a stimulation point. To observe the state of fatigue, we measured the EMG and analyzed median frequency and peak torque for 20minutes. Results : We observed that MEP which incurred from magnetic acupuncture was higher than he reported MEP induced by manual acupuncture. Moreover, its modes were divided into two types by the direction of magnetic flux. When generating magnetic flux in the direction of acupoint, the positive peak voltage of the MEP was generated. In contrast, negative peak voltage of the MEP was generated whenever meganetic flux generated in the outward direction. As a result of fatigue recovery, the median frequency (MF) of the magnetic acupuncture group were recovered faster than that of the non-stimulation group. However, the peak torques of both groups were not restored until after 20 minutes. Conclusions : We confirmed that the magnetic acupuncture system can lead to the MEP similar to manual acupuncture. Moreover, the MEP had a therapeutic effect on the musculoskeletal disorders.

실험 쥐 해마조직배양에서 전자기 자극이 신경조직발생 및 증식에 미치는 영향 (Effects of electromagnetic stimulation on neurogenesis and neuronal proliferation in rat hippocampal slice culture)

  • 김덕수;최응상;채수안
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
    • /
    • v.49 no.5
    • /
    • pp.558-564
    • /
    • 2006
  • 목 적 : 경뇌 전자기 자극법은 변조 자기장을 이용하여 뇌세포에 대한 직접적인 영향을 주지 않으면서 중추 신경계를 자극할 수 있는 비침습적인 방법이다. 이전의 연구들은 대부분 생체 동물을 대상으로 수행되어져 왔으며 배양 조직에서의 연구는 별로 이루어진 바 없다. 이에 본 연구에서는 배양된 해마 절편에서 다른 주파수의 전자기 자극이 신경원에 미치는 영향과 약물에 의한 세포 손상 후 전자기 자극의 세포보호효과 여부에 대해 알아보고자 하였다. 방 법 : 생후 8일된 실험쥐의 대뇌를 적출하여 dissection microscope 하에서 양쪽 해마 부위를 분리하고 tissue chopper를 이용하여 $450{\mu}M$ 두께로 절편을 만든 후 Stoppini가 고안한 방법대로 배양을 시행하였다. 각각 5개의 건강한 해마 절편이 포함된 inserts를 선택하고, 전자기 자극군에 대해 0.67 Hz와 50 Hz의 주파수로 각각 배양 5일부터 3일 간격으로 6차례 전자기 자극을 가하였다. 또한, 배양 제 14일에 inserts 2개에 $100{\mu}M$ NMDA에 노출시키고 3일 후부터 3일 간격으로 insert 1개에 전자기 자극을 3차례 시행하였고 다른 1개의 insert와 대조군에는 자극을 가하지 않았다. 결 과 : 전자기 자극 후 신경원의 활성도를 알아보기 위해 NeuN 단백 발현을 western blotting을 이용하여 측정한 후 ${\beta}$-actin 단백 발현과의 비를 얻어 각 군에서 비교 분석하였다. 대조군($1.01{\pm}0.27$)에 비해 전자기 자극군에서 NeuN의 발현이 증가되어 있었으며, 특히 저주파 자극군($1.12{\pm}0.14$)에서보다 고주파 자극군($1.27{\pm}0.17$)에서 현저하였고 고주파 자극군에서는 대조군에 비해 통계적으로 유의한 증가를 보였다(P<0.05). 또한, NMDA 노출 후 실험군(전자기 자극군 : $1.15{\pm}0.27$, 전자기 비자극군 : $0.92{\pm}0.09$)에서 대조군($1.26{\pm}0.04$)에 비해 NeuN 발현이 감소되었으나 전자기 비자극군에서 더 많이 감소한 것을 알 수 있었다. 결 론 : 배양된 해마조직의 신경세포에 대한 전자기 자극은 저주파 자극군에 비해 고주파 자극군에서 대조군보다 통계적으로 유의한 수준의 NeuN 발현의 증가를 관찰할 수 있었고, NMDA 노출 후 전자기 자극을 가한 군에서 대조군보다 NeuN 발현 감소가 관찰되기는 하였으나 고주파 자극군에서는 통계적으로 유의하지 않은 정도였던 것으로 보아 전자기 자극이 신경원 활성을 증가시켜 신경세포의 발생 및 증식을 유도하며 세포 손상에 대한 신경보호효과도 보인다는 것을 알 수 있었다. 따라서 전자기 자극은 여러 신경 질환에 있어서 치료적 역할을 할 수 있는 가능성이 있다고 사료된다.