• Title/Summary/Keyword: railway vehicle

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A Study on the Dynamic Analysis of Railway Vehicle by Using Track Coordinate System (트랙좌표계를 이용한 철도차량의 동역학 해석에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Juseok
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.122-130
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    • 2013
  • Rail geometries such as cant, grade and curvature can be easily represented by means of a track coordinate system. In this analysis, in order to derive a dynamic and constraint equation of a wheelset, the track coordinate system is used as an intermediate stage. Dynamic and constraint equations of railway vehicle bodies except the wheelset are written in the Cartesian coordinate system as a conventional method. Therefore, whole dynamic equations of a railway vehicle are derived by combining wheelset dynamic equations and dynamic equations of railway vehicle bodies. Constraint equations and constraint Jacobians are newly derived for the track coordinate system. A process for numerical analysis is suggested for the derived dynamic and constraint equations of a railway vehicle. The proposed dynamic analysis of a railway vehicle is validated by comparison against results obtained from VI-RAIL analysis.

Dynamic Modeling of a Railway Vehicle under Braking (제동시의 철도차량을 위한 동적모델)

  • Park, Joon-Hyuk;Goo, Byeong-Choon
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.431-437
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    • 2007
  • This paper describes the dynamic modeling of a railway vehicle when it is under braking force. It is important for the enhancement of braking performance to establish a proper dynamic model of a railway vehicle because the braking performance is affected by some dynamic forces generated by a railway vehicle when it undergoes braking. In this paper, a dynamic model for one vehicle is suggested to compute the dynamic behavior of a railway vehicle in the HILS(Hardware In-the-loop Simulation) system for the railway vehicle braking devices. To simplify the dynamic model, friction between a wheel and a rail is assumed that there exist only the static and the dynamic friction forces. Static friction coefficient is also assumed to be a function of the running speed. Some simulations are carried out with various braking forces, and the braking characteristics according to the change of the braking force are discussed. This study can provide some fundamental results to construct the HILS system for braking devices of a railway vehicle.

Improved Wheelset Speed Implementation of a Brake HILS System for a Railway Vehicle (철도차량 제동 HILS 시스템의 개선된 윤축속력 구현)

  • Lee, Dong-chan;Kang, Chul-Goo
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.21 no.9
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    • pp.881-887
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    • 2015
  • The hardware-in-the-loop simulation (HILS) of a railway vehicle is crucial for overcoming the limitation of field tests of a railway vehicle. A brake HILS system for a railway vehicle was previously not able to test the performance of a speed-sensing system of a railway vehicle, since wheelset speeds were generated only by computer simulations. In this paper, we present a novel wheelset speed implementation of a brake HILS system for a railway vehicle. Four wheelset speeds of a brake HILS system for a car of a railway vehicle are implemented using four small-sized servomotors, whereas the speed sensors and pole wheels used in the brake HILS system are the actual ones of the railway vehicle. According to the simulated speeds of four wheelsets in the dynamic equations of motion, four servomotors generate wheel speeds in real time, and then the measured wheelset speeds are fed back to the computer simulation model. Moreover, in this paper, we improve the performance of wheelset speed measurement via the T method instead of the M method presently used in the field. The performances of wheelset speed implementation and speed-sensor operation are demonstrated by experimental works using a HILS system.

Running safety analysis of the high speed railway vehicle (HEMU-400X) (차세대 고속철도(HEMU-400X)의 주행 안전성 평가)

  • Sim, Kyung-Seok;Park, Tae-Won;Kim, Wook-Hyun;Choi, Ji-Hun
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1862-1867
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    • 2011
  • Recently, a railway vehicle of the maximum speed of 350km/h or more high speed has been developed in the developed country. The next-generation railway vehicle(HEMU-400X) is being developed for aim to run over 430km/h in Republic of Korea, too. The safety of the railway vehicle should be conformed before manufacturing the railway vehicle. In this study, the next generation high-speed railway vehicle was modeled as a single-car system using commercial dynamic program ADAMS/Rail. Safety analysis was implemented through the international standard of the UIC 518 OR code. Also, appropriateness of the railway vehicle design variable were conformed by safety analysis results.

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A Study on NDT Techniques for Evaluation of Corrosion in Multi-layered Conductive Structures of Urban Railroad Car of the paper (도시철도차량의 다층 구조물 부식 측정을 위한 비파괴 기법 연구)

  • Lee, Chan-Woo;Chung, Jung-Duk;Song, Sung-Jin
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.2691-2696
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    • 2011
  • THE CARBODY AND BOGIE FRAME OF AN URBAN RAILWAY VEHICLE CONSIST OF MULTI-LAYERED WELDING STRUCTURE. IN KOREA ENDURANCE LIMIT OF AN URBAN RAILWAY VEHICLE IS STSTED IN THE RULE OF MANAGING URBAN RAILWAY VEHICLE UNDER THE LAW OF URBAN RAILWAY. IN KOREA AN URBAN RAILWAY VEHICLE IS DESIGNED AND MADE TO KEEP ITS QUALITY OVER 25 YEARS. WHEN THE RAILWAY VEHICLE BECOMES 25 YEARS OLD, CORROSION OF CARBODY AND UNDER FRAME OF A RAILWAY VEHICLE IS EVALUATED ACCORDING TO THE NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING. IT CAN BE USED AS LONG AS 40 YEARS. IT IS STATED IN THE ARTICLE 4 'THE METHOD AND STANDARDS OF PRECISE DIAGNOSIS' UNDER THE RULE OF MANAGING RAILWAY VEHICLE IN KOREA. SO, IN THIS STUDY, WE HAVE INVESTIGATED PERFORMANCE OF PULSED EDDY CURRENT TESTING METHOD BY MEASURING THICKNESS VARIATION OF FABRICATE OF CARBODY AND UNDER FRAME FOR URBAN RAILROAD CAR. AND THEM, THE PROCESS OF EVALUATING REMAINING LIFE ACCORDING TO TESTING OF CORROSION AMOUNT IS INTRODUCED.

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A Study on Standard Monitoring Process in Development of High Speed Railway Vehicle (고속철도차량기술개발 표준 모니터링 절차에 대한 고찰)

  • Park, Min-Heung;Kim, Beom-Jin;Kim, Chul-Su;Choi, Deuck-Ho
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.528-535
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    • 2011
  • According to railway safety regulations for securing the railway vehicle's quality and performance, it can be partly exempted that the performance tests and production inspections on the railway vehicles which are produced and assembled for the purpose of test and research. The reasons of this exemption are for ensuring maximum autonomy and for saving time considered the development period of railway vehicle. However, it was continuously demanded the necessity of supplementation on the confirmation about railway vehicle's quality & performance. Therefore, we added "The monitoring step" which is for securing the quality and performance in high speed railway vehicle's subsystem & compartment to supplement those tests & inspections in development. In this paper, based on a standard ABS(Activity Breakdown Structure) of railway vehicle and a WBS(Work Breakdown Structure) of the railway vehicle system, we investigate the necessity of monitoring in the High speed railway vehicle development. And by comparing and analyzing the essential requirements of international standard, IRIS(International Railway Industry Standard) & TSI(Technical Specification for Interoperability), we try to examine a standard monitoring procedure.

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Semi-active and Active Vibration Control to Improve Ride Comfort in Railway Vehicle (철도차량 승차감 향상을 위한 반능동/능동 진동제어)

  • You, Wonhee;Shin, Yujeong;Hur, Hyunmoo;Park, Junhyuk
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.248-253
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    • 2013
  • The maximum speed is one of the most important performance in high speed railway vehicle. The higher the train speed is, the worse the ride comfort is, In order to solve this problem, a semi-active or active suspension can be applied to high speed railway vehicle. The variable damper with hydraulic solenoid valve is used in the semi-active suspension. But the variable damper with hydraulic solenoid valve requires tank for supplying fluid. The MR(Magneto Rheological) damper can be considered instead of hydraulic variable damper which needs additional device, i.e. reserver tank for fluid. In the case of active suspension, hydraulic actuator or electro-mechanical one is used to suppress the carbody vibration in railway vehicle. In this study the MR damper and electro-mechanical actuator was considered in secondary suspension system of high speed railway vehicle. The dynamic analysis was performed by using 10-DOF dynamic equations of railway vehicle. The performance of the semi-active suspension and active suspension system were reviewed by using MATLAB/Simulink S/W. The vibration suppression effect of semi-active and active suspension system were investigated experimentally by using 1/5-scaled railway vehicle model.

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Impacts of wind shielding effects of bridge tower on railway vehicle running performance

  • Wu, Mengxue;Li, Yongle;Zhang, Wei
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.63-77
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    • 2017
  • When railway vehicles run by towers of long span bridges, the railway vehicles might experience a sudden load-off and load-on phenomenon in crosswind conditions. To ensure the running safety of the railway vehicles and the running comfort of the passengers, some studies were carried out to investigate the impacts of sudden changes of aerodynamic loads on moving railway vehicles. In the present study, the aerodynamic coefficients which were measured in wind tunnel tests using a moving train model are converted into the aerodynamic coefficients in the actual scale. The three-component aerodynamic loads are calculated based on the aerodynamic coefficients with consideration of the vehicle movement. A three-dimensional railway vehicle model is set up using the multibody dynamic theory, and the aerodynamic loads are treated as the inputs of excitation varied with time for kinetic simulations of the railway vehicle. Thus the dynamic responses of the railway vehicle passing by the bridge tower can be obtained from the kinetic simulations in the time domain. The effects of the mean wind speeds and the rail track positions on the running performance of the railway vehicle are discussed. The three-component aerodynamic loads on the railway vehicle are found to experience significant sudden changes when the vehicle passes by the bridge tower. Correspondingly, such sudden changes of aerodynamic loads have a large impact on the dynamic performance of the running railway vehicle. The dynamic responses of the railway vehicle have great fluctuations and significant sudden changes, which is adverse to the running safety and comfort of the railway vehicle passing by the bridge tower in crosswind conditions.

Design and Control of Railway Vehicle Suspension System Featured by MR Damper (MR 댐퍼를 적용한 철도차량 현가장치의 설계 및 제어)

  • Ha, Sung-Hoon;Choi, Seung-Bok;Lee, Kyu-Seob
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.71-76
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    • 2010
  • This paper presents the feasibility for improving the ride quality of railway vehicle equipped with semi-active suspension system using magnetorheological(MR) fluid damper. In order to achieve this goal, a fifteen degree of freedom of railway vehicle model, which includes a car body, bogie frame and wheel-set is proposed to represent lateral, yaw and roll motions. The MR damper system is incorporated with the governing equation of motion of the railway vehicle which includes secondary suspension. To illustrate the effectiveness of the controlled MR dampers on railway vehicle secondary suspension system, the sky-hook control law using the velocity feedback is adopted. Computer simulation for performance evaluation is performed using Matlab. Various control performances are demonstrated under external excitation which is the creep force between wheel and rail.

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A Study on Development of Maintenance Skill Training Simulator for Railway Vehicle

  • Jung, NoGeon;Kim, BoSung;Lee, JaeBong;Lee, SangMoon;Koo, KyungWan;Kim, JaeMoon
    • International Journal of Internet, Broadcasting and Communication
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.113-116
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    • 2015
  • Generally, in the railway vehicle the driving force of gravity happens by the high-speed running and the repetitive impulse cause the degradation and the malfunction phenomenon shows differently because the durability of each component changes according to the internal and external causes. The maintenance of propulsion control device which is played the very important role as to the stable service of the railway vehicle is greatly important among them. Therefore maintenance training propulsion control device simulator is needed to maximize learning through repetition and improve the maintenance practical skills training. This paper designed the railway vehicle running device with a miniature for the railway vehicle maintenance training and developed a propulsion control device simulator equipped the imitation steering wheel.