• Title/Summary/Keyword: reform

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The Strategy of Regulatory Reform in Korea : Performance and Task of Participatory Government (규제개혁의 전략 - 참여정부 규제개혁의 성과와 과제 -)

  • Kim, Sin
    • 한국디지털정책학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.113-123
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this paper is twofold; 1) to evaluate the efforts of participatory government in regulatory reform, 2) to propose the strategies and tasks for future regulatory reform in Korea. An ex-post evaluation model for regulatory performance is applied to process, output, and outcome of the regulatory reform. The results of the evaluation show that there is still room for improvement in many aspects of regulatory reform. While there has been substantial advance in regulatory quality and management, carefully planned strategies are essential for Korean regulatory reform to move to the next stage of regulatory reform. Thus, based on the evaluation, future strategies and tasks for regulatory reform are presented as short-term tasks, mid to long range tasks, and continuous tasks.

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A Study on the Activation of Used Market of Hanbok and Hanbok Reform Market (중고한복시장 및 한복리폼시장의 활성화 방안 연구)

  • Lee, In Hwa;Son, Mi Young
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.59 no.1
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    • pp.59-69
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    • 2021
  • In order to find ways to re-use used Hanbok and activate Hanbok reform, it is necessary to investigate the current status and problems of used Hanbok and Hanbok reform in the domestic Hanbok market. The purpose of this study was to investigate the status and problems of the used Hanbok market and the Hanbok reform market through literature data surveys and in-depth interviews with Hanbok experts, and to study ways to activate used Hanbok and Hanbok reform. Based on the results of this study, as a way to activate the used Hanbok market and the Hanbok reform market, expand opportunities and create a social and cultural atmosphere for wearing Hanbok, and research on design, pattern, size, and materials. It also suggested the establishment of a systematic system for separate collection, reform, sales and management, the establishment of a central institution that manages and operates the re-use of used Hanbok and Hanbok reform, support for education institutions and programs for Hanbok reform, public relations, and changes in Hanbok production methods.

Finnish National Curriculum Reform as the Realization of Democracy: Lessons for Nuri Curriculum Reform (민주주의 실현으로서 핀란드 교육과정개편이 주는 교훈: 누리과정 개편을 위한 논의)

  • Yun, Eunju
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.373-393
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    • 2015
  • This study aimed to investigate the process of the national curriculum reforms in Finland since 1968. The history of Finnish educational system reform was firstly discussed in order to provide the background and context of the curriculum reforms from 1968 to the present for a deeper understanding of the Finnish curriculum reform processes. Secondly, I provided a contour of the history of Finnish curriculum reform, focusing on the development and revision of early childhood curriculum since the 2000s. Finally, the current Finnish national curriculum reform named the "2012-2016/7 National Core Curriculum Reform" was depicted in details: processes, participants, principles etc. In conclusion, the Finnish national curriculum reform processes provide lessons: long-term reform design, open reform process, and a variety of reform participants including beneficiaries of education and students, which were the ones who have been neglected so far in Korea. In short, the Finnish curriculum reform process can be considered a realization of democracy.

The Issues in the Current Studies on the Science Curriculum Reform (과학 교육과정 개혁 연구의 쟁점들)

  • Lee, Myeong-Je
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.916-929
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate issues in science curriculum reform studies. For the study the papers in ERIC data base were selected on the key words, 'science education', 'curriculum' and 'reform'. The number of papers are the most on the late 90s which has been increasing since the late 70s. During the last decade the 132 papers were identified on 30 May 2003 and the 18 journals which have more than two articles in each journal have 66% of the total papers. The identified reform issues were 'reform themes', 'program introduction', 'critics and vision of reform'. Reform themes are 'teachers', 'scientific literacy', 'integration and teaching', 'reform processes'. The contents on 'teachers' are related to almost teachers' knowledges and beliefs on the reform, those on 'scientific literacy' are related to the loose definitions of scientific literacy, those on 'integration and teaching' are related to difficulties in teaching with integration, those on 'reform processes' are related to power problems between persons or groups who participated in reform processes, and those on 'critics and visions' are related to the embodiment of science education standards and the problems on the nature of science. This study remarks that these issues should be considered sincerely for the reform of science curriculum in the future.

Mathematics Curriculum Reform and Power: A Case Study

  • Zhang, Xiaogui
    • Research in Mathematical Education
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.53-63
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    • 2007
  • Mathematics curriculum reform is very important, and it can be understood well by power. This paper uses the extended Foucault's power theory as foundations to view mathematics curriculum reform. The research's case is China's ongoing mathematics curriculum reform. Through analyzing the power relationships in China's ongoing mathematics curriculum reform, the paper thinks that power's balance is very important in mathematics curriculum design, because it will affect the designed curriculum.

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Achievements and Challenges of 40th Anniversary Health Insurance (건강보험 40년 성과와 과제)

  • Lee, Kyu Sik
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.103-113
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    • 2017
  • There have been many achievements for 40 years since the introduction of compulsory health insurance. Despite many achievements, it has many challenges in health insurance. Aging, non-communicable disease, and low growth economy are threatening the sustainability of health insurance, and it is time to reform the health insurance. A long-term reform plan will be an absolute necessity for reform of health insurance and health care system. Health insurance and health care reform should be an extremely revolutionary content that completely changes the framework. This reform should deal with the philosophy of health, approach of medical education and doctor training, changing supply of medical service, the innovation of primary medical care, reform of public health system, the management of medical utilization, the integration of medical cure and care services, enhancing the benefit coverage, prohibition of covered and non-covered services, etc. Therefore, it is urgent to form a consensus on the necessity of reform, to establish the health insurance plan on this consensus, and to make efforts to make health insurance sustainable.

Impact of Korea's reform for separation between prescribing and dispensing of drugs on profits of doctor's clinics and pharmacies (의약분업이 의원 및 약국의 영업이익에 미친 영향)

  • 정형선
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.44-64
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    • 2004
  • As of 1 July 2000 a big reform was introduced into the Korean health care system: the separation between prescribing and dispensing of drugs (SPD reform). There was, however, a big financial stake associated with pharmaceuticals, particularly before the reform, because physicians as well as pharmacists were allowed to purchase drugs at much lower costs than the insurance reimbursement. In this respect, this study focuses on the change in income and profit of both doctor's clinics and pharmacies after the reform. Data from National Health and Nutritional Survey by the ministry of health and welfare were used to estimate the income or expenditure that are financed by out-of-pocket payment of the patients, while national health insurance data etc. were used for the estimation of the income or expenditure that is financed by insurers. Average annual income per doctor's clinic increased from 299 million won to 338 million won for the three years between 1998 and 2001, whereas average annual income per pharmacy increased enormously from 60 million won to 305 million won for the same period. Average annual 'profit' increase per each doctor's clinic caused by the reform itself was estimated to range from 50 to 83 million won, while that per each pharmacy, from 23 to 87 million won. In sum, while both doctor's clinics and pharmacies are beneficiaries of the SPD reform, its positive impact is particularly prominent on the latter.

The definition, problems and policy direction of structure reform in Korean coastal and offshore fisheries. (연근해어업 구조개선의 의의, 문제점과 추진 방향)

  • 신영태
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.39-54
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    • 1999
  • This paper focused on meaning, problems and prospect of structural reform of coastal and offshore fisheries in Korea. Structural reform can be defined as effective combination of production factors in order to enhance fisheries productivity and it can be realized mainly through fleet reduction, modernization of fishing vessels and fishing gear etc. However, the structural reform alone will not be sufficient to advance Koreanl fisheries facing with severe challenges from both inside and outside. Domestically, worsening status of fisheries resources, decreasing number of fishermen, worsening financial status of fisheries businesses and severe competition cause structural problem in fisheries sector and internationally the pressure from WTO and OECD to reduce tariff and subsides in fisheries poses severe challenges. The structural reform should be carried out in relation with the general adjustment programs across coastal and offshore fisheries such as M&A among fisheries businesses, adjustment of number of fishing permits and fishing areas. And the policy to enhance the fishing productivity is needed for recovery of fisheries resources and for the reduction of fishing efforts, that is, the approach which combines economic and resources concerns is needed. For the effective implementation of the reform, effect analysis of the reform program is needed and at the same time, eradication of illegal fishing, reduction of fishing fleet and reduction of fishing cost should be realized. However, the most important thing is the will and efforts of the government for successful reform. If the government does not exert sufficient efforts for the structural reform, Korea could be degraded into a backward country in fisheries.

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A Computable General Equilibrium-Top Down Behavioral Microsimulation on Assessing the Philippine Tax Reform

  • DIZON, Ricardo Laurio
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.543-550
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    • 2021
  • The purpose of the study is to investigate the simulated effects of the Philippine tax reform, which is called Tax Reform for Acceleration and Inclusion Law, on household income and occupational choice. The study utilized the Family Income Expenditure Survey and tax collection as input to Computable General Equilibrium-Top Down Behavioral Microsimulation approach to determine the effect of Philippine tax reform on household income and occupational choice. The results of the study show that the household income in the Philippines will increase due to the implementation of the Philippine tax reform. Also, the study had found that tax reform results drive the household to shift from being farming entrepreneur to salaried workers since the utility derived from being workers is much higher compared to the utility derived from being entrepreneur. The findings of this research suggest that the Philippine Tax Reform for Acceleration and Inclusion Law is beneficial to the household since their income would increase, which will further result to an increase in their capability to buy goods and services. However, the tax reform would also lead to imbalance between the distribution of numbers of workers across sectors such as entrepreneurial farming, entrepreneurial non-farming, and wage sector.

Understanding Student-Centered Teaching Practices in Elementary Mathematics Classrooms

  • Pang JeongSuk
    • Research in Mathematical Education
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.47-58
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    • 2005
  • Although student-centered teaching practices have been advocated in mathematics education reform, implementing them at the classroom level remains challenging. This exploratory case study examined two unevenly successful student-centered approaches to see how teachers understand and characterize reform, and to articulate issues in implementing reform ideas. The comparison and contrast between the classrooms showed similar classroom social norms but dramatically different mathematical practices. This affords the possibility of exploring the challenges of reform for teachers and other personnel who are attempting to move teaching practices towards the student-centered ideals.

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