• Title, Summary, Keyword: regulation improvement

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THE IMPROVEMENT OF NUCLEAR SAFETY REGULATION: AMERICAN, EUROPEAN, JAPANESE, AND SOUTH KOREAN EXPERIENCES

  • CHO BYUNG-SUN
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.273-278
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    • 2005
  • Key concepts in South Korean nuclear safety regulation are safety and risk. Nuclear regulation in South Korea has required reactor designs and safeguards that reduce the risk of a major accident to less than one in a million reactor-years-a risk supposedly low enough to be acceptable. To date, in South Korean nuclear safety regulation has involved the establishment of many technical standards to enable administration enforcement. In scientific lawsuits in which the legal issue is the validity of specialized technical standards that are used for judge whether a particular nuclear power plant is to be licensed, the concept of uncertainty law is often raised with regard to what extent the examination and judgment by the judicial power affects a discretion made by the administrative office. In other words, the safety standards for nuclear power plants has been adapted as a form of the scientific technical standards widely under the idea of uncertainty law. Thus, the improvement of nuclear safety regulation in South Korea seems to depend on the rational lawmaking and a reasonable, judicial examination of the scientific standards on nuclear safety.

A Study on the Regulation Improvement of the Public IT Project Contract Law (공공IT 프로젝트 계약법의 제도개선에 관한 연구)

  • O, Jong-U;No, Gyu-Seong;Son, Dong-Gwon;Kim, Sin-Pyo;Lee, Geun-Bae;Park, Yeong-Min
    • 한국디지털정책학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.231-242
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study is to generate a proper regulation improvement direction of the public IT project contract law through the current four contract methods and three methods of the awarding party of a contract method. The research method for this paper is derived from the written materials of the present public IT project contract law. Two problems have been processed in order to produce the results: the current contract methods and the awarding party of a contract method. The current contract methods consist of a competition contract, a private contract, and a supply methodology contract. The methods of the awarding party of a contract display a qualified evaluation regulation, the 2nd step competition bid, a standard cost separation tender, and a contract by a negotiation. The results exhibit that the general competition contract consists of four improvement items. The contract by a negotiation contains five improvement items. The group private contract has one improvement item. And the private contract includes one improvement item. These results implicate that the current public IT project contract law demands better improvement work for the ubiquitous Korea.

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Variability in the Viral Protein Linked to the Genome of Turnip Mosaic Virus Influences Interactions with eIF(iso)4Es in Brassica rapa

  • Li, Guoliang;Zhang, Shifan;Li, Fei;Zhang, Hui;Zhang, Shujiang;Zhao, Jianjun;Sun, Rifei
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.47-56
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    • 2021
  • Plants protect against viruses through passive and active resistance mechanisms, and in most cases characterized thus far, natural recessive resistance to potyviruses has been mapped to mutations in the eukaryotic initiation factor eIF4E or eIF(iso)4E genes. Five eIF4E copies and three eIF(iso)4E copies were detected in Brassica rapa. The eIF4E and eIF(iso)4E genes could interact with turnip mosaic virus (TuMV) viral protein linked to the genome (VPg) to initiate virus translation. From the yeast two-hybrid system (Y2H) and bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) assays, the TuMV-CHN2/CHN3 VPgs could not interact with BraA.eIF4E.a/c or BraA.eIF(iso)4E.c, but they could interact with BraA.eIF(iso)4E.a in B. rapa. Further analysis indicated that the amino acid substitution L186F (nt T556C) in TuMV-UK1 VPg was important for the interaction networks between the TuMV VPg and eIF(iso)4E proteins. An interaction model of the BraA. eIF(iso)4E protein with TuMV VPg was constructed to infer the effect of the significant amino acids on the interaction of TuMV VPgs-eIF(iso)4Es, particularly whether the L186F in TuMV-UK1 VPg could change the structure of the TuMV-UK1 VPg protein, which may terminate the interaction of the BraA.eIF(iso)4E and TuMV VPg protein. This study provides new insights into the interactions between plant viruses and translation initiation factors to reveal the working of key amino acids.

A Study on the Adequacy Analysis of Distribution Line Drop for Improvement of Consumer Voltage Fluctuation (수용가 전사변동의 개선을 위한 배전선로의 적정성해석에 관한 연구)

  • 김은배;정상흔
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.31 no.7
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    • pp.11-17
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    • 1982
  • In this paper, a reliable and convenient evaluation method for the adequacy of any radial distribution line's voltage drop is proposed for improvement of the voltage regulation of the distribution line under operation. Using the voltage measurement of the first load branch point and the last point on the given distribution line its average line voltage drop and the line voltage drop variance by pure load variation are computed. And by these values and allowable or required line drop from proper voltage regulation view point, present adequency index and operation improvement index of the line drop are newly introduced for the evaluation of the given distribution line's voltage regulation. As a result of application to the 4 cases of study, the proposed method is proved to be reliable and convenient.

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Case Study on Technology and Regulation Improvement of Subway Maintenance Monitoring (지하철 유지관리 계측의 기술 및 제도 개선방안 연구)

  • 우종태;김홍석
    • Proceedings of the Korean Geotechical Society Conference
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    • pp.303-308
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    • 2000
  • By means of analyzing of monitoring technology and monitoring regulation based on maintenance monitoring system installed in subway tunnel section, it needs monitoring system, development of operating program, monitoring analyzing system and development of analysis method, establishment of maintenance monitoring standard specification, and performance of responsible monitoring supervision for applying to subway monitoring maintenance effectively in future. It requires specialized monitoring and legislation of monitoring subcontract, improvement of monitoring work contract method, establishment the standard payment of monitoring, and effective calibration and correction of monitoring system in the plan of improving monitoring regulation.

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A study on the speed regulation improvement and water starting time of pumped storaged power plant (양수발전소 속도조정율 향상 및 수력적 부도시간에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, I.K.;Woo, J.H.
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.743-745
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    • 1999
  • In these days, pumped storaged power plants are under operations mainly for load regulation in power system. After we investigated the governor related electrical circuit of a pumped storaged power plant, we measured speed regulation and dead time of both the governor and the hydraulic system according to the change of variables of the governor during generation. After that the measured speed regulation improved much.

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A Study on the Applicability Improvement Enhance of Rolling Stock Safety Regulation (철도차량 안전규정의 현장적용성 개선방안 연구)

  • Lee, Chang-Guen;Lee, Soo-Ryong;Wang, Jong-Bae
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1570-1594
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    • 2008
  • Nowadays there are lots of changes in the domestic railroad industries because of the reorganization in the industries, operation of KTX and expansion of city train in local areas. To cope with these changes effectively, domestic & abroad safety guideline and regulation were investigated and reviewed by railroad safety technical development project. Based on this project, domestic rolling stock safety regulation was established in the July and December on 2005. It's been a 3 years after 2005 and to confirm whether there are some problems to applicate the regulation in the field like korail, the necessity of reviewing the regulation gains force. In this study, to improve the field application in rolling stock safety regulation, we investigated the results of integrated railroad audit system and internal safety regulation system in a train operator and also collected the opinions from train manufacturer. Then through the result of investigation and collection of the opinions, we proposed the amendment to the rolling stock safety regulation.

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The Effect of an Emotion Regulation Training Program on the Emotion Regulation and Social Behavior of 5-year-olds (어린이집에서 실시된 정서조절 프로그램이 유아의 정서조절 능력 및 사회적 행동에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Jihyun
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.33 no.6
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    • pp.1-19
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to develop an intervention program for the improvement of the emotion regulation of 5-year-olds and to analyze the effects of this program on their emotion regulation and social behavior. The participants consisted of 56 5-year-olds from two day care center located in a metropolitan area of Korea. The experimental group (n=28) participated in the intervention program, and the comparative group (n=28) did not. This intervention program was developed to deal with peer relationships, and consists of activities designed to cover all domains of the Korean National Early Education Standard. The emotion regulation and social behavior were measured before and after the experiment. The data were analyzed making use of ANCOVA. Our results indicate that this program had the effect of improving the emotion regulation and social behavior on the part of 5-year-olds.

A Study on the Improvement Direction of the Building Escape Regulation Considering Inconvenient Movers (이동약자를 고려한 건축물 피난규정 개선 방안에 관한 연구)

  • Hwang, Eun-Kyoung
    • Fire Science and Engineering
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.32-38
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    • 2009
  • Owing to increase of the large-scaled, high-raised and complexed building construction, the escape design of the building became very important issue to insure the safety of occupant. Specially, it is demanded to have building escape regulation considering for inconvenient movers such as disables elders pregnant women. However, building regulations for inconvenient movers are divided into "Regulation of Escape and Fire-prevention of Building" and "Act on the Promotion and Guarantee of Access for the Disabled, the Aged and Pregnant Women to Facilities and Information". But, for the escape security of inconvenient movers, the connection of each regulation are necessary. So this study suggested the improvement direction of the building escape regulation considering inconvenient movers through the compared analysis on the "Regulation of Escape and Fire-prevention of Building" and "Act on the Promotion and Guarantee of Access for the Disabled, the Aged and Pregnant Women to Facilities and Information".

Priority for the Improvement on Natural Conservation Zone system (자연보전권역 관련 제도개선 우선순위에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Yun Sang;Ahn, Hyeon;Lee, Mi Hong
    • LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2019
  • This study suggests that the system improvement priority of the Natural Conservation Zone of the Metropolitan Area Maintenance Planning Law, which was enacted for about 37 years. First of all, through the precedent research and the consultation meeting, the improvement plan was divided into the short term and the mid(or long) term. Important findings and implications are as follows. The short-term priority results were 'Improve water quality regulation', 'Strengthen individual location regulations of factories and induce multi-use plan position', and 'Improvement of waterfront area regulation', which were both critical and urgent. The mid-term(or Long-term) priority results were 'To integrate development and environmental duplication regulations', 'Abolition and unification of environmental laws', and 'Adjustment and resetting of natural conservation areas', which were both critical and urgent. On the other hand, 76.4% of the residents and 64.5% of the experts are concerned about the necessity of improvement of the Natural Conservation Zone system. Both residents and experts seem to be aware of the necessity. Opinions about Improvement and mitigation of regulations on Natural Conservation Zone that were constantly raised. In the past, there was a temporary and fragmented institutional mitigation of the government. However, with the rapid development of eco-friendly technologies since 2010, Our Country Conditions is in a transition period. This study has significant implications for the improvement and mitigation of metropolitan area regulations.