• 제목, 요약, 키워드: rehydration

검색결과 174건 처리시간 0.026초

근조 근채류의 복원 특성 (Rehydration Characteristic of Dried Root Vegetables)

  • 조덕제;이성호;임효진
    • 한국식품영양학회지
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 1991
  • This study was attempted to establish the basic data for effective utilization of the dried radish and sweet potato. The rehydration characteristic was carried out from these dried root vegetables in various conditions. The following results were obtained. The rehydration value was increased in glycine solution, whereas It decreased in lactic acid solution. Also the vacuum freezing was higher than that in hot air drying, and it was higher the slow freezing than in the quick freezing. The rehydration rate and the rehydration surface area curve were composed of three stages, and these stages were corresponded to each other. At the range of initial immersion to 2min., the largest rehydration rate was showed. The activation energy obtained from the Arrhenius plot of the rehydration rate constant(K) were 3. Bx103ca11g mol and 3.7$\times$103cal/g mol for dried radish and sweet potato, respectively.

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한국산 차엽의 수축 및 복원특성 (Characteristics of Shrinking and Rehydration of Korean Tea-Leaves)

  • 서재신;최병민;강성구
    • 한국식품영양과학회지
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.87-92
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    • 1998
  • Major characteristics of shrinking and rehydration of Korean tea-leaves were investigated in the hot-air drying equipment. Experiments were performed with various drying temperature, plucking time, heating method and rolling condition. The values of shrinking raito and rate were the highest at 7$0^{\circ}C$ in the range of 3$0^{\circ}C$ to 9$0^{\circ}C$. The 1st tea-leaves and showed higher values. Shrinking ratio was 16.62 and 19.62% for leaves and stems; shrinking rate was found 0.083 and 0.091cm/hr.cm, respectively. The rehydration characteristics of tea-leaves at the drying temperature of 3$0^{\circ}C$ were fairly satisfactory. The 2nd tea-leaves showed higher value than others, while the natural tea-leaves were lower. Average rehydration ratio and rehydration rate constant were 85.7% and 0.063/min for leaves; 80.1% and 0.032/min for stems, respectively.

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인삼박으로부터 수용성 산성다당체의 추출 조건 분석 (Analysis of the Extraction Condition of Soluble Acidic Polysaccharides from Ginseng Marc)

  • 최유진;황금희
    • 생약학회지
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    • v.42 no.1
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    • pp.82-88
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    • 2011
  • This study was carried out to investigate the optimum conditions for extraction of soluble acidic polysaccharides from ginseng marc. Method of carbazole-sulfuric acid was applied to determine the amount of acidic polysaccharides in ginseng marc. The amounts of soluble acidic polysaccharides in water extract of ginseng marc were increased with increasing extraction temperature. The contents of acidic polysaccharides were not significantly different despite the extraction time increasing from 0.5 hours to 6 hours. To estimate the rehydration rate of the freeze dried polysaccharide, the extracted acidic polysaccharide fraction powder was determined the amount of soluble acidic polysaccharides by carbazole-sulfuric acid method again. The rehydration rate of acidic polysaccharides from water-extract of red ginseng marc at room temperature was 100%. On the other hand, the rehydration rate of acidic polysaccharide of red ginseng marc at boiling temperature was about 50%. The rehydration rate of acidic polysaccharides from water-extract of white ginseng marc at room temperature was 50%. The rehydration rate of acidic polysaccharide of red ginseng marc at boiling temperature was about 40%. The rate of soluble acidic polysaccharide of Red Ginseng is higher than that of White Ginseng. We can find out the maximum extraction method of soluble acidic polysaccharide from ginseng marc.

Effect of Starch Noodle (Dangmyeon) and Pork Intestines on the Rehydration Stability of Korean Blood Sausage (Sundae)

  • Kim, Youngmin;Jang, Hyejin;Lim, Sangdong;Hong, Sangpil
    • 한국축산식품학회지
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.153-163
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    • 2021
  • This study was conducted to examine the effects of starch noodles (dangmyeon; SNs) with different starch sources and porcine intestines (PIs) with different pH on the rehydration stability of Korean blood sausage (sundae). Mungbean SN3 and PI3 (pH 9.18) showed significantly higher values of 80.69%-91.67% and 79.66%-80.98%, respectively, regardless of the drying methods (hot air, vacuum and freeze drying) (p<0.05). A number of larger pores were observed only in the cross-section of the freeze dried SN and PI through SEM. SN2 (potato starch) and PI3 (pH 9.18) showed lower expansion (⁎ΔL 6.90 mm) and higher expansion ratio (⁎ΔL 26.29 mm), respectively, after rehydration of freeze dried sample (p<0.05). From the application of SN2 (potato starch) and PI (0.5%-2.0% Na-pyrophosphate) to freeze dried sundae manufacturing, higher rehydration stability of more than 91.5% was obtained. These results suggested that potato SN and treatment of PI with Na-pyrophosphate is useful for desirable rehydration stability of freeze dried sundae.

재수화용액의 염농도에 따른 동결건초 도토리 묵의 재수화 특성 (Effects of Salt Concentration on the Rehydration Characteristics of Freeze Dried Mook)

  • 윤광섭;황정섭;정헌식;양경미
    • 한국식품저장유통학회지
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.313-319
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    • 2001
  • 도토리 묵을 인스턴트화 하기 위하여 생묵을 동결건조하여 재수화 시간, 재수화 용액의 염농도(0, 1, 2%) 및 온도(20, 70, 80, 9$0^{\circ}C$)에 따른 재수화 특성과 품질특성을 비교하였다. 동결건조묵의 최적 재수화 시간은 15분으로, Cooling 시간은 3분으로 각각 결정되었다. 재수화 효율은 재수화 용액의 염농도가 1%에서 가장 우수하였으며 재수화 온도가 높을수록 좋았다. 수분흡수속도상수도 재수화 온도가 증가할수록 놀았으며 1%의 염농도에서의 재수화가 온도변화에 따라 가장 놀은 활성화에너지를 가졌다. 동결건조묵의 재수화 후 표면색도와 재수화성 등을 고려해 볼 때 1% 염농도에서의 재수화가 묵의 품질에 우수한 것으로 평가되었다.

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전처리가 동결건조묵의 재수화 특성에 미치는 영향 (Effects of Sucrose Immersion on the Rehydration Characteristics of Freeze Dried Mooks)

  • 윤광섭;황정섭
    • 한국식품과학회지
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.395-400
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    • 2001
  • 동결건조묵을 인스탄트화 하기 위하여 당용액으로 전처리한 것과 무처리 한 것을 동결건조하여 건조물의 재수화특성과 품질특성을 비교해 보았다. 당용액(sucrose)에 침지하여 전처리한 묵의 재수화 효율은 무처리가 가장 높았고 당침지의 경우는 60%, 40%, 20% 순으로 낮아졌으며 온도의 영향은 당용액의 농도와는 관계없이 $90^{\circ}C$에서 가장 우수하였다. 수분흡수속도상수 또한 온도가 증가할수록 높은 값을 보였으며 무처리가 가장 높은 값을 나타내었다. 당용액으로 전처리한 묵의 표면색도는 전처리에 따라 큰 차이가 없었으나 조직특성은 재수화온도가 높을수록 낮은 값을 보였으며 당용액에 전처리했을 경우 60%처리구가 시판묵과 비슷한 품질 특성을 보여 품질손상을 억제하였다. 관능검사결과도 60%처리구와 무처리구가 높게 평가되었으나 재수화 효율면에서는 무처리가 우수한 것으로 나타났다.

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Effects of Cooking Time and HTST Air Dehydration Time on Physical Propertiesof Driet Green Peas

  • 김명환
    • 한국식품영양과학회지
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.195-200
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    • 1990
  • Effects of cooking time(5-30 min in a pressure cooker) and HTST air dehydratiion time(0-9min at 15$0^{\circ}C$) on physical properties of dried green peas(3% oisture content wet basis) were investigated by determining rehydration ratio rehydration curve browning reaction and puncture force, The rehydration ratio and curve of dried green peas were increased with increa-sing cooking time and HTST air dehydration time. Preheating of the green peas for 30 min in a pressure cooker or for 9 min of HTST air dehydration time prior to 6$0^{\circ}C$ air dehydration recovered a 87.3% of original moisture content of raw green peas in a boiling water for 5 min. The brownin greaction was gradually decreased up to 15 min of cooking time. Puncture pressure of rehydrated green peas treated in a boiling water for 5 min was decreased as the cooking time and HTST air dehydration time were increased and was highly correlated with rehydration (r=-0.956) The effects of cooking time and HTST air dehydration time on rehydration ratio browning reaction and puncture pressure were significantly different at the a=0.01 level except effect of HTST air dehydration time on browning reaction.

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Streptomyces aureofaciens 동결건조후 재수화 방법이 생존도에 미치는 영향 (Effects of Rehydration Methods on viability after Freeze-drying of Streptomyces aureofaciens)

  • 이현우;이동희;이노운
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.38 no.6
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    • pp.512-515
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    • 1995
  • 동결건조후 재수화 방법이 Streptomyces aureofaciens 생존도에 미치는 영향을 실험하기 위해 $^3H-adenine$을 DNA에 주입시킨후 유출되는 방사선량과 균을 전자현미경으로 관찰하였다. 그 결과 Streptomyces aureofaciens의 손상은 동결건조 과정에서 일어나는것 보다 재수화 과정에서 공기를 허용한 상태에서 재수화시 크게 일어났으며, 그 생존도는 약 20%이고, 공기가 없는 밀봉된 진공상태의 이중 용기에서 재수화시 약 91%로 나타났다. 공기를 허용한 개봉된 이중 용기에서 증류수에 잠긴채 재수화한 생존도는 약 36%이며, 이중 용기에 $N_2-gas$를 주입하여 밀봉된 상태에서 재수화한 경우 약 83% 생존도를 나타냈다. 따라서 생존도는 재수화 과정에서 산소의 영향을 매우 크게 받는 것으로 나타났다.

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건조 삼나물과 다래순의 재수화와 고온 가열조리 중 색소와 산화방지성분의 함량 변화 (Content Changes of Pigments and Antioxidants of Dried Samnamul (Aruncus dioicus) and Daraesoon (Actinidia arguta) during Rehydration and High Temperature Cooking)

  • 안해천;최은옥
    • 한국식품조리과학회지
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.383-389
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of rehydration and subsequent heating at high temperature on the pigments and antioxidants of dried samnamul (Aruncus dioicus) and daraesoon (Actinidia arguta). Methods: Rehydration included 16 h-soaking in cold water, and 30 min-boiling and 1 h-infusion in water. Rehydrated samnamul and daraesoon were heated at $180^{\circ}C$ for 10 or 20 min with or without perilla oil addition (10%) for cooking. Pigments and antioxidants were determined by HPLC and spectrophotometry. Results: Rehydration caused decreases in pigment and polyphenol contents, but increase in tocopherol content. Cooking by heating without addition of perilla oil resulted in increases in chlorophyll and carotenoid contents, but decreases in polyphenol and tocopherol contents. Decrease in tocopherol content by heating at $180^{\circ}C$ was reversed by the addition of perilla oil. Conclusion: This study strongly suggested that cooking of samnamul and daraesoon at $180^{\circ}C$ with perilla oil could improve color, texture, and potential health functionality by recovering the loss of antioxidants and pigments with antioxidant activity.

영유아 급성 설사의 영양 공급: 탈수 치료 후 연령별 식이요법을 중심으로 (Nutritional Support for Acute Diarrhea in Children: Focused on Age-appropriate Diet Therapy after Rehydration)

  • 추미애;최병호
    • Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
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    • v.12 no.sup1
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    • pp.53-61
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    • 2009
  • The mainstay in the management of mild to moderately dehydrated children is fast rehydration by using hypotonic ORS (oral rehydration solution) and complete resumption of normal diet, including lactose-containing formula after 4 hours rehydration. Since the majority of young children with uncomplicated acute diarrhea will tolerate large amounts of undiluted non-human milk, withholding food and milk from children during diarrhea is not recommended anymore, regarding time to resolution and diarrhea control. In addition, routine dilution of milk and routine use of lactose-free formula are not necessary after fast ORS therapy. Breastfed infants and children fed with solid foods may safely continue receiving their usual diets during diarrhea instead of gradual reintroduction of feeding. However, young infants or children with severe diarrhea or malnutrition should be carefully treated under supervision if fed with lactose containing, non-human milk exclusively.