• Title/Summary/Keyword: residue

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Survey on Pesticide Residues in Commercial Agricultural Products in the Northern Area of Seoul (서울특별시 강북지역 유통 농산물들에 대한 농약잔류실태조사)

  • Seung, Hyun-Jung;Park, Sung-Kyu;Ha, Kwang-Tae;Kim, Ouk-Hee;Choi, Young-Hee;Kim, Si-Jung;Lee, Kyeong-Ah;Jang, Jung-Im;Jo, Han-Bin;Choi, Byung-Hyun
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.106-117
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    • 2010
  • This study was carried out to investigate the current status of pesticide residues in 3,988 agricultural products in the northern area of Seoul from January to December in 2009. 3,988 samples comprising 109 types of agricultural products were assessed via a multiresidue method to detect 272 pesticides. Pesticide residues were detected in 25.6% (1,021 of 3,988 samples), and the rate at which the detected residues violated the maximum residue levels (MRLs) of the Korean Food Code was 2.2% (89 of 3,988 samples). The agricultural products which exceeded their maximum residue limits were leek, ginseng, welsh onion, crown daisy and lettuce (leaf). Additionally, the most frequently detected pesticide that exceeded the regulation maximum was endosulfan, procymidone, tolclofos-methyl, iprodione and flutolanil.

Procedures in Establishing Residue Limits of Pesticides on Food Crops in Korea (한국에서 농산물중 농약잔류 허용기준의 설정절차)

  • Lee, Mi-Gyung;Hong, Moo-Gi;Park, Kun-Sang;Choi, Dong-Mi;Lim, Moo-Hyuk;Lee, Su-Rae
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.685-694
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    • 2005
  • Korean practices in tolerance setting of pesticide residues on food crops were compiled with an effort to harmonize with international standards. Based on scientific data including historical background, limit setting protocols, adoption of ADI values, food factors, nation's body weights, and regulatory margins which are required for the setting of maximum residue limits, necessary measures to be taken by Korean regulatory authorities were proposed.

Monitoring Survey of the Herbicide Butachlor in Five Major Crops (주요 5종의 농작물 중 butachlor의 잔류 monitoring)

  • Moon, Young-Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.19-23
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    • 2001
  • This study was conducted to monitor the residue of the herbicide butachlor in major crops. The residue monitoring covered 106 samples of rice, barley, garlic, onion, and strawberry colledted from markets of intensive cultivation area including Kwangju, Daegu, and Pusan. The residue levels in 27 sample of polished rice produced by applying the herbicide were below the detection limits adopted analytical method. The residue levels in 21 sample of garlic, 18 sample of onion, and 18 sample of strawberry which were succeeding crops after paddy rice were also below the detection limits. In consequent, all the samples resulted safe status in terms of the butachlor residue level in agricultural produce.

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Changes in Quality of Soybean Curd Residue as Affected by Different Drying Methods (건조방법에 따른 비지의 품질변화)

  • 김동수;설명훈;김현대
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.453-459
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    • 1996
  • This study was carried out to determine the changes in quality during the drying process and the optimum drying condition for utilizing soybean curd residue. The quality criteria for soybean curd residue were acid value, peroxide value, fatty acid composition and microbial concentration. The acid values of soybean curd residue were 7.5, 4.5 and 5.9 KOH mg/g upon 12 hour drying with open-air sun, ambient-air blast and warm-air blast, respectively. The numbers of total aerobic bacteria and molds increased remarkably during drying with open-air sunlight, ambient-air blast and warm-air blast except for hot air blast. Among different drying methods, the hot air blast drying(1kg of sample) was the most effective methods, which completed in three hours. Also, the drying method demonstrated a typical drying curve ; settling down, constant rate drying and falling rate drying period were shown within one hour, from one and three hours and after three hours, respectively. Moreover, there was significant variation in the constant drying period for the quality of soybean curd residue.

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A Study on Penicillin Residue In Market Milk in Seoul (시판 우유중의 잔류 Penicillin에 관한 실험연구)

  • 강윤형;이용욱
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.11-15
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    • 1975
  • The study Was carried out to determine the residue concentrations of peniccillin in Merket milk samples collected from some of the retail shops located in Seoul City. During the period from June to September 1974, 160 milk samples were collected and examined, using the Filter Paper Disk Method, for Screening test and Quantitative test of penicillin residue. The results obtained in the study were as follows: 1. Among the 160 Market Milk samples. 28 samples (17.5%) proved to contain some antibiotics residue. 2. In the case of the antibiotics residue positive milk samples, the rate of penicillin residue alone was 46.4% and the rate of the other antibiotics was 53.6%. 3. In the distribution of milk plants examined in relation-to the antibiotics residue positive milk samples, it was shown that S.K.H. and M.Market Milk plants had 15.0, 17.5, 20.0 and 17.5 percent respectively. 4. According to the monthly distribution, the highest antibiotics residue positive rate (25.0% of the samples) was shown in the samples collected in August, and the next (20.0% of the samples) in July. While the samples collected in June and September 1974 Showed lower rates of 7.5% and 17.5% respectively. 5. The range of the residue concentraction of penicillin in the positive milk samples were as follows: a. 53.8% of the total samples were found in the lowest range of 0.02-0.05 IU/ml. b. 30.8% of the total samples were found in the lower range of 0.05-0.1 IU/ml. c. 7.7% of the total samlpes were found in the higher range of 0.1-0.2 IU/ml. d. 7.7% of the total samples were found in the highest range of over 0.2 IU/ml.

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Effects of Short-Term Soil Tillage Management on Activity and Community Structure of Denitrifiers under Double-Cropping Rice Field

  • Tang, Haiming;Li, Chao;Cheng, Kaikai;Shi, Lihong;Wen, Li;Xiao, Xiaoping;Xu, Yilan;Li, Weiyan;Wang, Ke
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.30 no.11
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    • pp.1688-1696
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    • 2020
  • Soil physical and chemical characteristics, soil potential denitrification rates (PDR), community composition and nirK-, nirS- and nosZ-encoding denitrifiers were studied by using MiSeq sequencing, quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), and terminal restriction fragment polymorphism (T-RFLP) technologies base on short-term (5-year) tillage field experiment. The experiment included four tillage treatments: conventional tillage with crop residue incorporation (CT), rotary tillage with crop residue incorporation (RT), no-tillage with crop residue retention (NT), and rotary tillage with crop residue removed as control (RTO). The results indicated that soil organic carbon, total nitrogen and NH4+-N contents were increased with CT, RT and NT treatments. Compared with RTO treatment, the copies number of nirK, nirS and nosZ in paddy soil with CT, RT and NT treatments were significantly increased. The principal coordinate analysis indicated that tillage management and crop residue returning management were the most and the second important factors for the change of denitrifying bacteria community, respectively. Meanwhile, this study indicated that activity and community composition of denitrifiers with CT, RT and NT treatments were increased, compared with RTO treatment. This result showed that nirK, nirS and nosZ-type denitrifiers communities in crop residue applied soil had higher species diversity compared with crop residue removed soil, and denitrifying bacteria community composition were dominated by Gammaproteobacteria, Deltaproteobacteria, and Betaproteobacteria. Therefore, it is a beneficial practice to increase soil PDR level, abundance and community composition of nitrogen-functional soil microorganism by combined application of tillage with crop residue management.

Immune Responses in Broiler Chicks Fed Propolis Extraction Residue-supplemented Diets

  • Eyng, C.;Murakami, A.E.;Santos, T.C.;Silveira, T.G.V.;Pedroso, R.B.;Lourenco, D.A.L.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.135-142
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    • 2015
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of inclusion of propolis extraction residue in the feed of broilers from 1 to 21 d of age on phagocytic activity of macrophages, cutaneous basophil hypersensitivity response to phytohemagglutinin, antibody production against Newcastle disease, lymphoid organ weight and hematological profile and to determine the optimal level of inclusion. 120 chicks, reared in metabolism cages until 21 days of age, were distributed in a completely randomized design, with five treatments (0%, 1%, 2%, 3%, and 4% of propolis residue) and six replications. The relative weight of thymus and monocyte percentage were affected by propolis residue, with a quadratic response (p<0.05) and lowest values estimated at 2.38% and 2.49%, respectively. Changes in relative weight of cloacal bursa and spleen, percentage of lymphocyte, heterophil, basophil, eosinophil, and heterophil:lymphocyte ratio, antibody production against Newcastle disease, phagocytic activity of macrophages and the average number of phagocytosed erythrocytes were not observed. The nitric oxide production with regard to positive control (macrophages+erythrocytes) decreased linearly (p<0.05) with increased doses of propolis residue. The remaining variables of nitric oxide production (negative control - macrophages, and difference between the controls) were not affected by propolis residue. The cutaneous basophil hypersensitivity response to phytohemagglutinin as determined by the increase in interdigital skin thickness exhibited a quadratic response (p<0.05), which predicted a lower reaction response at a dose of 2.60% of propolis residue and highest reaction response after 43.05 hours of phytohemagglutinin injection. The inclusion of 1% to 4% of propolis extraction residue in broiler diets from 1 to 21 days of age was not able to improve the immune parameters, despite the modest changes in the relative weight in thymus, blood monocyte percentage, nitric oxide concentration, and interdigital reaction to phytohemagglutinin.

A study on the formation and removal of residue and damaged layer on the overched silicon surface during the contact oxide etching using $C_4$F$_8$/H$_2$ helicon were plasmas (C$_4$F$_8$/H$_2$ helicon were 플라즈마를 이용한 contact 산화막 식각 공정시 과식화된 실리콘 표면의 잔류막과 손상층 형성 및 이의 제거에 관항 연구)

  • 김현수;이원정;백종태;염근영
    • Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.117-126
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    • 1998
  • In this study, the residue remaining on the silicon wafer during the oxide overetching using $C_4F_8/H_2$ helicon were plasmas and effects of various cleaning and annealing methods on the removal of the remaining residue were investigated. The addition of 30%$H_2$ to the C4F8 plasma increased the C/F ratio and the thickness of the residue on the etched silicon surface. Most of the residuse on the etched surfaces colud be removed by the oxygen plasmsa cleaning followed by thermal annealing over $450^{\circ}C$. Hydrogen-coataining residue formed on the silicon by 70%$C_4F_8/30%H_2$ helicon plasmas was more easily removed than hydrogen-free residue formed residue formed by $C_4F_8$ helicon wear plasmas. However, damage remaining on the silicon surface overetched using 70%$C_4F_8/30%H_2$ helicon plasmas was intensive and the degree of reocvery duing the post-annealing was lower.

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Risk-based approach to develop a national residue program: prioritizing the residue control of veterinary drugs in fishery products

  • Kang, Hui-Seung;Han, Songyi;Cho, Byung-Hoon;Lee, Hunjoo
    • Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.22 no.12
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    • pp.29.1-29.7
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    • 2019
  • Veterinary drugs are widely used to protect production-related diseases and promote the growth of farmed fish. The use of large amounts of veterinary drugs may have potential risk and cause adverse effects on both humans and the environment. In this study, we developed risk-based ranking based on a scoring system to be applied in the national residue program. In this approach, the following three factors of veterinary drugs that may occur as residues in fishery products were considered: potency (acceptable daily intake), usage (number of dose and withdrawal period), and residue occurrence. The overall ranking score was calculated using the following equation: potency × usage (sum of the number of sales and withdrawal period) × residue occurrence. The veterinary drugs that were assigned high score by applying this approach were enrofloxacin, amoxicillin, oxolinic acid, erythromycin, and trimethoprim. The risk-based approach for monitoring veterinary drugs can provide a reliable inspection priority in fishery products. The developed ranking system can be applied in web-based systems and residuemonitoring programs and to ensure safe management of fishery products in Korea.