• Title, Summary, Keyword: retrospective chart review

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Enhancing value of quality assurance rounds in improving radiotherapy management: a retrospective analysis from King Hussein Cancer Center in Jordan

  • Khader, Jamal K.;Al-Mousa, Abdelatif M.;Mohamad, Issa A.;Abuhijlih, Ramiz A.;Al-Khatib, Sondos A.;Alnsour, Anoud Z.;Asha, Wafa A.;Ramahi, Shada W.;Hosni, Ali A.;Abuhijla, Fawzi J.
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.60-65
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The quality assurance (QA) chart rounds are multidisciplinary meetings to review radiation therapy (RT) treatment plans. This study focus on describing the changes in RT management based on QA round reviews in a single institution. Materials and Methods: After 9 full years of implementation, a retrospective review of all patients whose charts passed through departmental QA chart rounds from 2007 to 2015. The reviewed cases were presented for RT plan review; subcategorized based on decision in QA rounds into: approved, minor modifications or major modifications. Major modification defined as any substantial change which required patient re-simulation or re-planning prior to commencement of RT. Minor modification included treatment plan changes which didn't necessarily require RT re-planning. Results: Overall 7,149 RT treatment plans for different anatomical sites were reviewed at QA rounds. From these treatment plans, 6,654 (93%) were approved, 144 (2%) required minor modifications, while 351 (5%) required major modifications. Major modification included changes in: selected RT dose (96/351, 27%), target volume definition (127/351, 36%), organs-at-risk contouring (10/351, 3%), dose volume objectives/constraints criteria (90/351, 26%), and intent of treatment (28/351, 8%). The RT plans which required major modification according to the tumor subtype were as follows: head and neck (104/904, 12%), thoracic (12/199, 6%), gastrointestinal (33/687,5%), skin (5/106, 5%), genitourinary (16/359, 4%), breast (104/2387, 4%), central nervous system (36/846, 4%), sarcoma (11/277, 4%), pediatric (7/251, 3%), lymphoma (10/423, 2%), gynecological tumors (2/359, 1%), and others (11/351, 3%). Conclusion: Multi-disciplinary standardized QA chart rounds provide a comprehensive and an influential method on RT plans and/or treatment decisions.

Effect of Injinoryung-san Administration on the Elevated Hepatic Function Test Level: Retrospective Chart Review (인진오령산 투여가 상승된 간화학 수치에 미치는 영향 : 후향적 차트 리뷰)

  • Chu, Hongmin;Shin, Hyeryung;Moon, Yeon-ju;Kim, Cheol-hyun;Kim, Kwang-ho;Lee, Young-ung;Ryu, Ho-sun;Sung, Kang-keyng;Lee, Sang-kwan
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.478-490
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This work is a retrospective clinical case study evaluating the efficacy of Injinoryung-san granule administration to patients who showed an abnormal hepatic function test level. Methods: We analyzed the chart records of seven patients with elevated levels of the hepatic function test treated with Injinoryung-san granules. Results: The patients who were treated with Injinoryung-san showed a significant improvement in their elevated hepatic function test levels. Conclusion: In patients with elevated hepatic function test levels, Injinoryung-san granules can improve the hepatic level without adverse effects or changes in existing drugs.

The Safety and Efficacy of Herbal Medicine for 107 Psoriasis Patients: A Retrospective Chart Review (한약으로 치료 받은 건선 환자 107명의 안전성 및 유효성에 대한 고찰)

  • Lee, Byung-Chul;Choi, Eun-Ji
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.34-40
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: To observe safety and efficacy of herbal medicine for psoriasis patients. Methods: We did retrospective chart review for 107 psoriasis patients who had been treated by herbal medicine for 2 months, and we analyzed the liver function test (LFT) results and Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) scores of before and after the treatment. Results: The mean LFT and the number of patients with abnormal LFT decreased after the treatments. More than 95% of patients with normal LFT maintained normal results at after the treatment, and only 2.1% and 4.6% patients with normal LFT showed abnormal Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase (GOT) and Glutamic Pyruvic Transaminase (GPT) results at after the treatment. Also, both mean PASI scores for all patients and patients with abnormal LFT before the treatment decreased significantly. Conclusions: This study suggest that herbal medicine may be safe and effective treatment for psoriasis.

Korean Medicine Treatment for 326 patients with Genital Warts : Retrospective Chart Review (성기사마귀환자 326명의 한의학적 치료에 대한 후향적 연구)

  • Lee, Kyoung-Yeob;Lee, Eun;Cho, Nae-Kyoung
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.196-207
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    • 2015
  • Purpose : To observe effects of Korean Medicine treatment for genital warts.Methods : In a single private clinic from February 2014 to February 2015, we did retrospective chart review for 326 patients with genital warts who had been treated by Korean Medicine. Korean Medicine treatment included herbal treatment and herbal ointment.Results : A total of 326 patients were enrolled in this study: 62.7%(n=219) male, 32.8%(n=107) female. In the type of diagnosis, new diagnosis was 45.4%(n=148) and recurrent disease was 54.6%(n=178). Complete clearance was achieved 63.2%(n=206) and treatment period was 3.5 months(range:1-9). Partial clearance-good was 15%(n=49), partial clearance-poor was 4.9%(n=16), non response was 16.9%(n=55) and the average treatment period was 4.3 months(range:1-14). In complete clearance group, female and the prevalence of less than 1 year were statistically significant(p<0.05). There was no recurrence of genital warts after TKM treatment during follow-up period(4-13months).Conclusion : This study suggest that Korean Medicine may be an effective treatment for genital warts.

Traditional Korean Medicine Treatment for Psoriasis Vulgaris: Retrospective Chart Review (보통 건선의 한방치료 경과에 대한 후향적 고찰)

  • Kim, Min-Hee;Lee, Byung-Chul;Yun, Young-Hee;Choi, In-Hwa
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.97-103
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    • 2013
  • Objective : To observe effects of TKM (Traditional Korean Medicine) treatment for psoriasis vulgaris. Methods : We did retrospective chart review for 32 psoriasis vulgaris patients who had been treated by TKM. TKM treatment included acupuncture, herb med, external herbal solution and moxibustion. Result : PASI (Psoriasis Area and Severity Index) 75 responding rate at treatment week 16 was 71.9%. Mild symptom patients' improvement rate and moderate to severe symptom patients' improvement rate was similar. Mean PASI score was increased until treatment week 4 to 8, and after that period, mean PASI score was decreased. Conclusion : This study suggest that TKM may be an effective treatment for psoriasis vulgaris.

Intense Pulsed Light Alone and in Combination with Erbium Yttrium-Aluminum-Garnet Laser on Small-to-Medium Sized Congenital Melanocytic Nevi: Single Center Experience Based on Retrospective Chart Review

  • Lee, Mi So;Jun, Hee Jin;Cho, Sang Hyun;Lee, Jeong Deuk;Kim, Hei Sung
    • Annals of dermatology
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.39-47
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    • 2017
  • Background: Treatment of congenital melanocytic nevi (CMN) with intense pulsed light (IPL) has recently produced promising results. Objective: To evaluate the clinical and histological outcomes of small-to-medium sized CMN treated with IPL alone and in combination with erbium: yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Er: YAG) laser. Methods: We performed a retrospective chart review of 26 small-to-medium sized CMN treated as described above. The reduction in visible pigmentation, signs of recurrence and any adverse skin changes were evaluated by two independent clinicians. Results: Seventeen patients completed treatment and were followedup. Nine were not able to complete treatment due to work, change in residence, and treatment related stress. Ten patients received IPL alone (mean: 10.5 sessions) and 7 underwent treatment with IPL (mean: 7.7 sessions) and Er: YAG/IPL combination therapy (mean: 4.7 sessions). The initial treatment outcome was cleared in 5 patients and excellent in 12. Fourteen patients (82.4%) showed CMN recurrence one year after treatment completion. The histological results from a patient with an excellent clinical outcome showed remnant nevus cells nests in the deep dermis. Conclusion: IPL treatment alone and in combination with Er: YAG laser are not definitive treatments for CMN and should not be considered as first-line treatment.

Hypothesis Proposal about Predictive Factors and Optimal Age for Response to Herbal Medicine Treatment for Height Gain in Children: a Retrospective Review

  • Leem, Jungtae;Kim, Jeeyeun;Suh, Kyeungsuk;Lim, Youngkwern;Lee, Junhee
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.16-29
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    • 2018
  • Introduction: We aimed to investigate the predictive factors and optimal age for response to herbal medicine treatment for height gain in children. Methods: This retrospective chart review included 61 children (age range, 5-16 years) treated for height gain between 2011 and 2015. A predictive model was established by multiple linear regression analysis. Dependent variables were defined by the differences in percentile before and after herbal medicine treatment. The optimal cutoff value of patient age was determined by receiver operating curve analysis. Results : The age of initiation of herbal medicine therapy (p = 0.012) and administration of Forsythiae fructus (p = 0.002) were significant variables for treatment response. The adjusted R2 value was 0.231. The mean ages of the responder and non-responder groups were significantly different (p = 0.023). The optimal cutoff value of age for predicting treatment response was 9.75 years. Treatment response was better among children below 9.75 years of age. Conclusions: Patient age and administration of Forsythiae fructus were identified as determinants of response to herbal medicine treatment. Treatment of rhinitis and initiation of height gain treatment at an early age are critical for better response. These findings will provide fundamental data for further research.

Menstrual Cycle Characteristics and Premenstrual Syndrome Prevalence Based on the Daily Record of Severity of Problems in Korean Young Adult Women

  • Kim, Yae-Ji;Park, Young-Joo
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.50 no.1
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    • pp.147-157
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: This descriptive study aimed to identify the menstrual cycle characteristics and premenstrual syndrome (PMS) prevalence in Korean young adult women using the retrospective and prospective Daily Record of Severity of Problems (DRSP). Methods: In the first stage, participants included 151 nursing students studying in a university located in Seoul. Data were collected from April 20 to June 2, 2017, using the questionnaire on menstrual characteristics, pictorial blood assessment chart, and retrospective DRSP. In the second stage, participants included 17 students with PMS, based on the screening conducted in the first stage. Data were collected using the prospective DRSP from May 29 to 2 September 2, 2017. Results: Of the study sample, 104 participants (68.9%) had regular periods. Those with regular periods had 11.97 periods annually with a menstrual cycle of 29.38 days and a period duration of 5.72 days. Fifty-five participants (37.4%) showed menorrhagia. Sixty-four participants (42.4%) were found to have PMS based on their retrospective DRSP. When the ratio of women (52.9%) with PMS shown in the prospective DRSP was used as a positive predictive value, the estimated PMS prevalence was 22.4%. Conclusion: This study provides clinically significant PMS prevalence among Korean young adult women, positive predictive value of the retrospective DRSP, and valid data to basically understand the menstrual cycle characteristics experienced by these women.

Platybasia in 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome Is Not Correlated with Speech Resonance

  • Spruijt, Nicole E.;Kon, Moshe;Molen, Aebele B. Mink Van Der
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.344-349
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    • 2014
  • Background An abnormally obtuse cranial base angle, also known as platybasia, is a common finding in patients with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS). Platybasia increases the depth of the velopharynx and is therefore postulated to contribute to velopharyngeal dysfunction. Our objective was to determine the clinical significance of platybasia in 22q11DS by exploring the relationship between cranial base angles and speech resonance. Methods In this retrospective chart review at a tertiary hospital, 24 children (age, 4.0-13.1 years) with 22q11.2DS underwent speech assessments and lateral cephalograms, which allowed for the measurement of the cranial base angles. Results One patient (4%) had hyponasal resonance, 8 (33%) had normal resonance, 10 (42%) had hypernasal resonance on vowels only, and 5 (21%) had hypernasal resonance on both vowels and consonants. The mean cranial base angle was $136.5^{\circ}$ (standard deviation, $5.3^{\circ}$; range, $122.3-144.8^{\circ}$). The Kruskal-Wallis test showed no significant relationship between the resonance ratings and cranial base angles (P=0.242). Cranial base angles and speech ratings were not correlated (Spearman correlation=0.321, P=0.126). The group with hypernasal resonance had a significantly more obtuse mean cranial base angle ($138^{\circ}$ vs. $134^{\circ}$, P=0.049) but did not have a greater prevalence of platybasia (73% vs. 56%, P=0.412). Conclusions In this retrospective chart review of patients with 22q11DS, cranial base angles were not correlated with speech resonance. The clinical significance of platybasia remains unknown.

The Effects of Mokdanpisaback-san on Stroke: A Retrospective Medical Chart Review (뇌졸중에 대한 목단피사백산의 치료 효과 연구 : 후향적 의무기록 분석)

  • Choi, Yu-jin;Kim, Ki-tae
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.69-80
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    • 2020
  • Objective: The aim of this study was to report the improvement of stroke symptoms in patients using Mokdanpisaback-san. Methods: This study was carried out on patients hospitalized at the Department of Korean Internal Medicine of Jecheon Korean Medicine Hospital of Semyung University from October 2014 to September 2019. A retrospective study was performed on 43 patients who were diagnosed with stroke and Soyangin and treated with Mokdanpisaback-san. Results & Conclusion: 1. Mokdanpisaback-san is effective in improving various symptoms of stroke, including dysarthria, dysphagia, movement disorder, paresthesia, quadriplegia, and dizziness. 2. Mokdanpisaback-san significantly improves the motor disorders of stroke, including lower extremity muscle strength, standing, and walking disorders. 3. Mokdanpisaback-san does not affect the liver or kidney function.