• Title, Summary, Keyword: rice bran oil

Search Result 155, Processing Time 0.027 seconds

Antioxidant and Mixture Effects of Curry Spices Extracts Obtained by Solvent Extraction (용매에 따른 카레 향신료 추출물의 항산화 효과 및 혼합효과)

  • Ahn, Chae-Kyung;Lee, Young-Chul;Yeom, Cho-Ae
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.32 no.3
    • /
    • pp.491-499
    • /
    • 2000
  • This study was performed to investigate the antioxidative effects of solvent extracts of eighteen curry spices. Yields of the curry spices extracted by methanol, ethylacetate and hexane were $6.4{\sim}42.9%$, $3.9{\sim}26.2%$ and $1.6{\sim}29.2%$, respectively. Methanol, ethylacetate and hexane extracts of spices were added up to 1,500 ppm in the rice bran oil and antioxidative effects of extracts were tested by Rancimat. Induction periods of spices extracted by methanol were in the order of rosemary(33.5hr)>sage(29.1hr)>ginger(28.6hr)>turmeric(26.9hr)>nutmeg(25.8hr)>oregano(25.6hr)>thyme(25.3hr)>BHT(24.5hr)>control(22.6hr). Those of ethylacetate extracts were as follows: rosemary(43.9hr)>sage(30.9hr)>oregano(29.0hr)>thyme(27.5hr)>ginger(27.1hr)>BHT(24.5hr)>control(22.6hr). Those of hexane extracts were in the order of rosemary(47.4hr)>sage(31.4hr)>oregano(27.3hr)>ginger(25.5hr)>thyme(25.1hr)>control(22.6hr). Solvent extracts of rosemary, sage, oregano, ginger and thyme showed significant antioxidative effects. Two thousands ppm hexane-extract of rosemary was the most effective. Addition of hexane-extracts of rosemary didn't show any synergism with the hexane extracts of sage, oregano, ginger, and thyme.

  • PDF

The Nitrogen, Phosphate, and Potassium Contents in Organic Fertilizer (유기질비료의 질소, 인산, 칼륨 함량 분포 특성)

  • Yun, Hong-Bae;Kaown, Dug-In;Lee, Jong-Sik;Lee, Ye-Jin;Kim, Myung-Sook;Song, Yo-Sung;Lee, Yong-Bok
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
    • /
    • v.44 no.3
    • /
    • pp.498-501
    • /
    • 2011
  • The nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium contents are the key factors to determine the quality of organic fertilizers and right amount of application for agricultural uses. The major nutrient contents in raw materials used for making organic fertilizers and products were evaluated in this study. Among the raw materials that were investigated, soybean cake gave the highest total N content at $76g\;kg^{-1}$, followed by perilla cake ($70g\;kg^{-1}$), rape seed oil cake ($66g\;kg^{-1}$), cotton seed cake ($54g\;kg^{-1}$), and rice bran ($22g\;kg^{-1}$). We investigated 43 organic fertilizers and our results showed widely varied concentrations of major nutrients : total N at $30.5-139g\;kg^{-1}$, total $P_2O_5$ at $2.3-96.3g\;kg^{-1}$, and total $K_2O$ at $0.1-29.3g\;kg^{-1}$. Our study would like to emphasize the importance of nutrient content labeling in packed organic fertilizers to be able to know its efficiency and for determining the right amount for application.

Growth Characteristics of Ginseng Seedlings as Affected by Mixed Nursery Soil under Polyethylene Film Covered Greenhouse (비닐하우스에서 상토의 조성에 따른 묘삼의 생장특성)

  • Park, Hong Woo;Jang, In Bae;Kim, Young Chang;Mo, Hwang Sung;Park, Kee Choon;Yu, Jin;Kim, Jang Uk;Lee, Eung Ho;Kim, Ki Hong;Hyun, Dong Yun
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
    • /
    • v.22 no.5
    • /
    • pp.363-368
    • /
    • 2014
  • This study was conducted to find out the optimum composition of nursery soil for raising seedling of ginseng (Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer). Total 9 kinds of raw materials were used such as peat-moss, perlite, leaf mould, rice bran, gull's guano, castor-oil plant bark, palm bark, cow manure and chicken manure for optimum composition of nursery soil in ginseng. Occurrence of damping-off in ginseng was lowered about 50% in nursery soil type 1, 2 and 4 than in other types nursery soil in June, and occurrence rate of rusty root also lowest in nursery soil type 1. As the salinity of nursery soil increased, so did the occurrence of physiological disorder in ginseng seedling. The cause of salinity increasing in nursery soil has closely relation to $NO_3-N$, $P_2O_5$ and $Na^+$ content. Plant height, root length, diameter and weight were longer and heavier in nursery soil type 1 (mixing ratio of peat-moss, perlite and leaf mould was 50 : 20 : 30 based in volume) than in other types of nursery soil. So nursery soil type 1 was selected for raising seedling of ginseng. pH and electric conductivity (EC) of selected nursery soil type 1 was 5.55 and 0.13 dS/m. Contents of $NO_3-N$ and $P_2O_5$ were 21.0 and 40.0 mg/L, and $K^+$ 0.36, $Ca^{2+}$ 3.38, $Mg^{2+}$ 2.01 and $Na^+$ $0.09cmol^+/L$, respectively.

The Antioxidant Ability of Grape Seed Extracts (포도씨 추출물의 항산화성)

  • Jang, Jae-Kweon;Han, Ji-Young
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.34 no.3
    • /
    • pp.524-528
    • /
    • 2002
  • The study was carried out to evaluate the antioxidant activity of grape seed extracts by measuring acid value, peroxide value (POV), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS value) and electron donating ability by 1,1-dipheny1-2-pycryl hydrazil (DPPH) method. Total phenol content of freeze dried crude solvent extracts increased in the order of ethanol>acetone>hot water. Among extracts, the total phenol content of 70% ethanol extract of grape seed (GSE) was the highest, 51%. Besides the total phenol, the other major components of GSE were crude carbohydrate (29.63%), crude protein (3.38%) and crude lipid (2.84%). The acid values of crude rice bran oil containing GSE or several antioxidants at the concetration of 0.01% were 52.3 for the control, 0.5 for GSE, 2.3 for dibutyl hydroxytoluene (BHT), 45.0 for tertiarybutyl hydroxy quinone (TBHQ), 29.9 for tocopherol and 37.7 for ascorbic acid. The POVs for linoleic acid methyl ester in the presence of 0.01% antioxidants were 1220 meq/kg in control, 55 meq/kg in GSE, 104 meq/kg in BHT, 952 meq/kg in tocopherol and 71 meq/kg in GSE, 37% in BHT, 37% in tocopherol and 52% in ascorbic acid. The electron donating abilities by DPPH in the presence of 0.01% antioxidants were 95.3% in GSE, 75.0% in BHT, 96.3% in tocopherol and 98.2% in ascorbic acid. These results indicated that the antioxidants activities of GSE were significantly higher than those of several antioxidants compared.

Comparison of Liquefying Efficiency of Mixed Organic Fertilizer as Affected by Aeration Time and the Ratio of Organic Fertilizer to Water (폭기시간과 유기질비료 농도에 따른 혼합유기질비료의 액비화 특성비교)

  • Lee, Jong-Tae;Ha, In-Jong;Moon, Jin-Seong;Song, Won-Doo
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
    • /
    • v.40 no.2
    • /
    • pp.156-163
    • /
    • 2007
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the liquefying efficiency of mixed organic fertilizer in different conditions. The organic fertilizer was composed of sesame oil cake, rice bran, fish meal, ground bone meal etc, and made by fermenting process. It included $23g\;kg^{-1}$, $17.0g\;kg^{-1}$, $23.9g\;kg^{-1}$, $290g\;kg^{-1}$ of N, $P_2O_5$, $K_2O$, organic matter, respectively. In one test, the mixed organic fertilizer was added in the proportion of 10% to water 90% and aerated continuously, for 2, 8 hours per day, and not aerated as control. In the other test, ratios of organic fertilizer to water were 5%, 10%, 20% and aerated for 2 hours a day. With the increase of liquefying time, pH, EC and $NH_4-N$ increased without relation to aeration time. After 10 days, liquid organic fertilizer aerated for 2 hours a day contained $634mg\;N\;kg^{-1}$, $68.1mg\;P_2O_5\;kg^{-1}$, $453mg\;K_2O\;kg^{-1}$, which was not significantly different from 8 hours a day or continuous aeration. Then extraction ratios of inorganic contents were 27.6%, 4.0% and 18.9%, respectively. Continuous aeration resulted in increasing the viable number of aerobic bacteria, spore forming bacteria and fungi in liquefied solution. Higher ratio of organic fertilizer to water increased EC, $NH_4-N$ and other inorganic matter contents, but decreased extraction ratio of nutrients in liquid fertilizer. The liquid organic fertilizer of 20% contained $1,140mg\;N\;kg^{-1}$, $35.4mg\;P_2O_5\;kg^{-1}$, $544mg\;K_2O\;kg^{-1}$ after 10 days. Then extraction ratios were 24.8%, 2.4% and 13.6%, respectively. The ratio of organic fertilizer to water was positively correlated with only spore forming bacteria, Pseudomonas spp. among microorganisms.