• Title, Summary, Keyword: roasting process

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Processing and Characteristics of Canned Seasoned Boiled Oyster Crassostrea gigas and Canned Seasoned Roasted Oyster Crassostrea gigas (조미 자숙굴(Crassostrea gigas) 통조림 및 조미 구운굴(Crassostrea gigas) 통조림의 제조 및 품질특성)

  • Park, Jun-Seok;Park, Du-Hyun;Kong, Cheong-Sik;Lee, Yeong-Man;Lee, Jae-Dong;Park, Jin-Hyo;Kim, Jeong-Gyun
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.51 no.5
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    • pp.469-476
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to collect basic data that could be used in the manufacture of two kinds of canned oyster Crassostrea gigas. The steamed oyster was prepared by shucking after boiling for 6 min at $105^{\circ}C$ and then washing and dewatering. The roasted oyster was prepared by baking steamed oyster at $140^{\circ}C$ for 20 min. The manufacturing methods of canned seasoned boiled oyster and canned seasoned roasted oyster were as follows. The boiled or roasted oyster (50 g) was added to a can (RR-90) along with a mixture of seasoning sauce 40 and then seamed using a vacuum seamer under 20 cm Hg after pre-exhausting at $90^{\circ}C$ for 20 min. The two kinds of canned oyster products produced under sterilization of Fo 12 min were tested for cultured bacteria, external appearance, proximate composition, pH, VBN (Volatile basic nitrogen), TBA (Thiobarbiuric aicd) value, amino-N, salinity, color value sensory evaluation, etc. Results showed that the canned seasoned roasted oyster had higher overall acceptability than the canned seasoned boiled oyster. The reason for this was judged to be that the process of roasting at $140^{\circ}C$ for 20 min influenced the sensory evaluation.

Separation Behavior of Vanadium and Tungsten from the Spent SCR DeNOX Catalyst by Strong Basic Anion Exchange Resin (SCR 탈질 폐촉매로부터 강염기성 음이온교환수지를 이용한 바나듐/텅스텐 분리거동 고찰)

  • Heo, Seo-Jin;Jeon, Jong-Hyuk;Kim, Chul-Joo;Chung, Kueong-Woo;Jeon, Ho-Seok;Yoon, Do-Young;Yoon, Ho-Sung
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.38-47
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    • 2020
  • In this study, factors affecting the adsorption reaction for the separation/recovery of V and W using Lewatit monoplus MP 600, a strong basic anion exchange resin, from the leachate obtained through the soda roasting-water leaching process from the spent SCR DeNOX catalyst investigated and the adsorption mechanism was discussed based on the results. In the case of the mixed solution of V and W, both ions showed a high adsorption ratio at pH 2-6, but the adsorption of W was greatly reduced at pH 8. In the adsorption isothermal experiment, both V and W were fitted well at the Langmuir adsorption isotherm, and the reaction kinetics were fitted well at pseudo-second-order. As a result of conducting an adsorption experiment by adjusting the pH with H2SO4 to remove Si, which inhibits the adsorption of V and W from the leachate, the lowest W adsorption ratio was shown at pH 8.5. Desorption of W was hardly achieved in strongly acidic solutions, and desorption of V was well performed in both strongly acidic and strongly basic solutions.

Anti-inflammatory Effects of Heat-treated Starfish Extract in Lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW 264.7 Cells (열처리 불가사리 추출물의 항염 활성)

  • Park, Jae Hyeon;Ahn, Keun Jae;Lee, Sun-Ryung
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.30 no.7
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    • pp.634-639
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    • 2020
  • Starfish are a potential source of marine materials, but their unique odor can limit application. Our previous work suggested that brittle star Ophioplocus japonicus extract could be more effective as a cosmetic material by reducing its odor through a roasting process. However, the biological properties of heat-treated Ophioplocus japonicus extract (HOJE) remain poorly understood. We here examined the anti-inflammatory potential of HOJE in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW 264.7 cells. HOJE significantly inhibits LPS-stimulated nitric oxide (NO) production without affecting cell viability in a dose-dependent manner and suppresses LPS-induced expression of inducible nitric oxide synthases (iNOS) and pro-inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-6 and -1β. Furthermore, treatment of pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate to inhibit nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling accelerated the inhibitory effect of HOJE on NO production, and the translocation of NF-κB p65 from the cytosol to the nucleus was attenuated by HOJE. These results show that HOJE ameliorates inflammation partly through NF-κB signaling which consequently suggests that it has anti-inflammatory potential.

Quantitative Changes of Hydroxycinnamic Acid Derivatives and Anthocyanin in Corn (Zea mays L.) According to Cultivars and Heat Processes (옥수수의 품종별 및 가공별 Hydroxycinnamic Acid 유도체 및 Anthocyanin 색소의 함량 변화)

  • Yu, Myeong-Hwa;Kim, Eun-Ok;Choi, Sang-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.39 no.6
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    • pp.843-852
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    • 2010
  • Hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives (HADs) and anthocyanins in corn (Zea mays L.) have recently been reported to have anticarcinogenic, anti-hypertensive, antidiabetic, antifungal, antioxidant, and anti-melanogenic activities. Five HADs and anthocyanins in corn were quantified by HPLC according to cultivars and heat processes. In addition, major anthocyanin of a black waxy corn was isolated and identified by several instrumental analysis, and its content was also quantified by HPLC according to heat processes. Of the ten corn cultivars, five waxy corn cultivars had moderate five HADs contents except "Baksa" waxy corn with higher two free cinnamic acids (FCAs), p-coumaric and ferulic acids. In contrast, three dent corn cultivars contained higher levels of three polyamine conjugates (PCs), CFP, DCP and DFP, and especially "P3394" had the highest amount of the three PCs. Two sweet corn cultivars had generally intermediate HADs levels between waxy and dent corn cultivars. Of the three colored-waxy corns, a black Mibaek waxy corn had the highest anthocyanin content. During heat processes, levels of two FCAs in the black waxy corn generally increased, whereas no significant change on three PCs contents was observed except the puffing process. Roasting, retort and puffing processes significantly increased two FCAs and especially, the puffed black waxy corn had the highest amount of FCAs. Meanwhile, most heat treatments except retort process, considerably decreased total anthocyanin contents, and especially the puffed black waxy corn had nearly no anthocyanin. Level of one major anthocyanin, pelargonidin 3-glucoside (P3G) isolated from a black waxy corn was appreciably decreased by heat treatments except retort process, which greatly increased P3G content. These results suggest that the retorted black waxy corn may be a promising high quality functional corn product.

Effect of Extraction Process on the Physicochemical Characteristics of Seed Oil of Camellia sinensis (추출 공정에 따른 Camellia sinensis 오일의 물리화학적 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Youn-Soon;Kim, Ran;Na, Myung-Soon;Choi, DuBok
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.148-153
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    • 2010
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effect of extraction methods on the physicochemical characteristics using seed oil of wild green tea (Camellia sinensis). When the solvent extraction method after grinding and steam treatment (SGS) was used for oil extraction, the yield was highest. The specific gravity was a range of $0.91{\sim}0.94g/cm^{3}$ irrespective of extraction methods of oil. However, the light in the solvent extraction method after grinding (SG), the red in the pressure extraction method after grinding and roasting treatment (PGR), and the yellow in SG method were highest. Among various fatty acids, the concentrations of C16 : 0, C18 : 1 and C18 : 2 were highest, irrespective of extraction methods. Especially, the C16 : 0 concentration was in the order of SG (34.78%), SGS (23.04%), and PRGS method (23.01%), the C18 : 1 concentration was in the order of PGR (43.35%), SGS (42.7%), SG method (39.0%), and in the case of C18 : 2, it was in order of PGR (23.15%), SGS (23.03%), and SG method (15.01%). The saturated fatty acid concentration was in the order of SG (40.59%), PGR (31.61%), and SGS method (30.1%). On the other hand, in the case of the unsaturated fatty acid, it was in the order of SGS (69.9%), PGR (68.39%), and SG method (59.41%). The acid values in the SGS and SG method after 10 days of storage were in the range of 6~8 mgKOH/g. However, in the case of PGR method, it was increased with the increase of storage time and was 49.3 mgKOH/g after 60 days. The peroxide values in the SGS and SG method were in the range of 60~100 mEq/g from 10 to 60 days of storage. On the other hand, when the storage time was increased from 10 to 30 days, it was sharply increased from 60 to 240 mEq/g. The rancidity was in the order of $Fe^{2+}$, $Cu^{2+}$, $Cr^{2+}$, $Zn^{2+}$ and $Ni^{2+}$, irrespective of extraction methods. Especially, when butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) was added into oil containing 1.0 ppm of <$Fe^{2+}$, the peroxide value was decreased from 539.4 to 216.6%. These results show that seed oil of Camellia sinensis grown in Iksan can be applied as sources for cosmetics, detergents, food, and pharmaceuticals.