• Title, Summary, Keyword: roasting process

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Magnetic Properties of Sr-ferrite Powders via Modified Low Temperature Co-spray Roasting Process (저온 분무 열분해법으로 제조된 Sr-ferrite의 자기특성)

  • 김효준;조태식;남효덕;양충진
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.11 no.10
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    • pp.931-939
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    • 1998
  • Preparation of the hexagonal Sr-ferrite powsers with high performance by co-spraying precusor of the FeCl$_2$+SrCO$_3$ at a low temperature was proved as a cost =-effective method. The co-spray roasting was carried out in the temperature range of 300~$700^{\circ}C$ after SrCO$_3$ powders were mixed into 12FeCi$_2$.4$H_2O$ liquor. By this low temperature roasting method fine particles of multi-phased FeO$_2$+SrCO$_3$ were formulated. Powders calcined at 105$0^{\circ}C$ for 1 hour show the best magnetic property of M\ulcorner=69.96 emu/g, M\ulcorner=36.98 emu/g, and \ulcornerH\ulcorner=4.31 Oe. This calcining temperature is lower than that of the conventional dry method by 10$0^{\circ}C$.

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Effects of Humectant and Roasting on Physicochemical and Sensory Properties of Jerky Made from Spent Hen Meat

  • Sorapukdee, Supaluk;Uesakulrungrueng, Chanpen;Pilasombut, Komkhae
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.326-334
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    • 2016
  • This study was carried out to develop jerky product utilizing spent hen meat. Manipulation of water activity (aw) of semi-dried meat with the addition of humectants (glycerol and sorbitol at the concentration of 0, 10, and 15%) and roasting process were applied to enhance quality of jerky product. After spent hen meat was ground, formulated, reformed and then dried in convection oven at 85℃ for 2 h followed by 60℃ for 1 h, all jerky samples showed values of aw ≤0.85 with total aerobic bacteria, yeast and mold and Staphylococcus aureus counts were reduced to undetectable levels. Moreover, the results showed that the 15% glycerol added jerky showed superior quality, indicated by the lowest aw, low protein aggregation as evaluated by sorption isotherm and the lowest shear value as compared to sorbitol added and control samples (p<0.05). Regardless effect of humectant, roasting could improve the quality of the jerky via enhanced sensory attributes by increasing color, appearance, flavor and overall acceptability scores (p<0.05). Therefore, spent hen meat could be used as a potential raw material for jerky in which soft product texture obtained by the addition of glycerol and intense flavor resulted from roasting process after drying, leading to sensory acceptance.

Effects of roasting conditions on the physicochemical properties of Coffea arabica beans (배전조건이 아라비카 커피의 이화학적 성질에 미치는 영향)

  • Suh, Yeon-Soo;Lee, Seung-Heon;Shang, Yafang;Lee, Won-Jong
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.690-698
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    • 2015
  • Effects of roasting on physical (weight, volume, density and color) and chemical properties (total phenol, caffeine, chlorogenic acid and antioxidant properties) of three Arabica coffee beans (Brazil Bourbon, Indonesia Mandheling and Kenya Tatu) were investigated. A steady weight loss, volume increase, and bean density decrease were observed during the roasting process. The $L^*$, $a^*$, and $b^*$ values tended to decrease as the roasting temperature and time increased. Caffeine level was approximately 0.73% in green beans, and increased to 40-67% for darker roasts. Green beans contained the highest chlorogenic acid content, which decreased as the roasting temperature and time increased. The light- and medium-roasted coffee showed the highest total phenolol contents. The antioxidant activities were measured using DPPH and ABTS. The light-roasted coffee beans showed the highest antioxidant activities, and an approximately 36-51% loss in antioxidant activity was observed after further roasting. The flavor patterns of roasted coffee beans were analyzed using an electronic nose system based on gas chromatography. This analysis demonstrated that an electronic nose system can be applied to identify the green bean variety and the degree of roasting.

Formulation and Magnetic properties of Sr-ferrite powders by Modified spray co-roasting (단순화된 분무열분해법을 이용한 Sr-ferrite 제조와 자기특성)

  • 김효준;조태식;남효덕;양충진
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.49-52
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    • 1998
  • Preparation of hexagonal strontium-ferrite by modified spray co-roasting(MSC:H) which is expected to shorkn the length of the process and to elevate the magnetic properties of hard ferrite was studied. We prapared $Fe_2O_3/SrCO_3$ mixture powders by MSCR after stirring ionized $FeCI_2$ in distilled water with solid state $SrCO_3$. And then calcined the mixture powders up to $1150^{\circ}C$ for Sr-ferrite powders It is possible to prepare hexaferrite powders with high saturation magnetization (Ms > 69 emu/g) , coercivity (Hc > 4000 Oe) The nlagnetic values of saturation magnetization iire higher than those achieved by the conventional technique.

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Effect of Soaking and Heat Treatment Conditions on Physicochemical and Organoleptic Quality of Lotus Root (침지처리 및 열처리 조건이 연근의 관능적 특성 및 이화학적 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Sung-Chul;Kim, So-Young;Choi, Sun-Ju;Lee, In-Suk;Jung, Moon-Yung;Yang, Sam-Man;Chae, Hee-Jeong
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.42 no.1
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    • pp.45-49
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    • 2010
  • To reduce the astringent taste of lotus root, the effects of various treatment methods such as drying, soaking, steaming and roasting on the physicochemical properties and sensory characteristics were investigated. The following process conditions were selected: 1) drying (D), 2) soaking followed by drying ($SK{\rightarrow}D$), 3) steaming followed by drying ($ST{\rightarrow}D$), 4) drying followed by roasting ($D{\rightarrow}R$), 5) soaking and then drying followed by roasting ($SK{\rightarrow}D{\rightarrow}R$), 6) steaming and then drying followed by roasting ($ST{\rightarrow}D{\rightarrow$}. The tannin content of the lotus root was lowest when it was treated by steaming followed by drying ($ST{\rightarrow}D$). The astringent taste of lotus root was reduced by steaming, and the roasted taste was improved by roasting in terms of sensory and flavor characteristics. Consequently, lotus root treated by steaming and then drying followed by roasting ($ST{\rightarrow}D{\rightarrow}R$) showed the highest preference with respect to astringent and roasted taste.

Effect of Reaction Factors on the Properties of Complex Oxide Powder Produced by Spray Roasting Process (분무배소법에 의해 생성되는 복합산화물 분말들의 특성에 미치는 반응인자들의 영향)

  • 유재근;이성수;박희범;안주삼;남용현;손진군
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.16-27
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    • 2000
  • In order to produce raw material powder of advanced magnetic material by spray roasting process, newly modified spray roasting system was developed in this work. In this spray roasting system, raw material solution was effectively atomized and sprayed into the reaction furnace. Also, uniform temperature distribution inside reaction furnace made thermal decomposition process fully completed, and produced powder was effectively collected in cyclone and bag filter. This system equipped with apparatus which can purify hazard produced gas. In this study complex acid solution was prepared by dissolution of mill scale and ferro-Mn into the acid solution, and the pH of this complex acid solution was controlled about to 4. It was conformed that mill scale and ferro-Mn containing a lot of impurities such as $SiO_2$, P and Al could be used as raw material by reducing the impurities content of complex acid solution below 20 ppm. Complex oxide powder of Fe-Mn system was produced by spraying purified complex acid solution into the spray roaster through nozzle, and the variations of produced powder characters were studied by changing he reaction conditions such as reaction temperature, the injection velocity of solution and air, nozzle tip size and concentration of solution. The morphology of produced powder had spherical shape under the most experimental conditions, and concentration of solution. The morphology of produced powder has spherical shape under the most experimental conditions, and the composition and the particle size distribution were almost uniform, which tells the excellence of this spray roasting system. The grain size of most produced powder was below 100 nm. From the above results, it will be possible to produce ultra fine oxide powder from the chloride of Fe, Mn, Ni, Cu and rare earth by using this spray roasting system, and also to produce ultra fine pure metal powder by changing reaction atmosphere.

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Effect of Roasting Condition and Cold-pressed Flaxseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) oil on Fatty Acid Composition and Volatile Compound (볶음조건과 저온압착이 아마씨유(Linum usitatissimum L.)의 지방산 조성 및 휘발성 성분에 미치는 영향)

  • Won, Sae Bom
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.10 no.11
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    • pp.177-184
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    • 2020
  • The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of cold-pressed flaxseed oil through the roasting temperature (unroasted and roasted at 150℃ and 200℃) and time (10 and 20 min) on the chemical changes. Cold-pressed flaxseed oil extraction yield was calculated with respect to the roasted process and total phenolic content, fatty acid composition, and volatile compound were analyzed. The extraction yield was increased in the roasted oil compared to the unroasted oil. Total phenolic content was significantly higher in oil from the roasted at 150℃ for 20 min compared to other roasting condition. Fatty acid composition was not affected by the extraction process. The content of aldehyde, ketone, furan, and pyrazine was higher than in the roasted at 200℃ compared to the unroasted and roasted at 150℃. These findings suggest that cold-pressed flaxseed oil extracted from the roasted at 150℃ for 20 min may be considered acceptable for safe extraction process.