• Title/Summary/Keyword: rural inhabitants

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Economic Life of Rural Residents (농촌마을 주민의 경제생활실태 연구)

  • Ko, Jeong-Sook
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.329-340
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    • 2006
  • This study was carried out to analyze on the economic life and financial state of rural inhabitants in case study 4 villages by questionnaire interview. To analyze the economic life of rural inhabitants, the data were collected from 191households and the SPSSWIN / ver12.0 was used for analyzing them. The major findings of this study are as follows; 1) Most of them earned living expenditure themselves, over 15% inhabitants lived with their children supports. 2) Over 70% of them couldn't save at all, over 40% of them had debts except inhabitants in plain area. 3) The financial condition of rural inhabitants is very unstable, for the small and irregular agricultural income. Moreover, the ratio of national pensioner and payer are very low. 4) The present economic life compared with 10year ago and future prospect are pessimistic. And the elder household have much financial problems, they live in poor and inferior surroundings. According to the results of research, the policy on support and assistance for economic life of rural inhabitants must be enlarged and enforced, and the financial program and education for them must be carried out nationwide and systematically.

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PROSPECTS OF AGRICULTURAL MEDICINE (한국농촌의학(韓國農村醫學)의 장래(將來))

  • Chung, Hae-Sik
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.5-8
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    • 1977
  • As, in Korea, rural economy has a rapid growth and medical health care becomes more necessary for rural inhabitants, we are planning to enlarge the medical care networks and aid childbirth free of charge and perform lower cost medical care in order that more inhabitants are benefited and more available for medical care in rural society. Further, we will make it a basement of the policy to equalize benefits of medical care and medical insurance system.

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Death Status of Pohang City in Recent Three Years (최근 3년간 포항시 사망수준의 변화)

  • Choi, Byung-Soon;Chae, Jeong-Uk
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.215-227
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    • 1998
  • To find health problems of Pohang city and to plan the activities to solve them in the situation of localization, the mortalities of the citizens in recent three years from 1994 to 1996 were analyzed from the notices and the certificates of death. The ratios of the notices with the certificates of death In the rural area of Pohang city were higher than those of whole country, the ratios of the urban area were lower than the respective ones, and the ratio differences between the rural and urban area were increasing. It may be that medical facilities are not within easy access of the rural inhabitants. especially in the rural south district with high population density. The proportional mortality indicators(PMI) were lower them those of whole country, much lower in male. So the health status of young aged males is relatively unsatisfactory. The urban inhabitants died in hospitals about two times more than the rural inhabitants and the differences were increasing. It may be that living and housing conditions and socio-cultural differences affected on the places of death. Because it is thought that death in hospitals will be growing at high speed, it is necessary to enlarge facilities fur funeral services. The age standardized mortalities were lower than those of whole country and age grouped mortalities were also the same. There were not any consistent and meaningful findings in the sex ratios of mortality according to the age groups or the calendar years. The mortalities by neoplasms and cardiovascular diseases according to the twenty one major causes of death were rapidly increased from the middle ages in both male and female. So it is important to plan the activities for early detection and health maintenance or promotion by behavior modifications. The leading causes of death were cardiovascular diseases, hypertensive diseases, and traffic accidents. And accidental drowning because of coastal area, liver diseases in male, and low respiratory tract diseases in female were the leading causes of death in part of age groups.

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A Study for Eating Patterns of Korean Men (한국 남성의 식생활 행태에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jung-Hyun;Lee, Min-June;Park, Mi-Young;Moon, Soo-Jae
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.621-634
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    • 1996
  • This study was conducted to investigate the eating patterns of Korean men by analyzing the relation among their socio-demographic characteristics, value toward food and nutrition, and eating behavior. Nine hundred twenty nine Korean men were selected by the stratified random sampling method. The socio-demographic characteristics of the subjects had a significant influence on their value toward food and nutrition. After in their sixties had meals for physiological needs rather than for nutrition or preference. Highly educated people, professional workers, office workers and people in the higher incomes, placed a higher value toward food and nutrition. In addition, rural inhabitants had a significantly lower value toward food and nutrition. They mainly ate to satisfy their hunger. The subjects' eating behavior had a significant difference according to their socio-demographic characteristics. The aged and the less educated valued breakfast the most, and showed a preference for rice as the staple food. The rate of skipping meals for this group was low. The higher their income, their eating behavior score was equally high, while the primary industrial workers and rural inhabitants had a low eating behavior score. Value toward food and nutrition had a significant influence on eating behavior. Those that placed a high value toward food and nutrition showed a marked tendency to choose bread or noodles rather than rice. In addition, those who placed a high value on food and nutrition skipped fewer meals and had a higher eating behavior score.

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The Process of Small Town Development in Rural China (중국 농촌 소성진 개발 과정의 특성 - 온주시 용항진의 사례를 중심으로 -)

  • 문순철
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.58-69
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    • 1998
  • This paper is to describe the characteristics of the Small Towns development in Rural China. The policies to develop Small Towns have been induced for solving the problem raised during the rural reform. The changes and adaptations of rural reform processes are integrated in Small Towns. The characteristics in the process of development of Ronggang, a small town, are as follows. First, it was the fund raised by rural inhabitants that was used for construction and development of the small town, Second, by implementing the policies of selective migration, the inhabitants of the small town have been differentiated from those of rural region. Third, the activities of commerce and industry of Ronggang have progressed to joint-stock system. Fourth, Having the spatial characteristics of self- development, the small town has grown and is expected to grow higher hierarchy of settlement system.

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The Patterns of Medical Utilization on Dermatoses among Rural Inhabitants (농촌지역 주민들의 피부 질환에 대한 치료 행태)

  • Kim, Chang-Yoon;Joo, Ree;SaKong, Joon;Chung, Jong-Hak;Kwak, Tae-Hun
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.103-113
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    • 1999
  • The authors surveyed the inhabitants of a rural area to assess the patterns of medical utilization on dermatoses. Seven hundred and sixty new outpatients of dermatoses were examined and surveyed with formed questionnaire from March 1997 to February 1999. The results are as follows; 1. Among 760 new outpatients, the number of male patients was 283(37.2%) and that of female patients was 477(67.3%). 2. The most common dermatoses was Tinea pedis(34.9%), and follows senile pruritus, contact dermatitis, housewife eczema, seborrheic dermatitis, numular dermatitis, atopic dermatitis, Tinea corporis, Tinea ungium, acne vulgaris, impetigo, keratolysis exfoliativa, chronic urticaria, Tinea cruris and Molluscum contagiosum in orders. 3. Drug store was the most frequent places where patients initially visited for their skin diseases(39.6%) and followed by non dermatologic clinic, dermatologic clinic and general hospital in orders. 4. One hundred and twenty one(15.9%) patients have been experienced folk treatment. It was founded that the topical vinegar application or soaking was the most common method. Many patients felt no symptom improvement after the folk treatment(48.8%). Seventeen point four percent of patient felt symptom worsened. The results of this study suggest that many of the rural inhabitants are lack of understanding on their dermatoses. So many physician who are in charge of the primary care in rural area have to pay attention to the common dermatoses and educate patients on their medical utilization.

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Echinostomu hortense Metacercariae Naturally Encysted in Odontobutis obscura interrupta (a Freshwater Fibh) and Experimental Infection to Rats (얼룩동사리(Odontobutis sp.)에 피낭한 Echinostoma hortense 및 백에의 감염실험)

  • 안영겸;량영석
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.230-235
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    • 1985
  • The metacercariae of an echinostomatid fluke were detected from a freshwater 6sh, Odontobutis obscura interrupta caught from the Seom river system, Wonseong-gun, Kangwon-do, and experimentally infected into rats to obtain the adult worms for the species identification. A total of 32 metacercariae was detected from 10 fishes (27.8%) out of 36 O. obscura interrupta caught from the river. The average size of metacercariae was $153.4{\times}149.0{\;}{\mu}{\textrm{m}}$. Also, it was uniquely specific that thickened membrane was formed around the metacercarial cyst wall. The rats orally infected with those metacercariae were sacrificed 20 days after infection to get the adult worms. The mean length and width of the adult worms were 0.75 cm and 0.13 cm, respectively. The number of collar spines on circumoral disk was 26 to 28, and the end group spines at lateral sides of the oral sucker were 4 on each side. The echinostomatid flukes observed in this study were all identified as Echinostoma hortense according to the morphologies of the cirrus sac, ovary, vitellaria and testes of the adult worms and the shape of eggs. On the other hand, O. obscura interrupta is one of the fresh-water fish that are preferably eaten raw by the rural inhabitants. Although no human case of 5. hortense infection by eating O. obscura interrupta has been experienced yet, the possibility is strongly suggested in this study.

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The Housing Environment Evaluation of Munhwa-Mauel in Rural Area

  • Yoon, Chung-Sook;Jeon, Yeong-Mi
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.137-144
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    • 1999
  • The movements to improve rural housing environments have been promoted since the beginning of Sae-Mauel project in 1970s. Since then policies to develop village units and to improve housing units and public facilities have been increased. These trends reflect rural inhabitants' strong desire to enjoy a quality of life. The project of Munhwa-Mauel aims to improve rural housing environment conducted by the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry since the early 1990s. As of 1998, among 105 districts under the project. 56 districts have been parceled out and sold. The number of Munhwa-Mauels is expected to increase under Government's policy to construct 772 Munhwa-Mauels by the year 2004, which may have a large influences on private sectors. So far several studies have been conducted on the Munhwa-Mauel project. According to them Munhwa-Mauel has merits such that it modernizes the rural villages, and decreases the number of people moving out. while it causes conflict between the residents and the newcomers. Munhwa-Mauel also provides uniform housing layouts and unsuitable environments for the rural area, and lacks locality and facilities to promote income. As, however, the results of previous studies have not been verified through systematic researches, it is necessary to search a verified approach through the evaluation on housing environment in various aspects in order to provide planning guidelines for rural villages.

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Evalution Study on The Agri.-cum-Industrial Region Development Projects, Contributed to The Regional Developments in Kyungpook area (경북지역 농촌공업화 단지조성사업이 지역개발에 기여하는 영향평가)

  • 서승덕;천만복;윤학기;윤경식
    • Magazine of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.45-52
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    • 1990
  • Government has propelled strongly the Agricultural - cum - Industrial region development project in the nation wide. This project will not only provide employment opportunity for rural inhabitants, but also be designed to activate the rural economy. In addition, it will lead to a balanced development between the urban and rural areas. Under this project, building sites of 3 to 30 hactres will be established in the rural area in order to settle factories which are suitable to the rural condition. In this report, the researches which relating to the achievement conditions of planning, design and constructions of the building sites and the contribution conditions of Agri. - cum - Industrial Region development projects, activated to the rural economy and regional development in the Kyungpook regional areas, were surveyed and studied. On the average evaluation studies the results are as follows : 1. The achievement conditions of the planning, design and construction of the building sites. Very good 27.0 % Good 47.0 % Fair 24.0 % Poor 2.0 % 2. The contribution conditions of the Agri - cum - Industrial factories managements. Very good 17.0 % Good 41.0 % Fair 32.0 % Poor 10.0 %

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