• Title/Summary/Keyword: sanitizer

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Effects of Aerosolized Sanitizers of Different Droplet Sizes on Foodborne Pathogen Reduction

  • Kim, Young-Ho;Jo, Young-Jun;Kim, Yun-Ji;Koo, Min-Seon;Lee, Jong-Kyung;Oh, Se-Wook
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.664-668
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    • 2008
  • The diffusivity of aerosol sanitizers may be determined by the weight and droplet size of the aerosol. To test the effects of droplet size, 2 types of aerosol sanitizers were prepared using different ultrasonic nebulizer frequencies (1.6 and 2.4 MHz) and their reduction activities were determined against Escherichia coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes, and Salmonella typhimurium. A sodium hypochlorite aerosol was treated for 10, 30, or 60 min in a model aerosol cabinet. When the aerosol prepared by nebulizing at 1.6 MHz was treated for 30 min, a 0.2 log reduction was observed in E. coli O157:H7 and 0.3 log reductions were exhibited in L. monocytogenes and S. typhimurium, respectively. After 60 min, the 3 pathogens were reduced by 1.7, 0.6, and 0.8 log units, respectively. However, when the aerosol prepared by nubulizing at 2.4 MHz was treated, the microbes presented 1.6, 0.5, and 0.6 log reductions at 30 min, and 1.8, 0.9, and 1.1 log reductions at 60 min of treatment, respectively.

Fabrication of Frozen Alginate Particles Containing Hypochlorous Acid(HOCl) (차아염소산수(HOCl)를 포함한 알지네이트 냉동 입자의 제작)

  • Jung, Sejin;Lee, Jinkee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Visualization
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.26-32
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    • 2017
  • Hypochlorous acid(HOCl) is a chemical that is a safe sanitizer and disinfectant approved by the Food and Drug Administration as a food additive, exhibiting strong sterilizing power with low effective chlorine concentration of pH 5.0-6.5 and effective chlorine concentration 10-80 ppm. To apply to fishery industries, we develope the HOCl ice for store or delivery of fishery products. However when HOCl is being frozen, the contained HOCl are expelled out from the ice due to the molecular structures of ice; there is no space to contain HOCl inside. To increase chlorine containing amount in ice, we develop the alginate particles containing HOCl which is bio comparable since alginate is a natural polymer extracted from the brown algae and it is widely used for drug delivery and containing substances, etc. We produce HOCl with water as base solution suppressing osmotic flow from fishery products, and mix it with the developed alginate particles and made HOCl-alginate ice and checked the remaining amount of HOCl. We measure the change of pH and chlorine concentration optimizing the best concentration of alginate particles. Finally, we produce the alginate particle HOCl ices with respect to the alginate's optimal concentration.

Microbial Quality and Safety of Fresh-Cut Broccoli with Different Sanitizers and Contact Times

  • Das, Basanta Kumar;Kim, Ji-Gang
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.363-369
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    • 2010
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effects of different sanitizers and contact times on storage quality and microbial growth in fresh-cut broccoli. Fresh broccoli samples were cut into small pieces, washed each for 90 s and 180 s in normal tap water (TW), $100\;{\mu}/l$ chlorinated water (CL, pH 7), electrolyzed water (EW, pH 7.2) containing $100\;{\mu}/l$ free chlorine, or $2\;{\mu}/l$ ozonated water ($O_3$). Then, samples were packaged in 30-${\mu}m$ polyethylene bags and stored at $5^{\circ}C$ for 9 days. No significant differences were observed in gas composition and color parameters ($L^*$, $a^*$, $b^*$, and hue angle) among different sanitizers with contact times. No off-odor was detected during the storage. A longer contact time was not effective in reducing microbial population, except with $O_3$ washing. $O_3$ with 90 s was not much effective in reducing microbial population compared with Cl or EW. However, samples washed with $O_3$ for 180 s observed the lowest numbers of total aerobic and coliform plate counts. The result suggested that, a longer contact time of ozone can be used as a potential sanitizer to maintain the microbial quality and safety of fresh-cut broccoli.

Antimicrobial Activity and Bactericidal Activity of Caesalpinia sappan L. Extract (소목 추출물의 항균력 및 살균소독력)

  • Lee, Jin-Young;Min, Kyung-Jin
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.133-140
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    • 2011
  • Antimicrobial activity and bactericidal activity of Caesalpinia sappan L. extracts were investigated against five food-borne pathogens, E. coli, S. aureus, S. typhimurium, B. cereus and L. monocytogenes. Methanol extract of Caesalpinia sappan L. revealed antimicrobial activities against five pathogens. In particular, by paper disc diffusion the highest activity was shown against L. monocytogenes. Antimicrobial activities of methanol extracts showed the most potent activities, but hexane fraction had no activity. Fractions of ethyl acetate and butanol turned out to have higher antimicrobial activities against Gram(+) bacteria than Gram(-) bacteria. The minimum inhibitory concentration against five food-borne pathogens was 1.563 mg/ml on Gram(+) bacteria and 3.125 mg/ml on Gram(-) bacteria. The result of antimicrobial activity in a shaking flask method showed that bacterial growth rate fell by more than 99.999% at 3.125 mg/ml of methanol extract. The highest rate of viable reduction (99.998%) was shown at 0.781 mg/ml of methanol extract against L. monocytogenes. After five minutes of reaction between test strains and methanol extracts, the growth rates of five kinds of bacteria were reduced by more than 99.999% at a concentration of 100 mg/ml. Therefore, it is suggested that methanol extracts of Caesalpinia sappan L. can be developed as a natural sanitizer or disinfectant.

Assessment and Corrective Measures of Child-care Foodservices by Sanitary Inspection Checklist Suggested by Korea Food and Drug Administration (식품의약품안전처의 위생점검표에 의한 육아지원기관 급식소 평가 및 개선대책)

  • An, Su-Jung;Moon, Hye-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.227-240
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to assess the hygiene status of 145 child-care foodservices, which were newly registered in the Center for the Children's Foodservice Management (CCFSM) in Changwon, Gyeongnam. Sanitary inspection checklist (40 food safety items) of Korea Food and Drug Administration (KFDA) was used by the CCFSM in Changwon, Gyeongnam. Average score from the total safety items in 145 child-care foodservices was 21.41 points out of 40 points. Score gaps between the lower group (71 foodservices, 13.92 points) and higher group (74 foodservices, 28.61 points) showed a significant difference (P<0.001). The top five priorities of sanitary measures needing corrective actions for child-care foodservices were as follows: 'provide hand washing and sanitizing tools, and supply manuals on how to wash hands properly', 'supply record form for access/inspection', 'conduct education for cooks on standards in the selection of sanitizer for raw vegetables and proper methods to wash and sanitize raw vegetables', 'provide a refrigerator and a freezer with installed thermometers and temperature record monitoring logs', 'encourage separation of contamination operating zone and clean zone or conduct training for cooks on ways to prevent cross-contamination by performing work separately by the hour'. For the higher group, most were national/public facilities (83.3%), whereas in the lower group, private facilities (62.1%) were more common than national/public ones (37.9%). Therefore, a significant difference (P<0.001) was detected in the two groups. These private facilities should be supported.

Effect of Ozone Water to Reduce Pathogenic Microorganisms on Chopping Board (도마표면의 병원성미생물 제어를 위한 오존수 처리효과)

  • Park, In-Sook;Kim, Yong-Soo;Baek, Seung-Bum;Kim, Ae-Young;Choi, Sung-Hee;Lee, Young-Ja;Jeon, Dae-Hoon;Kim, Hyoung-Il;Ha, Sang-Do
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.41 no.2
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    • pp.225-229
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    • 2009
  • The efficacy of ozone water in reducing food-borne pathogenic bacteria on High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) and wooden chopping boards in food industry was investigated in this study. 1-5 log reductions of E. coli O157:H7, S. aureus, S. Typhimurium, and B. cereus were observed with increasing concentrations of ozone water. The immersion treatment evidenced superior capability to inactivate food-borne pathogens than washing treatment. The Gram-negative bacteria, such as E. coli O157:H7 and S. Typhimurium, evidenced lower resistance against ozone water than was seen with the gram-positive bacteria, which included S. aureus and B. cereus. The sterilizing effects of ozone water on HDPE chopping boards was superior to that on wooden boards. This result might be utilized to remove food-borne pathogens from food contact surfaces in the food industry.

Evaluation for Efficacies of Commercial Sanitizers and Disinfectants against Bacillus cereus Strains

  • Kim, Il-Jin;Ha, Ji-Hyoung;Kim, Yong-Su;Kim, Hyung-Il;Choi, Hyun-Chul;Jeon, Dea-Hoon;Lee, Young-Ja;Kim, Ae-Jung;Bae, Dong-Ho;Kim, Keun-Sung;Lee, Chan;Ha, Sang-Do
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.537-540
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    • 2009
  • Bactericidal efficacies of various sanitizers and disinfectants against 10 Bacillus cereus strains isolated from Korean foods and 8 standard B. cereus strains were investigated. The sanitizing capabilities of ethanol, iodine, chloride, quaternary ammonium, hydrogen peroxide, and peroxide acetic acid were investigated using the EN 1276 method based on quantitative suspension testing. The resistance against sanitizers and disinfectants was higher for wild-type than standard strains, and the bactericidal activities decreased in dirty conditions. Ethanol, chlorine, and iodine at the maximum level allowed under Korean food sanitation laws showed a great effectiveness against B. cereus. Hydrogen peroxide at 1,100 ppm showed the lowest bactericidal activity against B. cereus. These results indicate that the legally allowed maximum concentrations of sanitizers and disinfectants in Korea do not reduce all B. cereus strains by at least $5\;{\log}_{10}\;CFU/mL$.

New Normal and Business Sustainability in the Age of Global pandemic

  • Kalam, Abul;Hossain, Md. Alamgir;Jahan, Nusrat;Kim, Minho
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.71-86
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    • 2021
  • Purpose - This study examines the awareness regarding the symptoms of COVID-19 exposures and safety distances strategies whether they were useful to resile the businesses a mid of the pandemic. Besides exploring the awareness and safety distances, the effectiveness of offering free use of protective equipment (mask, hand sanitizer, frequent hand washing, etc.) to the customers for visiting the business centers was also examined. Design/methodology/approach - This study collected 264 survey data in Bangladesh which is one of the most densely populated country and very vulnerable for COVID-19 due to its socio-economic condition. The multiple regression analysis is used to analyze the data. Findings - The findings of the study indicate that the awareness about the symptoms of virus exposures (cough, fever, diarrhea, and weakness) has significant affirmative effects to enhance the public movement for business purposes with the lower possibility to be affected by the virus. The study also indicates that safety distances and protective equipment can mediate the significant positive relationship between the awareness of the disease and the businesses' resilient capacity. Research implications or Originality - COVID-19, as an apprehensive health issue in the current world, has sharpened the uncertainty of the businesses. One essential technique as lockdown, has been followed by almost every country to protect the transmission of the virus even though the scholars criticized it due to the substantial adverse effects on the country's economy. Under this circumstances, this study provides implications to the relevant businesses by assessing the nexus between the safety distances and the proper uses of protective equipment with the business resilient.

Evaluation of Efficacy of Sanitizers and Disinfectants Marketed in Korea (국내 유통 중인 주요 살균소독제의 유효성 평가)

  • Lee, Min-Jeong;Kim, Yong-Su;Cho, Yang-Hee;Park, Hee-Kyung;Park, Byung-Kyu;Lee, Kwang-Ho;Kang, Kil-Jin;Jeon, Dae-Hoon;Park, Ki-Hwan;Ha, Sang-Do
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.671-677
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    • 2005
  • Conformity to legal permission standard of $5\;log_{10}$ CFU/mL reduction of foodborne pathogens or spoilage bacteria such as Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella typhimurium, Pseudomonas aruginosa, and Enterococcus hirae was examined in 11 domestic commercial sanitizers and disinfectant. One chlorine compound, two iodophor compounds, two peroxide compounds, and three quaternary ammonium compounds (QACs) met advised standard concentration (100%), showing $7\;log_{10}$ CFU/mL reduction, and met legal standard by $5-6\;log_{10}$ CFU/mL reduction at 75% of advised standard concentration. At 10% dilution, one chlorine compound, one iodophor compound, two peroxide compounds, and two QACs satisfied legal standard.

Reduction of Bacillus cereus in Cooked Rice Treated with Sanitizers and Disinfectants

  • Lee Min-Jeong;Bae Dong-Ho;Lee Dong-Ha;Jang Ki-Hyo;Oh Deog-Hwan;Ha Sang-Do
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.639-642
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    • 2006
  • This study aimed to identify effective washing and sanitation programs to minimize the contamination of cooked rice by B. cereus. As such, the effectiveness of five sanitizers, including QAC, alcohol, chlorine, CaO, and $H_2O_2$, was evaluated in relation to the survivability of B. cereus spores in cooked rice and resulting sensory properties of the rice. The water-treated cooked rice showed remaining B. cereus spores at 1.09 $log_{10}CFU/g$. In contrast, treatment with the minimum inhibitory concentrations of the sanitizers, such as 200 ppm of QAC, 50% of alcohol, 100 ppm of chlorine, 650 ppm of CaO, and 500 ppm of $H_2O_2$, destroyed all the spores in the cooked rice below a non-detection limit (ND< 0.15 CFU/g). The sensory properties of the sanitizer-treated (1,000 ppm of $H_2O_2$, 100 ppm of chlorine, and 800 ppm of CaO) cooked rice did not differ significantly from those of the water-treated cooked rice. As a result, 500 ppm of $H_2O_2$, 650 ppm of CaO, and 100 ppm of chlorine were found to effectively eliminate B. cereus spores in rice while cooking.