• Title, Summary, Keyword: scholastic adjustment

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A Study on the Correlation between Middle School Students' Eating Disorder Behavior and Scholastic Adjustment (중학생의 섭식장애행동과 학업적응도의 관계 연구)

  • Yoo, Joo-Yeon;Jin, Yang-Ho;Bae, Se-Jeong
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.707-713
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to verify the difference of middle school students' eating disorder behavior and scholastic adjustment according to the gender and weight group and evaluate correlations between their eating disorder behavior and scholastic adjustment. A survey was conducted in middle school second graders attending five schools located in Seoul. Results from 355 questionnaire sheets were utilized for statistical analysis, and the results were gained as below: With regard to eating disorder behavior by gender, female students showed more eating disorder behavior than male students (p < 0.01); however, scholastic adjustment did not indicate significant differences by gender. According to the result of analyzing scholastic adjustment according to the weight group, the obese group showed lower scholastic adjustment (p < 0.05) and adjustment to studying (p < 0.01) than other groups; however, the eating disorder behavior, attachment to school, and adjustment to school did not indicate significant differences. According to the results of analyzing scholastic adjustment by eating disorder group, the normal group showed higher adjustment to studying than the risky group (p < 0.01). And scholastic adjustment, attachment to school, and adjustment to school did not indicate significant differences. The eating disorder behavior showed negative relationship with adjustment to studying. They showed more eating disorder behavior, their adjustment to studying became lower. Therefore, it is necessary to provide nutritional education at home and at school for them to have appropriate dietary habits as well as health education for them to maintain normal weight.

History of the College Scholastic Ability Test in Mathematics Section (대학수학능력시험 수학(수리) 영역 변천사)

  • Jeon, Young Ju
    • Journal for History of Mathematics
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    • v.26 no.2_3
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    • pp.177-195
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    • 2013
  • This study is the analysis of the concepts and the characteristics of the mathematics section of the College Scholastic Ability Test. The study starts with division of the history of the College Scholastic Ability Test into four periods. These are Introduction Period(school year 1994-1996), Adjustment Period(school year 1997-2004), Development Period(school year 2005-2011) and Conversion Period(up to present since school year 2012). The periodical division of the Mathematics section is considered as identical with that of the College Scholastic Ability Test. So we investigate the characteristics of the Mathematics section through the periodical classification. This study also proposes some tasks for the future Mathematics section of the College Scholastic Ability Test.

The Influence of Adolescent Self-Leadership and Manners on the Adjustment to School Life (청소년의 셀프리더십이 예절수행 및 학교생활적응력에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Kyoung-A;Jang, Hyo-Ju
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.143-156
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    • 2010
  • This research examines the importance of self-leadership and manners in enhancing the adjustment to school life in adolescents. The findings are used as part of a practical strategy to develop strong high school cultures. The data were obtained by administering a self-reported questionnaire to high students adolescents residing in Seoul and Gyeonggi. A total of 316 questionnaires were used as the final data for this study. Statistical analyses were carried out using SPSS/PC. The main results of the study are as follows: First, the adolescent's self-leadership greatly influenced the student's manners. Second, the relationship between self-leadership, manners and the adjustment to school life showed a significantly positive correlation. Third, a stepwise regression analysis showed that self-leadership competency and implementation of manners made a comparatively high contribution to the adolescents' adjustment to school life. Therefore, the degree of the student's self-leadership and use of manners in order to maintain harmonious relationships with others leads to a healthy and happy scholastic life for the student.

A Linear Programming Model to the Score Adjustment among the CSAT Optional Subjects (대입수능 선택과목 점수조정을 위한 선형계획모형 개발 및 활용)

  • Nam, Bo-Woo
    • Korean Management Science Review
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.141-158
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    • 2011
  • This study concerns with an applicability of the management science approach to the score adjustment among the College Scholastic Aptitude Test(CSAT) optional subjects. A linear programming model is developed to minimize the sum of score distortions between optional subjects. Based on the analysis of the 377,089 CSAT(2010) applicants' performances in social science test section, this study proposes a new approach for the score equating or linking method of the educational measurement theory. This study makes up for the weak points in the previous linear programming model. First, the model utilize the standard score which we can get. Second, the model includes a goal programming concept which minimizes the gap between the adjusting goal and the result of the adjustment. Third, the objective function of the linear programing is the weighted sum of the score distortion and the number of applicants. Fourth, the model is applied to the score adjustment problem for the whole 11 optional subjects of the social science test section. The suggested linear programming model is a generalization of the multi-tests linking problem. So, the approach is consistent with the measurement theory for the two tests and can be applied to the optional three or more tests which do not have a common anchor test or a common anchor group. The college admission decision with CSAT score can be improved by using the suggested linear programming model.

Levels of and Predictors of Satisfaction with Life in Korean Adolescent (일부 지역 청소년의 삶의 만족에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Koo, Hyun-Young;Park, Hyun-Sook
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.322-329
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: This study was done to investigate satisfaction with life in adolescents, and to identify factors affecting satisfaction with lift for adolescents. Method: The participants were 540 adolescents. Data were collected through self-report questionnaires which were constructed to include satisfaction with life, mental health, family adaptability and cohesion, and school adjustment. The data were analyzed using the SPSS program. Results: Satisfaction with life in adolescents correlated with mental health, family adaptability and cohesion, and school adjustment. Satisfaction with lift in adolescents was significantly different according to scholastic achievement, parents being alive, economic level of family, and types of family cohesion and adaptability. Significant predictors influencing satisfaction with life in adolescents were school adjustment, family cohesion, mental health, and economic level of family, and these predictors accounted for $28.3\%$ of the variance in satisfaction with lift. Conclusion: The above findings indicate that satisfaction with life in adolescents is influenced by mental health, family function, and school adjustment. Therefore when nursing interventions are developed to improve satisfaction with life in adolescents, these factors need to be considered.

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The Influence of Academic Self-Efficacy, Critical Thinking Disposition and Problem Solving Ability on Nursing Freshmen' College Adjustment in the Distance Education During COVID-19 (코로나19 원격 교육에서 간호대학 신입생의 학업적 자기효능감, 비판적 사고 성향, 문제해결능력이 대학생활 적응에 미치는 영향)

  • Ahn, Sung Mi
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.18 no.10
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    • pp.315-323
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was conducted to investigate factors influencing college adjustment on nursing freshmen in the distance education during COVID-19. A final sample 165 nursing freshmen was selected from S city, between 31 August and 4 September 2020. Using SPSS program t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis were performed. Factors that influenced college adjustment age, education at the time of admission, motivation of department choice, scholastic achievement. College adjustment showed a positive correlation with academic self-efficacy, critical thinking disposition, problem solving ability. These factors affecting the college adjustment of the subjects were with an explanatory power of 37.7%. Nursing freshmen need to method of class and student guidance that take these factors into account in the distance education during COVID-19.

A Blended Model of Web-based learning and Peer tutoring for improving the Scholastic achievements (학업성취도 향상을 위한 웹기반 학습과 동료 교수법의 혼합 모델)

  • Lee, YunKyung;Kim, JuGyun
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.11-27
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    • 2008
  • Though web-based learning is known to be effective for computer aided practical class, it lacks in cooperative human feedback and self-adjustment. This paper presented the effects of blended learning that was based on web-based learning for learning by level and blended with peer tutoring for reducing the differentials of scholastic achievements between the students. For experimental purpose, high school students were divided into two groups and web-based EXCEL tutoring tool was developed and applied to both groups in advance. After this learning, we applied the web-based learning for comparative group as before and peer tutoring for experimental group respectively, Performance result evaluated by SPSS showed that the Blended Learning has affirmative effect in scholastic achievements. Especially, students under the medium level of experimental group could narrow the gap to the high level students in its group and this eventually improved the overall achievements of experimental group with blended learning.

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A Study on the Relationship Between College Adaptation, Academic Achievement, and Admission Type in One Nursing School (대학입학유형이 대학생활적응과 학업성취도에 미치는 영향 - 일개 대학 간호학과 학생을 대상으로)

  • Han, Mi Hyun;Bae, Sang Mok
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.46-53
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study was performed to identify the effect of admission type on college adaptation and academic achievement in one nursing school in order to refine the entrance selection system. Methods: Subjects were 405 nursing students (female : male = 385 : 20, first grade = 155, second grade = 138, third grade = 112). They were given the Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire (SACQ) purchased from Western Psychological Service. SACQ is composed of 67 questions and subdivided into 4 subcategories: academic adjustment, social adjustment, personal-emotional adjustment, and attachment. Student college adaptation scores and academic achievements were analyzed with reference to the entrance selection system (rolling admission vs. regular admission) by SPSS 22.0. The rolling admission system recruited students based on high school records only while the regular admission system was based on both high school records and the College Scholastic Ability Test (CSAT). Results: Total College adaptation score, personal-emotional adjustment score, and academic achievement were higher in regular-admission students than in those admitted through rolling admission. Academic achievement for first-grade students was higher in regular-admission students than for those admitted through rolling admission, But the difference in academic achievement became null as students were promoted to the second and third grades. Conclusion: Students recruited using both high school records and the CSAT showed better college adaptation and higher academic achievement.

The Relationship Among Parents' Rearing Attitude, Covert Narcissism, and School Adjustment of High School Students (고등학생이 지각한 부모양육태도, 내현적 자기애가 학교생활적응에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jong-Un;Kim, Ji-Hyun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.1041-1054
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of the parents' rearing attitude perceived by high school students and students' covert narcissism on the adjustment of high school students. For that, research data are collected from 580 high school students in Busan. 524 students' data are analyzed through SPSS Ver. 21.0 to examine correlations and influences of parents rearing attitude, students' covert narcissism and adjustment ability to schools. The results obtained in this study are as follows: First, the finding shows that the adjustment of high school students has a significant static corelation with parents' rearing attitude which is perceived by students. Second, affective attitude of parents' rearing attitude, has the strongest influence on students compliance in school. In addition, goal-oriented and rational attitude of parents has an impact on students' scholastic aptitude and academic achievement. Third, students' goal-instability of life which is one element of students' covert narcissism has negative effect on overall students' school life. Thus, these results suggest that for a better adjustment of high school students, various parent education training and development of programs that can help students set up goals are needed. It also highlights the importance of counseling.

The Effects of Reward Structure in Cooperative Learning Strategies Applied to Elementary School Science Class (초등학교 과학 수업에 적용한 협동학습 전략에서 보상구조의 효과)

  • 고한중;홍선희;강석진;노태희
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.127-134
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    • 2002
  • Although the reward based on group accomplishment in cooperative learning has a merit to emphasize interdependency, it may have some undesirable side effects such as free rider effect and sucker effect. For the purpose of reducing these side effects, this study examined how the adjustment of the reward structure affected the scholastic achievement, the perception of learning environments, and the attitude toward science class by adding individual reward to group reward. We selected 2 classes of sixth grade in an elementary school, and taught on oxygen and carbon dioxide for 13 class hours in cooperative learning strategies. Group reward was applied to one class, and both group and individual rewards were applied to the other class. Analysis of the results indicated that the achievement scores of the students under the group and individual rewards were significantly higher than those under the group reward. In addition, they had more difficulty in science class and felt less satisfied. The upper level students under the group and individual rewards were also found to exhibit more competition. Educational implications were discussed.

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