• Title, Summary, Keyword: seafood by-products

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Field Assessment of Sanitation Management for School Foodservice Suppliers in the Seoul Area (서울지역 학교급식 식재료 납품업체 위생관리 실태 평가)

  • Lee, Kyung-Mi;Ryu, Kyung
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.650-663
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the sanitation management items of school foodservice suppliers that require improvement, by assessing their sanitation practices with food commodities. Our field assessment was performed using a total of 20 vendors supplying agricultural products, meat products, seafoods and processed products; all were located in the Seoul and Gyeonggi areas. The assessment tool for sanitation management was composed of 93 checklist items and was used to evaluate seven different categories; the facility and environment, management of the facility and equipment, food materials management, process control, water management, personal hygiene management, and laboratory instrument management. A score of two was given for "satisfactory", one for "fair", and zero for "unsatisfactory". The overall average supplier score was 1.7/2.0 (85.8%). The score of the seafood vendors was highest at 1.9 (95.4%), while the lowest score of 1.3 (65.7%) occurred with the processed product suppliers. Among the sanitation management categories, water management was scored at 2.0, while inspection management was lowest at 1.4. The subcategories indicating needed improvements for the processed product suppliers were raw materials, storage, transport and recall. For the agricultural product suppliers it was preparation management. furthermore, one item within the laboratory instrument management category was unsatisfactory for both the agricultural and processed product suppliers. In conclusion, these results can be used to develop sanitation management procedures for suppliers, as well as by administration agencies to evaluate and guide those suppliers.

Pood Component Characteristics of Cuttle Bone as a Mineral Source (무기질 소재로서 갑오징어갑의 성분 특성)

  • CHO Moon-Lae;HEU Min-Soo;KIM Jin-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.478-482
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    • 2001
  • This study was conducted to get a knowledge on food components of cuttle bone (CB) as a food resource. The yields and ash contents of CB were about $7.5\%$ on whole cuttle fish and about $90\%$ on dry basis, respectively, The contents of heavy metal might not invoke health risk in using food resource, The major mineral of CB was calcium as about $22\%$ in content. The yields, proximate compositions, heavy metal and mineral contents were not significantly different between domestic and imported CB. Judging from X-ray diffraction pattern, most of calcium in CB was present as a form of calcium carbonate (CC), and scanning electron micrograph showed irregular form. Buffering capacity of CB showed strongly at pH 7, and its pattern was the same as shown in that of CC, And CB solution showed a very high degree in turbidity comparing to that of CC solution. The solubility of CB was superior to that of CC, but inferior to those of calcium powders on the market, It was concluded from above results that CB could be effectively utilized as a calcium source.

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Microbiological and Sensory Characteristics of Electron Beam Irradiated Squid Jeotkal and Its Ingredients (전자선 조사 양념 오징어 젓갈 및 부재료의 미생물학적 및 관능적 특성)

  • Kim, Bin-Na;Jung, Samooel;Choe, Jun-Ho;Liu, Xian De;Jo, Cheo-Run
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.155-165
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    • 2008
  • A seasoned squid Jeotkal, Korean traditional fermented seafood, and its ingredients for manufacturing, including red hot pepper powder, ground garlic, sesame seeds, were irradiated with 0, 0.5, 1, 2, and 5 kGy by electron beam and stored at $4^{\circ}C$ for 4 weeks to determine the changes in microbiological and sensory characteristics. The initial contamination of squid Jeotkal such as total aerobic bacteria, yeast & mold, and coliform bacteria were at the levels of 2.88, 3.04, and 4.20 log CFU/g, respectively. However, electron beam irradiation with does at 5 kGy reduced the total aerobic bacteria to about 1 log CFU/g. Yeast & mold and coliform bacteria were reduced to 1-2 log CFU/g after 2 kGy of irradiation and reached to undetected level when the sample was irradiated at 5 kGy and following storage at $4^{\circ}C$ for 4 weeks. Sensory characteristics showed that electron beam irradiation of up to 5 kGy did not adversely affect overall acceptability of squid Jeotkal and its ingredients during cold storage. Therefore, electron beam irradiation is one of the possible means to improve storage stability of seasoned squid jeotkal, which has limited alternative sterilization methods due to the temperature characteristics of the products.

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Market Growth, Competition, and Distribution Structure in Major Cities of the East Sea Rim (환동해지역 거점도시에서의 시장성장과 경쟁 및 유통구조: 후쿠오카, 울산 및 옌지의 시장을 중심으로)

  • Choi, Young-Jin
    • Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.95-104
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    • 2015
  • Purpose - This is a comparative study of the market development and characteristics of Ulsan in South Korea, Fukuoka in Japan, and Yanji in China, which are major East Sea Rim cities with adjacent areas of similar natural characteristics of the sea and the country. Particularly, it considers these aspects while focusing on the evolution of networks that appear in the distribution system and at the same time examining the institutions of market activation and regulations that are handled by the central and the local government and the changing logistics due to the development of transportation and the concern of food safety, using a meso-analysis approach. Research design, data, and methodology - The study used a historical and comparative approach with a focus on case studies. It made use of various materials such as local newspaper articles, reports, literature, interviews with experts, discussions with local merchants, discussions with customers, and so forth. Results - In the case of Fukuoka, from the 1960s, due to the entry of supermarkets, supermarkets expanded and they have now come to a dominant market position in the current market. They offer a convenient and comfortable environment while providing a large mall offering a variety of educational and cultural activities for customers to meet the customers' needs, such as the preferences of Korean tourists, who appear to prefer Japanese foods. The Fukuoka City Central Wholesale Market has been exporting fruits and vegetables as well as seafood products to Korea, China, and so forth. In the case of Ulsan, as in the early 2000s, due to the expansion of supermarkets, the traditional markets have been shrinking and further, the modernization of traditional markets was conducted under the auspices of the Small Business Administration. In addition to the large discount malls, the expansion of SSM is expected to further drive the small trader bay. Shopping malls, department stores, and traditional markets contend with each other in Yanji, China, but a large number of citizens appear to prefer traditional markets and imported milk in the supermarket after the melamine scandal in China. Recently, the WanYuan (萬源) wholesale market has been partially completed and made an attempt to become a logistics hub in Northeast Asia. Conclusions - For the development of Korea's retail industry, it is important to offer the government with proposals regarding desired regulation. On the other hand, in order to enable the business of traditional markets, it requires an association for cultural tourism. At present, it would be better to provide a venture fund for the youth rather than infrastructure support. This study emphasizes the importance of institutions and policy to develop networks in the East Sea Rim. Future studies should conduct a survey on customers, managers, and merchants more carefully and systematically to understand the market situation while considering the size of the city and its evolution of markets, as well as policies and institutions.

A Study on the Kyungsangnamdo Native Local Food Culture in the Novel "Toji" (소설 "토지"에 나타난 경상남도 향토 음식문화)

  • Kim, Mi-Hye;Chung, Hae-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.583-598
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    • 2011
  • This study was intended to outline the characteristics of the food culture in the area of Kyungsangnamdo and its modernization by interpretation and analysis of the novel Toji, which was set in Hadong, Jinjoo in the area of Kyungsangnamdo in the early 20th century. The characteristics of the Kyungsangnamdo area's native dish during the Japanese ruling era in the latter half of the Choson dynasty are as follows. In the first part of the novel, which spans from 1897 to 1908, vegetable and grain food development can be seen in the area of Hadong, the interior plains of Kyungsangnamdo, where there is a typical farming village in the mountains. The second part of the novel, which spans from 1911 through 1917, includes some mentions of the properties of Kyungsangnamdo area's native dishes through the lens of emigrated Koreans living on Gando island. Gando island is in China, and is where Seohee, the heroine, escapes from her homeland and remains for a period of years. There is a unique type of seafood in the Gando area using fresh marine products, exactly the same as in the Kyungsangnamdo area. The third part of the novel spans 1919 through 1929, after Seohee returns to her own country and regains her house. There is a noticeable description of food culture in the area of Jinjoo in Kyungsangnamdo through the description of Seohee focusing on the education of her children. The well-described features of Jinjoo are boiled rice with soup of beef leg bones and Jinjoo bibimbob, with vegetables and a variety of foods using cod. Cod are caught in large quantities in Kyunjgsangnamdo, and cities in the area grow to medium size as the area became traffic-based. The fourth part of the novel spans from 1929 through 1938, and includes very detailed descriptions of characters and background locations. Salted fish combined with the wild ingredients of Mt. Jiri feature prominently in the Kyungsangnamdo's area descriptions. The fifth part spans from 1940 through 1945, and as the Japanese colonization era ends, the foods described in Kyungsangnamdo seem to develop the usage of soybean paste. With abundant fish and shellfish Kyungsangnamdo, the dishes that evolve to use soybean paste include mussel soybean paste soup, picked bean leaves in soybean paste, chaitgook - cold soup from soybean paste, and seolchigook used with seaweed and sea laver.

Calcination Condition for Recovery of Calcium from Cuttle Bone and Characteristics of Calcined Cuttle Bone Powder (갑오징어갑으로부터 칼슘의 회수조건 및 소성 칼슘의 특성)

  • CHO Moon-Lae;HEU Min-Soo;KIM Jin-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.34 no.6
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    • pp.600-604
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    • 2001
  • For the effective utilization of cuttle bone as a calcium powder, we examined calcination condition ($700^{\circ}C: 0\sim10\;hrs,\;800^{\circ}C:\;0\sim3\;hrs,\;900^{\circ}C:\;0\sim1\;hr\;and\;1,000^{\circ}C:\;0\sim30\;mins$) for recovery of calcium from raw cuttle bone powder (RCB) and characteristics of calcined cuttle bone powder (CCB) treated by optimal condition. During calcination of RCB, the yields was decreased, while total and soluble calcium contents and white index were increased up to constant calcination time ($8\;hrs\;at\;700^{\circ}C,\;2\;hrs\;at\;800^{\circ}C,\;45\;min\;at\;900^{\circ}C\;and\;20\;min\;at\;1,000^{\circ}C$). But, these after that almost unchanged. From these results, the optimal calcination conditions for recovery of calcium from RCB were revealed $8\;hrs\;at\;700^{\circ}C,\;2\;hrs\;at\;800^{\circ}C,\;45\;min\;at\;900^{\circ}C\;and\;20\;min\;at\;1,000^{\circ}C$. In the case of CCB treated for 2 hrs at $800^{\circ}C$, total calcium was about $70\%$, the major component was calcium oxide, and the structure consisted of porosity. The calcium solubility of CCB increased by 22 times compared to RCB. But, the pH of RCB was about 12.9. Therefore, for the effective utilization of RCB as a calcium powder, it requires a suitable modification operation for adjustment of pH ($pH\;2.0\~9.0$).

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Quality Stability of Powdered Soup Using Powder from Oyster Wash Water (굴 세척액 유래 분말수프의 품질안정성)

  • Heu, Min-Soo;Lee, Jung-Suck;Kim, Poong-Ho;Cho, Moon-Lae;Ahn, Hwa-Jin;Shim, Hyo-Do;Kim, Jin-Soo;Kim, In-Soo
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.224-229
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    • 2001
  • This study was carried out to examine the quality stability of powdered soup using powder from oyster wash water (PSW). To compare the quality stability, powdered soup from oyster hot-water extracts (PSE) was also prepared by mixing hot-water extract powder (15 g), table salt (5 g), cream powder (19 g), milk replacer (12 g), wheat flour (20 g), corn flour (15 g), starch (5 g), glucose (7.5 g), and onion powder (1.5 g). In preparing PSW, powder from oyster wash water, instead of powder from oyster hot-water extracts, was added and other additives were the same proportion as PSE. The PSW and PSE were packed with laminated film bag (OPP,$20\;{\mu}m$; PE, $20{\mu}m$; paper, $45\;g/m^3$; PE, $20\;{\mu}m$; Al, $7\;{\mu}m$; PE, $20\;{\mu}m$), and then stored at ambient temperature for 12 months. The moisture content, water activity, peroxide value, and fatty acid composition showed little changes during storage of the PSW, The pH, volatile basic nitrogen content, and brown pigment formation increased slightly, while white index decreased slightly during storage of PSW. No significant difference was observed in the changes of food components between PSW and PSE during storage. According to a sensory evaluation, the change in quality of PSW was negligible during 12 months of storage. From the results of the chemical experiment and sensory evaluation, PSW packed with laminated film bag (OPP, $20\;{\mu}m$; PE, $20\;{\mu}m$; paper, $45\;g/{\mu}m$; PE, $20\;{\mu}m$) was revealed to be preserved in good quality during 12 months of storage.

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Preparation of Instant Powdered Soup using Canned Oyster Processing Waste Water and Its Characteristics (굴통조림 부산액을 이용한 인스턴트 분말수프의 제조 및 특성)

  • KIM Jin-Soo;HEU Min-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.285-290
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    • 2001
  • To utilize canned oyster processing waste water effectively, this study was carried out to prepare instant powdered soup using the waste water (IPSW), Instant powdered souu from oyster hot-water extracts (IPSE) was prepared by mixing hot-water extracts powder (15 g) with table salt (5 g), cream powder (19 g), milk replacer (12 g), wheat flour (20 g), corn flour (15 g), starch (5 g), glucose (7.5 g) and onion powder (1.5 g). In preparing IPSW, mixed powder from wash water and boiling liquid waste, instead of powder from hot-water extracts and table salt, was added (powder from boiling liquid waste: powder from wash water= 12: 8) and other additives were added in proportion to those in the IPSE, The IPSW consists mainly of carbohydrates (about $72\%$). It was not different from the IPSE. The volatile basic nitrogen, viable cell counts, coliform group of the IPSW contains 33.4 mg/100g, $2.2\times10^4CFU/g$, <180 MPN/100g, respectively, and its water activity has 0.257. So it was a hygienically safe and conservable instant food. The main fatty acids of IPSW were 16: 0 and 18: 1n-9. Its chemical score of protein was $61.4\%$ and its main inorganic matter was iron. According to a sensual evaluation, in contrast to the IPSE, the IPSW had a bit lower aroma but better taste, It was concluded from the above chemical and sensory evaluation that even the boiling liquid waste which had been mostly abandoned because of its high table salt content can be used as a good material for instant powdered soup if it's powdered and mixed adequately with powder from wash water, and its table salt content is properly adjusted.

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Quality Stability of Instant Powdered Soup using Canned Oyster Processing Waste Water (굴통조림 부산물 유래 인스턴트 분말 수프의 품질안정성)

  • KIM Jin-Soo;Heu Min-Soo;HEU Min-Soo;CHO Moon-Lae
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.389-393
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    • 2001
  • For an effective utilization, quality stability of instant powdered oyster soup made of canned oyster processing waste water (IPSW) was determined. Instant powdered soup from oyster hot-water extracts (IPSE) was also prepared by mixing hot-water extract powder (15 g) with table salt (5 g), cream powder (19 g), milk replacer (12 g), wheat flour (20 g), corn flour (15 g), starch (5 g), glucose (7.5 g) and onion powder (1.5 g). In preparing IPSW, mixed powder from wash water and boiling liquid waste, instead of powder from hot-water extracts and table salt, was added (powder from boiling liquid waste: powder from wash water= 12: 8) and other additives were added in proportion to those in the IPSE. The moisture content, water activity, peroxide value and fatty acid composition showed little changes during storage of the IPSW. The pH, volatile basic nitrogen content and brown pigment formation increased slightly, while white index decreased slightly during storage of IPSW. No significant difference was observed in the changes of food component during storage between IPSW and IPSE. According to a sensory evaluation, the change in quality of IPSW was negligible during 12 months of storage. from the results of the chemical experiment and sensory evaluation, IPSW packed with laminated film bag (OPP, $20{\mu}m/PE,\;20{\mu}m/paper,\;45g/m^3/PE,\;20{\mu}\;m/Al,\;7{\mu}\;m/PE,\;20{\mu}m$) was revealed to be preserved in good quality during 12 months of storage.

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Distributions of Organic Matter and Heavy Metals in the Surface Sediment of Jaran Bay, Korea (자란만 표층 퇴적물 중 유기물과 중금속 농도분포)

  • Hwang, Hyunjin;Hwang, Dong-Woon;Lee, Garam;Kim, Hyung-Chul;Kwon, Jung-No
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.78-91
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    • 2018
  • In order to understand the distributions of organic matter and heavy metal concentrations in the surface sediment of Jaran Bay, we measured the grain size, total organic carbon (TOC), total nitrogen (TN), and heavy metals (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Pb, and Zn) in surface sediments collected at 15 stations in this bay in November 2014. The sediment consisted of finer sediment such as mud and clay, with 8.6-9.8Ø($9.3{\pm}0.3$Ø) of mean grain size. The concentrations of TOC and TN in the sediment ranged from 1.51-2.39 % ($1.74{\pm}0.22%$) and 0.20-0.33 % ($0.23{\pm}0.03%$), respectively, and did not show spatial difference. The carbon to nitrogen ratio (C/N ratio) ranged from 5-10, indicating that organic matter in the sediment originated from oceanic sources such as animal by-products from fish and shellfish farms. The concentrations of Cr, Fe, and Mn were much higher in the mouth of the bay than in the inner bay, and the concentrations of As, Cd, Cu, Hg, Pb, and Zn showed an opposite distribution pattern. Based on the results of the sediment quality guidelines (SQGs), enrichment factor (EF), geoaccumulation index ($I_{geo}$), pollutant load index (PLI), and ecological risk index (ERI), the surface sediment in Jaran Bay is not polluted or only slightly polluted with Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Pb, and Zn, whereas it is moderately to strongly polluted with As. In particular, some regions in the bay were identified as having a considerable risk status, indicating that metal concentration in the sediment could impact benthic organisms. Thus, the systematic management for marine and land sources of organic matter and heavy metals around Jaran Bay is necessary in order to ensure seafood safety and maintain sustainable production on shellfish farms.