• Title, Summary, Keyword: self-reported health

Search Result 1,509, Processing Time 0.055 seconds

Dietary Habits, Dietary Behaviors, Depression and Stress according to Self-Rated Health of University Students in Kyungnam Province (경남 일부 대학생들의 주관적인 건강인식이 식습관, 식행동, 우울 및 스트레스에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Kyung-Ae
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
    • /
    • v.22 no.4
    • /
    • pp.272-291
    • /
    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate health-related habits, dietary habits, depression, stress, satisfaction of body weight, mini-dietary assessment (MDA) and dietary behaviors according to self-rated health among 255 university students in Kyungnam province. Statistical analyses were performed using the SPSS software package (version 19.0). The average ages of the subjects were 21.1 years. Participants were asked their self-rated health and 109, 105 and 41 students answered themselves as "healthy", "normal" and "unhealthy", respectively. The pocket money (P<0.05) was related with self-rated health, and meal frequency (P<0.01) of healthy group was higher than that of the unhealthy group. The self-reported depression level (P<0.01) and the score of depression (P<0.05) of the healthy group were lower than those of the unhealthy group. The self-reported stress level of the healthy group (P<0.05) was higher than that of the unhealthy group. The scores of nutritional behavior (P<0.05) and MDA (P<0.01) of the healthy group were higher than those of the unhealthy group. The scores for intakes of meat, fish, egg or beans, cereals and vegetables except kimchi, fruits, balanced diet and various foods were higher in the healthy group than in the unhealthy group. Our results suggest that pocket money, high meal frequency, low depression, satisfaction of present body weight, and good dietary behavior might influence good perception of self-rated health.

Level of Agreement and Factors Associated With Discrepancies Between Nationwide Medical History Questionnaires and Hospital Claims Data

  • Kim, Yeon-Yong;Park, Jong Heon;Kang, Hee-Jin;Lee, Eun Joo;Ha, Seongjun;Shin, Soon-Ae
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
    • /
    • v.50 no.5
    • /
    • pp.294-302
    • /
    • 2017
  • Objectives: The objectives of this study were to investigate the agreement between medical history questionnaire data and claims data and to identify the factors that were associated with discrepancies between these data types. Methods: Data from self-reported questionnaires that assessed an individual's history of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, stroke, heart disease, and pulmonary tuberculosis were collected from a general health screening database for 2014. Data for these diseases were collected from a healthcare utilization claims database between 2009 and 2014. Overall agreement, sensitivity, specificity, and kappa values were calculated. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to identify factors associated with discrepancies and was adjusted for age, gender, insurance type, insurance contribution, residential area, and comorbidities. Results: Agreement was highest between questionnaire data and claims data based on primary codes up to 1 year before the completion of self-reported questionnaires and was lowest for claims data based on primary and secondary codes up to 5 years before the completion of self-reported questionnaires. When comparing data based on primary codes up to 1 year before the completion of selfreported questionnaires, the overall agreement, sensitivity, specificity, and kappa values ranged from 93.2 to 98.8%, 26.2 to 84.3%, 95.7 to 99.6%, and 0.09 to 0.78, respectively. Agreement was excellent for hypertension and diabetes, fair to good for stroke and heart disease, and poor for pulmonary tuberculosis and dyslipidemia. Women, younger individuals, and employed individuals were most likely to under-report disease. Conclusions: Detailed patient characteristics that had an impact on information bias were identified through the differing levels of agreement.

A Study on Taxi Drivers' Smoking Behavior, Self-efficacy and Expectation Level of Success in Smoking Cessation (택시기사들의 흡연실태 및 금연에 대한 자기효능감과 성공기대)

  • Son, Haeng-Mi;Kim, Chun-Mi
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.16 no.4
    • /
    • pp.517-526
    • /
    • 2005
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to find taxi drivers' smoking behavior, self-efficacy and expectation level of success in smoking cessation. It will provide useful information for developing nursing interventions in health promotion programs. Method: The subjects of this study were 271 taxi drivers in Seoul and its metropolitan area. Data were collected using a self-reported questionnaire asking smoking history, smoking behaviors, health problem, stages of change for smoking cessation, self-efficacy and the expectation level of success in smoking cessation. Data were analyzed through descriptive statistics. Pearson's correlation, Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis test and Cronbach's a. Results: Of the taxi drivers, 83.8% were current smokers. Stages of change were as follows: 45.8% were in the precontemplation stage, 26.2% in the contemplation stage, 13.7% in the maintenance stage, 12.2% in the preparation stage and 1.5% in the action stage. In addition. 20.3% of the subjects reported health problems such as hypertension, heart disease, diabetes mellitus and respiratory disease. The expectation level of success in smoking cessation was positively related with self-efficacy. There were statistically significant differences in the expectation level of success in smoking cessation according to the number of cigarettes per day and nicotine dependency. In addition. there were statistically significant differences in self-efficacy according to the number of cigarettes per day, duration of smoking (years) and nicotine dependency. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that taxi drivers' health problems and smoking rate were serious. Therefore more systematic health promotion programs for smoking cessation should be developed and executed by health care specialists at individual taxi companies.

  • PDF

Relationship among Daily Life Stress, Self-Efficacy, Hardiness, and Health Behavior of University Students (대학생이 지각한 일상생활 스트레스, 자기효능, 강인성과 건강행위와의 관계)

  • Lee, Young Whee
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
    • /
    • v.18 no.5
    • /
    • pp.699-708
    • /
    • 2006
  • Purpose: This correlational study was undertaken to examine the relationship among daily life stress, self-efficacy, hardiness, and health behavior of university students. Methods: Two hundred sixty five university students were gathered from the undergraduate classes. Data were collected through self-reported question- naires which included daily life stress scale, self-efficacy scales, hardiness scales, and health behavior scales. Results: The daily life stress level had a maximum score of 4 with a mean score of 2.09 and the mean score of health behavior was 2.56. A negative correlation exists among daily life stress, self-efficacy, and health behavior. The self-efficacy is positively correlated with the health behavior. According to the hardiness factor, health behavior is positively correlated with hardiness. In the subareas, health behavior is positively correlated with control, commitment, and challenge. The self- efficacy factor was positively correlated with challenge. Conclusions: In conclusion, based onthe results of this study, both self-efficacy and hardiness are useful concepts in reducing the stress level and in increasing the health promoting behavior. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a program based on both self-efficacy and hardiness.

  • PDF

Association Between the Frequency of Eating Non-home-prepared Meals and Women Infertility in the United States

  • Lee, Sohyae;Min, Jin-young;Kim, Hye-Jin;Min, Kyoung-bok
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
    • /
    • v.53 no.2
    • /
    • pp.73-81
    • /
    • 2020
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine whether eating non-home-prepared meals (NHPM), including fast food, ready-to-eat foods, and frozen foods, was associated with self-reported infertility in the United States women. Methods: Data on diet and infertility from women aged 20-49 years who participated in the 2013-2014 and 2015-2016 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys were analyzed (n=2143). Dietary information, including the number and types of NHPM consumed, was obtained from a self-reported questionnaire, and infertility status was analyzed using the following question, "Have you ever attempted to become pregnant over a period of at least a year without becoming pregnant" Results: The frequency of NHPM consumption was positively associated with self-reported infertility after adjusting for confounding effects (odds ratio [OR], 2.82; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.48 to 5.38 of >1 vs. 0 NHPM/d). The odds of infertility were 2-3 times higher in women who consumed fast food than in those who did not consume fast food (OR, 2.73; 95% CI, 1.15 to 6.48 of >1 vs. 0 times/d). Conclusions: The frequency and types of NHPM may be a factor contributing to infertility. Although our findings require confirmation, they suggest that eating out may be deleterious to women fecundity.

The Effect of Subjective Health Cognition and Self-Esteem on Depression of Seteomin in a Region (일 지역 새터민의 주관적 건강과 자아존중감이 우울증에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Yun-Kyung
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
    • /
    • v.13 no.3
    • /
    • pp.59-69
    • /
    • 2009
  • Purpose : This research is descriptive research that investigated the effect of subjective health cognition and self-esteem of saeteomin on depression. Methods : Data had been collected with self-reported questionnaire and telephone interview for 85 people who are over 18 and lived in Gwangju and Jeonnam province from September 1st 2005 to November 30th 2005. Results : In the subjective health cognition of subjects, 33 people(38.8%) were bad and 55.3% was latent patients. To verify the controlling effect of self-efficacy and subjective health cognition on depression, the multiple regression, divided into two different stage, shows that the overall model was significant, where, in the first stage, adding subjective health cognition(F = 14.814, p = 0.000) and in the second stage, self-efficacy(F = 21.621, p = .000). The subjective health cognition affects depression about 14.1%, and self-efficacy affects depression about 18.8%. Both subjective health cognition and self-efficacy affects depression about 32.9%. Conclusion : These findings showed that the health status of Saeteomin was in poor Status. As a result the subjective health cognition and self-efficacy were significant factors to control the depression, those factors can be integral resources to develop effective social support and detailed strategy for Saeteomin.

  • PDF

Association between the self-reported periodontal health status and oral health-related quality of life among elderly Koreans (한국노인의 자가보고 치주건강상태와 구강건강관련 삶의 질의 연관성)

  • Jang, Moon-Sung;Kim, Hae-Young;Shim, Yeon-Su;Rhyu, In-Chul;Han, Soo-Boo;Chung, Chong-Pyoung;Ku, Young
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
    • /
    • v.36 no.3
    • /
    • pp.591-600
    • /
    • 2006
  • Purpose: This study assessed the impact of self-reported periodontal health on the oral health-related quality of life among elderly Koreans. Methods: Four hundred twenty one elderly Koreans in Seoul and suburban areas were selected with a cluster (institution) sampling method, and were requested to take oral examinations and finish questionnaires on the Oral Health Impact Profile-14(OHIP-14). and self-reported periodontal health status, such as periodontal symptoms, self-rated periodontal health and periodontal treatment need. As the dependent variable, OHIP-14 showed a positive skewed distribution (skewness: 1.17), we transformed to square-root form to apply parametric analyses. Bivariate analysis by t-test and ANOVA, and multivariate analysis with the two-level regression model accounting clusters were implemented. Results: Mean age of the subjects was 74.6 years and 66.5% were women. Fourteen items of OHIP-14 were summarized to one factor explaining 78.6% of total variance and produced the Chronbach alpha coefficient of 0.92. Results from the multivariate model, adjusting for age, sex, type of institutions, ability to pay, and number of teeth present, showed significantly lower OHIP-14 with reporting less than 3 periodontal symptoms (p(O.OOO1), rating their own periodontal health as above average level (p=O.0144), and thinking they don't need any periodontal treatments in the near future (p=O.0148), than their counterparts. The intraclass-corrrelation estimated by the final model was 0.028. Conclusion: This study demonstrates a significant association between self-reported periodontal health status and the oral health-related quality of life.

Analysis of the factors associated with awareness of community water fluoridation program (수돗물불소농도조정사업에 대한 인지도와 관련요인 분석)

  • Kim, Yu-Jin;Baek, So-Yeong;An, Se-Yeon;Lee, Mi-Hui;Lee, Seon-Yeong;Lee, Yeon-Ju;Lee, Yu-Ri;In, Mi-Hui;Han, Da-Eun;Choi, Jun-Seon
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
    • /
    • v.12 no.5
    • /
    • pp.871-879
    • /
    • 2012
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors related to the awareness level of community water fluoridation program. Methods : 700 subjects were surveyed among the residents living in Incheon Metropolitan City. Data were collected on awareness of community water fluoridation program, general factors, oral health behavior, self-reported oral health and oral health interest. The factors related to the awareness level of community water fluoridation program were analyzed by t-test, a one way ANOVA and multiple linear regression analysis. Results : 1. Subjects' ages were 40~59 years, monthly average incomes were more than 3 million won and higher their educational levels had a higher awareness level of community water fluoridation program(p<0.01). 2. People who brushed their teeth more than three times a day, used oral hygiene devices, and had periodic oral examination and removed plaques were had higher awareness level of community water fluoridation program(p<0.01). Especially, the use of oral hygiene devices was the strongest factor in relation with the awareness level of community water fluoridation program(p<0.01). 3. People who had a fine self-reported oral health, highly interested in dental hygiene and made an effort to keep oral health were had higher awareness level of community water fluoridation program(p<0.001). Conclusions : The awareness level of community water fluoridation program was related to oral health behavior, self-reported oral health and oral health interest. So, in order to expand the areas for community water fluoridation program, it is important to educate to the right information about objectives, safety, dental caries preventing effect of the community water fluoridation program. And the education and publicity on general oral health will have an affirmative effect on expanding community water fluoridation program.

Comparisons on Motivation for Health Behavior, Health Behaviors Practices, and Activities of Daily Living between Institutionalized and Non-institutionalized Elderly Women (시설 여성 노인과 재가 여성 노인의 건강행위 동기요소, 건강행위 및 일상생활활동 비교)

  • Son, Jung Tae;Suh, Soon Rim
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
    • /
    • v.19 no.3
    • /
    • pp.379-388
    • /
    • 2007
  • Purpose: The purposes of this study were to compare the motivation for health behavior, health behaviors practices, and ADL of institutionalized elderly women with those of non-institutionalized elderly women. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive survey was conducted in convenience samples of 144 aged women(80 institutionalized and 64 non-institutionalized) using structured questionnaires. Descriptive statistics, $x^2$-test, and ANCOVA were used for data analysis with SPSS program. Results: The institutionalized elderly reported significantly higher motivation than the non-institutionalized elderly. In subcategories of motivation, self-efficacy of the institutionalized elderly was significantly lower than that of the non-institutionalized elderly. The non-institutionalized elderly reported significantly lower perceived benefits and significantly higher perceived barriers than institutionalized elderly. The institutionalized elderly reported significantly lower health behaviors in exercise and nutrition than the non-institutionalized elderly. Among health behaviors of the non-institutionalized elderly women, stress management marked the lowest score. Conclusion: To enhance motivation of institutionalized elderly women, interventions for building self-efficacy are needed. To promote the health behavior of the non-institutionalized elderly, stress management programs are needed. All elderly women need exercise.

  • PDF

Dental fear and oral health-related quality of life by mediating variable model(self-esteem & self-regulation) (치과치료 공포감과 구강건강 삶의 질에 영향을 미치는 매개변수(자아존중감과 자기조절능력)에 대한 연구모형)

  • Lee, Hye-Kyung;Kim, Nam-Song
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
    • /
    • v.14 no.4
    • /
    • pp.577-584
    • /
    • 2014
  • Objectives : The purpose of the study is to investigate the relationship between the dental fear, self-esteem, and self-regulation in oral health quality of life in the adolescents. Methods : A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by the 826 adolescents from March 5 to 16, 2012 in J city. Results : Higher self-esteem(${\beta}$=0.186) was closely related to higher oral health-related quality of life(p<0.001). Dental fear had indirectly influenced on self-esteem and self-regulation, and had significant differences(p<0.05). The model showed that dental fear and oral health-related quality of life were a suitable structural model due to higher fit indices. Conclusions : Self-esteem and self-regulation were the important variables to oral health-related quality of life. There was a close relationship between the dental fear and oral health-related quality of life.