• Title, Summary, Keyword: semi-convergence

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The attribution of the security guard failure and grope for efficient operational measures of security guard through the analysis of failures : propensity eduction of failure-factors of security guard and patterns of danger and injury (경호실패귀인과 실패사례 분석을 통한 효율적인 경호운용방안 모색 : 경호환경의 실패요인과 위해패턴 성향 도출)

  • Kim, Sang Jin
    • Convergence Security Journal
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.143-155
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to extract the failure attributions to identify the failure factors of the security guards and to derive the risk factor factors through failure cases analysis. Failure attributions were prepared by using semi-structured questionnaires(17) and closed questionnaires(179) starting from the fully open questionnaires(8), and processed through SPSS 21.0 and AMOS 21.O statistical packages. As a result of summarizing the causal relationship between the failure attribution and the failure case (patrol failure pattern factor), In Park Jung-Hee's assassination, lack of experience(2), negative mind(1), lack of work ability(1), lack of experience(2), organizational non-system activeness(2), lack of awareness of mission(1) Failure(2), lack of consciousness(2), and 14 failure patterns were found. Aung-San National Cemetery explosion occurred in eight failure patterns including insecurity(1), negative mind(1), lack of work skills(2), lack of experience(2), individualism(1), There were eight failure patterns in the case of Mr. Yook Young-Su 's sniping, including insincerity(2), negative mind (1), lack of experience(2), lack of awareness of mission(2) and failure to share work(1).

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The Effects of Video Exercise Education on Range of Motion, Pain and Quality of Life for Shoulder-joint Patients (동영상 운동교육이 견관절 환자의 관절가동범위, 통증 및 삶의 질에 미치는 효과)

  • Lim, Semi;Yeom, Young-Ran;Lee, Jeong-Hwa
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.10 no.9
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    • pp.43-52
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to develop video exercise education for patients with shoulder-joint and evaluate the effects on range of motion, pain and quality of life. This study was conducted in 30 experimental groups and 26 control groups among shoulder-joint patients who were admitted to orthopedic outpatient clinics at university hospitals in G city from January to June 2020. For data analysis, SPSS was used to analyze the general characteristics of the two groups and the pre-homogeneity test for the dependent variables by 𝑥2-test and t-test. As a result of the study, the subject's pre-post score change was found to have a significant difference in the degree of internal rotation of the range of motion and pain score, but there was no significant difference in the flexion, abduction degree of the range of motion and quality of life. In this study, clinical application of video education can be suggested as a way to improve nursing practice as it saves time spent on patient education of nurses not only in outpatients but also in wards.

An Aesthetic on painting style of Yumin Painter in Late Ming and Early Qing Dynasty - Focuse on the Paldaesanin and Seokdo - (명말청초(明末淸初) 유민화가(遺民畵家)의 화풍(畵風)에 나타난 예술심미 - 팔대산인(八大山人)과 석도(石濤)를 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Doyoung
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.61-70
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    • 2019
  • The painting group of Late Ming and Early Qing Dynasty is an era of confusion between the orthodox who faithfully cooperated with the Qing Dynasty and the individualist who had a hostile attitude. The country was ruined by these dynasties, and the family left the real world with the suffering of the breakdown and stayed in the mountains.Paldaesanin and Seokdo, the representative Yumin painters, did not form any a sect as a unique expression style for finding a true self.And, through his work, he expressed on madness and oddity through new ideas and composition that he feels misery and anger in his heart. The paintings of these paintings had semi-normative and impromptuous views of nature, which even the self burdened with grief was forgotten.And I expressed my own individuality and originality by forming a simple and free, on madness and oddity art aesthetic. The paintings of these paintings had semi-normative and impromptuous views of nature, which even the self burdened with grief was forgotten.And I expressed my own individuality and originality by forming a simple and free, on madness and oddity art aesthetic. Paldaesanin portrayed a strange figure with a spirit of resistance and a sad and angered emotion, through a unique technique of painting.The content is cynical, satirical, ironic, and on madness and oddity. On the other hand, Seokdo explained "ilhoeg" that the method of writing and the method of writing in "Hwaeolog" agree with each other.This has allowed us to achieve autonomy as a "rule without rules" that goes beyond the existing rules. And he delicately portrayed beauty, desire, and emotion with the use of sensuous brushes and the beauty of the colors.Their unique paintings were later conveyed to yangjupalgoe and led to the flow of paintings in the 18th century.

Numerical Analysis of Supercavitating Flows of Two-Dimensional Simple Bodies (2차원 단순 물체의 초공동 유동에 대한 수치해석)

  • Lee, Hyun-Bae;Choi, Jung-Kyu;Kim, Hyoung-Tae
    • Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
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    • v.50 no.6
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    • pp.436-449
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    • 2013
  • In this paper, a numerical analysis is carried out to study the characteristics of supercavitating flows and the drag of relatively simple two-dimensional and axisymmetric bodies which can be used for supercavity generation device, cavitator, of a high-speed underwater vehicle. In order to investigate the suitability of numerical models, cavity flows around the hemispherical head form and two-dimensional wedge are calculated with combinations of three turbulence models(standard $k-{\epsilon}$, realizable $k-{\epsilon}$, Reynolds stress) and two cavitation models(Schnerr-Sauer, Zwart-Gerber-Belamri). From the results, it is confirmed that the calculated cavity flow is more affected by the turbulence model than the cavitation model. For the calculation of steady state cavity flows, the convergence in case of the realizable $k-{\epsilon}$ model is better than the other turbulence models. The numerical result of the Schnerr-Sauer cavitation model is changed less by turbulence model and more robust than the Zwart-Gerber-Belamri model. Thus the realizable $k-{\epsilon}$ turbulence model and the Schnerr-Sauer cavitation model are applied to calculate supercavitating flows around disks, two dimensional $10^{\circ}$ and $30^{\circ}$ wedges. In case of the disk, the cavitation number dependences of the cavity size and the drag coefficient predicted are similar to either experimental data or Reichardt's semi-empirical equations, but the drag coefficient is overestimated about 3% higher than the Reichardt's equation. In case of the wedges, the cavitation number dependences of the cavity size are similar to experimental data and Newman's linear theory, and the agreement of the cavity length predicted and Newman's linear theory becomes better as decreasing cavitation number. However, the drag coefficients of wedges agree more with experimental data than those of Newman's analytic solution. The cavitation number dependences of the drag coefficients of both the disk and the wedge appear linear and simple formula for estimating the drag of supercavitating disks and wedges are suggested. Consequently, the CFD scheme of this study can be applied for numerical analysis of supercavitating flows of the cavitator and the cavitator design.

A Study on the Safety Characterization Grounding Design of the Inner Photovoltaic System (태양광 발전단지 내부 그리드의 안전 특성화 접지 설계에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Hong-Yong;Yoon, Suk-Ho
    • Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.130-140
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: In this paper, we propose a design technique for the safety characterization grounding in the construction of the photovoltaic power generation complex which can be useful and useful as an alternative power energy source in our society. In other words, we will introduce the application of safety grounding for each application, which can improve and optimize the reliability of the internal grid from the cell module to the electric room in the photovoltaic power generation complex. Method: We analyze the earth resistivity of the soil in the solar power plant and use the computer program (CDEGS) to analyze the contact voltage and stratospheric voltage causing the electric shock, and propose the calculation and calculation method of the safety ground. In addition, we will discuss the importance of semi-permanent ground electrode selection in consideration of soil environment. Results: We could obtain the maximum and minimum value of ground resistivity for each of the three areas of the data measured by the Wenner 4 - electrode method. The measured data was substituted into the basic equation and calculated with a MATLAB computer program. That is, it can be determined that the thickness of the minimum resistance value is the most favorable soil environment for installing the ground electrode. Conclusion: Through this study, we propose a grounding system design method that can suppress the potential rise on the ground surface in the inner grid of solar power plant according to each case. However, the development of smart devices capable of accumulating big data and a monitoring system capable of real-time monitoring of seismic changes in earth resistances and grounding systems should be further studied.

Theoretical Study on Structural Properties of Phenthylamine Derivatives (페네틸아민 유도체의 구조적 특성에 관한 이론적 연구)

  • Lee, Chul Jae
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.761-766
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    • 2020
  • Phenylamine derivatives are substances that have a biochemical action and are widely applied as psychotropic drugs. In particular, with regard to the quantitative analysis of substances such as ephedrine, amphetamine, pentermine, and dopamine, many previous studies such as electrochemical, vacuum ultraviolet method, and gas chromatography have been conducted. However, there have not been many studies on the structural characteristics of molecular units. Therefore, In this study, we used (HyperChem8.0's, HC) semi-empirical PM3 method to calculate the total energy, band gap, electrostatic potential, and net charge of ephedrine, amphetamine, pentamine and dopamine to investigate the chemical properties of each derivative according to the molecular structure change. The results showed that for total energy -43,171.8, -32,9538.3, -36,407.3 and -43,061.2 Kcal/mol, respectively, while for band gaps, 10.16379377, 9.9531666, 9.7878002 and 9.0589282 eV. Also, for electrostatic potentials, 1.301~-0.045, 1.694~0.299, 0.694~-0.158 and 1.587~-0.048 respectively. Finally, looking at the distribution of net charges, the oxygen atoms, nitrogen atoms and carbon atoms were -0.312~-0.242, -0.161~-0.051 and +0.13~-0.12 respectively. These results are expected to lead to chemical action centered on phenyl radicals and oxygen and nitrogen atoms common to phenethylamine derivatives.

Perceptions of Hospital Health Information Managers Regarding Present on Admission Indicators in Korea: A Qualitative Study (입원 시 상병의 수집 및 활용에 관한 보건의료정보관리사의 관점: 질적 연구)

  • Pyo, Jee-Hee;Choi, Eun-Young;Oh, Hae-Mi;Lee, Won;Kim, Ju-Young;Ock, Min-Su;Kim, So-Yoon;Lee, Sang-Il
    • Quality Improvement in Health Care
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.23-34
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: This qualitative study was conducted to examine the current status and problems concerning the collection of present on admission (POA) indicators and determine how to use these indicators for evaluating the quality of care and degree of patient safety. Methods: A total of 11 health information managers were divided into two groups according to the size of their hospitals. Two focus group discussions (FGDs) were conducted, one for each group, which followed a pre-developed semi-structured guideline. The verbatim transcriptions of the FGDs were analyzed. Results: The majority of participants were concerned about entering POA flags honestly because they did not know how future POA indicators would be used. In particular, for some participants, POA N was a burden that could imply a signal of mismanagement within the medical institution. In addition, the lack of awareness and indifference of physicians regarding POA indicators were some of the difficulties for POA flag entry. Although medical institutions are making efforts to improve the accuracy of POA flagging, many participants mentioned the need to develop real case-oriented POA entry guidelines to improve the accuracy of POA flagging. Conclusion: To increase the validity of POA indicators, it is necessary to increase the level of awareness of POA indicators in physicians and other medical professionals. Furthermore, efforts related to POA indicators by individual medical institutions need to be reflected in the process evaluation.

A Case-Control Study on Attitudes to Dietary Life and Nutrient Intakes of Colorectal Cancer Patients in Daegu·Gyeongbuk Area (대구·경북지역 대장직장암 환자의 식생활 태도와 영양소 섭취에 관한 환자-대조군 연구)

  • Choi, Youngeun;Kim, Eunjung
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.621-626
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    • 2020
  • The incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) in Korea has been gradually increased and it has been reported that dietary life is highly associated with the development of CRC. To investigate dietary attitudes and nutritional risk factors for CRC, we analyzed food intake of 34 patients diagnosed with CRC within 1 year and 51 subjects without gastrointestinal diseases as a control reside in Daegu·Gyeongbuk Area using semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. The results showed that dietary regularity and variety of food intake in control subjects was better than CRC patients whereas, CRC patients eat more frequently animal and vegetable protein foods, fried foods, green and yellow vegetables, and fruits than control subjects. Nutrient intake analysis showed that Vitamin A, E, K, C, sodium, magnesium, iodine, and cholesterol intake of CRC patients was higher than control subjects. Especially, after adjusting age and sex, regression analysis showed that Vitamin K (OR = 1.022, 95% Cl 1.003-1.043, p = 0.026) and sodium (OR = 1.001, 95% Cl 1.000-1.002, p = 0.032) were identified as risk factors for CRC. In the future, verification of the relationship between these nutrients and CRC risk and appropriate nutrient education will be needed for the prevention of CRC.

An Analysis of the Relationship between the Achievement of Intellectual Property Education and Its Factors of College Students (대학생의 지식재산 교육 성취와 그 영향요인간의 관계 분석)

  • CHEE, Seonkoo;SUL, In Hwan
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.227-233
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    • 2021
  • To obtain a fruitful outcome in intellectual property (IP) education in colleges, it is essential to identify the affecting factors. The relationships between the factors were to be analyzed as a structural equation model. The IP education achievement was measured by the IP total score. The students' characteristics (input factor) were measured by defining the characteristics, parents' expectations, and IP interest. The characteristics after highschool (process factor) were observed as college satisfaction and learning attitude. Students with excellent defining characteristics have not only high college satisfaction but also an excellent learning attitude, so they have a high IP total score. Using indirect effects analysis, the path through which the defining characteristics indirectly affects the IP total score through college satisfaction and learning attitude was identified. This is consistent with the prediction that self-directed students will have high participation in IP classes and achieve excellent results. The IP interest was found to have no significant effect on the IP total score. This contradicts the belief that students with high IP interest will actively participate in IP classes and earn high scores, which is because it overlooks the possibility that participation in IP activities in high school is semi-forced.

A Proposal of a Keyword Extraction System for Detecting Social Issues (사회문제 해결형 기술수요 발굴을 위한 키워드 추출 시스템 제안)

  • Jeong, Dami;Kim, Jaeseok;Kim, Gi-Nam;Heo, Jong-Uk;On, Byung-Won;Kang, Mijung
    • Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.1-23
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    • 2013
  • To discover significant social issues such as unemployment, economy crisis, social welfare etc. that are urgent issues to be solved in a modern society, in the existing approach, researchers usually collect opinions from professional experts and scholars through either online or offline surveys. However, such a method does not seem to be effective from time to time. As usual, due to the problem of expense, a large number of survey replies are seldom gathered. In some cases, it is also hard to find out professional persons dealing with specific social issues. Thus, the sample set is often small and may have some bias. Furthermore, regarding a social issue, several experts may make totally different conclusions because each expert has his subjective point of view and different background. In this case, it is considerably hard to figure out what current social issues are and which social issues are really important. To surmount the shortcomings of the current approach, in this paper, we develop a prototype system that semi-automatically detects social issue keywords representing social issues and problems from about 1.3 million news articles issued by about 10 major domestic presses in Korea from June 2009 until July 2012. Our proposed system consists of (1) collecting and extracting texts from the collected news articles, (2) identifying only news articles related to social issues, (3) analyzing the lexical items of Korean sentences, (4) finding a set of topics regarding social keywords over time based on probabilistic topic modeling, (5) matching relevant paragraphs to a given topic, and (6) visualizing social keywords for easy understanding. In particular, we propose a novel matching algorithm relying on generative models. The goal of our proposed matching algorithm is to best match paragraphs to each topic. Technically, using a topic model such as Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA), we can obtain a set of topics, each of which has relevant terms and their probability values. In our problem, given a set of text documents (e.g., news articles), LDA shows a set of topic clusters, and then each topic cluster is labeled by human annotators, where each topic label stands for a social keyword. For example, suppose there is a topic (e.g., Topic1 = {(unemployment, 0.4), (layoff, 0.3), (business, 0.3)}) and then a human annotator labels "Unemployment Problem" on Topic1. In this example, it is non-trivial to understand what happened to the unemployment problem in our society. In other words, taking a look at only social keywords, we have no idea of the detailed events occurring in our society. To tackle this matter, we develop the matching algorithm that computes the probability value of a paragraph given a topic, relying on (i) topic terms and (ii) their probability values. For instance, given a set of text documents, we segment each text document to paragraphs. In the meantime, using LDA, we can extract a set of topics from the text documents. Based on our matching process, each paragraph is assigned to a topic, indicating that the paragraph best matches the topic. Finally, each topic has several best matched paragraphs. Furthermore, assuming there are a topic (e.g., Unemployment Problem) and the best matched paragraph (e.g., Up to 300 workers lost their jobs in XXX company at Seoul). In this case, we can grasp the detailed information of the social keyword such as "300 workers", "unemployment", "XXX company", and "Seoul". In addition, our system visualizes social keywords over time. Therefore, through our matching process and keyword visualization, most researchers will be able to detect social issues easily and quickly. Through this prototype system, we have detected various social issues appearing in our society and also showed effectiveness of our proposed methods according to our experimental results. Note that you can also use our proof-of-concept system in http://dslab.snu.ac.kr/demo.html.