• Title, Summary, Keyword: sensory property

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Optimization of Sensory Properties in Preparation of Canned Oyster Mushroom (느타리버섯 통조림 제조에 있어서 관능적 특성의 최적화)

  • 이기동;권중호;김진구;김현구
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.443-449
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    • 1997
  • Four-dimensional response surface methodology was applied to determine the optimum preparation conditions and to monitor sensory qualities of canned oyster mushroom during preparation. The optimum preparation conditions predicted for each corresponding sensory parameter of canned oyster mushroom were 181.29 g of oyster mushroom 205.36 ml of solution and 6.49min of roasting time for color, 214.01g, 195.79ml and 5.07min for appearance, 227.71g, 224.26ml and 6.50min for flavor, 250.30g, 183.63ml and 17.32min for taste, 211.59g, 178.21ml and 17.79min for mouth-feel, 249,.02g, 188.79ml and 17.80min for overall palatability of canned oyster mushroom, respectively. The optimum conditions, which satisfied with all sensory properties of canned oyster mushroom, were 240g, 200ml and 17min for content of oyster mushroom, content of solution and roasting time, respectively. Sensory scored predicted at the optimum conditions were in good agreement with experimental ones.

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Evaluation for speech signal based on human sense and signal quality

  • Mekada, Yoshito;Hasegawa, Hiroshi;Kumagai, Takeshi;Kasuga, Masao
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Broadcast Engineers Conference
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    • pp.13-18
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    • 1997
  • Each reproducing speech signal has each particular signal property, because of the processing of encoding and decoding for communications through various media. In this paper, we examine the correlation between speech signal quality and sensory pleasure for the sensory improvement of that signal. In experiments, we evaluate the quality of speech signals through various media by psychological auditory test and physical features of these signals.

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Influence of Processing on Quality of Carrot Juice (가공공정에 의한 당근쥬스의 품질변화에 관한 연구)

  • Kimjun, Hye-Young;Gerber, Leonard E.
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.683-690
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    • 1988
  • This study was conducted to determine the organoleptic and physical properties and carotenoid of commercial canned, frozen and freshly-made carrot juice. Samples were evaluated by sensory panel and measured for viscosity and acidity. For carotene analysis, HPLC of alpha- and beta-carotene, and spectrophotometry of total carotenoid content were used. Sensory evaluation indicated that the canned sample was less acceptable, especially for flavor and texture, than other juices, while forzen juice was considered as acceptable as freshly-made carrot juice. The canned product showed about 10 times higher viscosity and lower acidity than others. Between two kinds of frozen samples, one sample was the same as freshly-made sample for all parameters while the other showed less alpha-carotene content which was 2 times higher than that of canned one. Canned sample contained 70-77% of freshly-made or frozen samples in total carotenoid and beta-carotene content and 24% of freshly-made one in alpha-carotene. These results suggest that freezing process is a good preservation method for carrot juice with respect to sensory evaluation, physical property and carotenoid content.

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Sensory and Instrumental Characteristics of Corn and Mung bean Starch Gels with Additives (첨가물질에 따른 옥수수와 녹두전분겔의 관능적 기계적 특성)

  • 이상금;신말식
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.193-199
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    • 1996
  • Effects of addition of various additives, sucrose fatty acid ester 1170 (SE), carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) and soy bean oil (SO) on textural characteristics for untreated and defatted corn and mung bean starch gels stored at room temperature for 24 hrs and 72 hrs were studied. In sensory and instrumental characteristics of starch gels with additives (0.5% for starch basis), the acceptability was highly correlated with cohesiveness and bend property of starch gels stored 24 hrs and springiness, cohesiveness, color, smoothness, bend property, hardness and clarity of starch gels stored 72 hrs. Regardless of adding additives, textural characteristics of defatted corn starch gels showed somewhat higher values than that of com starch gels. The acceptability of starch gels with additives was somewhat lowered in all the cases, which showed highly correlated in cohesiveness for 24 hrs and springiness for 72 hrs. Instrumental characteristics were similar to those of sensory evaluation, which showed no significant difference with additives.

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Effect of Aging Time on Physicochemical Meat Quality and Sensory Property of Hanwoo Bull Beef

  • Cho, Soohyun;Kang, Sun Moon;Seong, Pilnam;Kang, Geunho;Kim, Yunseok;Kim, Jinhyung;Lee, Seounghwan;Kim, Sidong
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.68-76
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    • 2016
  • This study was conducted to investigate the meat quality and sensory properties of 12 major cuts from 10 Hanwoo bulls (25-32 mon of age) after they were aged at 2℃ for 0, 7, 14, and 21 d. Protein content (%) was between 19.17 and 22.50%. Intramuscular fat content ranged from 2.79 to 8.39%. The collagen content of the chuck roll, chuck tender, and short plate muscles was higher (1.97-2.04%) than that of the striploin muscles (1.48%) (p<0.05). CIE lightness (L*) values increased with an increase in aging days for tenderloin, loin, chuck roll, oyster blade, short plate, top sirloin, and eye of round muscles (p<0.05). Most muscles, except the short plate, showed no significant changes in redness CIE (a*) and yellowness (b*) color values during aging. The tenderloin, loin, and striploin showed significantly higher water holding capacity (58.60-62.06%) than that of chuck roll and short plate (53.86-57.07%) muscles (p<0.05). The Warner-Bratzler shear force values of most muscles decreased significantly as the aging period increased (p<0.05), exception the tenderloin. The chuck tender muscles showed the highest cooking loss, whereas tenderloin muscle showed the lowest (p<0.05). The tenderloin muscle had the longest sarcomere length (SL) (3.67-3.86 μm) and the bottom round muscle had the shortest SL (2.21-2.35 μm) (p<0.05). In the sensory evaluation, tenderness and overall-likeness scores of most muscles increased with increase in aging days. The tenderloin and oyster blade showed relatively higher tenderness and overall-likeness values than did the other muscles during the aging period. No significant differences were noted in juiciness and flavor-likeness scores among muscles and aging days.

A Study on Characteristics of Sensory Richness Towards Healing Environments at the Lobby of Geriatric Hospital Using Biophilic Design Approach (바이오필릭 디자인에 기반한 노인요양병원 로비공간의 다감각적 치유환경에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Dami;Lee, Hyunsoo
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.21-30
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    • 2016
  • For the elderly with declining sensory due to aging, various sense stimulation factors provided in indoor environment is desirable healing environment. This study aims to propose the direction of sensory healing environment by adapting the richness of natural environment in indoor place based on the biophilic design theory with implementation method of sensory richness environment. The healing environment was limited to the ward in the beginning, but it has widened its range to the whole place, and the lobby is considered quiet important to healing. Therefore, this study selected lobby space of geriatric hospital as study subject. As for the study method, we deducted the analytic matrix focusing on the property and elements of the direct and indirect experience of nature appearing in the biophilic design theory, and analyzed the field investigation of subject space. Also, this study paid attention to point where the hotel lobby leads the change of emotional environment, and conducted analysis and comparison by deciding this is what the hotel and geriatric hospital should direct to. As the result, the biophilic design factor of hotel is actively expressed by complex direction of various factors, but as for the geriatric hospital, it was rather passive and simple in expression. The adaptation ratio between hotel and geriatric hospital was almost more than twice times difference in average.

Effect of Ozone Treatment on the Changes of Fatty Acids, Organic acids, and Sensory Properties in Ginseng Powder (오존처리가 인삼분말의 지방산과 유기산 함량 및 향미특성에 미치는 영향)

  • 곽이성;최강주;김나미
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.51-55
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    • 1996
  • As a preliminary experiment to investigate the effect of ozone sterelization on the ginseng powder, the changes of fatty acid composition and organic acid content and sensory properties in ginseng powder treated with ozone was investigated. Ginseng powder was treated with 0.5 ppm ozone for 24 hours and 48 hours, respectively. With increase in ozone treatment time, the content of crude lipid and increase. Contents of unsaturated fatty acid-linolenic acid, linoleic acid, and oleic acid, etc.-decreased with ozone treatment time, whereas saturated fatty acid or same number-stearic acid-increased odor, bitter taste, roasted taste and sweet taste were thiner with ozone treatment times, but pungent taste was thicker with those treatment. These changes of ordors and tastes of ginseng powder with ozone treatment were predicted by oxydation of lipids, flavor components and saponins.

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Effect of Gamma-Irradiated Red Pepper Powder on Physicochemical Properties of Kakdugi, a Korean Traditional Radish Kimchi

  • Lee, Jeung-Hee;Sung, Tae-Hwa;Kim, Mee-Ree
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.22-28
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    • 2005
  • Physicochemical properties and sensory characteristics of kakdugi prepared with red pepper powder gamma-irradiated up to 7 kGy were determined during fermentation at 5℃. The overall fermentation patterns between kakdugies with irradiated and nonirradiated red pepper powder were similar. Kakdugi prepared with irradiated red pepper powder required one week longer time for optimal ripening compared to the kakdugi control. Irradiated red pepper powder did not affect the hardness and fracturability of kakdugi during fermentation. Kakdugi prepared with irradiated red pepper powder maintained a redder color than the kakdugi control. No significant differences were observed in taste, odor, texture, and overall acceptability (p<0.05) except for color. It can be concluded that irradiation of red pepper powder, up to 7 kGy, did not affect the quality of kakdugi with regard to physicochemical and sensory characteristics during fermentation. Moreover, irradiated red pepper powder was better for maintaining the red color and delaying optimum ripening time of kakdugi fermentation.

Quality Characteristics of Functional Muffins Containing Hesperetin (Hesperetin이 첨가된 기능성 머핀의 품질 특성)

  • 전소윤;김효정;김미라
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.324-327
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    • 2003
  • The quality characteristics of muffins prepared with hesperetin (0.2, 0.4 or 0.8%), a flavonoid, were evaluated. There were no significant differences in volumes and heights of the muffins due to the various additions of hesperetin, or in the L, a and b values of the crust and crumb of the various muffin groups. The sweetness of the muffins containing the highest level of hesperetin (0.8%) gave the highest scores in the sensory test. A stepwise regression analysis showed the sweetness and after taste were the significant factors affecting the overall preference for the muffins. Therefore, hesperetin may be useful as a muffin additive as its addition did not impair the sensory characteristics of the muffins.

Influences of Sugar Substitutes on the Physicochemical and Sensory Properties and Hardness of Baksulgi during Storage (대체감미료 사용이 백설기의 이화학적·관능적 특성 및 저장 중 경도변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Ryu, Dayeon;Kim, Dan Bi;Lee, Kyung Hwan;Son, Dong Sung;Surh, Jeonghee
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.44 no.5
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    • pp.568-576
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    • 2012
  • Baksulgi with various sugar substitutes was prepared and characterized for physicochemical and sensory qualities. The 10% sugar in a control baksulgi was replaced with 16.1% glucose, 13.3% erythritol, 10.2% xylitol, 0.2% stevioside (enzymatically modified stevia 100%), 0.05% aspartame, or 1.2% sucralose. Instrumental and sensory analyses indicated that the baksulgi with glucose was significantly different in color from the others, which was attributed to high susceptibility to browning reaction of the glucose. Baksulgi with aspartame showed significantly lower pH than that of control baksulgi, suggesting that the aspartame might have been hydrolyzed into its constituent amino acids under elevated steaming temperature. A sensory evaluation revealed that baksulgi with sucralose or xylitol was comparable to the control baksulgi in all sensory characteristics. However, the baksulgi with sucralose showed appreciably increased hardness with increased storage time at $4^{\circ}C$, partially due to the anhygroscopic property of sucralose.