• Title, Summary, Keyword: serum lipid levels

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Factors Affecting Serum Lipids in Maternal and Infants Umbilical Cord Blood (산모혈과 제대혈의 혈청 지질치에 영향을 미치는 요인에 대하여)

  • 민재희;정규혁;연제덕
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.66-71
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    • 1997
  • To investigate the effect of several factors on serum lipids in maternal and infants umbilical cord blood, 111 cases of newborn infants and women delivered of a child who had delivered at hospital located in Chung-Ju city from Feb. 1, 1996 to Aug. 31, 1996 were studied. The gestational ages of cases were 37 to 42 weeks and the average maternal ages were 28.1$\pm$4.25 years old without any other medical or obstetric problems. No relationships between maternal consumption of coffee and maternal serum lipid levels were observed. However, serum total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol levels in infants'umbilical cord were significantly increased in proportion to increasing maternal consumption of coffee. The other factors such as alcohol drinking habits and residency affected maternal serum lipid levels and not serum lipid levels in infants' umbilical cord. Delivery frequency showed very little or no effects on serum lipid levels in both maternal blood and infant's umbilical cord blood. In conclusion, maternal consumption of coffee significantly correlated with increasement of serum lipid levels in infants'umbilical cord.

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Elevated Levels of Serum Lipids Accelerate Biological Vascular Aging evaluated by the Second Derivative of Photoplethysmogram Waveform in the Middle-Age Adults (중년 성인남녀의 혈중 지질농도가 가속도맥파에 미치는 영향)

  • Nam, Tong-Hyun;Koh, Hyung-Kyun;Park, Young-Bae
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.126-137
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    • 2002
  • Objective : There is accumulating data that cardiovascular diseases, including hypertension, cerebro-vascular accident, coronary heart disease, relate to atherosclerotic changes. Increased serum levels of lipids could play a role in these circumstances. the SDPTG(the second derivative of photoplethysmogram waveform) is noninvasive methods for evaluating the pulse wave and is correlated with age and other risk factors for atherosclerosis. Methods : To study the effects of serum lipid levels on the SDPTG in the middle-age adults, data on serum lipid levels and the SDPTG were collected in 80 healthy middle age with varying serum lipid concentrations. Biological vascular age was assessed using the SDPTG. the SDPTG consists of an a, b, c, and d wave in systole and an e wave in diastole; an SDPTG aging index(Al) was calculated as (b-c-d-e)/a. Results : Serum triglyceride, total cholesterol, total lipid, phospholipid, HDL cholesterol levels were respectively and significantly correlated with SDPTG Al. Serum lipid levels and blood pressure are age-dependent and the SDPTG is blood pressure-dependent. Restricting analysis to age and blood pressure yield strong positive correlations between serum triglyceride, total lipid levels and SDPTG Al, but no correlations between serum total cholesterol, phospholipid levels and SDPTG Al. Conclusion : The results of this study suggest that preventive acupuncture programs or herbal medications for reducing serum lipid, especially triglyceride, levels in middle-age should include a evaluation of biological vascular aging with the second derivative of photoplethysmogram waveform.

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Age-and Sex-Related Differences in Serum Levels of Lipid Peroxide, Retinol an d$\alpha$-Tocopherol in Korean Adults

  • Choi, Young-Sun;Shin, Ji-Hee
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.30 no.9
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    • pp.1109-1115
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    • 1997
  • The present study was aimed to investigated whether there are age-and sex-related differences in serum levels of lipid peroxides, retinol , and $\alpha$-tocopherol in Korean adults. The subjects were 441 persons , including 268 men and 173 women. Those of each sex were divided into four age group : 20-29, 30-39, 40-49 and 50-65 years, and their lifestyles and serum levels were compared . Men smoked and drank less as age increased , but 99.9% of women of did not smoke and only 11% drank more than once a month. Lipid peroxides of males increased gradually with age, while those of females showed greater levels in the 50-65 years group thon younger groups. Lipid peroxides, retinol and $\alpha$-tocopherol concentrations, which were adjusted for age, were significantly higher in males than in females. Lipid peroxide levels adjusted for total lipid were positively correlated with age in males than in females. Serum levels of $\alpha$-tocopherol adjusted for total lipid were positively correlated with age both in males and in females , while retinol was neither. The results indicate that serum levels of lipid peroxides, retinol , and $\alpha$-tocopherol are affected by age and that the response could be different between males and females.

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Dietary Fat Intake during Pregnancy and Serum Lipid Levels in Mother and Umbilical Cord of Full-term and Preterm Delivery (만기분만의 조기분만 산모의 임신중 지방섭취와 모체 및 제대혈청의 지질농도)

  • 박성혜
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.577-584
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    • 1999
  • The correlation between maternal lipid nutritional status during pregnancy and gestational length was investigated. Subjects consisted of 30 full-term delivery mothers, 30 preterm delivery mothers, and babies of both groups. Dietary fat intake during pregnancy and serum lipid levels in mother and umbilical serum were measured. The mean daily intake levels of fatty acid during pregnancy were lower than the recommended dietary allowances, while $\omega$6/$\omega$3 ratios of dietary fatty acids were acceptable. For preterm delivery mothers, fatty acid intake levels to be lower than those in full-term delivery mothers, especially DHA intake of these two groups was significantly different. During gestation, hyperlipidemia was apparent in the pregnant women. The serum lipid contents of preterm delivery mothers tended to be lower than those of full-term delivery mothers, and umbilical cord serum lipid contents of the preterm delivery group tended to be higher than those of the full-term delivery group. Total cholesterol levels in the umbilical cord serum of preterm babies were significantly higher than those of full-term delivery group. On the other hand, total cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol levels between umbilical cord serum and maternal serum were positively correlated in the preterm delivery group. Concerning, energy and fatty acid intakes were more closely associated with umbilical cord serum lipid levels in full-term babies, but negatively associated in preterm babies. It was concluded that gestational length was related to the dietary intake of fatty acids such as DHA in pregnant women. For better understanding, the ralationship between placental lipid transport mechanisms and gestational length needs to be explored.

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Effect of Mulberry Fruit Tea on the Serum Lipid Profiles and Cardiovascular Disease Markers of Middle-Aged People Living in Choongnam (오디 분말차 급여가 일부 충남지역에 거주하는 중년 남.녀의 혈청 지질 및 심혈관계 인자에 미친 영향)

  • Kim Ae-Jung;Yuh Chung-Suk;Bang In-Soo
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.408-413
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    • 2006
  • This study was conducted to examine the effects of mulberry fruit tea (MFT) on the levels of serum lipid profiles and serum cardiovascular disease markers in sixty middle-aged people(30 males and 30 females) who consumed MFT for 4 weeks. Anthropometric measurements, serum lipid profile levels, and serum cardiovascular disease markers were analyzed before and after consumption of MFT. After consumption of MFT, no significant differences were observed in anthropometric measurements, levels of serum aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) in males and females. Among serum lipid profiles, triglyceride and LDL-cholesterol were decreased significantly, whereas HDL-cholesterol was significantly increased.

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Effect of Dietary Lipids and Guar Gum on Lipid Metabolism in Ovariectomized Rats (식이지방의 종류와 Guar Gum의 첨가가 난소절제한 흰쥐의 지질대사에 미치는 영향)

  • 안혜선
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.30 no.10
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    • pp.1123-1131
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    • 1997
  • This study examined the effect of dietary lipids and guar gum on lipid metabolism in ovariectomized rats. The experimental animals received ovarietomy (OVX). Lipids sources were divided into 3 groups (soybean oil(SB), beef tallow(BT)) and fish oil(FO)) and guar gum was supplemented to each lipid diet (SBG, BTG, FOG). Experimental diets were fed to therats for 16 weeks. Serum triglyceride (TG) levels were higher in the BT group and lower in the FO group as compared to the SB group .Serum total cholesterol (Tc) and HDL-C levels were lower in the FO group as compared to the SB group. Serum LDL-C and phospholipid levels were lower in the FO group as compared to the SB group. Serum lipids levels were lowered by guar gum supplement. Serum SFA(saturated fatty acids) contents were not significantly influenced by dietary lipids and guar gum. Serum MUFA(monounsaturated fatty acids) contents were the lowest in the SB group. Fecal weight was highest in the beef tallow group and lowest in the fish oil group. Fecal weight was increased by guar gum supplement in all lipid groups. Total bile acid content in feces was increased by guar gum supplement in the soybean oil and beef tallow groups. The endothelial cells of the beef tallow group changed from a flat shape to distorted round and enlarged shapes. The subendothelial layer was the thickness the thickest in the beef tallow group ; the interspace between elastic lamina was widened and elastic lamina was straightened and partly disrupted . The fish oil group showed more porminient endothelial cells and subendothelial layer. Internal elastic membrane and elastic lamina exhibited regularly wavy shapes. Guar gum supplement showed positive effects in all lipids groups. Based on the above results , it is suggested that beef tallow increased serum TG levels and injured the wall of the aorta. On the other hand, fish oil , which decreased serum lipid levels, has a positive effect on the walls of the aorta. Guar gum protects the aorta from injury by reducing the serum lipid levels. Therefore, it is suggested that soybean oil and beef tallow consumed with guar gum is beneficial.

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The Effect of Rice Germ Oil Supplement on Serum and Hepatic Lipid Levels of Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Mice (쌀눈기름의 급여가 Streptozotocin으로 유발한 당뇨 마우스의 혈액 및 간조직 중의 지질 수준에 미치는 영향)

  • 이성현;전혜경;이연숙
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.36 no.6
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    • pp.543-548
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    • 2003
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effects of rice germ oil supplement on the lipid metabolism of insulin-dependent diabetic mice. Streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice were fed three kinds of experimental diets with 20% lipid, composed of 20% lard (L) : 10% lard and 10% rice germ oil (LRGO) ; and 20% rice germ oil (RBO), respectively, for 7 weeks. Diet intake, body weight, organ weight and lipid levels of serum, liver and feces were measured. There was no significant difference in diet intake, body weight and organ weight among the experimental groups. But the concentrations of serum triglyceride in the LRGO and RGO groups, and of serum total cholesterol in the RGO group, were significantly lower than those of the L group fed the 20% lard diet. The levels of hepatic total lipid of the RGO group, and of hepatic total cholesterol of the LRGO and RGO groups were significantly lower than those of the L group. The contents of total lipid and total cholesterol excreted in the feces of the LRGO and RGO groups were higher than those of the L group. These results suggest that rice germ oil can reduce the levels of total cholesterol concentrations in the serum or livers of insulin-dependent diabetic mice, and that the hypolipidemic effect of rice germ oil may be due to increasing fecal lipid excretion and decreasing lipid absorptivity.

Serum Lipid Peroxide Level in Chronic Renal Failure (만성 신부전 환자의 혈청과산화 지질에 관한 연구)

  • 박란숙
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.32-35
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    • 1989
  • Serum lipid peroxide levels in 25 chronic renal failure patients undergoing hemodialysis were examined by determining TBA reaction with spectrofluorometry. The lipid peroxide levels, 208.9$\pm$88.4nmol/ml, in the patient group was significantly higher than 152.4$\pm$43.9nmol/ml of 48 control healthy subjects. It is likely that the elevated serum lipid peroxide levels can play a role in increasing tendency of hemorrhage and incidence of atherosclerosis in chronic renal failure patients.

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Effects of Polyacetylene Compounds from Panax Ginseng C.A. Meyer on $CCl_4$-Induced Lipid Peroxidation in Mouse Liver

  • Kim, Hye-Young;Lee, You-Hui;Kim, Shin-Il
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.13-22
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    • 1988
  • The inhibitory effect of three polyacetylene compounds, panaxydol, panaxynol and panaxytriol isolated from Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer on $CCl_4$induced lipid peroxidation in vivo and in vitro hepatic microsomal lipid peroxidation induced by ADP-$Fe^{3+}$, NADPH and NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase were investigated. Their effects on lowering the lipid peroxide levels both in serum and liver and lowering the serum enzyme (GOT, GPT, LDH) activities without the $CCl_4$-induction were also determined. Male ICR mice were pretreated i.p. with polyacetylene compounds or DL-${\alpha}$-tocopherol before administration of $CCl_4$ i.p. and 20 hr after the administration of $CCl_4,$ serum and liver were analyzed. Hepatic microsome was isolated and used for the in vitro NADPH-dependent lipid peroxidation system. Except for panaxynol, treatment with polyacetylenes to control mice did not reduce the levels of lipid peroxides and serum enzyme activities. Panaxynol itself inhibited lipid peroxidation in the liver of normal mice. Polyacetylene compounds protected from the $CCl_4$-induced hepatic lipid peroxidation and lowered serum lipid peroxide levels. Polyacetylenes also inhibited the in virto hepatic microsomal lipid peroxidation in a dose-dependent manner. The results suggest that panaxydol, panaxynol and panaxytriol seem to be the antioxidant components which contribute the anti-aging activities of Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer.

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Effects of Magnesium Supplement Levels and Periods on Lipid Metabolism and Enzyme Activities in Rats (저단백식이와 마그네슘 결핍식이 섭취시 마그네슘 보충이 흰쥐의 지질대사 및 효소 활성에 미치는 영향)

  • 정복미
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.26 no.8
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    • pp.933-941
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    • 1993
  • The present study was carried out to investigate the effects of magnesium supplement levels and periods on lipid metabolism in male Sprague-Dawley rats given low protein and magnesium deficient diets. The effect of magnesium supplement levels and periods on lipid metabolism in rats given a low protein and magnesium deficient diet for 2 weeks were investigated. Serum total lipid and triglyceride contents were significantly lower in magnesium supplement group compared with magnesium deficient group. Serum HDL-cholesterol/total cholesterol ratio was significantly increased as magnesium supplement level was increased. Liver total lipid, triglyceride, total cholesterol and phospholipid contents were significantly lower in magnesium supplement group than those in magnesium deficient group. Serum ALP, GOT and GPT activities were significantly decreased in magnesium supplement group compared with magnesium deficient group. In summary, the effect of magnesium supplement on lipid metabolism and enzyme activities were significant and we can see that magnesium supplement level propered to be requirement level(400 mg/kg diet)in the other cases except serum lipid contents.

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