• Title, Summary, Keyword: shear design

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Shear resistance characteristic and ductility of Y-type perfobond rib shear connector

  • Kim, Sang-Hyo;Park, Se-Jun;Heo, Won-Ho;Jung, Chi-Young
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.497-517
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    • 2015
  • This study evaluates behavior of the Y-type perfobond rib shear connector proposed by Kim et al. (2013). In addition, an empirical shear resistance formula is developed based on push-out tests. Various types of the proposed Y-type perfobond rib shear connectors are examined to evaluate the effects of design variables such as concrete strength, number of transverse rebars, and thickness of rib. It is verified that higher concrete strength increases shear resistance but decreases ductility. Placing transverse rebars significantly increases both the shear resistance and ductility. As the thickness of the ribs increases, the shear resistance increases but the ductility decreases. The experimental results indicate that a Y-type perfobond rib shear connector has higher shear resistance and ductility than the conventional stud shear connector. The effects of the end bearing resistance, resistance by transverse rebars, concrete dowel resistance by holes, and concrete dowel resistance by Y-shape ribs on the shear resistance are estimated empirically based on the push-out test results and the additional push-out test results by Kim et al. (2013). An empirical shear resistance formula is suggested to estimate the shear resistance of a Y-type perfobond shear connector for design purposes. The newly developed shear resistance formula is in reasonable agreement with the experimental results because the average ratio of measured shear resistance to estimated shear resistance is 1.024.

Evaluation on the Maximum Yield Strength of Steel Stirrups in Reinforced Concrete Beams (철근콘크리트 보에 사용된 전단보강철근의 항복강도 제한에 대한 평가)

  • Lee, Jin-Eun;Lee, Jung-Yoon
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.685-693
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    • 2012
  • The yield strength of shear reinforcement is restricted in the present design codes. In this study, the possibility of the yield strength increase in shear reinforcement is evaluated according to ACI318-08, EC2-02 and CSA-04 by comparing the experimental and calculated results. Three cases were used to analyze the shear strength of the beam. One had no limitation in the yield strength of shear reinforcement, another had restriction on the yield strength of shear reinforcement, and the other had a restriction on the yield strength of shear reinforcement and the shear reinforcement ratio. The study results showed that the case with unlimited shear reinforcement yield strength predicted the test result better than other two cases. Even though the rebar yield strength higher than the strength required in present code was applied to existing shear design equation, the result was reasonable. Therefore, the design equation seemed to be appropriate even if the high-strength shear reinforcement is used in practice based on the existing shear design method.

Modeling shear capacity of RC slender beams without stirrups using genetic algorithms

  • Nehdi, M.;Greenough, T.
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.51-68
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    • 2007
  • High-strength concrete (HSC) is becoming increasingly attractive for various construction projects since it offers a multitude of benefits over normal-strength concrete (NSC). Unfortunately, current design provisions for shear capacity of RC slender beams are generally based on data developed for NSC members having a compressive strength of up to 50 MPa, with limited recommendations on the use of HSC. The failure of HSC beams is noticeably different than that of NSC beams since the transition zone between the cement paste and aggregates is much denser in HSC. Thus, unlike NSC beams in which micro-cracks propagate around aggregates, providing significant aggregate interlock, micro-cracks in HSC are trans-granular, resulting in relatively smoother fracture surfaces, thereby inhibiting aggregate interlock as a shear transfer mechanism and reducing the influence of compressive strength on the ultimate shear strength of HSC beams. In this study, a new approach based on genetic algorithms (GAs) was used to predict the shear capacity of both NSC and HSC slender beams without shear reinforcement. Shear capacity predictions of the GA model were compared to calculations of four other commonly used methods: the ACI method, CSA method, Eurocode-2, and Zsutty's equation. A parametric study was conducted to evaluate the ability of the GA model to capture the effect of basic shear design parameters on the behaviour of reinforced concrete (RC) beams under shear loading. The parameters investigated include compressivestrength, amount of longitudinal reinforcement, and beam's depth. It was found that the GA model provided more accurate evaluation of shear capacity compared to that of the other common methods and better captured the influence of the significant shear design parameters. Therefore, the GA model offers an attractive user-friendly alternative to conventional shear design methods.

Experimental Study of Reinforced High-Strength Concrete Beams without Stirrups Considering Shear Behaviour (전단보강근이 없는 고강도 콘크리트 깊은 보의 전단특성 실험연구)

  • Yang, Seong-Hwan;Lee, Dong-Jun
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Building Construction
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.336-342
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    • 2014
  • Shear strengths of reinforced high strength concrete beams without web reinforcement are studied with experimental analysis of 10 specimen with 2.4 shear span-to-depth ratio (a/d) beams for 4 stages of concrete compressive stength over 60MPa comparing ultimate loads and shear stresses of ACI363R and KCI code equations. Expecially, concrete compressive strengths used in shear design were essentially limited to 10,000 psi (69MPa) by ACI363R and KCI Code. The modified Code equation's shear stresses of the specimen without the limit are compared with test results. The comparison between the modified exist Code equations results and test results are expected to show an available scope to apply in construction field and to give considerations of design and contraction.

Damage assessment and performance-based seismic design of timber-steel hybrid shear wall systems

  • Li, Zheng;He, Minjuan;Li, Minghao;Lam, Frank
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.101-117
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    • 2014
  • This paper presents a reliability-based analysis on seismic performance of timber-steel hybrid shear wall systems. Such system is composed of steel moment resisting frame and infill wood frame shear wall. The performance criteria of the hybrid system with respect to different seismic hazard levels were determined through a damage assessment process, and the effectiveness of the infill wood shear walls on improving the seismic performance of the hybrid systems was evaluated. Performance curves were obtained by considering different target non-exceedance probabilities, and design charts were further established as a function of seismic weight. Wall drift responses and shear forces in wood-steel bolted connections were used as performance criteria in establishing the performance curves to illustrate the proposed design procedure. It was found that the presence of the infill wood shear walls significantly reduced the non-performance probabilities of the hybrid wall systems. This study provides performance-based seismic evaluations on the timber-steel hybrid shear walls in support of future applications of such hybrid systems in multi-story buildings.

A study on the behaviour of coupled shear walls

  • Bhunia, Dipendu;Prakash, Vipul;Pandey, Ashok D.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.42 no.5
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    • pp.645-675
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    • 2012
  • An effective design technique for symmetrical coupled shear walls is presented. Proposed formulation including assumptions and steps with mathematical formulation has been elaborated to make the design technique. An example has been considered to validate the technique with the DRAIN-3DX (1993) and SAP V 10.0.5 (2000) nonlinear programs. Parametric study has also been considered to find out the limitations along with remedial action of this technique. On the other hand, nonlinear static analysis is considered to determine the response reduction factor of coupled shear walls. Finally, it has been concluded in this paper that the proposed design technique can be considered to design the coupled shear walls under seismic motion.

Predicting shear capacity of NSC and HSC slender beams without stirrups using artificial intelligence

  • El-Chabib, H.;Nehdi, M.;Said, A.
    • Computers and Concrete
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.79-96
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    • 2005
  • The use of high-strength concrete (HSC) has significantly increased over the last decade, especially in offshore structures, long-span bridges, and tall buildings. The behavior of such concrete is noticeably different from that of normal-strength concrete (NSC) due to its different microstructure and mode of failure. In particular, the shear capacity of structural members made of HSC is a concern and must be carefully evaluated. The shear fracture surface in HSC members is usually trans-granular (propagates across coarse aggregates) and is therefore smoother than that in NSC members, which reduces the effect of shear transfer mechanisms through aggregate interlock across cracks, thus reducing the ultimate shear strength. Current code provisions for shear design are mainly based on experimental results obtained on NSC members having compressive strength of up to 50MPa. The validity of such methods to calculate the shear strength of HSC members is still questionable. In this study, a new approach based on artificial neural networks (ANNs) was used to predict the shear capacity of NSC and HSC beams without shear reinforcement. Shear capacities predicted by the ANN model were compared to those of five other methods commonly used in shear investigations: the ACI method, the CSA simplified method, Response 2000, Eurocode-2, and Zsutty's method. A sensitivity analysis was conducted to evaluate the ability of ANNs to capture the effect of main shear design parameters (concrete compressive strength, amount of longitudinal reinforcement, beam size, and shear span to depth ratio) on the shear capacity of reinforced NSC and HSC beams. It was found that the ANN model outperformed all other considered methods, providing more accurate results of shear capacity, and better capturing the effect of basic shear design parameters. Therefore, it offers an efficient alternative to evaluate the shear capacity of NSC and HSC members without stirrups.

Shear Strength of R/C Shear Walls with Openings (개구부를 갖는 전단벽의 전단강도)

  • 윤현도;최창식;황선경;한병찬;박완신
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.223-228
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    • 2003
  • Results of 61 framed reinforced concrete shear walls with openings were reviewed to evaluate the current design provisions for nominal shear strength. Provisions for ACI 318-02 and AIJ Code pertaining to shear design of shear walls evaluated the applicability of shear walls with openings subjected to lateral and vertical loads. Evaluation of test results indicates that the nominal unit shear strength($\Psi$=1.0) calculated using the provisions of ACI and AIJ does not represent the observed shear strength well. Based on the limited database considered in this study, A reasonable lower bound to the shear strength of high-strength concrete shear walls is found to be $1.09\sqrt{f_{cu}}$ kgf/$\textrm{cm}^2$.

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A Comparison of the Direct Shear Test and Shear Simulation Based on the Discrete Element Method (직접전단시험과 이산요소법에 기반한 전단 시뮬레이션과의 비교)

  • Jung, Sung-Heon;Sohn, Jeong-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Manufacturing Process Engineers
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.86-91
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    • 2020
  • An important factor of rough road modeling is analyzing the shear behavior properties of the rough road. These properties influence the drawbar pull of the tool when interacting with the soil used in agriculture. Furthermore, shear behavior properties are important because sinkage and shear stress are generated when wheels drive on rough roads. In this study, we performed a direct shear test to investigate the shear behavior properties of soils and compare with the direct shear simulation; shear force derived by the coupled analysis of discrete element method; and multi-body dynamics. Soil contact parameters were measured in a wheel and soil contact simulation followed by comparison of the simulated and experimentally measured shear force.

Development and Structural Assessment of Joints of Permanent Uni-Wall System and Floor Systems in Substructure

  • Chun, Sung-Chul;Kim, Seung-Hun;Noh, Sam-Young;Kim, Kap-Soo;Han, Byum-Seok
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Building Construction
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.230-242
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    • 2012
  • Recently the Permanent Uni-wall System (PUS) has been developed which improved the disadvantage of the Cast-In-Place Concrete Pile (CIP) and could be used as permanent retaining wall. In this study, joints between PUS and floor systems were developed. From analyses of the characteristics of design and construction of PUS, shear friction reinforcements with couplers were adopted for shear design of the joints. Twelve types of joints were developed which were classified according to the types of floor structures, wale, and piles of PUS. Two typical joints were tested and the joints showed satisfactory behaviors on the points of shear strength, stiffness, and serviceability. Especially the shear strengths were much higher than the design strengths due to the shear keys which were by-products in splicing shear reinforcements. However, the shear strength of the joint is recommended to be designed by only shear friction reinforcement because shear key is not reliable and too brittle.