• 제목, 요약, 키워드: simultaneous steam distillation and extraction (SDE)

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연속수증기증류법(SDE)과 동적헤드스페이스법(DHS)에 의한 참기름 중의 향기성분의 분석 (Analysis of Volatiles in Sesame Oil Collected by Simultaneous Distillation/Extraction(SDE) and Dynamic Headspace Sampling (DHS))

  • 하재호
    • 분석과학
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.399-405
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    • 1996
  • 참기름 중의 향기성분을 연속수증기증류법(SDE)과 동적헤드스페이스법(DHS)으로 포집하여 GC와 GC-MSD로 동정하였다. SDE로 분석하였을 때 alcohol 6종, aldehyde 6종, ketone 및 acid류 5종, furan 및 phenol류 4종, pyrazine 화합물 12종, pyridine 및 thiazole류 4종, 기타 9종으로 총 46종이 확인되었다. DHS로 분석한 경우 alcohol 3종, aldehyde 6종, ketone, furan 및 phenol류 6종, pyrazine류 12종, pyridine 및 thiazole 4종, 기타 5종으로 모두 36종이 확인되었다. 대부분의 화합물이 SDE법에서 분리된 것이었으나 1-hexanol, pentanal, dimethylsulfide등은 DHS법에 의해서만 분리되었다.

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수증기 증류법과 초임계유체 추출법으로 분리한 배초향의 정유성분 조성 비교 (Comparison of Essential Oil Composition Extracted from Agastache rugosa by Steam Distillation and Supercritical Fluid Extraction)

  • 김근수;김삼곤;김용하;김영회;이종철
    • 한국연초학회지
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.65-70
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    • 2001
  • In order to compare the extraction patterns of main components from the raw material between the extraction methods, the aerial parts (dried stem, leaves, and flowers) of Agastache rugosa were extracted by SDE simultaneous steam distillation & extraction) and SFE (supercritical fluid extraction). Volatile components of essential oil and extract were identified by GC and GC-MSD. The contents of essential oil extracted by SDE were 0.49% in aerial part of Agastache rugosa on dry basis. Major components were methyl chavicol(27.2%), isomenthone(24.6%), hexadecanoic acid(13.0%). menthone (5.5%) among 32 kinds of components confirmed in essential oil. On the other hand, the contents of SFE extracts revealed 3.21% on dry basis, 6 times higher than those of SDE. Major components were isomenthone(15.3%), hexadecanoic acid(13.7%), methyl chavicol(12.6%), benzoic acid(3.8%) among 33 kinds of components identified in extract.

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추출방법에 따른 미역취의 정유 성분 분석 (Analysis of Essential Oil Composition of Solidago virga-aurea var. asiatica Nakai with Different Extraction Methods)

  • 최향숙
    • 한국식품영양학회지
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.153-161
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    • 2016
  • This study investigated the chemical composition of Solidago virga-aurea var. asiatica Nakai essential oils collected using different extraction methods. The essential oils obtained by simultaneous steam distillation extraction (SDE) and hydrodistillation extraction (HDE) methods from the aerial parts of Solidago virga-aurea var. asiatica Nakai were analyzed by GC and GC-MS. Ninety-nine volatile flavor compounds were identified in the essential oil produced from Solidago virga-aurea var. asiatica Nakai using the SDE method. These compounds were classified into eight categories in terms of chemical functionality: 26 hydrocarbons, 8 aldehydes, 36 alcohols, 7 ketones, 12 esters, 5 oxides and epixides, 4 acids, and a miscellaneous one. Spathulenol (15.66%) was the most abundant compound. Ninety-eight compounds including of 35 hydrocarbons, 6 aldehydes, 29 alcohols, 6 ketones, 10 esters, 4 oxides and epixides, 7 acids, and a miscellaneous one were identified in the essential oil from the plant using the HDE method. Hexadecanoic acid (24.74%) was the most abundant compound. The chemical composition of Solidago virga-aurea var. asiatica Nakai essential oils extracted by SDE and HDE methods are characterized by high content of sesquiterpene alcohols and acids, respectively. The extraction methods may be influenced in the chemical composition of natural plant essential oils.

추출방법에 의한 아니스의 휘발성 성분 조성 비교 (A Comparison of Different Extraction Methods for the Volatile Components of Anise(Pimpinella anisum L.))

  • 권영주;장희진;곽재진;김옥찬;최영현;이재곤
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.40 no.2
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    • pp.144-147
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    • 1997
  • 식물체의 향기성분을 분리하는데 사용되는 몇가지 방법을 비교하기 위해서 headspace(purge & trap)법, simultaneous distillation extraction(SDE)법, steam distillation법, 용매추출법 등으로 분리된 휘발성 성분의 조성차이를 분석하여 각각의 사용된 방법들의 특징을 비교하였다. 휘발성 성분 분석시료로는 Anise(Pimpinella anisum L.)씨앗을 사용하였으며 분리된 휘발성분중 GC/MSD를 이용하여 43종의 성분을 확인하였다. Headspace (purge & trap)법에서는 휘발성이 강한 2-butanol, pentanal, 3-hexen-1-ol 등과 같은 alcohol류 및 aldehyde류 성분들을 주요성분으로 확인할 수 있었으며, 용매추출에서는 비점이 높은 성분들인 myristic acid, oleic acid 등의 acid류 성분들과 ethyl hexadecanoate, ethyl octadecanoate 등과 같은 ester 화합물들이 주요성분으로 확인되었다. SDE법과 steam distillation법에서 추출된 성분의 조성은 유사하였으며 terpene 화합물들이 주요성분으로 확인되었다. Anise의 주성분인 anethole은 SDE법, headspace(purge & trap)법으로 추출하였을때 가장 많이 추출되었다.

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추출방법에 따른 편백 정유의 향기 성분 비교 및 아토피 개선에의 응용 (Comparison of Volatile Compounds of Chamaecyparis obtusa Essential Oil and its Application on the Improvement of Atopic Dermatitis)

  • 임금숙;김란;조훈;문영숙;최창남
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.115-122
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    • 2013
  • Volatile flavor compounds of Chamaecyparis obtuse essential oil were extracted by simultaneous steam distillation extraction (SDE) and supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) and analyzed by GC-MS. A total of 48 and 50 components were identified in essential oil by SDE and SFE, respectively. Monoterpenes, oxygenated monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, oxygenated sesquiterpenes, and diterpenes in essential oil by SDE were 37.24, 10.9, 9.61, 0.22, and 0.22%, respectively. In the case of SFE, they were 19.1, 23.3, 22.66, 1.31, and 10.57%, respectively. Antioxidant activities were increased with the increase of essential oil up to $80{\mu}L/mL$, irrespective of extraction method. Especially, when the essential oil concentration extracted by SDE was increased from 20 to $80{\mu}L/mL$, the antioxidant activity was increased from 10.5 to 55.1%. However, over $80{\mu}L/mL$ of essential oil, an equilibrium state was maintained. In the case of essential oil extracted by SFE, it was decreased compared to that of SDE. For the improvement of atopic dermatitis, various cosmetics such as an ato-cide soap, ato-cide spray, and ato-cide lotion containing essential oil extracted by SFE were tested. About over 90% was useful for the improvement of atopic dermatitis after 4 weeks of clinical trial targeting 40 female adults. These results demonstrate that ato-cide soap, ato-cide spray, and ato-cide lotion containing essential oil extracted by SFE could be used in functional cosmetics.

Characteristics and Antioxidative Activity of Volatile Compounds in Heated Garlic (Allium sativum)

  • Woo, Koan-Sik;Yoon, Hyang-Sik;Lee, Youn-Ri;Lee, Jun-Soo;Kim, Dae-Joong;Hong, Jin-Tae;Jeong, Heon-Sang
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.822-827
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    • 2007
  • The aroma characteristics and antioxidative activity of volatile compounds in heat-treated garlic (Allium sativum L.) were evaluated. The garlic was heated to various temperatures (100, 110, 120, and $130^{\circ}C$) for different lengths of time (1, 2, and 3 hr). The volatile compounds of heated garlic were extracted by simultaneous steam distillation extraction (SDE). Aroma compound profiles were analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) and antioxidative activity was measured by 2,2-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay and 2,2'-azino-bis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) cation decolorization assay. The major aroma compounds were sulfur compounds such as dimethyl disulfide, 2-propen-1-ol, methyl-2-propenyl disulfide, dimethyl trisulfide, diallyl disulfide, methyl-2-propenyl trisulfide, and di-2-propenyl trisulfide. DPPH radical scavenging activity (EDA, %) and the ascorbic acid equivalent antioxidant activity (AEAC) of volatile compounds in heated garlic increased significantly with the increase of temperature and time (p<0.001). The EDA (%) and AEAC of raw garlic were 26.8%/10 mg garlic and 39.05 mg ascorbic acid equivalent per g sample. After heat treatment, the highest values were 40.50%/10 mg garlic for EDA (%) and 46.43 mg ascorbic acid equivalent per g sample for ABTS.

Profiling of Volatile Components Using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry in Commercial Pine Needle (Pinus densiflora S. and Z.) Powder

  • Kim, Joo-Shin;Chung, Hau-Yin
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.45-54
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    • 2011
  • Volatile components in commercial pine needle (Pinus densiflora S. and Z.) powder were extracted using simultaneous steam distillation and a solvent extraction (SDE) apparatus, and were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). A total of 230 compounds divided into 13 groups were identified, which included alcohols (42), ketones (39), aldehydes (32), terpenes (30), alkenes (17), esters (14), furans (14), benzenes (10), alkanes (8), napthalenes (7), acids (6), miscellaneous compounds (6), and phenols (5). Among the 230 compounds identified, 96 compounds were positively confirmed and quantified, and the rest of the compounds were tentatively identified. The major volatile components identified at relatively high levels were dodecanoic acid, hexadecanoic acid, hexanal, benzaldehyde, (Z)-3-hexen-1-ol, 1-penten-3-one, limonene, and $\beta$-caryophyllene oxide. Among the groups, terpenes accounted for 60.18% of the total concentration of all the volatile components. Some volatile components might account for the unique aroma and the biological activity of the sample.

Characterization of Volatile Components in Field Bean (Dolichos lablab) Obtained by Simultaneous Steam Distillation and Solvent Extraction

  • Kim, Joo-Shin;Chung, Hau-Yin
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.18-22
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    • 2008
  • Volatile components in field bean (Dolichos lablab) were collected by simultaneous steam distillation and solvent extraction and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. One hundred and five components were identified including alcohols (32), ketones (18), aldehydes (9), acid (1), alkanes (5), aromatics compounds (4), esters (2), furans (2), naphthalene (1), pyrazines (4), pyridine (3), sulfur-containing compounds (4) and terpenes (7) and miscellaneous compounds (13). Relatively high concentration of n-hexanal found in the field bean might be undesirable to some consumers.

Analysis of the Volatile Components in Red Bean (Vigna angularis)

  • Kim, Joo-Shin;Chung, Hau-Yin
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.50 no.3
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    • pp.120-126
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    • 2007
  • Volatile components in red bean (Vigna angularis) were investigated. Extracts prepared by simultaneous steam distillation and solvent extraction were analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. One hundred and forty-two components including alkanes/alkenes (17), aromatics (5), furans (15), miscellaneous compounds (2), other nitrogen-containing compounds (11), aldehydes (11), naphthalenes (11), alcohols (34), ketones (23), sulfur-containing compounds (5) and esters (8) were identified. Some of these components, e.g. hexanal, were known to contribute to the "beany" odor in other beans. Due to the presence of such odor, red beans may not be acceptable to some consumers.

딸기의 휘발성 향기성분의 초임계 유체 추출 (Supercritical Fluid Extraction of Volatile Components from Strawberry)

  • 이해창;서혜영;신동빈;박용곤;김윤숙;지중룡;최희돈
    • 한국식품과학회지
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    • v.41 no.6
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    • pp.615-621
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    • 2009
  • SFE법을 이용하여 딸기의 휘발성 향기성분을 추출하기 위한 시료의 적정 전처리 및 SFE 작동조건을 검토하였으며, SDE법 및 SE법 등의 추출방법과 휘발성 향기성분 조성을 비교하였다. 딸기 생시료, 동결건조시료, 그리고 생시료에 celite를 30, 70%를 혼합하여 제조한 시료를 이용하여 SFE 처리후 향기성분을 분석한 결과, 생시료에 celite를 70% 첨가하는 방법이 향기성분을 추출하는데 가장 효과적인 것으로 나타났다. 온도(40, $55^{\circ}C$)와 압력(3,000, 6,000 psi)을 달리하여 SFE 처리한 결과, 3000 psi, $55^{\circ}C$ 조건에서 alcohol류와 acid류의 추출효율이 증가하였으며, $\gamma$-dodecalactone의 함량도 3배 정도 높은 수준으로 나타났다. SDE법, SFE법 및 SE법 등의 추출방법별 딸기의 휘발성 향기성분을 분석한 결과, SFE법은 SDE법에 비해 추출한 휘발성 향기성분의 종류는 적지만 추출량이 비슷하면서 열분해 및 열변성이 발생하지 않아 딸기 고유의 향기에 가까운 향기패턴을 나타내었으며, 기호적으로 우수한 acid류가 다량 함유된 향기성분을 추출하기에 적합한 것으로 나타났다.