• Title, Summary, Keyword: simultaneous steam distillation and extraction (SDE)

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Studies on the volatile compounds of Cnidium officinale (천궁(Cnidium officinale)의 향기성분)

  • 이재곤;권영주;장희진;김옥찬;박준영
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.20-25
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    • 1994
  • The volatile components were extracted from root of Cnidium officinale M. by SDE(Simultaneous steam distillation and extraction) apparatus and analyzed by GC/M.5 and GC retention index matching. The experimental results revealed the presence of over 22 volatile components. Major components were cnidilide (35.1%), neocnidilids (13.4%), ligustilide (23.2%). The essential oils were separated by silica gel column chromatography(Merck 70-230mesh), and 4 fractions among 12 fractions separated had a, good aroma character.

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Characteristics of Volatile Flavor Compounds of Fuji Apples by Different Extraction Methods (추출방법에 따른 후지사과의 휘발성 향기성분 특성)

  • Seo, Hye-Young;Lee, Hae-Chang;Kim, Yun-Sook;Choi, In-Wook;Park, Yong-Kon;Shin, Dong-Bin;Kim, Kyong-Su;Choi, Hee-Don
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.37 no.12
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    • pp.1615-1621
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    • 2008
  • The characteristics of volatile flavor compounds of Fuji apples were compared by different extraction methods for information leading to a natural fragrance development. The volatile flavor components of Fuji apples were extracted using simultaneous steam distillation and extraction (SDE), solvent extraction (SE), and solid-phase microextraction (SPME) methods and then analyzed by gas chromatograph-mass spectrometer. A total of 66, 32 and 54 components were identified in SDE, SE and SPME extracts, respectively. (E,E)-$\alpha$-Farnesene, hexanol, butanol, 2-methyl butanol, hexyl hexanoate, hexyl 2-methyl butanoate, hexyl butanoate, and butyl hexanoate were the major flavor components in the extracts by different methods, but the composition of volatiles in the extracts were different. Alcohols and hydrocarbons were the major functional groups in SDE and SE extract whereas esters and hydrocarbons were the major functional groups in SPME extracts. SPME was the most suitable method for analysis of fresh volatiles from Fuji apples.

Comparison of Volatile Compounds from Thymus Magnus Nakai by Three Different Extraction Methods (추출방법에 따른 섬백리향의 휘발성 향기성분 비교)

  • Lee, Sa Eun;Kim, Songmun;Lim, Won Churl;Kang, Ki Choon;Pyo, Hyeong Bae
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.40 no.2
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    • pp.171-178
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to analyse the volatile components of Thymus magnus Nakai extracted by different extraction methods and reproduce scent close to original plant based on the results. For this purpose, the essential oil of T. magnus was extracted by supercritical fluid extraction (SFE), water and steam distillation (WSD) and simultaneous steam distillation and extraction (SDE) methods. The compositions of the essential oil were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Consequently, linalool (0.1%) and trans-sabinene hydrate (0.9%) contents in the essential oil extracted by SFE method of $40^{\circ}C$ - 400 bar condition were relatively higher than compositions of the essential oil extracted by different conditions. The contents of borneol (3.82%), terpinen-4-ol (0.3%) and caryophyllene oxide (2.2%) were relatively higher at $50^{\circ}C$ - 400 bar and the contents of ${\beta}$-bisabolene (5.88%), 1-octen-3-ol (0.31%), caryophyllene (2.91%), p-cymene (2.04%) and ${\gamma}$-terpinene (0.52%) were extracted relatively higher at $50^{\circ}C$ - 300 bar. The compositions of the essential oil extracted by SFE method of $50^{\circ}C$ - 200 bar condition contained relatively higher contents of thymol (77.63%) and carvacrol (5.65%). The contents of ${\alpha}$-bisabolol (0.17%), caryophyllene (6.46%), cis-${\alpha}$-bisabolene (1.52%) and ${\beta}$-bisabolene (20.65%) in the essential oil extracted by WSD method were relatively higher than compositions of the essential oil extracted by SFE method, and by SDE method we couldn't obtained essential oil. The results of this study could be utilized to reproduce scent close to original scent of T. magnus.

Volatile Flavor Components of Korean Auricularia polytricha (Mont.) sacc. Mushroom (한국산 털목이버섯의 휘발성 향기성분)

  • Lee, Jae-Gon;Do, Jae-Ho;Sung, Hyun-Soon;Lee, Jong-Won
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.38 no.6
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    • pp.546-548
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    • 1995
  • An attempt was made to determine the volatile flavor components of Auricularia polytricha mushroom. Essential oils from the dried mushroom were isolated by a simultaneous steam distillation-extraction(SDE) method using diethyl ether as a solvent. Total 30 components were identified bt GC-MS from the in essential oils including 11 acids, 10 alcohols, 5 aldehydes, 3 ketons, 1 other components. The major volatile components were heaxadecanoic acid(16.74%), benzeneethanol(7.77%), pentadecanoic acid(7.59%), dihydro-5-penhtyl-2-(3H)-furanone acid(4.28%), tetradecanoic acid(3.37%), pentanoic acid(3.38%) and 1-octen-3-ol(1.26%).

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Quality and Volatile-Flavor Compound Characteristics of Hypsizigus marmoreus (느티만가닥 버섯의 품질 및 휘발성 향기 성분 특성)

  • Park, Myoung-Su;Park, Joong-Hyun;Oh, Deog-Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.552-558
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    • 2011
  • Hypsizigus marmoreus is a wild mushroom commonly consumed in South Korea due to its beneficial effects on health. In the present study, the general chemical and inorganic-element composition, the total amino acid contents, and the volatile-flavor compounds of H. marmoreus were investigated for food uses. The proximate compositions consisted of 60.1% carbohydrate, 32.0% crude protein, 8.98% moisture, 5.0% ash, and 2.0% crude lipid. The minerals in H. marmoreus were found to be as follows; potassium (429.5 mg), phosphorus (101.9 mg), sodium (20.3 mg), magnesium (54.86 mg), calcium (2.7 mg), zinc (0.8 mg), iron (0.7 mg), manganese (0.2 mg), and copper (0.1 mg), based on 100 g of mushroom dry weight. Seventeen kinds of total amino acids were found in H. marmoreus, with the glutamine acid content being the highest (2,340 mg/100 g), followed by the asparagine, serine, arginine, and leucine contents. The volatile-flavor components of H. marmoreus were collected via simultaneous steam distillation extraction (SDE), and were analyzed via gas chromatography-massspectrophotometry (GC-MS). A total of 17 volatile-flavor compounds were identified, including eight aldehydes, seven alcohols, one acids, and one other compounds. The most abundant compound was 2,3,6-trimethy1 pyridine, which accounted for more than 40% of the total volatiles; other important compounds were 1-octen-3-o1, buty1hydroxytoluene (BHT), isoocty1 phthalate, 3-octanal, 1-undecanol, and 2-amylfuran. These results provide preliminary data for the development of H. marmoreus as an edible food material.

The Effect of Dispersion Medium on Intensity of Volatile Flavor Components and Recovery of Essential Oil from Capsella bursa-pastoris by Steam Distillation (수증기 증류시 분산매의 조성이 냉이의 휘발성 향기성분의 강도 및 정유 회수율에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Hyang-Sook;Lee, Mie-Soon
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.827-833
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    • 1996
  • Along with the increased necessity for an efficient utilization of Korean wild edible plants growing in fields and mountains, attempts were made to investigate the patterns of flavor changes accompanied hy various conditions of dispersion medium. The effect of various pH values and concentration of sucrose or NaCl of dispersion medium on volatile flavor patterns was investigated to evaluate the applicability of flavor components extracted from Capsella bursa-pastoris for food industry. Essential oils from this wild plant were isolated by simultaneous steam distillation-extraction (SDE) method using diethyl ether as solvent. Concentrated samples were analyzed s chromatography (GC) and combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Most volatile flavor components of Capsella bursa-pastoris showed good recovery when steam distilled at pH 7 by SDE method. Increasing concentration of sucrose and 15% by NaCl, resulted in greater numbers of identified flavor components from Capsella bursa-pastoris.

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Changes in Odor Characteristics of Doenjang with Different Preparing Methods and Ripening Periods (제조방법과 숙성기간에 따른 된장의 향기특성 변화)

  • Choi, Mi-Kyung;Sohn, Kyung-Hee;Jeon, Hyeong-Ju
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.265-274
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    • 1997
  • This study was conducted in ordor to find the most suitable conditions for producing the Doenjang with optimal odor compound contents. Three sample groups with the different preparing methods -Doenjang that has not gone through the soy sauce separation process (Doenjang A), Doenjang that has gone through the soy sauce separation process; Meju-20% salt water ratio of 1 : 4 (Doenjang B), and that with the ratio of 1.3 : 4 (Doenjang C)- were tested during different ripening periods. Odor compound contents were analyzed through Solvent Extraction Method and Simultaneous Steam Distillation Extraction (SDE). The number of odor compounds was greatest in Doenjang A and during the mid to late stage in each groups. In the sensory evaluation of Doenjang odors, Doenjang A received the highest scores in the categories of overall preferences, while Doenjang C got the lowest scores. Individual odor didn't vary significantly during ripening periods, but the overall odor and taste preference was highest in the samples ripened for 75 to 120 days. Stepwise multiple regression analysis of major odor compounds of Doenjang revealed that benzeneacetaldehyde is the major explanatory variable for offensive odor. Benzeneethanol, 3-methylthio-propanal and 4-methyl-phenol are the explanatory variables for salty odor, nutty odor and rancid odor, respectively. Odor compounds that contribute to the overall odor preference varied from the compounds that affect the taste preference.

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Volatile Flavor Components in Various Varieties of Peach(Prunus persica L.) Cultivated in Korea (국내산 복숭아의 품종별 휘발성 향기성분)

  • 박은령;조정옥;김경수
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.206-215
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    • 1999
  • Volatile flavor components in five varieties, Bekdo, Chundo, Yumung, Daegubo and Hwangdo, of peach (Prunus persica L.) were extracted by SDE (Simultaneous steam distillation and extraction) method using the mixture of n-pentane and diethylether(1:1, v/v) as an extract solvent. Analysis of the concentrate by capillary gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry led to the identification of 83, 85, 70, 74 and 66 components in Bekdo, Chundo, Yumung, Daegubo and Hwangdo, respectively. Aroma patterns (29 alcohols, 27 ketones, 18 aldehydes, 9 esters, 5 ethers, 3 acids, 6 terpene and derivatives, and 26 miscellaneous) were identified and quantified in five cultivars. Ethyl acetate, hexanal, o-xylene, (E)-2-hexenal, hexanol, (E)-2-hexen-1-ol, benzaldehyde, r-decalactone and r-dodecalactone were the main components in each samples, though there were several differences in composition of volatile components. Beside C$\_$6/ compounds, a series of saturated and unsaturated r- and $\delta$-lactones ranging from chain length C$\_$6/ to C$\_$l2/, with concentration maxima for r-decalactone and r-dodecalactone, were a major class of constituents. Lactones and peroxidation products of unsaturated fatty acid (i.e. C$\_$6/ aldehydes and alcohols) were major constituents of the extract.

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Volatile Flavor Components in Various Varieties of Grape(Vitis vinifera L.) (포도의 품종별 휘발성 향기성분 분석)

  • 박은령;김경수
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.366-372
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    • 2000
  • Volatile flavor components in three grape(Vitis vinifera L.) varieties were extracted by SDE(Simultaneous steam distillation and extraction) method using the mixture of n-pentane and diethylether(1:1, v/v) as an extract solvent. Grapes of the following varieties were studies : Blackolympia, Campbell and Delaware. The volatile extracts were analyzed by GC-FID and GC/MS. The totals of 77, 72 and 74 volatile flavor components were identified in Blackolympia, Campbell and Delaware, respectively. (E)-2-Hexenal(20.36%), diethylacetal(18.03%), hexanal and ethyl acetate were contained as the main compounds of Blackolympia. In Campbell, ethyl acetate(30.81%) was relatively more abundant than other compounds and among functional groups, C$\_$6/ aldehydes and alcohols were major constituents of the extract. On the other hand, in Delaware, alcohols was the major constituent group and (E)-2-hexenal(21.07%) and (E)-2-hexena1-ol(19.43%) were the main compounds. All of three grape varieties contained a large amount of hexanal, (E)-2-hexenal, hexanol, (E)-2-hexen-1-ol, thus C$\_$6/-compounds proved to be major volatile components of grape and small amount of terpenols were only detected from Delaware.

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Flavor Characteristics of Volatile Compounds from Shrimp by GC Olfactometry (GCO) (GC Olfactometry를 이용한 새우의 휘발성성분 특성평가)

  • 이미정;이신조;조지은;정은주;김명찬;김경환;이양봉
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.953-957
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    • 2002
  • Volatile compounds from shrimp whole body (SWB) and shrimp shell waste (SSW) were isolated, and identified by the combination of SDE (simultaneous steam distillation and solvent extraction), GC (gas chromatography, HP-5890 plus)and MSD (mass selective detecter) or olfactometry. The peak numbers isolated from SWB and SSW were 20 and 46, respectively. The amounts of the volatile compounds isolated from SSW were higher than those of SWB. SWB produced more low-boiling compounds below 7$0^{\circ}C$ and SSW did more high boiling compounds over 10$0^{\circ}C$. The volatile compounds identified from SSW were 9 pyrazines,5 acids,4 aldehydes, and 4 alcohols. These volatile compounds were evaluated by aroma extraction dilution analysis and gas chromatography olfactometry (GCO). Some compounds which were not detected by GC-FID and GC-MSD were found to be a strong shrimp flavor of log$_3$ FD 3 value by GCO. Strong shrimp odors were detected in low temperature while nutty aromatic odors and unpleasant oily smells were found in high temperature.