• Title, Summary, Keyword: simultaneous steam distillation and extraction (SDE)

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Chemical Characterization and Antibacterial Effect of Volatile Flavor Concentrate from Houttyunia cordata Thunb (어성초의 화학적 특성과 휘발성 향기성분 추출물의 항균효과)

  • Shin Sung-Euy;Suh Doo-Suk;Ding Jilu;Cha Wol-Suk
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.297-301
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    • 2006
  • For developing natural antibacterial agents from Houttuynia cordata Thunb., antibacterial effects of volatile flavor component using various bacterial sp. were tested. Extraction from Houttuynia cordata Thunb. by using SDE (Simultaneous steam Distillation-Extraction) showed strong antibacterial activities against Vibrio and Bacillus genus, such as Vibrio. cholerae, V. parahaemolyticus, V. vulnificus, Bacillus. cereus, and B. subtilis. Then chemical compositions of leaf and stem were analyzed. The contents of crude protein, lipid, and ash in stem were less than those of leaf, but fiber contents were higher than those of leaf. Among the amino acids, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, glycine, and arginine were higher than those of other amino acids. Linolenic acid, linoleic acid, oleic acid, and palmitic acid were major fatty acids. Major minerals of Houttuynia cordata Thunb. were potassium, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, zinc, and copper. Especially, in the case of potassium, it was highest.

A Comparative Study of the Changes in Volatile Flavor Compounds from Dried Leeks (Allium tuberosum R.) following ${\gamma}$-Irradiation

  • Yang, Su-Hyeong;Shim, Sung-Lye;No, Ki-Mi;Gyawalli, Rajendra;Seo, Hye-Young;Song, Hyun-Pa;Kim, Kyong-Su
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.341-346
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    • 2006
  • This study was performed to examine the effects of ${\gamma}$-irradiation on the volatile flavor compounds of dried leeks (Alliums tuberosum R.). Volatile compounds of dried leeks were extracted using simultaneous steam distillation and extraction (SDE), and analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Forty-one, 51, 45, and 42 compounds were tentatively identified in control, 1, 3, and 10 kGy irradiated samples, respectively. The constituents of flavor compounds in irradiated dried leeks were similar to non-irradiated samples. However, the intensities of the peaks were clearly different between them. Sulfur-containing compounds were detected as dominant compounds in all samples and their amounts decreased after ${\gamma}$-irradiation. ${\gamma}$-Irradiation reduced the total concentration of volatile compounds from leeks by 23.19, 15.09, and 30.23% at 1, 3, and 10 kGy doses, respectively.

Volatile Flavor Components in Korean Salt-Fermented Anchovy (한국산 멸치젓의 휘발성 향기성분에 관한 연구)

  • Cha, Yong-Jun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.719-724
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    • 1992
  • Volatile components in Korean salt-fermented anchovy were analyzed by simultaneous steam distillation-solvent extraction/gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Seventy-three volatile compounds were detected in sample. Among these, 58 compounds were positively identified and were composed mainly of aldehydes, ketones, alcohols, nitrogen-containing compounds, esters, sulfur-containing compounds, furans and miscellaneous compounds. The amounts of aldehydes was the highest in flavor compounds detected in sample and next followed by alcohols, furans, esters and ketones. In particular, the following high ratios were observed : 3-methylbutanal, 1-penten-3-ol, ehtylacetate, 2-ethylfuran.

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Optimization of d-limonene Extraction from Tangerine Peel in Various Solvents by Using Soxhlet Extractor (다양한 용매에서 Soxhlet 추출기를 이용한 감귤 껍질에서 d-limonene 추출의 최적조건 연구)

  • Park, Sang Min;Ko, Kwan Young;Kim, In Ho
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.53 no.6
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    • pp.717-722
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    • 2015
  • D-limonene included in citrus fruits is obtainable to extract essential oil as well as separate the oil ingredient. Soxhlet extraction, a type of SDE (Simultaneous steam Distillation and solvent Extraction), was used to extract limonene from tangerine peel. HPLC analysis was performed to quantify extracted d-limonene by using reversed-phase HPLC column. Results of HPLC analysis showed that the optimal extraction time was 2 hours in any solvent, and the extracted amounts of d-limonene in tangerine peel (per g tangerine peel) were 7.77 mg, 0.49 mg, and 0.28 mg in ethyl alcohol, n-hexane, and ether. Because yield was the highest in using ethyl alcohol as a solvent, polarity is stronger factor to effect on yield of extraction than boiling point.

Analysis of Mineral and Volatile Flavor Compounds in Pimpinella brachycarpa N. by ICP-AES and SDE, HS-SPME-GC/MS (ICP-AES와 SDE, HS-SPME-GC/MS를 이용한 참나물의 무기성분과 향기성분)

  • Chang, Kyung-Mi;Chung, Mi-Sook;Kim, Mi-Kyung;Kim, Gun-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.246-253
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    • 2007
  • Mineral and volatile flavor compounds of Pimpinella brochycarpa N., a perennial Korean medicinal plant of the Umbelliferae family, were analyzed by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES) and simultaneous steam distillation extract (SDE)-gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC/MS), head space solid phase micro-extraction (HS-SPME)-GC/MS. Mineral contents of the stalks and leaves were compared and the flavor patterns of the fresh and the shady air-dried samples were obtained by the electronic nose (EN) with 6 metal oxide sensors. Principal component analysis (PCA) was carried out using the data obtained from EN. The 1st principal values of the fresh samples have + values and the shady air-dried have - values. The essential oil extracted from the fresh and the shady air-dried by SDE method contain 58 and 31 flavor compounds. When HS-SPME method with CAR/PDMS fiber and PDMS fiber were used, 34 and 21 flavor compounds. The principal volatile components of Pimpinella brachycarpa N. were ${\alpha}$-selinene, germacrene D, and myrcene.

Volatile Compounds of Elsholtzia splendens (꽃향유의 휘발성 향기성분)

  • Lee, So-Young;Chung, Mi-Sook;Kim, Mi-Kyung;Baek, Hyung-Hee;Lee, Mi-Soon
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.339-344
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    • 2005
  • Volatile compounds, isolated from Elsholtzia splendens using simultaneous steam distillation extraction (SDE) and headspace solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME), were analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry(GC-MS). Twenty-nine compounds, comprising 3 aldehydes, 7 alcohols, 11 hydrocarbons, 5 ketones, and 3 miscellaneous ones, were tentatively identified from volatile compounds of Elsholtzia splendens flowers. From leaves, 30 compounds, comprising 3 aldehydes, 6 alcohols, 11 hydrocarbons, 6 ketones, and 11 miscellaneous ones, were tentatively identified. Volatile compounds extracted by HS-SPME in E. splendens flowers were 3 alcohols, 18 hydrocarbons, 3 ketones, and 2 miscellaneous ones. In leaves, 31 compounds, comprising 7 alcohols, 15 hydrocarbons, 7 ketones, and 2 miscellaneous ones, were tentatively identified. Major volatile compounds identified by SDE and HS-SPME were naginataketone and elsholtziaketone, which were identified as aroma-active compounds, representing characteristic aroma of E. splendens.

Analyses of Essential Oil and Headspace Compositions of Capsella bursa-pastoris Medicus by SDE and SPME Methods (SDE 및 SPME에 의한 냉이(Capsella bursa-pastoris Medicus)정유 및 Headspace 성분 분석)

  • Choi Hyang-Sook;Kang Eun-Jin;Kim Kun-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.108-114
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    • 2006
  • This study was conducted to determine the volatile flavor compositions of the essential oil and the headspace of Capsella bursa-pastoris Medicus. Essential oil and headspace from the plant were extracted by simultaneous steam distillation extraction (SDE), and solid-phase microextraction(SPME) methods, respectively. Seventy-two compounds including 28 hydrocarbons, 4 aldehydes, 6 ketones, 16 alcohols, 4 esters, 8 acids, and 6 miscellaneous ones were identified in the leaf essential oil extracted by SDE method Sixty-eight compounds including 26 hydrocarbons, 2 aldehydes, 6 ketones, 17 alcohols, 4 esters, 6 acids, and 7 miscellaneous ones were identified in the root essential oil. According to the instrumental analyses the essential oil, phytol ($21.12\%$ in leaves, $20.94\%$ in roots) was the most abundant compound Alcohols, esters, and acids were main groups of the essential oil. On the other hand, thirty-eight compounds including 18 hydrocarbons, 3 aldehydes, 3 ketones, 9 alcohols, 2 esters, 3 miscellaneous ones were identified in the leaf headspace by SPME. In root headspace, thirty-three compounds including 16 hydrocarbons, 2 aldehydes, 1 ketone, 9 alcohols, 3 esten;, and 2 miscellaneous ones were identified. Hydrocarbons($44.02\%$ in leaves, $56.98\%$ in roots) were the main components of the headspace of Capsella bursa-pastoris Medicus.

Volatile Flavor Components of Capsella bursa-pastoris as Influenced by Drying Methods (건조방법에 따른 냉이의 휘발성 향기성분)

  • Lee, Mie-Soon;Choi, Hyang-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.814-821
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    • 1996
  • An attempt was made to determine the effects of drying methods including shady air drying, presteamed and shady air drying, microwave drying, and freeze drying on the volatile flavor components of Capsella bursapastoris. Essential oils from the samples were isolated by Simultaneous steam distillation-extraction (SDE) method using diethyl ether as solvent. Concentrated samples were analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Respective 30, 18, 29, and 26 volatile flavor components were identified in shady air dried samples, presteamed and shady air dried samples, microwave dried samples, and freeze dried samples. The kinds and amounts of volatile flavor components evidently depended upon the drying methods. Trimethyl sulfide was regarded as the most abundant component in shady air dried samples, dimethyl trisulfide in presteamed and shady air dried samples, and phytol in microwave or freeze dried samples.

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Volatile Flavor of Atractylodes japonica koidzumi (삽주의 휘발성 향기성분)

  • 이종원;이재곤;김미주;도재호;양재원
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.15-19
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    • 2001
  • An attempt was made in this study to analyze volatile flavor components of A. macrocephala Koidz. and A. lanacea DC. (Atractylodes japonica Koidzumi). Essential oils in A. macrocephala Koidz. and. A. lanacea DC. were isolated by a simultaneous steam distillation and extraction(SDE) method using n-pentane/diethy ether as solvent. A total of 30 and 28 components were identified by GC/MS from the essential oils of A. macrocephala Koidz. (18 hydrocarbons. 2 carbonyls, 5 alcohols, 5 esters) and A. lanacea DC.(14 hydrocarbons, 6 carbonyls, 4 alcohols, 3 esters, 1 acids), respectively. The major volatile flavor components in A. macrocephala Koidz. and A. lanacea DC. were furanodiene(27.9%, 15.7%), $\alpha$-cyperone(8.1%. 22.5% ), alloaromadendrene(2.9%, 4.7% ), (1,1-biphenyl)-4-carbon aldehyde 0%, 8.7% ) were found, respectively. Ten components including limonene, p-cymene, p-hymen-8-ol, (1,1-biphenyl)-4-carbox aldehyde were identified in A. lanacea DC, but not in A. macrocephala Koidz. and eight components including $\alpha$-copanene, isocaryophyllene, $\beta$-himahalene. germacrene B were and identified in A. macrocephala Koidz. but not in A. lanacea DC.

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Volatile Flavor Components in Various Edible Portions of Capsella bursa-pastoris (냉이의 식용부위별 휘발성 향기성분)

  • Lee, Mie-Soon;Choi, Hyang-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.822-826
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    • 1996
  • Volatile flavor components from various edible portions of Capsella bursa-pastoris were collected by simultaneous steam distillation-extraction (SDE) method using diethyl ether as solvent. Essential oils were analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Thirty four volatile flavor components, including 12 hydrocarbons, 2 aldehydes, 2 ketones, 5 alcohols, 1 ester, 10 acids and 2 miscellaneous ones were confirmed in whole samples. Thirty one components, including 11 hydrocarbons, 5 aldehydes, 4 ketones, 5 alcohols, 1 esters and 5 miscellaneous ones were confirmed in leaves. Twenty four components, including 5 hydrocarbons, 1 aldehyde, 2 ketones, 6 alcohols, 2 esters, 1 acid and 7 miscellaneous ones were confirmed in roots. The kinds and amounts of volatile flavor components revealed different patterns depending upon various edible portions. Relatively greater numbers of volatile flavor components were identified in leaves compared with roots of these wild plants. The characteristic aroma of Capsella bursa-pastoris appeared to be due to combination of C6 alcohol and acids, terpene alcohol and sulfur containing compounds.

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