• Title, Summary, Keyword: simultaneous steam distillation and extraction (SDE)

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Volatile flavor components of Dioscorea japonica (참마의 휘발성 풍미성분)

  • Lee, Mie-Soon;Choi, Hyang-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.68-73
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    • 1994
  • An attempt was made to derermine the volatile flavor components of Dioscorea japonica. Essential oils from roots of the samples were isolated by simultaneous steam distillation-extraction(SDE) method using diethyl ether as solvent. Concentrated samples were analyzed by gas chromatography(GC) and combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry(GC-MS). Fifty nine volatile flavor components, including 35 hydrocarbons, 5 aldehydes, 1 ketone, 9 alcohols, 2 esters, 3 acids and 4 miscellaneous ones were confirmed in the young roots of Dioscorea japonica. Forty two components, including 23 hydrocarbons, 2 aldehydes, 7 alcohols, 1 ester and 8 acids and 1 miscellaneous one were confirmed in the roots of mature stage. ${\sigma}-3-Carene$ and dodecanoic acid were regarded as the most abundant components in young and mature roots repectively. The profile of volatile flavor components was markedly different in young and mature roots of Dioscorea japonica.

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Volatile Flavor Components in Various Edible Portions of Commelina communis L. (닭의장풀의 식용부위별 휘발성 향기성분)

  • Lee, Mie-Soon;Choi, Hyang-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.464-470
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    • 1995
  • Volatile flavor components from various edible portions of Commelina communis L. were collected by simultaneous steam distillation-extraction(SDE) method using diethyl ether as solvent. Essential oils were analyzed by gas chromatography(GC) and combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry(GC-MS). Eighty nine volatile flavor components, including 33 hydrocarbons, 4 aldehydes, 9 ketones, 23 alcohols, 6 esters, 10 acids and 4 miscellaneous ones were confirmed in whole samples. Twenty three components, including 14 hydrocarbons, 7 alcohols and 2 esters were confirmed in leaves. Six components, including 3 hydrocarbons and 3 alcohols were confirmed in stems, and 18 components, including 13 hydrocarbons, 1 ketone, 3 alcohols and 1 acid were confirmed in roots. The kinds and amounts of volatile flavor components revealed different patterns depending upon various edible portions. Relatively greater numbers of volatile flavor components were identified in leaves compared with other portions of this wild plant.

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Volatile Flavor Components in Various Edible Portions of Calystegia japonica $(T_{HUNB})\;C_{HOIS}$. (메꽃의 식용부위별 휘발성 풍미성분)

  • Lee, Mie-Soon;Choi, Hyang-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.359-364
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    • 1994
  • Volatile flavor components from various edible portions of Calystegia japonica $(T_{HUNB})\;C_{HOIS}$ were collected by simultaneous steam distillation-extraction(SDE) method using diethyl ether as solvent. Essential oils were analyzed by gas chromatography(GC) and combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry(GC-MS). Thirty nine volatile flavor components, including 21 hydrocarbons, 1 aldehyde, 4 ketones, 7 alcohols, 4 esters, 1 acid and 1 miscellaneous one were confirmed in leaves. Twenty six components, including 16 hydrocarbons, 2 aldehydes, 3 ketones and 5 alcohols were confirmed in stems, and 52 components, including 26 hydrocarbons, 2 aldehydes, 5 ketones, 13 alcohols, 1 ester, 1 acid and 4 miscellaneous ones were confirmed in roots. The kinds and amounts of volatile flavor components revealed different patterns depending upon various edible portions. Relatively greater numbers of volatile flavor components were identified in roots compared with other portions of this wild plant.

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Changes of Flavor Compounds in Persimmon Leaves(Diospyros kaki folium) during Growth (감잎의 성장시기별 향기성분의 변화)

  • 김종국;강우원;김귀영;문혜경
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.472-478
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    • 2001
  • This study was conducted to investigate the change in volatile flavor components of persimmon leaves during growth. The flavor components of persimmon leaves were analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry(GC/MS). The flavor compounds were collected by simultaneous steam distillation and extraction(SDE) method, and were separated and identified resulting in 126 components, including 23 alcohols, 18 aldehydes, 4 esters. 15 acids, 37 hydrocarbons, 14 ketones, 6 phenols. and 9 others in persimmon leaves. The most abundant components of persimmon leaf were alcohols including iinalool. cis-3-hexanal. 1-$\alpha$ -terpineol. 3.7.11.15-tetramethyl-2-hexadecen-1-ol and aldehydes including trans-2-hexanal. nonanal, 2-decenal and hydrocarbons including 1.1-dimethylethyl cyclohexane, 1-methyl-4-(2-methylpropyl) -benzene. During growth, many other components were formed and dissipated after the 20th of June.

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Identification of Characteristic Aroma-active Compounds from Burnt Beef Reaction Flavor Manufactured by Extrusion (압출성형에 의해 제조된 구운 쇠고기 반응향의 특징적인 향기성분 동정)

  • Kim, Ki-Won;Seo, Won-Ho;Baek, Hyung-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.38 no.5
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    • pp.621-627
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    • 2006
  • To characterize aroma properties of burnt beef reaction flavor manufactured by extrusion, volatile flavor compounds and aroma-active compounds were analyzed by simultaneous steam distillation and solvent extraction (SDE)-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry-olfactometry (GC-MS-O). Hydrolyzed vegetable protein (HVP) was successfully extruded with precursors (glucose, cystine, furaneol, thiamin, methionine, garlic powder, and lecithin) at $160^{\circ}C$, screw speed of 45 rpm, and feed rate of 38 kg/hr. Sixty eight volatile flavor compounds were found in burnt beef reaction flavor. The number of volatile flavor compounds decreased significantly when HVP was extruded either with furaneol-free precursors or without precursors. Twenty seven aroma-active compounds were detected in burnt beef reaction flavor. Of these, methional and 2-methyl-3-furanthiol were the most intense aroma-active compounds. It was suggested that furaneol played an important role in the formation of burnt beef reaction flavor.

Analysis of Volatile Flavor Compounds in Jeju Apple Mango by Using Different Extraction Methods (추출방법에 따른 제주산 애플망고의 휘발성 향기성분 분석)

  • An, Mi-Ran;Keum, Young-Soo;Lee, Si-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.44 no.5
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    • pp.775-783
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    • 2015
  • This study was carried out to investigate the physicochemical properties and volatile ingredients of Jeju Apple mango subjected to different extraction methods and GC/MS. The crude protein, fat, and ash contents were $0.22{\pm}0.01$, $0.09{\pm}0.00$, and $0.27{\pm}0.02%$, respectively, and contents of free sugar increased in the order of sucrose, fructose, and glucose, whereas maltose, lactose, and galactose were not detected. The numbers of volatile flavor compounds obtained by the SE (solvent extraction), SDE (simultaneous steam distillation extraction), and SPME (solid-phase micro-extraction) methods were 51, 59, and 71, respectively. The percentages of extracted volatile flavor compounds in mango were 11.44, 15.68, and 73.54% by the SE, SDE, and SPME methods, respectively. The most abundant compounds found in Jeju Apple mango were terpenes and their derivatives, which accounted for 44.49~94.57% of total volatiles obtained. SPME method was considered to be the most effective extraction method in terms of the numbers of detected compounds and their amounts. ${\delta}$-3-Carene was identified as the dominant compound in mango, whereas ${\alpha}$-phellandrene, ${\gamma}$-terpinene, trans-${\beta}$-ocimene, ${\alpha}$-terpinolene, limonene, ${\alpha}$-pinene, and furaneol were the next important compounds.

Analysis of the Volatile Flavor Compounds Produced during the Growth Stages of the Shiitake Mushrooms (Lentinus edodes)

  • Cho, Duk-Bong;Seo, Hye-Young;Kim, Kyong-Su
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.306-314
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    • 2003
  • Volatile flavor components, produced during the young (P-1), immature (P-2), mature (P-3) and old (P-4) growth stages, of shiitake mushrooms (Lentinus edodes), were extracted by simultaneous steam distillation and extraction (SDE), using a mixture of n-pentane and diethyl ether (1:1, v/v) as the extraction solvent. Analyses of the concentrates, by capillary gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS), led to the identification of 129, 129, 111 and 120 components in the P-1, 2, 3 and 4 stages, respectively. The major volatile compounds were l-octen-3-o1, 3-octanol, 3-octanone and 4-octen-3-one. Ethanol and ethyl acetate were also detected in large amounts. The characteristic volatile compounds found in shiitake mushrooms, such as dimethyl disulfide, dimethyl trisulfide and 1, 2, 4-thiolane, were at low concentrations in all samples. The amount of l-octen-3-o1 decreased as growth progressed, but concentrations of 3-octanone increased. The amount of 4-octen-3-ol decreased from P-1 to P-3, but was at a high concentrations in P-4. The concentration of 3-octanol gradually increased and reached its highest concentration in P-3, but decreased in P-4. The C8-compounds comprised 70.91, 64.09, 64.29 and 60.01 % in the P-1, 2, 3 and 4 stages, respectively, so decreased gradually with growth. The S-compounds were found in the highest concentrations in P-3.

Effects of Heat Treatment and Antioxidant Activity of Aroma on Garlic Harvested in Different Cultivation Areas (산지별 마늘의 향기 항산화활성과 열처리 효과)

  • Jeong, Ji-Young;Woo, Koan-Sik;Hwang, In-Guk;Yoon, Hyang-Sik;Lee, Youn-Ri;Jeong, Heon-Sang
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.36 no.12
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    • pp.1637-1642
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    • 2007
  • The objectives of this study were to compare the aroma characteristics and antioxidant activity of raw and heated garlic ($130^{\circ}C$, 2 hr) from different cultivation areas (Danyang, Seosan, Uiseong Namhae, Namdo, Daeseo and China). The volatile compounds were extracted by simultaneous steam distillation extraction and identified with gas chromatography/mass spectrometer. The major volatile compounds of raw garlic were sulfur compounds such as diallyl disulfide, methyl-2-propenyl trisulfide, di-2-propenyl trisulfide etc. After heating, the major volatile compounds were allyl mercaptan, methyl pyrazine, 2,2-dimethyl-1,3-dithiane, 2-propenyl propyl disulfide, allyl methyl sulfide, allyl alcohol, and allyl sulfide etc. The DPPH radical scavenging activity (EDA, %) of volatile compounds from raw garlic and heated garlic was increased in a dose-dependent manner. The antioxidant activities (EDA, %) of volatile compounds from raw garlic cultivated in Danyang, Namhae and China were 20.07, 34.62, and 9.71% respectively. After heating, these values were increased to 79.90, 93.59, and 77.26% respectively. Results showed that heat treatment significantly enhanced the antioxidant activities (EDA, %) of the garlic.

Changes in Aroma Compounds of Several Byeolmijang during Aging (여러 가지 별미장의 숙성과정 중 향기성분의 변화)

  • Woo, Koan-Sik;Yu, Sun-Mi;Im, Sung-Kyung;Chun, Hye-Kyung;Kwon, Oh-Chan;Lee, Junsoo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.33 no.10
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    • pp.1689-1697
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    • 2004
  • Aroma compounds in 6 different Byeolmijang were extracted by SDE (simultaneous steam distillation extraction) and analyzed with GC (gas chromatography) and GC/MS (mass-spectrometry). The major aroma compounds in the 6 different Byeolmijang during aging were 1-octene-3-ol, hexanal, benzeneacetaldehyde, benzaldehyde, furfural, pyrazine compounds, benzyl-alcohol, furan compounds and phenol type compounds. Generally, benzeneacetaldehyde, benzaldehyde, furfural, pyrazine compounds and phenol type compounds were increased during aging. On the other hand, 1-octene-3-ol, hexanal, benzyl-alcohol and furan compounds were decreased during aging. 2-Heptenal and 2,4-decadienal in Daemaekjang, pyrazine and phenol type compounds in Sanghwangjang and phenol type compounds including phenol, 4-methoxy-phenol and 4-ethyl-phenol in Mujang were identified as major aroma compounds, respectively. The major aroma compound in Bizijang was 2,4-decadienal and in Sodujang, the major aroma compounds were 2,3-dihydro-benzofuran and 2-methoxy-4-vinylphenol. Linaool, geraniol, 6-elemene, 6-lonone and ledene were detected in Jigeumjang possibly due to the addition of powdered red pepper.

Volatile Components of Kumquat(Fortunella margarita) (금귤의 휘발성 향기성분)

  • Kwag, Jae-Jin;Kim, Do-Yeon;Lee, Keun-Hoi
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.423-427
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    • 1992
  • The volatile components were extracted from kumquat(Fortunella margarita) by simultaneous steam distillation-extraction method and fractionated on silica gel column. The total volatile oil was eluted off first by n-pentane and eluted again by diethyl ether. The total volatile oil and diethyl ether fraction were analyzed by GC and GC-MS. In the total volatile oil, 10 components were identified, of which major ones were limonene(96.5%, of total volatile oil), ${\beta}-pinene$(1.93%) and ${\alpha}-terpineol$(0.42%) and then the characteristic aroma of kumquat appeared to be due to limonene. On the other hand diethyl ether fraction, from which 46 components were identified, contained 9 alcohols, 22 terpenes and terpene alcohols, 7 aldehydes and ketones, 7 esters and 1 miscellaneous components. The major components were ${\alpha}-terpineol$(31.98% of diethyl ether fraction), ${\beta}-terpineol$(7.37%), geranyl acetate(9.69%) and p-menthadien-9-ol(4.12%).

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